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rec.pets.dogs: Doberman Breed-FAQ

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Lynn Petrangelo

May 21, 2006, 12:23:10 AM5/21/06
Archive-name: dogs-faq/breeds/dobermans
Posting-frequency: 30 days
Last-modified: 30 Jan 1997

There are nearly 100 FAQ's available for this group. For a complete
listing of these, get the "Complete List of RPD FAQs". This article
is posted bimonthly in rec.pets.dogs, and is available via anonymous ftp
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This article is Copyright 1996 by the Author(s) listed below.
It may be freely distributed on the Internet in its entirety without
alteration provided that this copyright notice is not removed.
It may NOT reside at another website (use links, please) other
than the URL listed above without the permission of the Author(s).
This article may not be sold for profit nor incorporated in other
documents without he Author(s)'s permission and is provided "as is"
without express or implied warranty.



Lynn Petrangelo, Copyright (c) 1995/1997

Table of Contents

* Description
* Characteristics
* Temperament
* History
* Dobermans at War
* Pilot Dogs
* Official Standard
* Colors of the Doberman
* White Dobermans
* Care and Training
* Winterizing Your Doberman
* Breed specific titles
* Additional Titles
* Special Medical Problems
* Allergies
* Frequently Asked Questions
* Resources
Email List for Doberman Owners
Breed Rescue Organizations
* Acknowledgments



The Doberman is a power packed medium sized dog. The Dobe has a
beautifully wedge shaped head, a well arched neck that flows into
smooth fitting shoulders which blend into a firm strong topline.
Connect this with a muscular rear assembly and a well turned stifle,
with tight fitting skin covered with short close fitting coat and you
have a clean crisp silhouette of a dog that possesses an air of
nobility, an alertness to his surroundings, and the courage and
mobility to respond to any situation.

The Doberman is a dog that comes with a built in high energy level and
watching this short backed galloper run free (flat out with four off
the floor) along the beach, in a field, or through the mountains has
left many owners explaining what they see by describing the
gracefulness, speed and beauty of a deer.

NOTE: Caution - be VERY careful with your Doberman during hunting

Even though the Doberman was originally bred as a guardian and
personal protector, the Doberman has an excellent nose for tracking
and has been used for capturing felons. For many years the Doberman
has been chosen to become an outstanding member of Search and Rescue
Teams. A few owners have been surprised by the pointing and retrieving
instincts of the Dobe and have made excellent hunting companions out
of their pets. Dobes can also be found herding sheep (one such Dobe
even has a Herding Dog Certificate) and bringing the cows in at
milking time. The Dobermans loyalty, devotion, confidence and high
degree of trainability (in the right hands) made the Doberman the dog
of choice by the USMC during WWII; giving his life for his country. In
contrast, this same breed has been and is still being used as a guide
dog as well as an outstanding therapy dog.

The Doberman is one of the smartest dogs of dogdom. He is known for
his intelligence and his uncanny reasoning ability. These qualities
combined with the Dobe's deceptive power, exuberance for life, and his
simple yet complex nature and temperament require extra time for early
socialization, obedience training, and ample exercise. The Doberman is
not recommended for dog owners of limited time, energy, and

On the other hand, the Doberman is extremely affectionate and has been
able to find his way into the hearts of his owners, like no other
breed, and many people are life long devotes of this magnificent
"Cadillac" of dogs.



Ask a any Doberman owner and they will tell you a Doberman is a
character with character. Look into those dark dancing eyes and you
just know the Dobe is off to satisfy his curiosity. Investigating
every tree and rock. Letting every blade of grass reveal it's
"secrets" to a very fine tuned nose; alert for any movement (a
squirrel, a lizard, a butterfly) that will provide a chase. Returning,
perhaps with a grin, letting you know how fortunate you are to be
"protected" by such a fine companion/guardian.

NOTE: Dobe pups have a propensity to put "everything" in their mouths.
Be sure to clear the yard/floor before letting a puppy out/down to

Caution also needs to be taken if your Dobe will be encountering other
dogs. With proper introductions (back to the early socialization and
training) some Dobes will enjoy playing with other dogs. Other Dobes
are not at all social.

NOTE: Male Dobermans are known to be territorial and normally WILL NOT
accept other males in any situation...i.e. living with another male or
meeting another male.

Look into the soft loving eyes of a Dobe, read what he is saying...You
are being told you are the center of this dog's world. He will match
your emotions, takes direction from your acceptance or non-acceptance
of a situation. If he perceives there is "something wrong with this
picture" or senses your fear he comes to attention - the eyes change -
ready to meet the challenge.

