The Menace of the Military Mind

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Blue Pilgrim

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Feb 3, 2014, 9:58:21 PM2/3/14
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http://truth-out.org/opinion/item/21624-military-metaphysics-how-militarism-mangles-the-mind
http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/the_menace_of_the_military_mind_20140203
http://www.truthdig.com/report/print/the_menace_of_the_military_mind_20140203

The Menace of the Military Mind
http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/the_menace_of_the_military_mind_20140203/
Posted on Feb 3, 2014

By Chris Hedges



Director of National Intelligence James
Clapper, center, and other officials testify on
Capitol Hill last Wednesday at a Senate
Intelligence Committee hearing on national
security threats. From left: National
Counterterrorism Center Director Matthew Olsen,
FBI Director James Comey, Clapper, CIA Director
John Brennan and Defense Intelligence Agency
Director Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn. (AP/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)



I had my first experience with the U.S.
military when I was a young reporter covering the
civil war in El Salvador. We journalists were
briefed at the American Embassy each week by a
U.S. Army colonel who at the time headed the
military group of U.S. advisers to the Salvadoran
army. The reality of the war, which lasted from
1979 to 1992, bore little resemblance to the
description regurgitated each week for
consumption by the press. But what was most
evident was not the blatant misinformation—this
particular colonel had apparently learned to
dissemble to the public during his multiple tours
in Vietnam—but the hatred of the press by this
man and most other senior officers in the U.S.
military. When first told that he would have to
meet the press once a week, the colonel
reportedly protested against having to waste his
time with those “limp-dicked communists.”

For the next 20 years I would go on from war zone
to war zone as a foreign correspondent immersed
in military culture. Repetitive rote learning and
an insistence on blind obedience—similar to the
approach used to train a dog—work on the
battlefield. The military exerts nearly total
control over the lives of its members. Its
long-established hierarchy ensures that those who
embrace the approved modes of behavior rise and
those who do not are belittled, insulted and
hazed. Many of the marks of civilian life are
stripped away. Personal modes of dress,
hairstyle, speech and behavior are heavily
regulated. Individuality is physically and then
psychologically crushed. Aggressiveness is
rewarded. Compassion is demeaned. Violence is the
favorite form of communication. These qualities
are an asset in war; they are a disaster in civil society.

Homer in “The Iliad” showed his understanding of
war. His heroes are not pleasant men. They are
vain, imperial, filled with rage and violent. And
Homer’s central character in “The Odyssey,”
Odysseus, in his journey home from war must learn
to shed his “hero’s heart,” to strip from himself
the military attributes that served him in war
but threaten to doom him off the battlefield. The
qualities that serve us in war defeat us in peace.

Most institutions have a propensity to promote
mediocrities, those whose primary strengths are
knowing where power lies, being subservient and
obsequious to the centers of power and never
letting morality get in the way of one’s career.
The military is the worst in this respect. In the
military, whether at the Paris Island boot camp
or West Point, you are trained not to think but
to obey. What amazes me about the military is how
stupid and bovine its senior officers are. Those
with brains and the willingness to use them seem
to be pushed out long before they can rise to the
senior-officer ranks. The many Army generals I
met over the years not only lacked the most
rudimentary creativity and independence of
thought but nearly always saw the press, as well
as an informed public, as impinging on their love
of order, regimentation, unwavering obedience to
authority and single-minded use of force to solve complex problems.

So when I heard James R. Clapper Jr., a retired
Air Force lieutenant general and currently the
federal government’s director of national
intelligence, denounce Edward Snowden
(http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/01/29/snowden-accomplices_n_4689123.html
) and his “accomplices”—meaning journalists such
as Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras—before the
Senate Intelligence Committee last week I was not
surprised. Clapper charged, without offering any
evidence, that the Snowden disclosures had caused
“profound damage” and endangered American lives.
And all who have aided Snowden are, it appears,
guilty of treason in Clapper’s eyes.

