Missing reads after STAR alignment: present in FASTQ; missing from output.bam and unmapped.out.mate files

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HelenK.

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Jul 6, 2022, 7:21:04 AMJul 6
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Hi!

I have ran into an issue, and could really use some help. I can't find some reads that are present in the raw read files, but disappear after alignment i.e I can't find the read identifier and I am also unable to find any bits of those sequences (samtools view output.bam | grep "piece-of-that-sequence").

Background: I have scRNA data, smartseq2, paired-end, no spike-ins. Aligning with STAR (2.7.10a). I was tracing why I had strong plate effects between some "replicates", but not others and went through the FASTQC files and found that the plates with issues had disproportionate amounts of over-represented sequences. I arbitrarily grep-ed some of these sequences in the raw fastq files and they are indeed present; then I wanted to see what they end up mapping to in STAR and I am unable to find these reads anywhere - does STAR discard some reads without a trace? The final output log states that the correct amount of reads were input, but still I can't find these reads anywhere...

I am hoping I am missing something obvious, but I can't figure it out.

Best wishes,
Helen

Alexander Dobin

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Jul 12, 2022, 12:37:47 PMJul 12
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Hi Helen,

bu default STAR does not output unmapped alignments, if you need it, please add this option: --outSAMunmapped Within

Cheers
Alex

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