NOTE: The instinct to protect is natural (i.e. early socialization
will NOT undermine this trait), and further "guard dog" training is
not necessary. A prospective Doberman owner being advised to forego
early socialization, puppy kindergarten, and obedience training to
produce a protective Dobe is being ILL ADVISED!

Living outside in a kennel or expected to stay in the backyard without
constant attention and in a position as an important member of the
family causes a host of problems with a Doberman. Often a Dobe that is
relegated to this type of living arrangement goes hand in hand with
poor training and these Dobes often show evidences of shyness, fear,
and nervousness.

NOTE: As with any breed there will be dogs that exhibit these traits
even when the breeding/training are correctly administered.

Dobes are people dogs -- showing an extraordinary devotion to their
family or owner. A Dobe is very happy to settle down once inside
(providing he has had time to exercise) to share your home, your bed
(takes it over), and your food. It is also very normal for your Dobe
to smile, lean on you, bump your hand for more attention, and follow
you from room to room. For these reasons, Dobes are often referred to
as "Velcro" dogs and one of the advantages of such a dog is; you never
have to go to the bathroom alone again!

The Doberman is no different in their reactions to children than any
other breed of dog. Interaction with children when the Doberman is a
puppy often enables the dog to develop a strong loving bond with the
child and family. There are also stories of rescued and older dogs
adapting well to children. HOWEVER, as with any dog, ANY BREED, it is
advisable NOT to leave dogs and small children unsupervised.

When faced with sickness, Dobermans can be quite stoic, concealing
their pain long before you know something is wrong. A healthy Doberman
comes to you, or moves around in the yard, with a special little trot,
while a sick Dobe does more walking or plodding, perhaps holding its
head and neck level or down. Some Dobes curl up and don't want to
move. Their eyes are sometimes sad and almost soul searching.

Depending on the illness, some Dobes don't eat and may pace or move
from one spot to another, restless and panting. Others may stretch a
lot or try unsuccessfully to urinate. Dobes have been known to swallow
items that can block the digestive track. If this is the case, your
Dobe may not want to eat, or if he does eat, he will throw up, and
pace and stretch again. Check with your vet if your Dobe shows any of
these symptoms.

The hardest part of owning a Dobe is to be confronted with evidence of
his mortality, that a loyal companion may no longer be there. It is
then that you are faced with your only disappointment in owning a Dobe
- the loss of your loved one. "It is then in these hours ... that he
will best be able to face this difficult time, if he looks to the
demeanor of his Dobe ... for it is their distinction that they
squarely face adversity, not unlike that of a professional soldier."



In the Early Days, 100 years ago...

Early records tell us that the Doberman in Germany was a dog used by
men as a guard dog. A dog that was alert, fearless, aggressive,
intelligent, and trainable. The dogs were described as being "sharp"
and became very popular as a police and watch dog. This type of
temperament may have been accepted and desired in the rural settings
of the past, but certainly not a temperament or dog that could survive
in the urban society of today.

The Doberman of Today...

During the past 100 years the committed Doberman breeder has been able
to produce a much milder/steadier disposition than the earlier dogs
exhibited. Upon close examination, the breed is found in a variety of
working positions as well as being an excellent dog for competition
performances, the conformation ring, and a devoted family
dog/clown/couch potato.

Questions about the Doberman Temperament

Quoted below are the two issues of temperament discussed in the AKC
Standard for the Doberman. These areas are shyness and aggression.
Either, if improperly displayed, will result in the Doberman being
disqualified or excused from the ring.

"The judge shall dismiss from the ring any shy or vicious Doberman."

Shyness - A dog shall be judged fundamentally shy if, refusing to
stand for examination, it shrinks away from the judge; if it fears an
approach from the rear; if it shies at sudden and unusual noises to a
marked degree.

Viciousness - A dog that attacks or attempts to attack either the
judge or its handler, is definitely vicious. An aggressive or
belligerent attitude towards other dogs shall not be deemed

FAQ's about the Doberman Temperament

_Are Dobermans Are Nervous?_
No, a Doberman is not nervous. They are full of energy. If a
Doberman owner tends to be nervous, stressed, and unsure of how
to properly handle/train a Doberman, the Dobe will often
display his owner's nervousness and confusion.

_Are Dobermans Shy?_
No, a properly bred Doberman is not shy. Early socialization
and training should be part of developing the correct
temperament of a Dobe.

NOTE: This is not to say there are no shy Dobermans. As with
any breed there are dogs that exhibit abnormal behavior and
since there are various types and degrees of shyness. If you
are having trouble with your Doberman, please contact a
qualified Doberman trainer, join the Doberman discussion list
(DOBERWORLD-L), and also inquire about the shy dog list.



