Research Progress on Relationship Between Iron Overload and Lower Limb Arterial Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Zhongjing Wang # 1, Shu Fang # 1 2, Sheng Ding 1, Qin Tan 1, Xuyan Zhang 1
Review Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2022 Jul 30;15:2259-2264.
doi: 10.2147/DMSO.S366729. eCollection 2022.
PMID: 35936055 PMCID: PMC9347475 DOI: 10.2147/DMSO.S366729
Free PMC article
Iron is one of the most important trace elements in life activities. It participates in a variety of important physiological processes in the body through oxidation-reduction reaction. A large number of studies show that iron overload (IO) is closely related to the progression of diabetes and its various chronic complications. However, the mechanism of iron overload in the pathogenesis of diabetes and the mechanism of iron overload in atherosclerosis (AS) are still controversial, and the relationship between iron overload and diabetic lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) remains still unclear. Some recent reviews and original research articles suggest further studies to explain the complex relationship between iron metabolism and atherosclerosis. This article reviews the relationship between iron overload and diabetes and its relationship with LEAD, and discusses its mechanisms from various aspects, such as lipid peroxidation induced by iron overload, so as to provide clinical diagnosis and treatment ideas for diabetic lower extremity arterial disease. It is hoped that early evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of LEAD will be inspired.
Keywords: atherosclerosis; iron overload; lower extremity arterial disease; serum ferritin; type 2 diabetes mellitus.
© 2022 Wang et al.
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