Clapper and many others who have come out of the
military discern no difference between terrorists
and reporters, and by reporters I am not
referring to the boot-licking courtiers on
television and in Washington who masquerade as
reporters. Carry out an interview with a member
of al-Qaida, as I have, and you become in the
eyes of generals like Clapper a member of
al-Qaida. Most generals I know recognize no need
for an independent press. The munchkins who
dutifully sit through their press briefings or
follow them around in preapproved press pools and
publish their lies are the generals’ idea of journalism.



When I was in Central America the U.S. officers
who were providing support to the military of El
Salvador or Guatemala, along with help to the
Contra forces
(http://www.brown.edu/Research/Understanding_the_Iran_Contra_Affair/n-contras.php
) then fighting the Sandinista government in
Nicaragua, did not distinguish between us
journalists and the rebel forces or the leftist
Sandinista government. We were one and the same.
The reporters and photographers, often after a
day or two of hiking to reach small villages,
would report on massacres by the Salvadoran army,
the Guatemalan army or the Contras. When the
stories appeared, the U.S. officers usually would
go volcanic. But their rage would be directed not
at those who pulled the triggers but at those who
wrote about the mass killings or photographed the bodies.

This is why, after Barack Obama signed into law
Section 1021 of the National Defense
Authorization Act, which permits the U.S.
military to seize U.S. citizens who
“substantially support” al-Qaida, the Taliban or
“associated forces,” to strip them of due process
and to hold them indefinitely in military
detention centers, I sued the president. I and my
fellow plaintiffs won in U.S. District Court.
When Obama appealed the ruling it was overturned.
We are now trying to go to the Supreme Court.
Section 1021 is a chilling reminder of what
people like Clapper could do to destroy
constitutional rights. They see no useful role
for a free press, one that questions and
challenges power, and are deeply hostile to its
existence. I expect Clapper, if he has a free
hand, to lock us up, just as the Egyptian
military has arrested a number
(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/egypt/10605016/Egypt-to-put-20-al-Jazeera-journalists-on-trial.html
) of Al-Jazeera journalists, including some
Westerners, on terrorism-related charges. The
military mind is amazingly uniform.

The U.S. military has won the ideological war.
The nation sees human and social problems as
military problems. To fight terrorists Americans
have become terrorists. Peace is for the weak.
War is for the strong. Hypermasculinity has
triumphed over empathy. We Americans speak to the
world exclusively in the language of force. And
those who oversee our massive security and
surveillance state seek to speak to us in the
same demented language. All other viewpoints are
to be shut out. “In the absence of contrasting
views, the very highest form of propaganda
warfare can be fought: the propaganda for a
definition of reality within which only certain
limited viewpoints are possible,” C. Wright Mills
(http://infed.org/mobi/c-wright-mills-power-craftsmanship-and-private-troubles-and-public-issues/
) wrote. “What is being promulgated and
reinforced is the military metaphysics—the cast
of mind that defines international reality as basically military.”

This is why people like James Clapper and the
bloated military and security and surveillance
apparatus must not have unchecked power to
conduct wholesale surveillance, to carry out
extraordinary renditions
(http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/20-extraordinary-facts-about-cia-extraordinary-rendition-and-secret-detention
) and to imprison Americans indefinitely as
terrorists. This is why the nation, as our
political system remains mired in paralysis, must
stop glorifying military values. In times of
turmoil the military always seems to be a good
alternative. It presents the facade of order. But
order in the military, as the people of Egypt are
now learning again, is akin to slavery. It is the
order of a prison. And that is where Clapper and
his fellow generals and intelligence chiefs would
like to place any citizen who dares to question
their unimpeded right to turn us all into
mindless recruits. They have the power to make
their demented dreams a reality. And it is our
task to take this power from them.

A Progressive Journal of News and
Opinion Publisher, Zuade Kaufman Editor, Robert Scheer
© 2014 Truthdig, LLC. All rights reserved.

