Definition of particle

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Lubomir Vlcek

May 7, 2014, 7:45:11 PM5/7/14
Definition of particle
The main characteristic of the particle :
Particle as a source exists if and only if repeatedly speeds up and slows down its movement in source along ellipse (when blinks).

Particle as a source, creates in the transmission medium, electromagnetic wave, that spreads in all directions with the velocity c / n,

regardless of the source movement, where n is the refractive index of the transmission medium.

In other words, particle, which is the source, can not become the transmission medium and remain in it.

Particle that is the source, remain in the source.
Through the work of Max Planck, Albert Einstein, Louis de Broglie, Arthur Compton, Niels Bohr, and many others, current scientific theory holds that all particles also have a wave nature (and vice versa).[1] This phenomenon has been verified not only for elementary particles, but also for compound particles like atoms and even molecules. For macroscopic particles, because of their extremely short wavelengths, wave properties usually cannot be detected.[2] Wave-particle duality is an ongoing conundrum in modern physics. Most physicists accept wave-particle duality as the best explanation for a broad range of observed phenomena; however, it is not without controversy.
Wave - particle duality elegantly incorporates kinetic energy in direction of movement (as particle or wave in the direction of movement) and kinetic energy against directions of movement (as wave against the spread of directions of movement) in relations the kinetic energy by [3] p. 51-52 :
Albert Einstein , who, in his search for a Unified Field Theory , did not accept wave-particle duality, wrote: [4]
This double nature of radiation (and of material corpuscles)...has been interpreted by quantum-mechanics in an ingenious and amazingly successful fashion. This interpretation...appears to me as only a temporary way out...
The pilot wave model, originally developed by Louis de Broglie and further developed by David Bohm into the hidden variable theory proposes that there is no duality, but rather a system exhibits both particle properties and wave properties simultaneously, and particles are guided, in a deterministic fashion, by the pilot wave (or its " quantum potential ") which will direct them to areas of constructive interference in preference to areas of destructive interference . This idea is held by a significant minority within the physics community. [5]
When in this idea we will replace the "quantum potential" by "electromagnetic potential" (or by " interference of electromagnetic waves"), the idea will be acepted large majority of physicists.

Particles, waves and trends in physics
Lubo Vlcek


Nov 15, 2014, 2:30:06 PM11/15/14
The key feature of a particle is that it occupies a single location (at least it's unique centre) at every SINGLE moment of time. It is NOT that it possesses a property called momentum as this depends on the definition of instantaneous velocity, which is a purely mathematical concept and it is NOT an experimentally determined value (if it is not constant over time).
Electrons are unique in that they are the only long-term stable particle that interacts (with other electrons) at both the microscopic & macroscopic levels.
I will return later to the bogus idea that an electron is "associated" with a wave (a la de Broglie).

May 21, 2015, 2:20:02 PM5/21/15
Hi Maxwell, according to modern physics any moving electron is associated with a wave. And since a universe in which change is constant must always contain things which are moving, it must contain things which are moving relative to the electron and therefore the electron must always be associated with a wave. Therefore it was an error to state that part of Lubo's statement was bogus.

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