MediaScan/Sweden Calling DXers 2268

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Brian K. Short

Apr 3, 1997, 3:00:00 AM4/3/97

:: MediaScan
:: from Radio Sweden
:: Number 2268--April 1, 1997

Satellite, shortwave and other electronic media news from Radio

This week's bulletin was written by George Wood.

Packet Radio BID SCDX2268

All times UTC unless otherwise noted.



RADIO SWEDEN--Don't forget our new shortwave and satellite schedule
has now gone into effect. You'll find the new schedule at the end of
this bulletin, as well as on our Web pages. You can order the printed
schedule by mail to:

Radio Sweden
S-105 10 Stockholm

or by sending an e-mail request to:

You can also order an e-mail version of schedules for 3 of our
language services for automatic return by sending a message to:


We're also greatly increasing our RealAudio activities to include more
broadcasts, and all our languages. Starting today our Swedish and
English RealAudio files will be updated twice a day, Swedish daily,
and English expands to daily except Sunday, as do all our other
RealAudio relays. New are RealAudio of our broadcasts in Estonian and

FILMNET--Filmnet was to leave Astra transponder 63 (10.921) today.
It's expected that Britain's new Channel 5 will take over the
transponder, softscrambled in videocrypt. However, at 8:00 hrs CET
Tuesday morning, Filmnet 1 was still using the transponder.

Nethold is reorganizing Filmnet (which is being wholly merged into
Nethold Nordic). Supersports is disappearing and this Fall Filmnet is
starting separate channels for Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. These will
include Supersports programming. A single Pan-Nordic Filmnet channel
will continue. (Richard Karlsson, "Aftonbladet")

QUALITY TV--The Swedish government has commissioned a study to
proposed measures to increase the production and distribution of
quality TV programming. With the increased availability of foreign
programming, the government says a strong domestic TV programming
industry is important for the preservation of the Swedish language and
cultural plurality, the spread of Swedish culture, and increasing
employment in a rapidly growing branch. The study is to be finished by
the end of September. (Swedish Ministry of Culture)

PRIVATE RADIO--A Swedish government-appointed committee recently
proposed that commercial radio licences be allocated according to
content and format, as well as the applicant's economic circumstances,
and not just to the highest-bidder, as is the case today. The proposal
has been strongly criticised, not surprisingly, by the Swedish
Newspaper Publishers Association, whose members own a number of
commercial radio stations. More unusually, the youth group of the
ruling Social Democratic party issued a joint statement with the Young
Conservatives, opposing the proposed changes. They say it could impose
political control over private radio. (TT)

Following the channel auctions, set up by the previous
Conservative-led government, the few stations doing anything other
than round-the-clock pop and rock music have gone off the air, as
media chains have used loopholes in the law to create largely
simulcast networks (which are against the announced intention of the

DENMARK--The new commercial radio station Radio 2 can be heard among
the D2-MAC sound channels behind BBC Prime on Intelsat 707 11.133 GHz.
(Richard Karlsson, "Aftonbladet")

Scandinavia's first pay-per-view event has been hailed as a success
after 43,000 viewers paid to watch (Kinnevik's) Viasat's live coverage
of Danish boxing champion Brian Nelson's win over former title holder
Larry Holmes. Almost 16 percent of the (Danish satellite) audience
bought the event, making it one of Europe's most popular PPVs so far.
("What Satellite TV")

TELE-X--The horse racing channel TotoLine has moved from 12.628 GHz to
12.602 GHz. ("SATCO DX Chart Update" and "Elektronikvaerlden")

KINNEVIK--Scandinavia's Kinnevik looks like it will lose its licence
to broadcast from Britain, following a ruling by the European Court of
Justice that the "place of establishment" is the more appropriate
basis for exercising jurisdiction over satellite channels instead of
"the location where signals are uplinked to a satellite". The
Independent Television Commission will no longer licence satellite
services transmitted from the UK unless they are based in Britain.

Up to a dozen European satellite channels face losing their licences,
including Kinnevik's TV3 services to Sweden, Denmark, and Norway (and
presumeably TV1000 and TV1000 Cinema as well). ("What Satellite TV")
Kinnevik started its channels from Britain in order to avoid Swedish
laws regulating satellite broadcasts. While these have eased in recent
years, if it moved back to Sweden, TV3 would have to follow Swedish
law forbidding advertising aimed at children.

