More on Avadh....

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Mansoor Khan

Dec 11, 1992, 2:24:01 AM12/11/92

Mirza Ali Azhar graduated with distinction from the Presidency College,
Calcutta in 1920. He took his law degree(B.L) from the University Law
College, Calcutta. In 1925 he was enrolled as a Vakeel in the High Court
of judicature, Allahabad and later as an Advocate of the Chief Court
of Oudh(Lucknow) [Avadh]. He joined the Bahraich Bar in 1926, and later
elected Chairman of the Municipal Board, Bahraich,UP. Then he joined
the Jaipur State (A Princely State) in 1938.
In 1946, he ws appointed the General Manager of DAWN( Dehli) by
the Late Navabzadah Liaqat Ali Khan, The First Prime Minister of Pakistan.
With the partition of the Sub-continent Mirza Saheb came to Pakistan
in 1947 and joined the Pakistan Times, Lahore as General Manager,
and in 1949 he started his own paper Nation weekly from Karachi.
He was founder-member of Pakistan Historical Society, founder Member
of All-Pakistan Educational COnference, Founder chairman of Iraniaan
Secondary School, and founder Chairman Abdullah College, a girls college
in North Nazimabad, Pakistan.
He topped the list of successful candidates in the
Federal Public Service Examination in 1957.
In his ministerial duties he was associated with the Ministeries of
Economic Affairs, Rehabilitation And Works, and Interior etc.
Since his retirment he has devoted himself to literary pursuits.

His book "King Wajid Ali Shah of Awadh" was published in 1982.

Oudh = Awadh (as in Shaam-e-Awadh, a famous Urdu novel) = corruption of original Ayodyah.

************quote begins**************

Avadh becomes a province

For five years the country was at rest; but on the death of Sher [Suri]
in 1545 the Afghan power began to fall to pieces, and Humayun returned in
1555. Under Akbar a redistribution of the Empire into provinces took place.
Oudh( Avadh) was formed into a Subah or province, containing five Sarkars or
divisions and thirty eight mahals or pragnas. The provincial forces consisted
of 7,640 cavalry, 168,250 infantry and 59 elephants. Avadh or Ajodhya was
then one of the principle cities in India, and Lucknow was rising
in importance.
Akbar's government was not established without a struggle; and in 1565
the jagirdars Iskandar Khan of Ajodyah and Khan Zaman of Jaunpur revolted and
took Lucknow, but were soon defeated. In the list of Akbars grandees
three belonged to Oudh, one of whom was the celebrated Todar Mal.
Local prosperity may be inferred from the rise in revenue which was 50 lakhs
in 1594 and 83 lakhs in 1720, while the measured land
area had increased from 9.933 to 18,577 square miles... When however
Mughal Empire fell to pices, small states arose, the rulers of which
obtained practical independence. Among these Oudh took the first place, and its
importance dates from the appointment about 1724 of Muhammad Amin... to the
Governor of Oudh, with the titles of Saadat Khan and Burhan-ul-Mulk.

I hope to be excused by my indulgant readers for the long quotations given
above to show that Awadh has been the home of martial races ever since the dawn
of history and even before the hero of Ramayana, of Ikshvaku family,
reigned supreme at Ajodhya.

********** End of Quote*********

Mirza Azhar Ali later writes about the Muslims in Avadh on page 71 of
his book...


Muslim colonies in Avadh
With the armies of Syed Salar Masud in the eleventh century came
a number of Turks( from Central Asia) and Afghans who ultimately settled
in this part of the subcontinent( i.e. in Avadh). Throughout the later
centuries successive waves of Syeds, Turks, Moghuls, PAthans and Shaikhs
came to the Subcontinent and were ultimately absorbed in the local population.
To this period may be traced the immigrant ancestors of the wellknown
feudal lords or Talluqdars of the provice eg. the Syeds of Jarwal(Bahraich),
of Kantoor(Barabanki), of Zaidpur(BArabanki), Siddiqi Shaiks of
Mahmudabad(Sitapur), Togh Pathans of NAnpara(Bahraich) etc. With
the local martial peoples the immigrant Muslims of the various races helped
to suffuse the whole country with a military spirit of which ample
proof was given by the local leaders, Hindus and Muslims, during the War
of Independence( 1857-9) and grudgingly admitted even by their opponents,
the Britishers.
*****************end of quote**********

More later........

Mansoor Khan
Cleveland, Ohio

Feb 12, 2015, 8:05:16 AM2/12/15
I want the photograph of Mirza Ali Azhar
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