>I've just built a 2 cell charger using a BQ2057 i.c. I'm monitoring the
>charge characteristics very closely for the first few times. I'm charging a
>800mAh battery with a current of 400mA (at the constant current part of the
>curve). How long should I expect it to remain at this current?
Very close to one hour.
>the battery does not get warm it must be converting all the enery going in,
>to chemical enery. Is this correct?
The short answer is yes. The slightly longer answer involves knowledge of
whether the chemical process the charger is driving is endothermic or
And in relation to your subject line, all out testing on 18650 cells gave a
calculated charging ("coulomb") efficiency of 98-99%.
Note that this is coulomb and NOT energy efficiency. Energy efficiency
includes losses due to internal battery resistance, which are I^2*R
as well as entropic heat losses.
If we neglect the second for simplicity, it can be seen that I^2*R
strongly depends on current. Considering R of about 0.1Ohm for 800mAh
cell, the heat generation over the constant current period of charge at
400mA (which will be about 2 hrs) is I^2*R*2 = 0.032 Wh
Total energy of this battery is 0.8Ah * 3.6V = 2.88 Wh so energy loss at
C/2 charge is only 1.1%.
At 1C rate (800mA) it would be I^2*R*2 = 0.064 Wh e.g 2.2%.
Still not much, but still not _all_ the energy is converted as originaly
implied by the question.