INTELSAT--BBC Prime's Scandinavian service on Intelsat 707 is to
switch from D2-MAC to digital encryption later this year. ("What
Satellite TV") We can only hope there will be digital receivers
available in Scandinavia by then.

THOR--Shock of shocks....according to reports Telenor has plans to
relay BSkyB channels on the upcoming Thor 2A. Mostly likely this would
be part of a digital package (and would greatly cut down on the flora
of pirated Sky cards in Scandinavia). (Bert Dahlstroem in


ASTRA--It appears that Astra has successfully outflanked Eutelsat over
Astra's planned second satellite location at 28.2 degrees East.
Eutelsat had tried to block Astra's use of that position, which it
claimed it had registered first, by carrying out high-profile tests of
Hot Bird 2 at 29 degrees East, establishing prior use (albeit short-
lived) at that position.

Now Deutsche Telekom has decided replace its DFS-Kopernikus satellites
with relays via Astra. DT's Kopernikus satellites are located at 23.5
and 28.5 degrees East, so it's use of those locations is unquestioned.
DT would be allocated bandwidth between 12.5 and 12.75 GHz on Astra
2B, which is scheduled to be launched to 28.2 degrees East in the Fall
of 1998, replacing DFS-2 Kopernikus at 28.5 degrees. Kopernikus would
remain in orbit as a back-up.

Astra 2A is scheduled to launch to 28.2 degrees East in October. It
will carry 28 transponders between 11.7 and 12.5 GHz, most of which
will probably be operated by British Sky Broadcasting.

DT owns 16.7 percent of Astra's owner SES, as well as 8.1 percent of
rival Eutelsat. (Reuters)

The German documentary channel Phoenix is to take over Galavision's
Astra transponder 44. Galavision continues in PAL on PAS-1 (45 degrees
West) on 11.515 GHz, and in digital MPEG-2 on Hispasat (30 degrees
West) on 12.591 GHz. (Magnus Kanerfalk via Richard Karlsson,

Previous reports have said British Sky Broadcasting would be using
transponder 44 for PPV sports. Other transponders said to be part of
Sky's PPV service are 24 and 57 (originally scheduled to be the home
of the Warner Channel WBTV). Sky's new smartcard may include PPV
service access. ("What Satellite TV")

Other reports say German public broadcasts ARD and ZDF will launch
Phoenix in early April on DFS-1 Kopernikus (23.5 degrees East), and it
is to transfer to (the upcoming digital-only) Astra 1G in August.
("What Satellite TV")

A new Spanish channel called Canal Sur is expected to launch on Astra
shortly. ("What Satellite TV")

The Learning Channel (TLC), which shares Astra transponder 41 with
Discovery, is changing its name to Discovery Home and Leisure. The new
name pits the channel in direct competition with Granada's Home and
Garden, which broadcasts during the same afternoon hours. ("What
Satellite TV")

The Hallmark Entertainment Channel, currently available digitally from
Nethold in Scandinavia, intends to launch as part of Sky Multichannels
this Fall. ("What Satellite TV")

EUTELSAT--Serbia's RTS-Sat has moved from Eurelsat II-4 to Eutelsat
II- F2 (10 degrees West), acquiring its own transponder on 11.658 GHz.
The audio signals remain the same: TV audio on 6.65 MHz and Radio
Belgrade on 7.02 MHz. The schedule remains 18:00-24:00 hrs
(presumeably local time), with rebroadcasts of TV Pink on Sundays at
12:00-18:00 hrs. (Branislav Pekic)

The channels in the digital package Arabesque on Hot Bird 2 on 12.015
GHz are:

ART Europe
LBC Plus
ART test channel

(Richard Karlsson, "Aftonbladet")

Eutelsat has awarded the launch contract for its W3 satellite to
Arianespace. W3 is the third in a family of new generation satellites
that will replace the Eutelsat II series. Each Eutelsat W is equipped
with 24 transponders, and will provide telecommunications and TV
distribution services through-out Europe, the Mediterranean and
Central Asia. Each includes 2 steerable spotbeams and one fixed
spotbeam. ("Tele-satellit News")

INTELSAT--CMT Europe ends its PAL broadcasts on Intelsat 601 11.175
GHz today. (Richard Karlsson, "Aftonbladet") CMT continues as part of
the Sky Multichannels package on Astra transponder 51.