In the village of Apolda, in the state of Thuringen, in the southern
part of Germany lived Louis Dobermann (1823 - 1894). Louis Dobermann
was employed as a tax collector, a "dog catcher", a night watchman,
and as a supervisor for local slaughter houses. As a night watchman,
Herr Dobermann found his need for a suitable dog to accompany him on
his rounds. It is also not beyond imagining a protection dog would be
desirable while working as a tax collector carrying large amounts of

NOTE: Old records tell of a "dog market" that had been held in
Thuringen since 1863. Its purpose was to improve the strains and to
educate owners as to the advantages of pure breed dogs. The dogs were
divided into various classes (perhaps one of the first dogs shows),
and we are told "all of the twelve guard-dogs were rubbish except a

Herr Dobermann also had a great interest in breeding dogs and was
certainly exposed, through his various occupations and by attending
the "dog market," to a variety of dogs. That enabled him, along with
his two friends, Herr Rebel and Herr Stegmann, to produce within a few
generations dogs that quickly became renowned as a fearless protection
dog. These dogs could also be used as a gun-dog, for eradicating
vermin, and for herding sheep. They were said to be very intelligent,
to have great stamina, and were highly trainable.

The exact genesis of the Doberman is not known, but listed below are
suggestions that appear to make up the ancestry of the Doberman:

Rottweiler -
The early Doberman was coarse, heavy headed, short-legged - steady and

The Old German Pinscher (now extinct) -
Black and tan, smooth coat, and energetic.

The Older Black and Tan German Shepherd -
Giving the early Doberman a heavy grey undercoat.

Sporting Dogs -
Used to lengthen the head - attentive, loving, territorial.

Weimaraner -
Points, retrieves, good nose for tracking. Possible
introduction of the gene for producing the blue Doberman.

Blue Dane -
Ferocious - used for boar hunting.

Manchester Terrier -
Authenticated crosses in 1890's. The Manchester was used to
improve the coat, head type, eye color, and rust markings. This
cross was used again six years later.

English Greyhound -
A black English Greyhound with white chest markings was used
sometime between 1900 - 1908. Speed and refinement.

The first official records of the Doberman appear in the stud books of
the Dobermannpinscher Verein stud book of 1890 in Germany.

The Dobermann is one of the few breeds that has been named after a
person. There is also record of an heirloom photograph of Herr
Dobermann, given for a prize at one of the dog shows, which indicates
that Herr Dobermann was acknowledged as a respected breeder and his
dogs were held in high regard.

Otto Goeller, who became very interested in the breed and used the
kennel name of Thuringen, is credited with further refining and
stabilizing the breed. In 1889, Herr Goeller established the first
"Dobermann Pinscher Club." .

Herr Goeller, along with a fellow townsman Herr Gorswin who bred
Dobermanns bearing the kennel name of Groenland, produced several of
the most important Dobermanns in the breed's history. These dogs can
be found in the ancestry of the modern Dobermann.



<under construction >



<under construction >



AKC Breed Standard (condensed):

General Appearance:
The appearance is that of a dog of medium size, with a body
that is square. Compactly built, muscular and powerful, for
great endurance and speed. Elegant in appearance, of proud
carriage, reflecting great nobility and temperament. Energetic,
watchful, determined, alert, fearless, loyal and obedient.

Size, Proportion, Substance:
Height at the withers: Dogs 26 to 28 inches, ideal about 27 1/2
inches. Bitches 24 to 26 inches, ideal about 25 1/2 inches. The
height measured vertically form the group to the highest point
of the withers, equaling the length measure horizontally from
the forechest to the rear projection of the upper thigh. Length
of head, neck and legs in proportion to length and depth of

Long and dry, resembling a blunt wedge in both frontal and
profile views.

Almond shaped, moderately deep set, with vigorous energetic

Normally cropped and carried erect, is on a level with the top
of the skull.

42 correctly place teeth. Strongly developed and white.

Neck, Topline, Body:
Proudly carried will muscled and dry. Withers pronounced and
forming the highest point of the body. Back short, firm, of
sufficient width, and muscular at the loins, extending in a
straight line from withers to the slightly rounded croup.

Broad with forechest will defined. Brisket reaching deep to the
elbow. Belly well tucked up extending in a curved line from the

Docked at approximately the second joint and carried only
slightly above the horizontal with the dog is alert.

