Panipat: A Historical Novel by Vishwas Patil
Panipat is a historical novel by Vishwas Patil, a renowned Marathi author and civil servant. The novel narrates the events of the Third Battle of Panipat, which took place on January 14, 1761, between the Maratha Empire and the Afghan invader Ahmad Shah Abdali. The novel depicts the heroism, sacrifice, and tragedy of the Maratha warriors who fought bravely against overwhelming odds, but ultimately lost the battle and their supremacy in India.
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The novel is based on extensive research and historical sources, and presents a realistic and authentic account of the battle and its aftermath. The novel also explores the political, social, and cultural aspects of the 18th century India, and the factors that led to the decline of the Maratha power. The novel portrays the personalities and characters of various historical figures, such as Sadashivrao Bhau, Nanasaheb Peshwa, Jankoji Shinde, Vishwasrao, Ibrahim Khan Gardi, Najib-ud-Daulah, Surajmal Jat, Malharrao Holkar, and many others.
The novel was first published in Marathi in 1988, and has since been translated into several other languages, including Hindi and English. The novel has received critical acclaim and popular appreciation, and has won several awards, such as the Sahitya Akademi Award, the Maharashtra State Award, and the Bharat Bhushan Award. The novel has also been adapted into a play, a television series, and a film.
Panipat is a must-read for anyone interested in Indian history and literature. It is a gripping and moving saga of courage, glory, and defeat that will leave a lasting impression on the readers.
You can download the PDF version of Panipat by Vishwas Patil in Marathi for free from this link: https://360marathi.in/panipat-book/
The Aftermath of the Third Battle of Panipat
The Third Battle of Panipat was one of the most decisive and devastating battles in Indian history. It resulted in the death of more than 40,000 Maratha soldiers and civilians, and the capture or enslavement of thousands more. The Maratha leader Sadashivrao Bhau and his nephew Vishwasrao Bhatt were among the slain, along with many other prominent Maratha chiefs and generals. The Afghan leader Ahmad Shah Abdali also suffered heavy casualties, losing about 20,000 of his men. However, he emerged victorious and consolidated his control over northern India.
The battle had far-reaching consequences for the political and social landscape of India. It marked the end of the Maratha dream of establishing a Hindu empire in India, and shattered their confidence and morale. It also exposed their internal divisions and weaknesses, as many Maratha states refused to support or join Bhau's campaign. The battle also weakened the Mughal Empire, which had allied with Abdali, and paved the way for its eventual collapse. The battle also created a power vacuum in northern India, which was exploited by various regional powers, such as the Sikhs, the Jats, the Rajputs, and the British.
The Marathas did not give up their struggle for supremacy after Panipat. They regrouped under Peshwa Madhavrao I, who succeeded his father Balaji Bajirao in 1761. Madhavrao was an able and visionary leader who restored Maratha prestige and power in a short span of time. He reconciled with his rivals within the Maratha confederacy, such as Mahadji Shinde and Raghunathrao. He also made peace with Abdali in 1761, and secured the release of many Maratha prisoners. He then launched a series of campaigns against the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Nawab of Bengal, and the British East India Company. He also expanded Maratha influence in central and southern India, and even sent an expedition to Punjab to avenge Panipat. He died in 1772 at the age of 27, leaving behind a legacy of courage and wisdom.
The Third Battle of Panipat is remembered as a tragic and heroic episode in Indian history. It is also a source of inspiration for many writers, artists, and filmmakers who have depicted it in various forms of literature and art. The battle is commemorated every year on January 14 by various groups and organizations who pay tribute to the fallen heroes.