BBC Prime ends its D2-MAC service on Intelsat 601 in October, replaced
by a digital MPEG-2 service on Eutelsat II-F1. ("What Satellite TV")

Intelsat 801 has been testing at 47 degrees East. When the tests are
over, it will be moved to 64 degrees East. ("SATCO DX Chart Update")

Intelsat 512 has been relocated at 55.5 degrees West. (Jean-Phillipe
Donnio via "Tele-satellit News")

TELECOM--France Supervision ended its clear widescreen D2-MAC
transmissions from Telecom 2A (8 degrees West) at the end of March.
Canal Plus and Cine Cinemas will also cease broadcasting from 8
degrees West later this year. ("What Satellite TV")

GORIZONT--Gorizont 19 has replaced Gorizont 17 at 34 degrees East.
(Jean-Phillipe Donnio via "Tele-satellit News")

DIGITAL--German pay TV operator Premiere has begun trials of its new
digital service by making 30,000 Mediabox decoders available to
subscribers wanting pay-per-view programs. ("What Satellite TV")

The Hungarian, Czech, and Polish versions of HBO have begun digital
tests from Israel's Amos-1 (4 degrees West). The 8 channel MPEG-2
package is to replace videotape distribution. HBO is remaining cable-
only and the package will not be available for DTH reception. ("Tele-
satellit News")

ALBANIA--The BBC World Service is available on FM radio in Albania
again, after an appeal to Prime Minister Bashkim Fino to turn the BBC
transmitter back on. The 24 hour transmissions in Albanian and English
stopped on March 2, when the BBC's FM transmitter on Mount Dajti in
central Albania was switched off following the declaration of a state
of emergency. According to the World Service, the transmitter was
switched on again following a telephone call to Fino. Three daily
transmissions, at 06:30, 14:15, and 18:00 hrs UTC, are broadast on FM,
shortwave, and satellite to Albania from Britain and Cyprus. (Reuters)

NETHERLANDS--Radio Netherlands will be retaining medium wave during
the new Summer programming period, for English broadcasts to Europe on
1440 kHz via Radio Luxembourg, at 20:30-22:25 hrs UTC. (Radio


ISRAEL--Israel's Channel 2 has started on Amos-1 on 11.596 GHz.
("SATCO DX Chart Update")


INDIA--Rupert Murdoch's Star-TV is planning to launch a DTH pay-TV
package aimed at India. The launch would follow the granting of a
licence from the Indian government. The new package, called India Sky
Broadcasting, would probably include the Fox Kids Network, Star World,
NBC (Europe?), CNBC, a Granada channel from the BSkyB package,
Bloomberg Information Television, a history channel, a computer
channel, and an Indian version of Sky News. The service would be
broadcast from PAS-4 (68.5 degrees East), on 7 of that satellite's 24
Ku-band transponders. PAS-4, which also has 16 C-band transponders, is
also used for DTH packages to South Africa and the Middle East.
(Reuters and "Tele-satellit News")

MTV--Viacom launched MTV Australia on March 20. The channel is being
carried on the Optus Vision cable network. ("Tele-satellit News")

PLAYBOY--Playboy has formed a partnership with Daewoo Corp to launch a
Playboy TV network in South Korea, on June 15. The 24 hour service
will initially be offered to hotels and motels, with plans for cable
and DTH satellite services shortly thereafter. ("Tele-satellit News")

PAS--The Discovery Channel Asia package is on PAS-2 3.776 GHz in MPEG-
2. ("SATCO DX Chart Update")

RIMSAT--Vijay TV is back on Rimsat G2 3.825 GHz. ("SATCO DX Chart

JAPAN--JCSAT 4 is testing at 141 degrees East. When the tests are
finished it will replace JCSAT 1 at 150 degrees East. ("SATCO DX Chart


HDTV--The Federal Communications Commission is giving all licenced TV
stations a new channel allocation for digital broadcasts. The
intention is to develop high definition television services. However,
writing in "Wired" magazine, Charles Platt denounces what he calls
"The Great HDTV Swindle": "Broadcasters are trying to make money the
way they always have-by getting the government to give them free
bandwidth and rigging the regulations in their favor."