Shoulder Blade sloping forward and downward at a 45-degree
angle to the ground, meets the upper arm at an angle of 90
degrees. Legs seen from front and side, perfectly straight and
parallel to each other from elbow to pastern: muscled and
sinewy, with heavy bone. Feet well arched, compact, and
catlike, turning neither in nor out.

The angulation of the hindquarters balances that of the
forequarters. Hip Bone falls away form spinal column at an
angle of about 30 degrees producing a slightly rounded, will
filled out croup.

Smooth-haired, short, hard, thick and close lying.

Color and Markings:
Allowed colors: Black, red, blue, fawn (Isabella). Markings:
Rust, sharply defined, appearing about each eye and on muzzle,
throat and forechest, on all legs and feet and below the tail.

Fee, balanced, and vigorous, with good reach in the
forequarters and good driving power in the hindquarters.

Energetic, watchful, determines, alert, fearless, loyal, and

_See also: Doberman Pinscher - AKC Breed Standard_



The breed can trace its history back to the Dobermannpinshcerherverein
stud book of 1890. In 1899 only one color was recognized, the black
and rust. In 1901 two other colors were allowed, these additional
colors were; the brown and rust, and blue and rust. With the fawn
(Isabella) being recognized in 1969, this brought the total to four
allowed colors for the Doberman in the USA.

The fawn (Isabella) Doberman is a known recessive gene (dilution) of
the reds; while the blue Doberman is a known recessive gene (dilution)
of the black. This is a simple autosomal (either sex) recessive gene.
Both parents have to "carry" this gene in order to produce the
dilution, or depending on which genotype, all four colors a "rainbow"

The blue and fawn Doberman ARE NOT rare (meaning they should NOT
demand a higher price than a red or black); as you can readily see the
mode of inheritance for the blue and fawn is a VERY well known simple
genetic fact. Many within the Doberman community do a considerable
amount of research when planning a breeding and breed accordingly,
often times this will eliminate producing blues and fawns.

Combining the four allowed colors (phenotype) with the 9 possible
genotypes will result in 81 possible combinations of breedings. In
order for the serious Doberman breeder to understand the probability
of the puppy phenotype, a color chart has been devised and each of the
four colors (including their varied genotype expressions) have been
assigned a number from 1 - 9.

NOTE: Below is a SMALL example of what is included in the color chart.
This is NOT a complete listing of the 9 assigned numbers.

B is the "black" factor, dominant over red.

b is the "red" factor, recessive to black.

D is the dominant "non-dilution" factor.

d is the recessive "dilution" factor.

A number 1 BBDD (black phenotype) will produce ONLY black.

A number 2 BBDd (black phenotype) will produce only black and blue
puppies unless bread to a #1 BBDD black, a #3 BbDD black or a #7 bbDD

A number 3 BbDD (black phenotype) will produce red and blacks except
when bred to a #1 BBDD black, a #2 BBDd black, or a #5 BBdd (blue
phenotype) in which case only blacks will be produced.

A number 4 BbDd (black phenotype) can produce all four colors when
bred to another #4, a #8 bbDd (red phenotype), a 9 bbdd (fawn
phenotype), or a #6 Bbdd (blue phenotype).

_See also: Color in the Doberman_



In 1980's the white Doberman made it's appearance and it has been
found that the white gene is a separate gene, and is located at a
different genetic site (locus) than the color (B) and dilution (D)
that is the basis of the four allowed colors for the Doberman. The
white gene does not interfere with these four known colors of the
Doberman and does not need to be included in the color chart.

The white Doberman is considered an incomplete or partial albino. The
dogs have blue eyes and are cream colored with light tan markings. The
dogs suffer from photo phobia (photosensitive). This means the dogs
cannot tolerate light, often closing their eyes and bumping into
objects when put in unfamiliar surroundings. Their temperaments range
from being very shy to fear biters. These are not the attributes a
responsible breeder or one that is familiar with the criteria of a
working dog wish to produce or perpetuate.

WARNING: The white Doberman is NOT considered to be of great value
(charging more/more expensive) by Responsible Breeders. Responsible
Breeders DO NOT include the white Doberman in their breeding

The WHITE color is a DISQUALIFICATION and these dogs CANNOT COMPETE in
the conformation ring.

_See also: Operation "White" Out_




Many Doberman breeders recommend a lower protein puppy food (less than
28%) for the first months of puppyhood. They also discontinue feeding
puppy food at an early age, ~4 months. This practice is thought to
help reduce the incidence of Panosteitis (wandering lameness) and
reduce the rapid growth produced by a higher ratio of protein found in
most commercial puppy foods.

Ear Cropping

This is such a critical area of care for a Doberman owner that our
first advice is to make sure you understand ear cropping should *ONLY*
be done by those that are very experienced in this procedure.

