1991VG candidates

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Bruce Watson

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Nov 17, 1991, 6:32:17 PM11/17/91
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EVERYTHING ARTIFICIAL IN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

112 59 MU 1 LUNA 1 USSR 02 JAN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
113 59 NU 1 PIONEER 4 US 03 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
27 60 ALP 1 PIONEER 5 US 11 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
80 61 GAM 1 VENERA 1 USSR 12 FEB HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
221 62 ALP 1 RANGER 1 US 26 JAN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
222 62 ALP 2 RANGER 1 DEBRIS US 26 JAN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
282 62 MU 2 RANGER 4 DEBRIS US 23 APR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
374 62 A RHO1 MARINER 2 US 27 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
375 62 A RHO2 MARINER 2 DEBRIS US 27 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
439 62 B ETA1 RANGER 5 US 18 OCT HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
440 62 B ETA2 RANGER 5 DEBRIS US 18 OCT HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
450 62 B NU 2 MARS 1 DEBRIS USSR 01 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
785 64 016D ZOND 1 USSR 02 APR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
923 64 073A MARINER 3 US 05 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
938 64 077A MARINER 4 US 28 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
942 64 077B MARINER 4 DEBRIS US 28 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
953 64 078C ZOND 2 USSR 30 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
1298 65 023B RANGER 9 DEBRIS US 21 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
1393 65 048A LUNA 6 USSR 08 JUN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
1454 65 056A ZOND 3 USSR 18 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
1730 65 091A VENERA 2 USSR 12 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
1736 65 091D VENERA 2 DEBRIS USSR 12 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
1841 65 015A PIONEER 6 US 16 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
2130 65 027D LUNA 10 DEBRIS USSR 31 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
2393 66 075A PIONEER 7 US 17 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
2402 66 075C PIONEER 7 DEBRIS US 17 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
2845 67 060A MARINER 5 US 14 JUN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
2846 67 060B MARINER 5 DEBRIS US 14 JUN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3066 67 123A PIONEER 8 US 13 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3134 68 013A ZOND 4 USSR 02 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3533 68 100A PIONEER 9 US 08 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3627 68 118B APOLLO 8 DEBRIS US 21 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3759 69 014A MARINER 6 US 25 FEB HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3760 69 014B MARINER 6 DEBRIS US 25 FEB HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3770 69 018B APOLLO 9 S-4-B US 03 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3837 69 030A MARINER 7 US 27 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3845 69 030B MARINER 7 DEBRIS US 27 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3943 69 043B APOLLO 10 DEBRIS US 18 MAY HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
3949 69 043D APOLLO 10 LM/ASC US 18 MAY HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
4040 69 059B APOLLO 11 DEBRIS US 16 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
5267 71 051B MARINER 9 DEBRIS US 30 MAY HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
5861 72 012B PIONEER 10 DEBRIS US 03 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
6425 73 019B PIONEER 11 DEBRIS US 06 APR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
6742 73 047A MARS 4 USSR 21 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
6776 73 053A MARS 7 USSR 09 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
7224 73 053D CAPSULE USSR 09 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
6919 73 085A MARINER 10 US 03 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
7567 74 097A HELIUS 1 FRG 10 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
7569 74 097C HELIUS 1 DEBRIS US 10 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
7570 74 097D HELIUS 1 DEBRIS US 10 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
7947 75 054A VENERA 10 USSR 14 JUN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
8111 75 075B VIKING 1 US 20 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
8272 75 083B VIKING 2 US 09 SEP HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
8582 76 003A HELIOS 2 FRG 15 JAN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
8583 76 003B HELIOS 2 DEBRIS US 15 JAN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
8584 76 003C HELIOS 2 DEBRIS US 15 JAN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
10272 77 076B VOYAGER 2 DEBRIS US 20 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
10273 77 076C VOYAGER 2 DEBRIS US 20 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
10321 77 064A VOYAGER 1 US 05 SEP HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
10322 77 064B VOYAGER 1 DEBRIS US 05 SEP HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
10323 77 064C VOYAGER 1 DEBRIS US 05 SEP HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
10912 78 051B PIONEER 12 US 20 MAY HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
11003 78 078C PIONEER 13 DEBRIS US 08 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
11004 78 079A ICE US 12 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
11020 78 084A VENERA 11 USSR 09 SEP HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
11025 78 086A VENERA 12 USSR 14 SEP HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
12927 81 105E VENERA 13 USSR 30 OCT HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
12938 81 110A VENERA 14 USSR 04 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
14104 83 053A VENERA 15 USSR 02 JUN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
15432 84 125A VEGA 1 USSR 15 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
15447 84 125D VEGA 1 DEBRIS USSR 15 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
15449 84 128A VEGA 2 USSR 21 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
15450 84 128B VEGA 2 DEBRIS USSR 21 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
15464 85 001A MS-TS JAPAN 07 JAN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
15465 85 001B MS-TS DEBRIS JAPAN 07 JAN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
15875 85 056A GIOTTO ESA 02 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
15967 85 073A PLANET A JAPAN 18 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
15969 85 073C PLANET A DEBRIS JAPAN 18 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
19281 88 058A PHOBOS 1 USSR 07 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
19282 88 058B PHOBOS 1 DEBRIS USSR 07 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
19287 88 059A PHOBOS 2 USSR 12 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
19288 88 059B PHOBOS 2 DEBRIS USSR 12 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
20842 90 090B ULYSSES US 06 OCT HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

Chris Jones

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Nov 18, 1991, 8:54:54 AM11/18/91
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In article <16...@scicom.AlphaCDC.COM>, wats@scicom (Bruce Watson) writes:
>
> EVERYTHING ARTIFICIAL IN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

Thank-you very much for this listing. I have a few questions/observations.