WARNER VS MURDOCH--Time Warner Vice Chairman Ted Turner says the US
cable industry will marshall its forces against Rupert Murdoch's plan
to broadcast hundreds of DBS TV channels. Turner was speaking at a
cable industry convention in New Orleans. Murdoch is merging his
planned American Sky Broadcasting venture with the US's third largest
existing DBS service, EchoStar. Cable executives are reportedly
referring to Murdoch's new effort as the "Death Star". (AP)

DIRECTV--In late March DBS operator DirecTV struck back at pirate
hacked cards that allow viewers to watch progrmaming for free. The
electronic counter measure, in which signals were beamed from the
satellite to change the coding on smart cards, was apparently aimed at
only one kind of black-market card, but it was the card most common in
Canada, called the "Three Musketeer" card. Canadians cannot legally
watch DirecTV, and would-be viewers have a choice of ordering a legal
card through a US front address, or buying a pirate card. ("Toronto

CANADA--AlphaStar, Canada's first direct-to-hime satellite TV service
has gone on the air. The initial programming line-up has 45 channels,
including all major Canadian TV networks, most approved American
services, and several international networks. Within six weeks this
will expand to 75 channels. By mid-Summer, when the network begins
operating from AT&T's new Telstar 5 satellite, up to 120 network and
specialty channe,s, PPV, and commercial-free music channels will
become available. (Curt Swinehart)

INTELSAT--WorldNet is on Intelsat 601 (27.5 degrees West) West Beam on
3.995 GHz in NTSC. ("SATCO DX Chart Update") Isn't this going the
wrong direction? WorldNet needs a new European home.

TELSTAR--Telstar 302 has moved to 97 degrees West, after the Telstar
401 failure. (Jean-Phillipe Donnio, via "Tele-satellit News")


THAICOM--April 12 has reportedly been confirmed by Arianespace as the
launch date for Thaicom 3. An identical satellite, Thaicom 4, is
expected to be launched early next year. Thaicom will replace Thaicom
2 at 78.5 degrees. Thaicom 2 will be moved to 120 degrees East.
("Tele- satellit News")

PAS--PanAmSat's PAS-6 satellite has arrived at the Arianespace launch
facility in French Guiana and is undergoing final preparations for a
May 1997 launch. PAS-6 will be positioned above the Atlantic Ocean at
43 degrees West, and will be wholly dedicated to providing DTH TV
services to Latin America. The Sky Entertainment Services package is
being prepared in partnership by Rupert Murdoch's News Corp, Grupo
Televisa, Organizacoes Globo, and TCI. The partnership is currently
using interim capacity on PAS-3. PAS-6 will carry 36 KU-band
transponders. ("Tele-satellite News")

PanAmSat has delayed the launch of PAS-7 from December 1997 to the
first quarter of 1998, because the satellite will be heavier than
expected. PAS-7 will be placed over the Indian Ocean, along with
PAS-4. ("Tele-satellit News")

ARIANE--The European Space Agency says it is delaying until mid-
September a second test flight of the Ariane 5 rocket, whose inaugural
launch ended in disaster last June. The new flight was originally
planned for July 8. The agency says it needs to complete modifications
on electrical and computer systems. (Reuters and AP) The next Ariane 5
launch is scheduled to carry amateur radio's Oscar Phase 3-D satellite
along with its regular cargo.


MURDOCH--According to reports, Rupert Murdoch's News Corp has been
negotiating to buy the Internet information distributor PointCast.
News Corp has reportedly offered PointCast USD 400 million, but
PointCast executives are apparently demanding far more. Murdoch is
seen has intent on establishing himself in Cyberspace, where his
company has suffered an embarrassing series of false starts.

News Corp bought the Delphi online service in 1993, only to see it
swamped by the Internet. The company then entered a partnership with
MCI in 1995 to provide a broad array of Internet services. That
partnership unraveled in early 1996, when MCI decided to back the
Microsoft Network instead. ("New York Times")

(The British Sky Broadcasting web site -- -- is less
than overwhelming, and is extremely slow.)