Jeremy Salmon

unread,
Feb 4, 2014, 3:04:55 AM2/4/14
to theautho...@googlegroups.com
As much as Chris Hedges brings to the table, LORD do I wish he had more of a wry sense of humor to his writing, an acidic tinge of snark even, just to leaven out the doom. I got him to break character and crack a smile at a book reading here in Portland some time back by asking him what his favorite response the "American Fascists" book was, but that was only a start.

J

> On Feb 3, 2014, at 18:58, Blue Pilgrim <bluep...@grics.net> wrote:
>
>
>
> http://truth-out.org/opinion/item/21624-military-metaphysics-how-militarism-mangles-the-mind
> http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/the_menace_of_the_military_mind_20140203
> http://www.truthdig.com/report/print/the_menace_of_the_military_mind_20140203
>
> The Menace of the Military Mind
> http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/the_menace_of_the_military_mind_20140203/
> Posted on Feb 3, 2014
>
> By Chris Hedges
>
>
>
> Director of National Intelligence James Clapper, center, and other officials testify on Capitol Hill last Wednesday at a Senate Intelligence Committee hearing on national security threats. From left: National Counterterrorism Center Director Matthew Olsen, FBI Director James Comey, Clapper, CIA Director John Brennan and Defense Intelligence Agency Director Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn. (AP/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
>
>
>
> I had my first experience with the U.S. military when I was a young reporter covering the civil war in El Salvador. We journalists were briefed at the American Embassy each week by a U.S. Army colonel who at the time headed the military group of U.S. advisers to the Salvadoran army. The reality of the war, which lasted from 1979 to 1992, bore little resemblance to the description regurgitated each week for consumption by the press. But what was most evident was not the blatant misinformation--this particular colonel had apparently learned to dissemble to the public during his multiple tours in Vietnam--but the hatred of the press by this man and most other senior officers in the U.S. military. When first told that he would have to meet the press once a week, the colonel reportedly protested against having to waste his time with those "limp-dicked communists."
>
> For the next 20 years I would go on from war zone to war zone as a foreign correspondent immersed in military culture. Repetitive rote learning and an insistence on blind obedience--similar to the approach used to train a dog--work on the battlefield. The military exerts nearly total control over the lives of its members. Its long-established hierarchy ensures that those who embrace the approved modes of behavior rise and those who do not are belittled, insulted and hazed. Many of the marks of civilian life are stripped away. Personal modes of dress, hairstyle, speech and behavior are heavily regulated. Individuality is physically and then psychologically crushed. Aggressiveness is rewarded. Compassion is demeaned. Violence is the favorite form of communication. These qualities are an asset in war; they are a disaster in civil society.
>
> Homer in "The Iliad" showed his understanding of war. His heroes are not pleasant men. They are vain, imperial, filled with rage and violent. And Homer's central character in "The Odyssey," Odysseus, in his journey home from war must learn to shed his "hero's heart," to strip from himself the military attributes that served him in war but threaten to doom him off the battlefield. The qualities that serve us in war defeat us in peace.
>
> Most institutions have a propensity to promote mediocrities, those whose primary strengths are knowing where power lies, being subservient and obsequious to the centers of power and never letting morality get in the way of one's career. The military is the worst in this respect. In the military, whether at the Paris Island boot camp or West Point, you are trained not to think but to obey. What amazes me about the military is how stupid and bovine its senior officers are. Those with brains and the willingness to use them seem to be pushed out long before they can rise to the senior-officer ranks. The many Army generals I met over the years not only lacked the most rudimentary creativity and independence of thought but nearly always saw the press, as well as an informed public, as impinging on their love of order, regimentation, unwavering obedience to authority and single-minded use of force to solve complex problems.
>
> So when I heard James R. Clapper Jr., a retired Air Force lieutenant general and currently the federal government's director of national intelligence, denounce Edward Snowden (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/01/29/snowden-accomplices_n_4689123.html ) and his "accomplices"--meaning journalists such as Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras--before the Senate Intelligence Committee last week I was not surprised. Clapper charged, without offering any evidence, that the Snowden disclosures had caused "profound damage" and endangered American lives. And all who have aided Snowden are, it appears, guilty of treason in Clapper's eyes.