>19281 88 058A PHOBOS 1 USSR 07 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>19282 88 058B PHOBOS 1 DEBRIS USSR 07 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>19287 88 059A PHOBOS 2 USSR 12 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>19288 88 059B PHOBOS 2 DEBRIS USSR 12 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

One of the Phobos probes (I believe it was Phobos 2) made it into orbit around
Mars. Is there any reason to believe it has left that orbit for one around the
Sun?

Also, I didn't spot Galileo in the list.
--
Chris Jones c...@ksr.com {uunet,harvard,world}!ksr!clj

Jonathan McDowell

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Nov 18, 1991, 10:50:57 AM11/18/91
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Personally, I think a Saturn SIVB stage
is the most likely since it'd be big
and bright.

wa...@scicom.AlphaCDC.COM (Bruce Watson) writes:


> EVERYTHING ARTIFICIAL IN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

Here are my differences from Bruce's list, which are mainly objects
which are not in the NORAD catalog or are listed wrongly there.
59 Mu 2 r/b (rocket body) Luna-1; 59 Nu 2 r/b Pioneer 4;
60 ALpha 2 r/b Pioneer 5; 61 Gamma r/b Venera, plus lots
of other Blok-L and Blok-D upper stages not tracked by NORAD
but known to have reached solar orbit as final stages of
Lunar and Planetary probes (Mars, Venera, Luna, Zond).

62 B Nu 3 Mars 1 is in solar orbit as well as its rocket.

Pioneer 6, 8 and 9 rockets, not tracked by NORAD, are in solar orbit.
Explorer 35 rocket (1965-70D) went into solar orbit.

62 Alpha is Ranger 3 not Ranger 1. The German solar probes are
Helios, not Helius. 78-51B is Pioneer 12 rocket, not Pioneer 12.
Venera-15 is in Venus orbit, not solar orbit, although its
final stage rocket is in solar orbit. 85-01A is MS-T5 (Five)
not MS-TS, it has been renamed Sakigake (Japanese for 'Pioneer',
original huh?).

Zond 4 is most probably NOT in solar orbit, NORAD lost it
but most analysts now believe it reentered the Earth's atmosphere.
There is an old rumour that the Chinese found it and put it on
display in a museum.

Although this is not entirely clear, I believe that
88-58B and 88-59B (Fobos 1 and 2 rocket stages) did not
reach solar orbit; the Fobos probes used their own
internal propulsion to complete the solar insertion burn,
since they were too heavy for the Proton to do it on its own,
according to Soviet reports.

There are a number of objects placed in distant cislunar
(barycentric Earth-Moon) orbit which have probably been perturbed
into solar orbit over the years.

Finally, don't forget GALILEO! and an IUS stage 2 from Magellan,
and an IUS and a PAM-S from Ulysses.

> 112 59 MU 1 LUNA 1 USSR 02 JAN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

[Bruce's list deleted]


>20842 90 090B ULYSSES US 06 OCT HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