Meanwhile, Ned Brainard writes in "Hot Wired":

"Rumors to the contrary, it's highly unlikely that PointCast will be
sold any time soon to any private buyer, particularly News Corp. Our
friends at PointCast have told us there's been much mirth inside the
company about the way the rumor took off; we can only hope for their
sakes that they're able to laugh all the way to the bank in a few
months should the public markets welcome PointCast at any of the
outrageous valuations being bandied about last week.

"But who cares how much PointCast is worth? What's far more
interesting to us about the PointCast/News Corp. stories is figuring
out who the rumor monger driving the stories could be, and how they
managed to dupe, on consecutive days, not only iWorld anaylst Steve
Harmon but the Los Angeles Times, The Wall Street Journal, and The New
York Times.

"While the obvious candidates for leaking the story would be anyone
hoping to drive up the valuation of PointCast - in other words, any of
its investors or employees - we've recently heard some far more
interesting speculation regarding News Corp. This theory holds that
News Corp., not PointCast, was the source of the leaks - not because
they wanted to spend as much as USD 450 million for PointCast, but
because they wanted to smoke out a potential bargain or two by
attracting interest from any of PointCast's competitors who might be
seeking financing.

"Pursuing Net acquisitions with such eager subterfuge might be a
stretch for News Corp., however. Friends who attended a recent
broadcasting conference in Monterey, California, said that in casual
conversation, Rupert Murdoch sounded like anything but a potential
buyer of Net property. Given his recent history, which includes a
disastrous investment in Delphi and an even more disastrous
partnership with MCI, Rupert's Net aversion is certainly
understandable." ("Hot Wired")

SATELLITE PC--Pace and Hitachi are developing a plug-in PC card which
will enable satellite data, video, and audio services to be broadcast
directly to PCs. The card will go on sale this Summer and will bundled
with the broadcaster's own package (such as Reuters or Bloomberg). It
can beused for a multitude of services, including Internet access,
financial and business services, video and film, home shopping and
banking, plus news data services. ("What Satellite TV")

SPACE NEWS--Swedish Space Corporation expert Sven Grahn has a new Web
site that is a must for those interested in space programs and

CANADA--For Canadian satellite news and information, check out:

RADIO NETHERLANDS--Radio Netherlands has updated its Worldwide Web
site ( The Media Network international radio listening
Booklist is available at:

Media Network's Consumer Guide to Receivers is online at:

Radio Netherlands is discontinuing its RealAudio relays from a server
in Washington, DC, and is continuing in partnership with the World
Radio Network (


PUBLICATIONS--The most important publications for radio enthusiasts
are the annual "World Radio TV Handbook" and "Passport to Worldband
Radio". The WRTH is the standard reference of radio and TV, and has
gone beyond its original concentration on shortwave radio to reflect
satellite broadcasting and broadcast uses of the Internet.

Passport is more a guide for beginners, but does have good coverage of
radio stations on the Internet.

This year the WRTH has been drastically reorganized, so I called up
Editor Andy Sennitt and asked why? To hear his answer, don't miss
today's program. Among the changes: moving details of international
broadcasters to a separate section, and moving most of the TV
information to the upcoming "WRTH Satellite Broadcasting Guide". We
also interviewed satellite guide editor Bart Kuperus. Unfortunately
scheduling details for stations like Radio Sweden are still not in the
new book, but it's something to look forward to in the future.

We'd like to repeat our usual request...if you buy a copy of the new
"World Radio TV Handbook", why not contribute your older edition to a
club in the Third World, where the book can be rather expensive?
There's a list of clubs for radio hobbyists on page 537 in the new

Cumbre DX is also co-ordinating donations of the WRTH and Passport
directly to DXers in the Third World. You can e-mail Ulis Fleming at:

for the address of a Third World DXer who has requested a book.

CLUB NEWS--The Third National Meeting of Mexican DXers will take place
in Veracruz, on Mexico's Gulf Coast, August 1 and 2, 1997. All four
Mexican DX clubs are hosting the event jointly, and they are inviting
their DXing neighbors to the north to "come on down" and join them.

This year, the meeting is in Mexico's main port city, Veracruz, east
of Mexico City on the country's Gulf Coast. Again, the Mexican
shortwave stations are expected to take part, as well as some
international shortwave stations, including Radio Miami International.
And the organizers hope that a number of their DXer neighbors from
the United States (and other countries as well) will take part too.
Depending on the turnout, sessions in English and bilingual sessions
may be arranged. (Of course it's helpful if you understand a few words
of Spanish!)