>
> Clapper and many others who have come out of the military discern no difference between terrorists and reporters, and by reporters I am not referring to the boot-licking courtiers on television and in Washington who masquerade as reporters. Carry out an interview with a member of al-Qaida, as I have, and you become in the eyes of generals like Clapper a member of al-Qaida. Most generals I know recognize no need for an independent press. The munchkins who dutifully sit through their press briefings or follow them around in preapproved press pools and publish their lies are the generals' idea of journalism.
>
>
>
> When I was in Central America the U.S. officers who were providing support to the military of El Salvador or Guatemala, along with help to the Contra forces (http://www.brown.edu/Research/Understanding_the_Iran_Contra_Affair/n-contras.php ) then fighting the Sandinista government in Nicaragua, did not distinguish between us journalists and the rebel forces or the leftist Sandinista government. We were one and the same. The reporters and photographers, often after a day or two of hiking to reach small villages, would report on massacres by the Salvadoran army, the Guatemalan army or the Contras. When the stories appeared, the U.S. officers usually would go volcanic. But their rage would be directed not at those who pulled the triggers but at those who wrote about the mass killings or photographed the bodies.
>
> This is why, after Barack Obama signed into law Section 1021 of the National Defense Authorization Act, which permits the U.S. military to seize U.S. citizens who "substantially support" al-Qaida, the Taliban or "associated forces," to strip them of due process and to hold them indefinitely in military detention centers, I sued the president. I and my fellow plaintiffs won in U.S. District Court. When Obama appealed the ruling it was overturned. We are now trying to go to the Supreme Court. Section 1021 is a chilling reminder of what people like Clapper could do to destroy constitutional rights. They see no useful role for a free press, one that questions and challenges power, and are deeply hostile to its existence. I expect Clapper, if he has a free hand, to lock us up, just as the Egyptian military has arrested a number (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/egypt/10605016/Egypt-to-put-20-al-Jazeera-journalists-on-trial.html ) of Al-Jazeera journalists, including some Westerners, on terrorism-related charges. The military mind is amazingly uniform.
>
> The U.S. military has won the ideological war. The nation sees human and social problems as military problems. To fight terrorists Americans have become terrorists. Peace is for the weak. War is for the strong. Hypermasculinity has triumphed over empathy. We Americans speak to the world exclusively in the language of force. And those who oversee our massive security and surveillance state seek to speak to us in the same demented language. All other viewpoints are to be shut out. "In the absence of contrasting views, the very highest form of propaganda warfare can be fought: the propaganda for a definition of reality within which only certain limited viewpoints are possible," C. Wright Mills (http://infed.org/mobi/c-wright-mills-power-craftsmanship-and-private-troubles-and-public-issues/ ) wrote. "What is being promulgated and reinforced is the military metaphysics--the cast of mind that defines international reality as basically military."
>
> This is why people like James Clapper and the bloated military and security and surveillance apparatus must not have unchecked power to conduct wholesale surveillance, to carry out extraordinary renditions (http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/20-extraordinary-facts-about-cia-extraordinary-rendition-and-secret-detention ) and to imprison Americans indefinitely as terrorists. This is why the nation, as our political system remains mired in paralysis, must stop glorifying military values. In times of turmoil the military always seems to be a good alternative. It presents the facade of order. But order in the military, as the people of Egypt are now learning again, is akin to slavery. It is the order of a prison. And that is where Clapper and his fellow generals and intelligence chiefs would like to place any citizen who dares to question their unimpeded right to turn us all into mindless recruits. They have the power to make their demented dreams a reality. And it is our task to take this power from them.
>
> A Progressive Journal of News and Opinion Publisher, Zuade Kaufman Editor, Robert Scheer
> (c) 2014 Truthdig, LLC. All rights reserved.
>
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