Here is my full list containing orbits in 10^-3 AU (perihel x aphel)
for a number of objects. Orbits are mostly obtained from an old edition
of the RAE table of Space Vehicles; I have a more recent version
which I haven't incorporated yet. Names beginning with a ? are
believed to be in solar orbit now but were originally in a
loosely bound Earth/Moon orbit. All known encounters within gravitational
spheres of planetary influence are noted, plus close passages
of asteroids and comets. Note that this list includes objects which
are no longer in solar orbit (noted as Venus impact, etc..).
I hope to fill in some of the holes in this list over the next year,
but tracking data for things like the Apollo missions may be impossible
to recover at this time.
Spacecraft in solar orbit
Name From Date Orbit (mAU) CO
AMS Luna Lunar flyby 1959 Jan 4 980x1320x0.01 450d 1959 Mu 1
Blok-E
(1-ya Kosmicheskaya Raketa) Lunar flyby 1959 Jan 4 980x1320x0.01 450d 1959 Mu 2
Pioneer IV Lunar flyby 1959 Mar 5 990x1140x1.30 398d 1959 Nu 1
Baby Sergeant Lunar flyby 1959 Mar 5 990x1140x1.30 398d 1959 Nu 2
Pioneer V Earth 1960 Mar 11 810x990x3.35 312d 1960 Alpha 1
Altair Earth 1960 Mar 11 810x990x3.35 312d 1960 Alpha 2
AMS Venera Earth orbit 1961 Feb 12 720x1020x0.58 300d
Venus encounter 1961 May 20 ? 1961 Gamma 1
Blok-L Earth orbit 1961 Feb 12 720x1000x0.60 300d 1961 Gamma
Ranger III Lunar flyby 1962 Jan 29 990x1160x0.40 406d 1962 Alpha 1
Agena B 6003 Lunar flyby 1962 Jan 29 990?x1160?x0.4? 1962 Alpha 2
Agena B 6004 Lunar flyby 1962 Apr 26 ? 1962 Mu 2
Mariner II Earth 1962 Aug 28 710x1230x1.4 346
Venus 1962 Dec 14 ? 1962 A Rho 1
Agena B 6902 Earth 1962 Aug 28 ? 1962 A Rho 2
Ranger V Lunar flyby 1962 Oct 21 950x1060x0.4 369 1962 B Eta 1
Agena B 6005 Lunar flyby 1962 Oct 21 ? 1962 B Eta 2
AMS Mars Earth orbit 1962 Nov 2 920x1600x2.68 519d
Mars 1963 Jun 19 ? 1962 B Nu 3
Blok-L Earth orbit 1962 Nov 2 ? 1962 B Nu
?Luna-4 CLO 1963 Apr? ? 1963-08B
?Agena B 6008 Lunar flyby 1964 Feb 2 ? 1964-07B
Zond Earth orbit 1964 Apr 2 650x1000x3.7 274d
Venus 1964 Jul 19 ? 1964-16D
Blok-L Earth orbit 1964 Apr 2 ? 1964-16
Mariner III/Agena D 6931 Earth 1964 Nov 6 980x1310x0.52 448d 1964-73A
Mariner IV Earth 1964 Nov 29 1110x1570x2.5 567d
Mars 1965 Jul 15 ? 1964-77A
Agena D 6932 Earth 1964 Nov 29 990x1430x0.15 486d 1964-77B
Zond-2 Earth orbit 1964 Nov 30 980x1520x6.4
Mars 1965 Aug 6 ? 1964-78C
Blok-L Earth orbit 1964 Nov 30 ? 1964-78
?Agena B 6007 Lunar flyby 1965 Mar 24 ? 1965-23B
Luna-6 CLO 1965 Jun 11 ? 1965-44A
?Blok-L CLO 1965 Jun 11 ? 1965-44
Zond-3 Lunar flyby 1965 Jul 20 900x1560x0.25 500d 1965-56A
Blok-L Lunar flyby 1965 Jul 20 ? 1965-56
Venera-2 Earth orbit 1965 Nov 12 720x1200x4.29 341d
Venus 1966 Feb 26 ? 1965-91A
Blok-L Earth orbit 1965 Nov 12 ? 1965-91
Venera-3 Earth orbit 1965 Nov 16 700x1110x4.3 316d
Venus 1966 Mar 1 Impact 1965-92A
Blok-L Earth orbit 1965 Nov 16 ? 1965-92D
Pioneer VI Earth orbit 1965 Dec 16 810x990x0.17 311d 1965-105A
Altair II Earth orbit 1965 Dec 16 ? 1965-105
?Blok-L Lunar flyby 1966 Apr 3 ? 1966-27D
Pioneer VII Earth orbit 1966 Aug 17 1010x1120x0.10 403 1966-75A
FW-4D Earth orbit 1966 Aug 17 ? 1966-75C
Venera-4 Earth orbit 1967 Jun 12 650x1020x2.0 283
Venus 1967 Oct 18 Impact 1967-58A
Blok-L Earth orbit 1967 Jun 12 ? 1967-58
Mariner V Earth 1967 Jun 14 580x740x1.4 195
Venus 1967 Oct 19 ? 1967-60A
Agena D 6933 Earth 1967 Jun 14 ? 1967-60B
FW-4D Lunar flyby 1967 Jul 22 990x1020x0.5 367 1967-70
Pioneer VIII Earth orbit 1967 Dec 13 990x1090x0.1 386 1967-123A
FW-4D Earth orbit 1967 Dec 13 ? 1967-123
Pioneer IX Earth orbit 1968 Nov 8 760x990x0.09 298 1968-100A
FW-4D Earth orbit 1968 Nov 8 ? 1968-100
Saturn S-IVB-503/LTA-B Lunar flyby 1968 Dec 24 920x990x0.5 341 1968-118B
Venera-5 Earth orbit 1969 Jan 5 720x1080x0.2 313
Venus 1969 May 16 Impact 1969-01A
Blok-L Earth orbit 1969 Jan 5 720x1080x0.2? 313