The costs for the Third National Meeting of Mexican DXers will be very
modest. Hotels in Veracruz are quite reasonable by international
standards, and the costs of the meeting itself will be nominal and
payable at the door.

The meeting itself will take place Friday and Saturday, August 1 and
2. Many of the participants will be staying on Sunday, August 3 for a
"social day" of informal meetings and sightseeing.

If you would like more information about the Third National Meeting of
Mexican DXers, including a registration form and hotel information,
write to Jeff White, coordinator of international visitors, at Radio
Miami International, P.O. Box 526852, Miami, Florida 33152, USA. Or
fax Jeff in Miami at (305) 267-9253. Or send an e-mail message to:

Club d'ondes courtes du Quebec has a new address:

5120 35 eme rue
Quebec, Canada G9T 3N&

On the WWW:

Sweden Calling DXers/MediaScan is the world's oldest radio program
about international broadcasting. Radio Sweden has presented this
round-up of radio news, features, and interviews on Tuesdays since
1948. It's currently broadcast on the first and third Tuesdays of the

Radio Sweden broadcasts in English:

Europe and Africa/Middle East:


12:30 and 17:30 hrs on Eutelsat II-F1 (NBC Europe -- 10.987 GHz, audio
7.56 MHz)

19:30 hrs (21:30 CET) via the World Radio Network on Astra transponder
22 (VH-1) audio 7.38 MHz

Via WRN to Africa and the Middle East on Intelsat 707 3.9115 GHz
Right-hand circular polarization, Symbol Rate 8.022 Mbaud, FEC 3/4, in
MPEG-2, Audio Stream "WRN1", Saturdays only also at 00:30 UTC (02:30
CAT). This can also be heard in South Africa on SAfm 104-107.

The WRN relays can also be heard in South Africa on the MultiChoice
digital direct-to-home service on PanAmSat 4, 68.5 degrees West, Audio
Channel 51.


17:30 hrs 1179, 6065, and 13800 kHz (Sundays 9590 and 13800) 19:30
1179 and 6065 kHz 20:30 1179, 6065, and 13625 kHz
(weekends only) 21:30 1179, 6065, and 9430 kHz



Via WRN on AsiaSat-2 on 4.000 GHz, Vertical polarization, MPEG-2 DVB,
Symbol Rate 28.125 Mbaud, FEC 3/4 (Select WRN1 from audio menu),
Saturdays only at 00:30 UTC (10:30 AET).


12:30 hrs 13740 and 15240 kHz
13:30 hrs 13740 kHz
01:30 hrs 9435 kHz

North America:


Via WRN on Galaxy 5 transponder 6 (WTBS), audio 6.8 MHz at 9:30 PM
EST, 6:30 PM PST

Across Canada on CBC Overnight Monday to Friday at 2:05 AM local time,
weekends at 3:05


11:30 hrs on 11650 and 15240 kHz
13:30 hrs on 11650 and 15240 kHz
02:30 hrs on 7135 kHz
03:30 hrs on 9430 kHz

Latin America:

01:30 hrs on 7290 kHz

Each program Monday to Friday, recorded at 13:30 hrs UTC, is available
in the RealAudio format at:

Our World Wide Web page is at:

An html and a RealAudio version of this bulletin can be found at:

Earlier versions of the bulletins in text and RealAudio or au-format

Contributions can be sent to DX Editor George Wood by fax to
+468-667-6283 or by e-mail to:

Reports can also be sent to:

Radio Sweden
S-105 10 Stockholm

Contributions should be NEWS about electronic media--from shortwave to

satellites--and not loggings of information already available from
sources such as the "World Radio TV Handbook". Clubs and DX
publications may reprint material as long as MediaScan/Sweden Calling
DXers and the original contributor are acknowledged.

We welcome comments and suggestions about the electronic edition,
Sweden Calling DXers, and our programs in general.

The mailing list for the Electronic Edition is now open to general
subscription. If you can send e-mail over the Internet, send a message

You ought to get a confirmation message in reply. To unsubscribe from
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To get a copy of Radio Sweden's English program schedule, write to:

And for general questions, comments, and reception reports, our e-mail
address is:

Thanks to this week's contributors Good Listening!

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