If you have not purchased your Doberman from a knowledgeable breeder
or are thinking of purchasing a Doberman please make inquires to your
local kennel club in order to contact a Doberman breeder/handler/vet
in your area. This will enable you to see adult dogs, the length of
ears, the style of the crop, and seek advice about who did the
cropping and learn about the amount time and commitment it takes for
the ears to stand. If you plan on showing your Dobe, make sure that
you find out about a show crop. See the descriptions below:

Length of Ears

Military/Pet Crop:
This ear is shorter in length and has a wider base (bell). Does
not (usually) take very long to stand. Not seen on many Dobes

Medium Crop:
A longer ear with a little less bell.

Show Crop:
This crop is longer and a little narrower than the other two

Ear Taping

Aftercare of the Doberman ear should only be done under the guidance
of an experienced Doberman vet/breeder/handler. It requires time and
commitment on the part of the owner. Most agree that the ears should
be taped for a week, then untapped long enough to allow the ears to
breathe and dry out, then taped back up again. The longer the ears are
left untapped, the longer it will take for them to stand on their own.
By the time the pups permanent teeth come in (around 6 months), or
before, they should be able to stand upright with no artificial

Important things to remember when taping the ear:
* Check for odors (should not have a foul smell)
* Don't allow the ear become wet. If this should happen, rewrap with
dry tape.
* DO NOT take the ears down and let the ears "hang" for any length
of time.
* When the ear(s) fall -- put them right back up in the roll.

A good starting point to learn more about ear taping is Joanna
Walker's _The New Doberman Pinscher_, Chapter 27.

If you have problems finding breeders in your area or are having
problems with your Dobes ears please consider joining Doberworld-l or


Nail care is best handled by grinding due to the dark color of the
Dobermans nail. With grinding you won't run the risk of cutting into
the quick. Grinding should be started as early as possible and may
need to be done weekly or bi-weekly when the nails are under control.
NOTE: If you turn the dog's foot over and look underneath the toenail
you will "see" where the quick comes to the end of the nail (there is
a little "v") and beyond that is the part that you want to grind
down/off. Knowing/seeing where the quick stops and the nail begins
will eliminate "quicking" the dog.

NOTE: If grooming the nails of your Dobe resemble a wrestling match or
it has become a traumatic event - please seek help from a Dobe
breeder/handler. Done properly, your Dobe will stand/sit/lie down to
have their nails done.

You have three options for the proper care of your Doberman's teeth:
1. Brush his/her teeth daily.
2. Periodically scale his/her teeth with a professional scaler to
remove the build up of plaque and tartar. Place the flat, sharp
side of the instrument against the tooth and scrape downward on
the tooth. Make sure to start up under the gum and then scrape
down. Most veterinarians are more than glad to show you exactly
how to do this.
3. Make an appointment with your vet to have your Doberman's teeth
cleaned. Most veterinarians will anesthetize your dog to perform
this procedure, so this is definitely the most risky option.

The Doberman's coat should not require very much attention. Rubber
(Premo) brushes work well. Also, a quick brush with a wool sock works
to get a great shine and put all those little hairs in just the proper
place. To get a fast shine and great smell on your Dobe (good for
company or the ring), mix a little Listerene and water in a spray
bottle and apply a small mist to your Dobe, then wipe down with a soft
towel. Always wipe/brush *with* the growth of the coat. Bathing should
be kept to a minimum, using a very mild shampoo and rinsing

Eye "goobers" (mucus build-up) are common in Dobes and should be wiped
out daily. The color of the discharge should be gray. Yellow or green
discharge signals an infection and your Dobe should see a vet.


The Doberman is likely to be able to destroy most toys suitable for
other breeds. One safe bet is a Kong toy which is fairly
indestructible. Dobes also have a love of tennis balls but these
should only be provided with supervision. There are known cases of
Dobermans choking on tennis balls. Beware of products stating they can
be "ingested" safely. This DOES NOT mean they can be digested


Dobermans NEED socialization, socialization, socialization. A Puppy
Kindergarten Class is a very suitable place for you and your Doberman
to start. Following up with a basic (perhaps even a going on to a
Novice) obedience course is also highly recommended. Your Doberman is
a very intelligent working dog and will love learning. Please check
into getting an AKC Canine Good Citizen (CGC) award for your Dobe.


A Dobe is not a dog that does well outside. They are a people dog and
do well in the same environment that you prefer. If you are too hot,
so is your Dobe. If you are too cold, or don't like standing in the
sun, you can bet your Dobe is uncomfortable too.

