Tree's sporting the summer look #9 of 15 | Cassia Fistula - Indian laburnum

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raghu ananth

Apr 10, 2010, 3:28:50 AM4/10/10
Tree's sporting the summer look #9 of 15 | Cassia Fistula

Around 50 to 60 monkey sticks (Bandhar lathi, legume) can be found hanging in this Laburnum tree. Monkeys favourite food. 
The seeds are poisonous so the monkeys have learnt not to eat them !
They eat the pith or pulp glued to the sheath wall around the seeds !!

Dry leaves can be found on the ground all around the bark. 
As you can see in the pictures, some of the monkey sticks are turning black.
It will  take one year for the sticks to turn black from green. So these seeds are from the previous year !

Regional name: Raela (Telugu), Kannada - Kakke, Tamil -Konrai, Malayalam - Kannikonna, Marati - Bahava, Hindi Bendra lathi
Date/Time-27 Mar 2010, 8:03AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Mamandur, Andhra Pradesh, 
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild, Eastern ghats
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length-approx - 15-20 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Compound, Leaflet -Para-pinnate,  apex - acuminate, Leaf base attenuate, Size - ~6 inches
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-cm - No flowers
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- legume, 10 inches, 50-60 Poppins shaped seeds -poisonous. Most of the seeds in the tree are green, some of them start to turn brownish-black.
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- Dry leaves can be seen fallen  all around the bark


ITP Links

Cassia fistula  Fabaceae T Golden Shower Cassia, Bandarlathi, Bahava, Girimala, Rajbrikh, Garmalo, Bahava, Bawa, Garmala, Kani Poo, Golden shower tree, Indian Laburnum • Hindi: अमलतास Amaltas • Manipuri: চহুঈ Chahui • Tamil: கொன்றை Konrai • Malayalam: Vishu konnai • Marathi: बहावा Bahava • Mizo: Ngaingaw • Bengali: সোনালী Sonali, Bandarlati, Amultas • Urdu: املتاس Amaltas    On 13/2/08 from Thallasherry and Kannur in North Kerala; from April to June in Kolkata; 08/04/2006 at Mysore; JVPD Scheme/Andheri, Mumbai- 31/3/08; April first fortnight in Pune; first flowers- 16/4/08 in Delhi; first flowers on 17/4/08 in Kolkata; In full boom in & around Delhi on 8/5/08; in Phansad WLS in April 2008; at the south end of the national park in Mumbai- Oct'09; in Pune- Nov.'09; at Nagpur- Oct'09;  Trees of Delhi states that flowers in late April & peaking by mid May. Beautiful Trees & Shrubs of Calcutta by Sh. R.K. Chakraverty & S.K.Jain states that it flowering starts in late spring (April-May) and continues upto mid summer (June). 
Cassia Fistula flowering in Kerala - indiantreepix | Google Groups Amaltas (Indian Laburnum)- Cassia fistula - indiantreepix | Google Groups Flowering trees in delhi--Amaltas(cassia fistula) - indiantreepix | Google Groups Bahava INDIAN LABURNUM flowering near Erros theatre Churchgate mumbai - indiantreepix | Google Groups ID pl - WF of Phansad WLS - indiantreepix | Google Groups Fwd: Bahava - The Golden Shower Tree - indiantreepix | Google Groups Cassia fistula - Amaltas Cassia fistula - indiantreepix | Google Groups out of season Cassia fistula - indiantreepix | Google Groups

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Muthu Karthick

Apr 10, 2010, 3:39:07 AM4/10/10
to raghu ananth,
Dear all, 
I heard vocally that the flowering of this tree marks the New Year in Kerala. Is really connected to malayalam calender? or just coincidence?

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Muthu Karthick, N
Junior Research Fellow
Care Earth Trust
Chennai - 61

Dinesh Valke

Apr 10, 2010, 5:55:28 AM4/10/10
to Muthu Karthick, raghu ananth,
Muthu ji, do not have an answer for your query, however this flower is an important symbol to the State of Kerala
... kanikkonna (Malayalam: കണിക്കൊന്ന) is the State Flower of the Kerala.

Other common names are: golden shower tree, Indian laburnum • Bengali: বাঁদরলাঠি bandaralathi, সোনালী sonali • Gujarati: ગરમાળો garmalo • Hindi: अमलतास amaltas, स्वर्णपुष्पी swarn-pushpi • Konkani: बलो balo • Malayalam: കണിക്കൊന്ന kanikkonna • Manipuri: চহুঈ chahui • Marathi: बहावा bahava • Mizo: ngaingaw • Tamil: கொன்ற konrai • Urdu: املتاس amaltas


Satish Chile

Apr 10, 2010, 6:13:12 AM4/10/10
to Dinesh Valke, Muthu Karthick, raghu ananth,
Raghu ji, Muthu ji, Dinesh ji,
Its interesting to see the arrangements of seeds within the pod. They are placed above  one another like coins. Also the pulp of fruit is purgative to human beings however doest harm monkeys. How wonderful is the biodiversity.
Dr. Satish Kumar Chile

Pankaj Oudhia

Apr 10, 2010, 6:17:09 AM4/10/10
to Satish Chile, Dinesh Valke, Muthu Karthick, raghu ananth,
And if loose motion starts due to excess of pulp it can be treated with the help of boiled flowers of same tree. These flowers stop diarrhoea caused by pulp but if you take flowers as such it will cause diarrhoea.

Pankaj Oudhia

tanay bose

Apr 10, 2010, 7:58:40 AM4/10/10
to Pankaj Oudhia, Satish Chile, Dinesh Valke, Muthu Karthick, raghu ananth,
In Bengali we call this " Bandar Lathi" meaning "the stick of monkey"...What a wonderful name ...!!!!!!!!!!
Tanay Bose
+91(033) 25550676 (Resi)
9674221362 (Mobile)

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