Venus 1969 May 16 ? 1969-01
Venera-6 Earth orbit 1969 Jan 10 720x1080x0.2 313
Venus 1969 May 17 Impact 1969-02A
Blok-L Earth orbit 1969 Jan 10 720x1080x0.2? 313
Venus 1969 May 17 ? 1969-02
Mariner VI Earth 1969 Feb 25 990x1590x1.9 535
Mars flyby 1969 Jul 31 1140x1750x1.8 636 1969-14A
Centaur AC-20 Earth 1969 Feb 25 970x1590x1.9 529 1969-14B
Saturn S-IVB-504 Earth orbit 1969 Mar 3 550x990x0.5 248 1969-18B
Mariner VII Earth 1969 Mar 27 970x1570x1.60 522
Mars flyby 1969 Aug 5 1120x1670x1.8 609 1969-30A
Centaur AC-19 Earth 1969 Mar 27 990x1640x1.7 549 1969-30B
Saturn S-IVB-505 Lunar flyby 1969 May 21 910x1020x0.5 345 1969-43B
LM 4 AS Snoopy Lunar orbit 1969 May 23 ? 1969-43D
Saturn S-IVB-506 Lunar flyby 1969 Jul 19 890x1020x0.5 342 1969-59B
Venera-7 Earth orbit 1970 Aug 17 720x1080x2 313
Venus 1970 Dec 15 Landing 1970-60A
Blok-L Earth orbit 1970 Aug 17 ? 1970-60
Mars-2 Earth orbit 1971 May 19 990x1570x2.2 530
Mars 1971 Nov 27 Orbit 1971-45A
Blok-D Earth orbit 1971 May 19 ? 1971-45
Mars-3 Earth orbit 1971 May 28 990x1570x2.2 530
Mars 1971 Dec 2 Orbit 1971-49A
Blok-D Earth orbit 1971 May 28 ? 1971-49
Mariner IX Earth 1971 May 30 990x1570x2.2 530
Mars 1971 Nov 14 Orbit 1971-51A
Centaur AC-23 Earth 1971 May 30 ? 1971-51B
Pioneer X Earth orbit 1972 Mar 3 990x5860x1.3 2318
Jupiter flyby 1973 Dec 4 5800?xEx2.2
Solar escape 0530+262 (B1950.0) 1972-12A
Star 37E Earth orbit 1972 Mar 3 990x5860x1.3 2318 1972-12B
Venera-8 Earth orbit 1972 Mar 27 720x1080x2 313
Venus 1972 Jul 22 Landing 1972-21A
Blok-L Earth orbit 1972 Mar 27 ? 1972-21
Pioneer XI Earth orbit 1973 Apr 6 1000x6010x1.3 2398
Pioneer Saturn Jupiter flyby 1974 Dec 3 6000?xE
Saturn flyby 1979 Sep 1 ?xEx12.6
Solar escape 1924-093 (B1950) 1973-19A
Star 37E Earth orbit 1973 Apr 6 1000x6010x1.3 2398 1973-19B
Mars-4 Earth orbit 1973 Jul 21 1020x1630x2.2 556
Mars 1974 Feb 10 ? 1973-47A
Blok-D Earth orbit 1973 Jul 21 1000x1600x2.2 1973-47
Mars-5 Earth orbit 1973 Jul 25 1010x1650x2.2 560
Mars 1974 Feb 11 Orbit 1973-49A
Blok-D Earth orbit 1973 Jul 25 1000x1600x2.2 1973-49
Mars-6 Earth orbit 1973 Aug 5 1010x1670x2.2 567
Mars 1974 Mar 12 ? 1973-52A
Blok-D Earth orbit 1973 Aug 5 1000x1600x2.2 1973-52
Mars-7 Earth orbit 1973 Aug 9 1010x1690x2.2 574
Mars 1974 Mar 9 ? 1973-53A
Blok-D Earth orbit 1973 Aug 9 1000x1600x2.2 1973-53
Mariner X Earth orbit 1973 Nov 3 700x1110x2.6 317
Venus flyby 1974 Feb 5 ?
Mercury flyby 1974 Mar 29 ?
Mercury flyby 1974 Sep 21 ?
Mercury flyby 1975 Mar 16 ? 1973-85A
Centaur AC-34 Earth orbit 1973 Nov 3 700x1110x2.6 1973-85B
Spuskaemiy Apparat Marsa-7 Mars flyby 1974 Mar 9 1000x1600x2?? 1973-53D
Helios 1 Earth orbit 1974 Dec 10 310x990x0.0 190 1974-97A
Star 37E Earth orbit 1974 Dec 10 ? 1974-97D
Centaur TC-2 Earth orbit 1974 Dec 10 ? 1974-97C
Venera-9 Earth orbit 1975 Jun 8 ?
Venus 1975 Oct 22 Orbit 1975-50A
Blok-DM Earth orbit 1975 Jun 8 ? 1975-50
Venera-10 Earth orbit 1975 Jun 14 ?
Venus 1975 Oct 25 Orbit 1975-54A
Blok-DM Earth orbit 1975 Jun 14 ? 1975-54
Viking 1 Earth orbit 1975 Aug 20 1000x1670x4.5
Mars 1976 Jun 19 Orbit 1975-75A
Centaur TC-4 Earth orbit 1975 Aug 20 ?
Mars 1976 Jun 19 ? 1975-75B
Viking 1 bioshield base Viking 1 1975 Aug 20 1000x1670x4.5
Mars 1976 Jun 19 ? 1975-75
Viking 2 Earth orbit 1975 Sep 9 1000x1670x4.5
Mars 1976 Aug 6 Orbit 1975-83A
Centaur TC-3 Earth orbit 1975 Sep 9 ?
Mars 1976 Aug 7 ? 1975-83B
Viking 2 bioshield base Viking 2 1975 Sep 9 1000x1670x4.5
Mars 1976 Aug 6 ? 1975-83
Spuskaemiy Apparat Veneri-9 Venera-9 1975 Oct 20 ?
Venus 1975 Oct 22 Landing 1975-50D
Spuskaemiy Apparat Veneri-10 Venera-10 1975 Oct 23 ?
Venus 1975 Oct 25 Landing 1975-54D
Helios 2 Earth orbit 1976 Jan 15 280x1000x0.0 1976-03A
Star 37E Earth orbit 1976 Jan 15 ? 1976-03C
Centaur TC-5 Earth orbit 1976 Jan 15 ? 1976-03B
Voyager 2 Earth orbit 1977 Aug 20 ?
Voyager 2 Jupiter flyby 1979 Jul 9 ?xE