A fenced yard is a big plus (some breeders require it) but a Doberman
can do well in a small yard or even in an apartment as long as the
owner realizes that the Doberman loves (demands) exercise and must be
willing to provide daily walks and or runs.

_See also: Health Care Issues_



<under construction >



The DPCA (Doberman Pinscher Club Of America) has devised a temperament
test that demonstrates the proper characteristics for which the
Doberman was created.

The requirements are: the dog must be a Doberman, at least 18 months
of age, must be AKC registered or have an ILP (Indefinite Listing
Privileges obtained from AKC) number. To find when and where these
tests are held one should contact their local Doberman club, or the

The tests include 5 exercises that evaluates the dogs responses to:

+ The Neutral and Friendly Strangers

+ The Hidden Clattering and The Gunshots

+ The Umbrella

+ Walking Across Variable Surfaces

+ The Protective Reaction

Upon passing this test the Doberman is awarded a WAC (Working Aptitude
Certificate) and in some cases you may see a dog advertised or
referred to as:

Doberworld's Total Dobe WAC

or if the Doberman has a CD (Obed title):

Doberworld's Total Dobe CD WAC

or if the Doberman has a Championship title (Breed title), a CD, and
the *WAC:

Ch. Doberworld's Total Dobe CD ROM

* notice the change of the WAC to a ROM. Total Dobe has now
demonstrated that s/he is a complete Doberman and is awarded a
Register of Merit.

As an aside, serious breeders do not confine testing of their Dobes to
only the breed and performance events. Rising importance is being
placed on those Dobermans which are tested for vWD, hypothyroidism,
hip dysplasia (OFA certification) and CERF tests (done yearly).

Ch. Total Dobe CD ROM CGC has now proven him/herself is proficient in
conformation, is trainable, has the proper Doberman temperament, and
passed available health tests. THIS is the Doberman the responsible
knowledgeable breeder will use in breeding programs. This is the
Doberman found in the knowledgeable/educated/responsible Doberman

Ch. Total Dobe CD ROM CGC
vWD clear, thyroid normal, OFA'd, CERF'd
Full and proper dentition

The complete Doberman.



Within the past 10/15 years, some within the Doberman fancy have
turned their attention to the Dobermann in Germany, Holland, and other
European countries. This interest has resulted in many fine imports.
Imported dogs bearing their European breed championships linked with
their working titles, these Dobermanns have been successfully combined
with some of the outstanding American Dobermans. The resulting
combinations can be found in the conformation ring, obedience trials,
and in organizations devoted to the working dog. It can be very
confusing to try and sort all of the various titles found in the
pedigrees of these Dobermanns, so we are listing them for you below.

---Conformation Titles---

Hol Ch
Holland Ch.
Spa Ch
Spanish Ch.
Ger Ch
German Ch. (also listed as D Ch. for "Deutsche" Ch.)
Int. Ch
International Ch.
Verein Deutscher Hunde, the German National Kennel Club
(equivalent to AKC)
N Ch.
Norwegian Ch.
S Ch.
Swedish Ch.
D Ch.
possibly Dutch Ch. or German Ch. Dutch is usually N Ch. or S
Sieger means "victor" and there are 5 Sieger shows a year. The
main winner in dogs is a Sieger and the main winner in Bitches
is a Siegerin.
(Bundessieger) German Sieger. Bundes"leistungs"sieger refers to
a working National Champion.
World Sieger
Dobermann Verein Sieger (Dobermann Verein is the German Dobe
Winner of the International Dobe Club Show.

---Working Titles---

SchH I
1st level Schutzhund Title.
2nd level Schutzhund Title.
3rd level Schutzhund Title.
Advanced Tracking Title.
Endurance test. Dog must go 20 kilometers and pass a
temperament test.
US equivalent. Dog must go 12 miles in 2 1/2 hours and pass a
temperament test.
Internationale Prufungs-Ordnung. Titles are similar to
Schutzhund titles but testing under international rules.
(Zuchttauglichkeitsprufung) Fit for breeding test. Requires
temperament testing, conformation evaluation, as well as a
protection test similar to SchH I. Dogs must be X-rayed clear
hip-dysplasia to obtain the certificate for breeding.
"V1" is the highest conformation rating and "A" is the highest
temperament rating.
(Angekoert) extensive temperament test and conformation
evaluation. A step above the ZtP!
Kk, KL1, KKL 1, or KKL 1a
(Korung) hard core temperament test and conformation evaluation
above the Angekoert title.
Hip displasia ratings similar to OFA's Excellent and Good. HD-I
is the highest rating.

