How Smart Dust Could Be Used To Monitor Human Thought

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FBInCIAnNSATerroristSlayer

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May 28, 2022, 3:21:29 AMMay 28
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This is "publicly available Smart Dust Technology".

EVIL Shadow US Govt CIA NSA and MI6 MI5 ASIS ASIO Psychopaths keep
themselves 50 years AHEAD of publicly available technology.

So, one can IMAGINE how advanced the SMART DUST or EVIL AI DUST
technology of CIA NSA Psychopaths is.




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How Smart Dust Could Be Used To Monitor Human Thought

https://www.forbes.com/sites/eliseackerman/2013/07/19/how-smart-dust-could-be-used-to-monitor-human-thought/?sh=3f416b27ebfb

A few years ago a team of researchers from Brown University made
headlines after they successfully demonstrated how a paralyzed woman who
had lost the use of her arms and legs could control a robotic arm using
her brainwaves. In a video, Cathy Hutchinson imagines drinking a cup of
coffee, and the robotic arm brings the cup to her lips.

The scene is amazing, but also a little disturbing. Hutchinson is
connected to the robotic arm through a rod-like "pedestal" driven into
her skull. At one end of the pedestal, a bundle of gold wires is
attached to a tiny array of microelectrodes that is implanted in the
primary motor cortex of Hutchison's brain. This sensor, which is about
the size of a baby aspirin, records her neural activity. At the other
end of the pedestal is an external cable that transmits neural data to a
nearby computer, which translates the signals into code that guides the
robotic arm.

This method, known as BrainGate, pretty much defined state-of-the-art
brain-computer interfaces at the end of the last decade. If the idea of
a rod-through-the-head computer interface makes you cringe, you are not
alone.

For some time, a small team of researchers at UC Berkeley has been
working on plans for a less invasive, wireless monitoring system.
Earlier this month, they released a draft paper: "Neural Dust: An
Ultrasonic, Low Power Solution for Chronic Brain-Machine Interfaces."

Dongjin Seo, a graduate student in UC Berkeley's electrical engineering
and computer science department, authored the paper under the
supervision of senior faculty members, including Michel Maharbiz who has
famously created cyborg beetles for the US Defense Department.

Seo said the researchers’ goal is to build an implantable system that is
ultra-miniature, extremely compliant, and scalable to be viable for a
lifetime, for brain-machine interfaces. "With neural dust, due to its
extreme scalability, this framework can be applied for Obama's BRAIN
initiative, which necessitates large-scale, parallel, and real-time
monitoring of neurons," Seo explained.

The Berkeley researchers propose to sprinkle the brain with tiny,
dust-sized, wireless sensors. This would reduce the risk of infection
from wiring up scores of sensors placed throughout the brain and limit
the trauma to one initial operation. During that operation, the skull
would be opened, and sensors would be inserted into the brain. At the
same time a separate transceiver would be placed directly under the
skull but above the brain. The transceiver would communicate with the
sensors via ultrasound.

Another battery-powered transceiver outside the skull would receive data
transmissions from the chip inside the skull and supply wireless power
to it. As the paper notes, this type of power transfer is already used
in a variety of medical applications, including cochlear implants. Seo
said the amount of power being proposed is within FDA and IEEE guidelines.

The idea of neural dust immediately sparked the imagination of futurists
after the paper was published on arXiv.org on July 8. "The brilliance of
this system is that it could potentially allow scientists to see what's
going on with thousands, tens of thousands, or even hundreds of
thousands of neurons inside the brain at once," wrote Ramez Naam, a
senior associate at the Foresight Institute and author of "More Than
Human: Embracing the promise of biological enhancement."

But would neural dust have practical use for the growing industry of
mind-controlled computer games and brain training apps? Jon Cowan,
founder of NeuroTek, is dubious. NeuroTek’s Peak Achievement Training
has been used at the U.S. Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs,
as well as at other Olympic centers from China to Norway.

“[Neural dust] doesn’t have much practical promise because of the
surgery it would require,” Cowan said. “I don’t think they’ll find too
many people that would volunteer for it.” Cowan noted existing ways for
measuring brainwaves that rely on external sensors may be crude, but
they’re effective enough for today’s applications.

“We really believe this is a practical system and, more importantly, we
think this is potentially a powerful framework for achieving what Obama
has announced,” Seo said. Still, he pointed out that the paper is a
draft. “It’s a concept paper,” he said. “It’s a theoretical study of
what we think is possible in the realm of neural recording.”

By publishing the paper on arXiv.org, an online collection of preprints
of scientific work, the team is hoping to spur involvement and feedback
from scientists in different fields. Lots of challenges remain to be
overcome before neural dust will be ready for live testing.

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May 28, 2022, 11:20:03 AMMay 28
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