Voyager 2 Saturn flyby 1981 Aug 25 ?xE
Voyager 2 Uranus flyby 1986 Jan 24 ?xE
Voyager 2 Neptune flyby 1989 Aug 25 ?xE
Solar escape 1977-76A
Centaur TC-7 Earth orbit 1977 Aug 20 ? 1977-76B
Star 37E Earth orbit 1977 Aug 20 ? 1977-76C
Voyager 1 Earth orbit 1977 Sep 5 ?
Voyager 1 Jupiter flyby 1979 Mar 5 ?xE
Voyager 1 Saturn flyby 1980 Nov 12 ?xE
Solar escape 0049+353 (B1950) 1977-84A
Centaur TC-6 Earth orbit 1977 Sep 5 ? 1977-84B
Star 37E Earth orbit 1977 Sep 5 ? 1977-84C
Pioneer Venus Orbiter Earth orbit 1978 May 20 ?
Venus 1978 Dec 4 Orbit 1978-51A
Centaur AC-50 Earth orbit 1978 May 20 ? 1978-51B
Pioneer Venus Multiprobe Earth orbit 1978 Aug 9 ?
Venus 1978 Dec 9 Impact 1978-78A
Centaur AC-51 Earth orbit 1978 Aug 9 ? 1978-78C
Int'l Sun-Earth Explorer 3 Earth orbit 1978 Aug 12 0.99x1.0
Earth-Sun L1 1979 Nov 20 ?
-1982 Jun 10 0.99x1.0
Cislunar orbit 1982 Oct 14 ?
-1983 Dec 27 ?
Int'l Cometary Explorer Lunar flyby 1983 Dec 27 ?
P/Giacobini-Zinner 1985 Sep 11 0.99x1.0 355d 1978-79A
Star 37E Earth orbit 1978 Aug 12 0.99x1.0 1978-79D
Venera-11 Earth orbit 1978 Sep 9 ?
Venus 1978 Dec 25 ? 1978-84A
Blok-DM Earth orbit 1978 Sep 9 ? 1978-84
Venera-12 Earth orbit 1978 Sep 14 ?
Venus 1978 Dec 21 ? 1978-86A
Blok-DM Earth orbit 1978 Sep 14 ? 1978-86
Pioneer Venus Sounder Probe PV Multiprobe 1978 Nov 16 ?
Venus 1978 Dec 9 Impact 1978-78D
Pioneer Venus North Probe PV Multiprobe 1978 Nov 20 ?
Venus 1978 Dec 9 Impact 1978-78E
Pioneer Venus Day Probe PV Multiprobe 1978 Nov 20 ?
Venus 1978 Dec 9 Landing 1978-78F
Pioneer Venus Night Probe PV Multiprobe 1978 Nov 20 ?
Venus 1978 Dec 9 Impact 1978-78G
Spuskaemiy Apparat Veneri-12 Venera-12 1978 Dec 19 ?
Venus 1978 Dec 21 Landing 1978-86C
Spuskaemiy Apparat Veneri-11 Venera-11 1978 Dec 23 ?
Venus 1978 Dec 25 Landing 1978-84D
Venera-13 Earth orbit 1981 Oct 30 ?
Venus 1982 Mar 1 ? 1981-106A
Blok-DM Earth orbit 1981 Oct 30 ? 1981-106
Venera-14 Earth orbit 1981 Nov 4 ?
Venus 1982 Mar 5 ? 1981-110A
Blok-DM Earth orbit 1981 Nov 4 ? 1981-110
Spuskaemiy Apparat Veneri-13 Venera-13 1982 Feb 27 ?
Venus 1982 Mar 1 Landing 1981-106D
Spuskaemiy Apparat Veneri-14 Venera-14 1982 Mar 3 ?
Venus 1982 Mar 5 Landing 1981-110D
Venera-15 Earth orbit 1983 Jun 2 ?
Venus 1983 Oct 9 Orbit 1983-53A
Blok-DM Earth orbit 1983 Jun 2 ? 1983-53
Venera-16 Earth orbit 1983 Jun 7 ?
Venus 1983 Oct 13 Orbit 1983-54A
Blok-DM Earth orbit 1983 Jun 7 ? 1983-54
Vega-1 Earth orbit 1984 Dec 15 ?
Venus 1985 Jun 11 ? 1984-125A
Vega-1 Venus flyby 1985 Jun 11 ?
P/Halley 1986 Mar 6 ? 1984-125A
Blok-DM Earth orbit 1984 Dec 15 ? 1984-125D
Vega-2 Earth orbit 1984 Dec 21 ?
Venus 1985 Jun 15 ? 1984-128A
Vega-2 Venus flyby 1985 Jun 15 ?
P/Halley 1986 Mar 9 ? 1984-128A
Blok-DM Earth orbit 1984 Dec 21 ? 1984-128B
Sakigake Earth orbit 1985 Jan 8 ? 1985-01A
KM-P Earth orbit 1985 Jan 8 ? 1985-01B
Spuskaemiy Apparat Vega-1 Vega-1 1985 Jun 9 ?
Venus 1985 Jun 11 Landing 1984-125E
Spuskaemiy Apparat Vega-2 Vega-2 1985 Jun 13 ?
Venus 1985 Jun 15 Landing 1984-128E
Giotto Earth orbit 1985 Jul 3 ?
P/Halley 1986 Mar 9 733x1040x23.9 305d
Giotto Earth flyby 1990 Jul 2 ?
En route P/Grigg-Skjellerup ? 1985-56A
Suisei Earth orbit 1985 Aug 18 ?
P/Halley 1986 Mar 8 ? 1985-73A
KM-P Earth orbit 1985 Aug 18 ? 1985-73C
Fobos-1 Earth orbit 1988 Jul 7 ?
Mars 1989 Jan ? 1988-58A
Fobos-2 Earth orbit 1988 Jul 12 ?
Mars 1989 Jan 29 Orbit 1988-59A
Magellan Earth orbit 1989 May 5 ?
Venus 1990 Aug 10 Orbit 1989-33B
IUS-18 SRM-2 Earth orbit 1989 May 5 ? 1989-33D
Galileo Earth orbit 1989 Oct 18 ?
Venus flyby 1990 Feb 10 700x1280
Earth flyby 1990 Dec 8 ?
(951) Gaspra 1991 Oct 29 ?
En route Earth ? 1989-84B
IUS-19 SRM-2 Earth orbit 1989 Oct 18 ? 1989-84D
Ulysses Earth orbit 1990 Oct 6 1000x5200??
En route Jupiter ? 1990-90B
PAM-S Earth orbit 1990 Oct 6 ? 1990-90D
IUS-17 SRM-2 Earth orbit 1990 Oct 6 ? 1990-90E