_See also: International Doberman Reference Center_



Doberman breeders should provide the following:
* OFA certification (done a 2 yrs of age).
* Test results of vWD (see VetGen) and hypothyroidism.
* CERF certification for no serious eye defects (done on a yearly

Breeders cannot guarantee that the dogs will be FREE of these diseases
but testing shows responsibility.

Ailments commonly found in the Doberman:

Acne and Hair Pore Infection -
Common in short haired dogs.

Anondontia -
Missing teeth which has a genetic basis.

Bloat -
Swelling of the stomach from gas, fluid, or both causing the
stomach to twist. Bloat requires for immediate medical
attention. It is usually seen in male dogs between 4 and 7
years of age who eat large quantities of dry kibble, exercise
vigorously after eating, and drink lots of water after eating.
One possible way to prevent bloat is to crate the dog (or keep
calm) for at least an hour after eating.

Cardiomyopathy -
A very serious degenerative heart condition which causes sudden
or congestive heart failure.

Cervical Vertebral Instability (CVI) -
Misalignment of the cervical vertebrae and deformity in the
bodies of the vertebrae. The excess pressure may cause a wide
stance of the hind legs, stumbling, lack of coordination. Avoid
high protein diets (particularly with young puppies).

Chronic active hepatitis (copper toxicosis) -
Biological defect in Doberman's ability to remove copper from
the body.

Color Mutant Alopecia (Blue Doberman Syndrome) -
A hereditary disease most often seen in fawn and blue coated
Dobermans. Color mutant Dobermans are born with a healthy hair
coat but at 4 to 6 months the coat becomes thin, brittle, and
dry. The skin becomes rough and scaly. Blackheads, papules, and
pustules appear over the body. The symptoms may not appear
until the dog is 3 years old. There is no cure, only treatments
to relieve the surface condition.

Dandruff -

Drug allergy -
To Tribrissen, Septra, Bactrim, Ditrim, or any of the
Trimethoprim-sulfa mixtures.

Flank Sucker Syndrome (side sucker syndrome) -
Obsessive sucking and licking of the flank region.

Fatty tumors -
Although common in older Dobermans, all lumps should be
diagnosed by a veterinary.

Frostbite -
Frostbite may affect the ear tips (and feet, etc.) if the dog
is left out too long in severe winter weather.

Hip dysplasia -
Malformation of one or both of the ball and socket joints in
the hip, common in larger, deep-chested breeds. The breeder
should X-rayed the parents for hip dysplasia.

Mammary cancer -
Common in older, unspayed bitches.

Panosteitis (wandering lameness) -
Bone disorder signaled by lameness, reluctance to walk,
occasional inappetence, and fever.

Parvovirus susceptibility -
Viral infection affecting the development of the heart.

Persistent Hyperplastic Porimary Vitrous (PHPV) -
Eye defect usually affecting both eyes.

Renal cortical hypoplasia -
Progressively fatal kidney disease.

Thyroid Disfunction -
Occurs in females more frequently than in males. Generally
there is a genetic or family history of thyroid problems. Blood
samples can be sent to Michigan State University for diagnosis:

_Use this address if samples are sent by the US postal service
- _
Animal Health Diagnostic Lab
P.O. Box 30076
Lansing, MI 48909-7576

_Use this address to ship by UPS, Fed Ex, etc. -_
Animal Health Diagnostic Lab
B 629 West Fee Hall
Michigan State University
E. Lansing, MI 48824-1315

Phone: (517) 353-0635.

Von Willebrand's Disease (vWD) -
Abnormalities in the blood-clotting system. See the VetGen page
for information on testing for the vWD DNA mutation.

Wobbler syndrome (cervical spondylopathy) -
Displacement of one vertebra in relation to another.

Yeast Infections -
During the ear taping period, yeast infections in the ear are
possible if the ear is not dried sufficiently. Watch for
discharge and/or bad odor. Do not clean the discharge from the
ear until the vet has taken a sample.

_See also: Medical Info FAQ Homepage_



<under construction >



<under construction >

_Will the Doberman attack it's owner?_

_What is the average life of a well bred Doberman?_

_Why are the ears cropped and the tail docked?_

_Are dobe ears supposed to stand erect at all times?_

_Up to what age may the cropping of the ears be done safely?_




Brown, Robert M., 1940- _The Doberman Owners' Medical Manual_/
Jackson, WI : Breed Manual Publications, c1986. 354 p. ; 22cm.

Curnow, Fred. _The Dobermann_ / 3rd ed., revised. London :
Popular Dogs Publishing Co., 1976. 205 p., 16 p. of plates
:ill. ; 23 cm.

