Interesting comments and observation.
The statement on sex based differences reminded me of the work of John Medina in his book "brain rules."
Medina makes a distinction between sex and gender in his work.
Further, he points out that.. "gender biases hurt real people in real-world situations."
And when he addresses the differences between sexes, he states, "I didn't really want to write about this."
Are there biological roots that indicate behavioral differences between the sexes?
Medina indicates that a vast store of research exists, but what does this research indicate?
Are we addressing gender (cultural, behavioral) differences or are we addressing sex (physical configuration) differences.
My experience with interacting with women and men indicates (in general) that there is no difference in thought process between men and women.
Is this outcome biased by the type of company I keep.
Probably. In my current studies in data science and machine learning at the University of Washington, my class has more females than males.
After the Thanksgiving break, the question was asked, "What did you do over the break?"
A young woman who sits in the front row with three other young women, excitedly replied,
"I won the Google Data Science Hack-athon."
She was invited to explain to the class her winning project.
A masterpiece in the deductive approach.
Data science, like systems science and engineering has a range of critical components, including concept integration, communication and team interaction.
Bottom line, given the company I keep, there appears to be no gender of sex difference associated with types of problem solving or analytical skills.
Take care and have fun,