.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------.
| Jonathan McDowell | phone : (205)544-7724 |
| Space Science Lab ES65 | uucp: |
| NASA Marshall Space Flight Center | bitnet : |
| Huntsville AL 35812 | inter : mcdo...@xanth.msfc.nasa.gov |
| USA | span : |
'-----------------------------------------------------------------------------'

John Childers

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Nov 18, 1991, 11:51:19 AM11/18/91
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In article <16...@scicom.AlphaCDC.COM>, wa...@scicom.AlphaCDC.COM (Bruce Watson) writes:
>
> EVERYTHING ARTIFICIAL IN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>
Thank you for this info but here are a few things it cannot be.

> 3770 69 018B APOLLO 9 S-4-B US 03 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

This was an Earth orbiting mission. How could the S-4-B getaway?

> 3949 69 043D APOLLO 10 LM/ASC US 18 MAY HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

I though this was left in Lunar orbit.

> 6919 73 085A MARINER 10 US 03 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

And this was crashed on Mercury.

> 10321 77 064A VOYAGER 1 US 05 SEP HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

This left the solar system a few years ago!

> 20842 90 090B ULYSSES US 06 OCT HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

And Ulysses is close to Jupter now.


This is my first post so if I have made a mistake sorry.
This info is all from memory. If someting is incorrect please post it.

Thanks
John

Henry Spencer

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Nov 18, 1991, 11:45:38 AM11/18/91
to
In article <16...@scicom.AlphaCDC.COM> wa...@scicom.AlphaCDC.COM (Bruce Watson) writes:
> 3627 68 118B APOLLO 8 DEBRIS US 21 DEC HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>...

> 3770 69 018B APOLLO 9 S-4-B US 03 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

Methinks we have at least a typographical error here, since Apollo 8's
S-IVB should be in heliocentric orbit but Apollo 9's should not be.
(Apollo 9 having been a low-Earth-orbit mission.)

I also don't see Apollo 10, 11, and 12 S-IVBs.
--
SVR4: the first system so open that | Henry Spencer @ U of Toronto Zoology
everyone dumps their garbage there. | he...@zoo.toronto.edu utzoo!henry

Steven J. Edwards

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Nov 18, 1991, 1:26:23 PM11/18/91
to
In article <16...@scicom.AlphaCDC.COM> wa...@scicom.AlphaCDC.COM (Bruce Watson) writes:
> EVERYTHING ARTIFICIAL IN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>
> 10321 77 064A VOYAGER 1 US 05 SEP HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

I thought that Voyager 1 was on a solar system escape flight
path after its Saturn rendezvous.

[The above opinions expressed are my own; not necessarily held by others.]
== Steven J. Edwards Bull HN Information Systems Inc. ==
== (508) 294-3484 300 Concord Road MS 820A ==
== s...@xylos.ma30.bull.com Billerica, MA 01821 USA ==
"That Government which Governs the Least, Governs Best." -- Thomas Jefferson

Henry Spencer

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Nov 18, 1991, 1:21:47 PM11/18/91
to
In article <39...@unccvax.uncc.edu> ee0...@unccvax.uncc.edu (John Childers) writes:
>> 3949 69 043D APOLLO 10 LM/ASC US 18 MAY HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>I though this was left in Lunar orbit.

No, it was boosted out to protect the Moon against unnecessary biological
contamination. They didn't start crashing LM ascent stages and S-IVBs on
the Moon until (a) the seismic net was getting started, and (b) the early
Apollo results confirmed that the Moon was sterile. (Leaving things in
lunar orbit equals crashing them, because there is basically no such thing
as a stable lunar orbit in the long term.)

>> 6919 73 085A MARINER 10 US 03 NOV HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>And this was crashed on Mercury.

No. It ran out of fuel and was switched off a few days after its third
Mercury encounter.

Michael V. Kent

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Nov 18, 1991, 4:42:12 PM11/18/91
to
In article <16...@scicom.AlphaCDC.COM> wa...@scicom.AlphaCDC.COM (Bruce Watson) writes:
>
> EVERYTHING ARTIFICIAL IN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>
>19287 88 059A PHOBOS 2 USSR 12 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>19288 88 059B PHOBOS 2 DEBRIS USSR 12 JUL HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>20842 90 090B ULYSSES US 06 OCT HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

What happened to Galileo? Is there a reason this doesn't count, or is it
just an oversight. After all, you did say everything.

Mike

--
Michael Kent ke...@rpi.edu
McDonnell Douglas Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
All facts in this post are based on publicly available information. All
opinions expressed are solely those of the author. Official positions may vary.

Dave Tholen

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Nov 18, 1991, 4:40:43 PM11/18/91
to
Bruce Watson writes:

[full list mostly deleted]

> EVERYTHING ARTIFICIAL IN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>

> 8111 75 075B VIKING 1 US 20 AUG HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
> 8272 75 083B VIKING 2 US 09 SEP HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT

Mars orbit isn't exactly what I'd call heliocentric. Of course, if you
plot the Vikings' orbits over a couple of years, one could describe the
resulting path as heliocentric, in a sense, and if you plot the orbits
over a couple hundred million years, you could also call them
galactocentric, in a sense...

David Smith

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Nov 19, 1991, 12:26:20 PM11/19/91
to
In article <39...@unccvax.uncc.edu> ee0...@unccvax.uncc.edu (John Childers) writes:
>> EVERYTHING ARTIFICIAL IN HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>>
>Thank you for this info but here are a few things it cannot be.
>
>> 3770 69 018B APOLLO 9 S-4-B US 03 MAR HELIOCENTRIC ORBIT
>This was an Earth orbiting mission. How could the S-4-B getaway?

Its engine was fired twice more, as another test of the system. Since it
dumped off the CSM/LM in low orbit, there is no question that it could get
away, and fast. The Apollo 9 crew watching it said it was "like a great star
disappearing in the distance." After the second burn, Houston radioed,
"We just sent the S4B hyperbolic and got it out of your way."

