Will try to do this in brief since I'm soon off on vacation. This may be a
rehash of what you have, but it's all I have in the database, there are not
many original sources, so maybe only clues here.
Gascoigne's second wife was clearly a Pickering based on arms. Per 'The
history and antiquities of Harewood: in the county of York'; John Jones;
London; Simpkin Marshall; 1859; page 99 @
Arms in the Church of Harewood
Nos. 2 and 3.-Gascoigne and Mowbray, Gascoigne and Pickering, Gascoigne
bore arg, on a pale sable, a lucy's head, hauriant, or. Mowbray bore gules,
a lion rampant; ar. within a bordure gabony, or. and sa. Pickering bore
ermine, a lion rampant, az. crowned or.
Jones then goes on to state - likely from the visitations - Sir William
Gascoigne, Chief Justice of England, was married twice, 1st, to Elizabeth,
daughter and sole heiress of Sir Alexander Mowbray, of Kirtlington, in the
county of York; and 2nd, to Joan, daughter of Sir "William Pickering, Knt.,
and relict of Sir Ralph Greystoke, one of the Barons of the Exchequer. These
arms were on a brass inserted in the south wall, representing the Chief
Justice between his two wives."
Her arms are those of Pickering of Killington Westmorland. Nicholson and
Burns have a sourced pedigree for the family at
. There are snippets about an
earlier Sir Thomas Pickering in "Early Westmorland MP's 1258-1327" @
but I've not seen the book itself. He had the same arms. The snippet does
note "John [Pickering], who married Margaret, but died s.p. before 8
February 1335. (2) Robert, the eventual heir, who died before 1346, leaving
an eldest son,17 Sir James de Pickering, who served as M.P. for Westmorland,
Cumberland and Yorkshire, and . . ". This is consistent with Nicholson and
Burns. There is a DNB bio for Sir James d. aft Sep 1397 @
Her arms seem the best
clue here so far, but don't know if 'Sir William' was her father.
I don't know the original source of the 'relict of Sir Ralph Greystoke'
statement, but Foster's pedigree states a bit more "daughter of Sir William
Pickering, Knight., and a widow of Sir Ralph Greystock, Baron of the
Exchequer, temp.King Henry.6. ". No original sources though, and I've found
nothing more about Sir William Pickering or Ralph Greystoke. Elsewhere she
is said to have been relict of Chief Judge Henry Greystoke. See 'The judges
of England: with sketches of their lives'; Edward Foss; Vol 3, Page 435 @
. Chief Judge
Henry, whose dates are early (last mention is 1356) and would seem a bit
old - maybe father of Ralph?.
The son James in Pickerings' will was surely a Gascoigne, and was the
first of the Cardington line followed in the Visitation of Bedfordshire.
James m. Joan Pygot dau of Baldwin, who was sister of the John Pygot whose
30 Oct 1453 IPM names his heir as John Gascoigne then age 20 years and 8
weeks (thus b. abt 4 Sep 1433 - suggesting his father and older bro were b.
aft 1400). The chronology works, with John the then eldest son of James and
Joan, but dsp when his brother George became heir of Cardington. See Robert
Eden & George Cole; 'History of the manor and township of Doddington'; page
24 @ books.google.com/books?id=jTEVAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA24
. Don't have a cite on
the IPM itself, but should be available, and don't know an original source
that states 'James son of Sir William'..
Don't have anything on the other males mentioned in Pickerings' will -
James is second of the four so likely all were Gascoignes - am not sure who
else had issue. As you've noted, Margaret mentioned in Pickering's will
could not be the mother of Robert Hansard b. 1377, who chronology would
place as a sister of the chief judge if she were indeed a dau of a William
Gascoigne. The [unsourced] Gascoigne pedigree in History of Harewood above
makes the Margaret in Pickering's the wife of Thomas Arderne, apparently m.
after will's date.
There is some chronological evidence (and her 1st name) to make Elizabeth
Gascoigne, wife of John Aske, the dau of Sir William Gascoigne by first wife
Elizabeth Mowbray. The chief judge was certainly the fatyher based on
chronology. Moriarty shows Elizabeth d. by 1396, and I have the
Aske/Gascoigne m. bef 1417. "In the 11th year of Thomas Langley, Bishop of
Durham  John de Ask of Ergom, son and heir of John de Ask of Ouschip
in the county of York had licence to enfeoff John de Lyndeley and Thomas
Thurkilby, clerk of his manor of Harwyk, that they might regrant the same to
the said John de Ask and Elizabeth daughter of William Gascoign, of
Goukthorp, his wife with remainder over [45th Annual Report of the Deputy
Keeper of the Public Records, HMSO, London, 1885 p. 155]." Also note that
Elizabeth is not in Pickering's will - but then I don't know when Eliz died.
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