--
David R. Smith, HP Labs | "In Managua, people are cheering in the streets,
dsm...@hplabs.hp.com | which are deserted."
(415) 857-7898 | CBS reporter during eclipse totality, 1991-Jul-11

Richard Akerman

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Nov 20, 1991, 9:11:19 AM11/20/91
to
1991VG
^^

Clearly this must be the returning V'Ger (see Star Trek: The Motion Picture),
a Voyager probe from the future that has been sent back by that most powerful
force in the Universe, the Plot-device Field.

:-)

Disclaimer: All opinions expressed herein have been sent to me telepathically
by Elvis from Mars.


--
Richard J. Akerman | Ake...@Bill.Phy.QueensU.Ca | Ake...@QUCIS.QueensU.Ca
Incompetent Graduate | Ake...@QUCdnAst.BITNET +--------------------------
Student in Physics (Solar System Dynamics) | "I will go mad!"
Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada | -- Arthur Dent

Joseph Burger

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Nov 20, 1991, 8:10:04 AM11/20/91
to
I pulled the following from my system CATSAT. Data is based
upon NASA Satellite Situation Reports, but modified where
appropriate.
CAT Intnl No Launch Name Owner Orbit

112 59-MU 1 590102 LUNA_01 USSR Heliocentric
113 59-NU 1 590303 PIONEER_04 USA Heliocentric
27 60-ALP 1 600311 PIONEER_05 USA Heliocentric
80 61-GAM 1 610212 VENERA_01 USSR Heliocentric
221 62-ALP 1 620126 RANGER_3 USA Heliocentric
222 62-ALP 2 620126 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
282 62-MU 2 620423 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
374 62-A-R 1 620827 MARINER_02 USA Heliocentric
375 62-A-R 2 620827 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
439 62-B-E 1 621018 RANGER_5 USA Heliocentric
440 62-B-E 2 621018 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
450 62-B-N 3 621101 MARS_01 USSR Heliocentric
566 63-008 B 630402 LUNA_04 USSR Barycentric
785 64-016 D 640402 ZOND_1 USSR Heliocentric
843 64-041 B 640728 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
923 64-073 A 641105 MARINER_03 USA Heliocentric
938 64-077 A 641128 MARINER_04 USA Heliocentric
942 64-077 B 641128 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
945 64-078 C 641130 ZOND_2 USSR Heliocentric
1087 65-010 B 650217 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
1298 65-023 B 650321 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
1393 65-044 A 650608 LUNA_06 USSR Heliocentric
1454 65-056 A 650718 ZOND_3 USSR Heliocentric
1503 65-064 A 650811 ATLAS_CENTAUR_6 USA Barycentric
1730 65-091 A 651112 VENERA_02 USSR Heliocentric
1736 65-092 D 651116 Debris USSR Heliocentric
1841 65-105 A 651216 PIONEER_06 USA Heliocentric
2001 66-006 D 660131 Debris USSR Barycentric
2126 66-027 A 660331 LUNA_10 USSR Selenocentric
2130 66-027 D 660331 Debris USSR Heliocentric
2131 66-027 E 660331 Debris USSR Barycentric
2132 66-027 F 660331 Debris USSR Barycentric
2187 66-045 B 660530 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
2395 66-073 B 660810 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
2398 66-075 A 660817 PIONEER_07 USA Heliocentric
2402 66-075 C 660817 Debris USA Heliocentric
2406 66-078 A 660824 LUNA_11 USSR Selenocentric
2426 66-084 B 660920 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
2508 66-094 A 661022 LUNA_12 USSR Selenocentric
2513 66-095 B 661026 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
2764 67-035 B 670417 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
2845 67-060 A 670614 MARINER_05 USA Heliocentric
2846 67-060 B 670614 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
2883 67-068 B 670714 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
2884 67-070 A 670719 EXPLORER_35 USA Selenocentric
2908 67-075 B 670801 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
2938 67-084 B 670908 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
3034 67-112 B 671107 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
3066 67-123 A 671213 PIONEER_08 USA Heliocentric
3092 68-001 B 680107 Rocket_Body USA Barycentric
3134 68-013 A 680302 ZOND_4 USSR Heliocentric
3178 68-027 A 680407 LUNA_14 USSR Selenocentric
3533 68-100 A 681108 PIONEER_09 USA Heliocentric
3627 68-118 B 681221 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
3759 69-014 A 690225 MARINER_06 USA Heliocentric
3760 69-014 B 690225 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
3770 69-018 B 690303 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
3837 69-030 A 690327 MARINER_07 USA Heliocentric
3845 69-030 B 690327 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
3943 69-043 B 690518 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
3948 69-043 C 690518 Apollo_10-LM(D) USA Selenocentric
3949 69-043 D 690518 APOLLO_10-LM(A) USA Heliocentric
4040 69-059 B 690716 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
4041 69-059 C 690716 APOLLO_11-LM(A) USA Selenocentric
5234 71-045 A 710519 MARS_02 USSR Areocentric
5252 71-049 A 710528 MARS_03 USSR Areocentric
5261 71-051 A 710530 MARINER_09 USA Areocentric
5267 71-051 B 710530 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
5377 71-063 D 710726 APOLLO_15-IRW USA Selenocentric
5449 71-073 B 710902 Rocket_Body USSR Selenocentric
5488 71-082 A 710928 LUNA_19 USSR Selenocentric
5490 71-082 C 710928 Debris USSR Selenocentric
5836 72-007 B 720214 Rocket_Body USSR Selenocentric
5860 72-012 A 720303 PIONEER_10 USA Escape_S_Sys
5861 72-012 B 720303 Rocket_Body USA Selenocentric
6005 72-031 C 720416 APOLLO_16-LM(A) USA Selenocentric
6421 73-019 A 730406 PIONEER_11 USA Escape_S_Sys
6425 73-019 B 730406 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
6686 73-039 A 730610 EXPLORER_49 USA Selenocentric
6725 73-039 F 730610 Debris USA Selenocentric
6726 73-039 G 730610 Debris USA Selenocentric
6742 73-047 A 730721 MARS_04 USSR Heliocentric
6754 73-049 A 730725 MARS_05 USSR Areocentric
6768 73-052 A 730805 MARS_06 USSR Areocentric
6776 73-053 A 730809 MARS_07 USSR Heliocentric
7224 73-053 D 730809 MARS_07-LANDER USSR Heliocentric
6919 73-085 A 731103 MARINER_10 USA Heliocentric
7315 74-037 A 740529 LUNA_22 USSR Selenocentric
7567 74-097 A 741210 HELIOS_01 German Heliocentric
7569 74-097 C 741210 Debris USA Heliocentric
7570 74-097 D 741210 Debris USA Heliocentric
7915 75-050 A 750608 VENERA_09 USSR Heliocentric
7947 75-054 A 750614 VENERA_10 USSR Heliocentric
8108 75-075 A 750820 VIKING_1 USA Areocentric
8111 75-075 B 750820 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
8199 75-083 A 750909 VIKING_2 USA Areocentric
8272 75-083 B 750909 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
8582 76-003 A 760115 HELIOS_02 German Heliocentric
8583 76-003 B 760115 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
8584 76-003 C 760115 Debris USA Heliocentric
10271 77-076 A 770820 VOYAGER_2 USA Escape_S_Sys
10272 77-076 B 770820 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
10273 77-076 C 770820 Debris USA Heliocentric
10321 77-084 A 770905 VOYAGER_1 USA Escape_S_Sys
10322 77-084 B 770905 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
10323 77-084 C 770905 Debris USA Heliocentric
10911 78-051 A 780520 PIONEER_12 USA Venus_Orbit
10912 78-051 B 780520 Rocket_Body USA Heliocentric
11003 78-078 C 780808 Debris USA Heliocentric
11004 78-079 A 780812 ISEE_3 USA Heliocentric
11020 78-084 A 780909 VENERA_11 USSR Heliocentric
11025 78-086 A 780914 VENERA_12 USSR Heliocentric
12927 81-106 A 811030 VENERA_13 USSR Heliocentric
12938 81-110 A 811104 VENERA_14 USSR Heliocentric
14104 83-053 A 830602 VENERA_15 USSR Venus_Orbit
14107 83-054 A 830607 VENERA_16 USSR Venus_Orbit
15432 84-125 A 841215 VEGA_1 USSR Heliocentric
15447 84-125 D 841215 Debris USSR Heliocentric
15449 84-128 A 841221 VEGA_2 USSR Heliocentric
15450 84-128 B 841221 Rocket_Body USSR Heliocentric
15464 85-001 A 850107 SAKIGAKE Japan Heliocentric
15465 85-001 B 850107 Rocket_Body Japan Heliocentric
15875 85-056 A 850702 GIOTTO ESA Trans_Grigg
15967 85-073 A 850818 SUISEI Japan Heliocentric
15969 85-073 C 850818 Debris Japan Heliocentric
19281 88-058 A 880707 PHOBOS_01 USSR Heliocentric
19282 88-058 B 880707 Rocket_Body USSR Heliocentric
19287 88-059 A 880712 PHOBOS_02 USSR Areocentric
19288 88-059 B 880712 Rocket_Body USSR Heliocentric
19459 88-077 B 880902 Rocket_Body USA Selenocentric
19969 89-033 B 890504 MAGELLAN USA Venus_Orbit
20298 89-084 B 891018 GALILEO USA Trans_Earth
20618 90-007 B 900124 HAGOROMO Japan Selenocentric
20842 90-090 B 901006 ULYSSES USA Heliocentric



========================================================================
Joseph J. Burger | A Congressional promise to the Troops at |
Space Analysis & Research | Valley Forge for a 'sumptious Thanksgiving'|
Colorado Springs, CO | resulted in 'half a gill of rice and a |
jburger%old...@csn.org |tablespoon of vinegar'. Times don't change.|
========================================================================

Gary Kronk

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Nov 20, 1991, 6:19:22 PM11/20/91
to
I do not have the programs at my disposal to calculate perturbations
on probes by Earth, but taking Marsden's orbit for 1991 VG that
was published on IAUC 5388 (the one for late November) and using the
program Voyager for the Macintosh, I found the last close approach to
Earth occurred in July 1977. My vote for the identity of this object,
if it definitely is not asteroidal in character, would be the rocket
body of either Voyager 1 or 2, which were launched in late August and
early September of 1977. If my calculations are off, blame Voyager.
Of course, when a new orbit is finally released, the current
perihelion date and orbital period might be changed enough
to make another candidate seem more likely.

Gary W. Kronk
Washington University
St. Louis, Missouri

Bruce Watson

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Nov 21, 1991, 12:41:10 PM11/21/91
to
In article <292947cc-e...@oldcolo.UUCP=>, jbu...@oldcolo.UUCP (Joseph Burger) writes:
=> I pulled the following from my system CATSAT. Data is based
=> upon NASA Satellite Situation Reports, but modified where
=> appropriate.
=> CAT Intnl No Launch Name Owner Orbit
=>
=> 112 59-MU 1 590102 LUNA_01 USSR Heliocentric

Thanks for these corrections. My copy of the Goddard Satellite Situation
Report had light type in places.
And thanks to Jonathan Mcdowell for his Royal Aircraft Estab data.

Bruce Watson

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