Denlinger, Milo Grange, 1890-1953, comp. _The complete Doberman
pinscher_ Rev. ed. New York, Howell Book House, 1971 [c1969]
320 p. illus. 22 cm. LC CALL NUMBER: SF429.P5 D4 1971

Gudas, Raymond. _Doberman pinschers_ : everything about
purchase, care, nutrition, diseases, breeding, behavior, and
training / New York : Barrons, c1987. 79 p. : ill. (some col.)
; 20 cm.

Harmar, Hilary. _Doberman pinschers_ Rev. and expanded by Mario
Migliorini. New York, Arco [c1971] 112 p. illus. 21 cm.

Ladd, Mark. _Dobermanns : an owner's companion_ / 1st American
ed. New York : Howell Book House ; Toronto : Collier Macmillan
Canada, 1991. p. cm.

Linzy, Jan. _Doberman Pinscher champions_, 1952-1980 / Rio
Linda, Ca. : Pata Publications, c1981. 186 p., [60] p. of
plates : ill. ; 28 cm.

Linzy, Jan. _Doberman Pinscher champions_, 1981-1985 / Camino,
CA. : Camino E.E. & B. Co., c1986. 221 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.

Migliorini, Mario. _The Doberman Book_ / New York : ArcoPub.,
c1985. ix, 242 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.

Nicholas, Anna Katherine. _A Complete Introduction to Doberman
Pinschers_ : all the information you need about selecting and
keeping a Doberman Pinscher--featuring sections on the breed's
history, training, health care, breeding, and showing / Neptune
City, NJ : T.F.H. Publications, c1987. 126 p. : col. ill. ; 22

Sanford, William R. (William Reynolds), 1927- _Doberman
pinscher_ / New York : Crestwood House, 1989. p. cm. Discusses
the history, physical characteristics, care, and breeding of
this highly intelligent dog frequently used for protection.

Walker, Joanna. _The New Doberman Pinscher_ / 2nd ed. New York,
N.Y. : Howell Book House, c1981. 351, [1] p. : ill. ; 24 cm.

Wilhelm, Andre. _The Dobermann_ / London : Kaye & Ward, 1980.
128 p., [12] p. of plates : ill. ; 23 cm.

Winkler, Bernadette E. _A Beginner's Guide to Doberman
Pinschers_ / Neptune City, N.J. : T.F.H. Publications, c1986.
61 p. : col.ill. ; 23 cm.

_Doberman Pinscher Champions_, 1986-1987. Camino, CA : Camino
E.E. & B. Co., c1988. 88 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.

_The Beginner's Doberman Pinscher_ / 3rd rev. ed. [Massapequa,
N.Y.] : The Club, c1985. iv, 40 p. : ill. ; 18 cm.


Doberman Quarterly
1296 E. Gibson Rd. #198
Woodland, CA 95776
(916) 756-1818, FAX: (916) 758-9329

Doberman World
4401 Zephyr Street
Wheat Ridge, CO 800033
(303) 420-2222

UDC Focus Magazine (United Doberman Club publication)
1250 West Frontier Street
Apache Junction, AZ 85220-9084

Der Ganze Dobermann (The Total Doberman Pincher)
P.O. Box 512
Delavan Lake, WI 53115
(800) 826-1995

P.O. Box 4272
Enterprise, FL 32725-0272


Doberman Pinscher Club of America
Paul H. Combs, DPCA Membership Secretary
PO Box 260473
Tampa, FL 33685


Tommie F. Jones, Corresponding Secretary
4840 Thomasville Rd.
Tallahassee, FL 32208
904-668-1735, FAX: 904-668-1735

United Doberman Club
PO Box 659
Spring Valley, NY 10977

Email List for Doberman Owners DOBERWORLD-L is a discussion list for
individuals who are interested in the Doberman breed. To subscribe to
doberworld-l, send the following in the body (not the subject line) of an
email message to

subscribe doberworld-l yourfirstname yourlastname

You will receive an introductory Welcome file describing the general
guidelines for the mailing list. Breeders Rescue Organizations

DPCA Committee Opposed to Population Explosion

DPCA COPE/RESCUE Chairperson (1996):
Gwen Lucoff
Malibu, CA

_See also: International Doberman Rescue Directory_


The "DPCA Yearbook" lists several breeders. To receive a copy, send $5.00
(checks made payable to DPCA) to:
Alan C. Wendt
249 S Poteet Road
Barrington, IL 60010

_See also: DPCA Chapter Doberman Pinscher Clubs of America Plus A.K.C. and



I wish to thank Rachel Larson, Henry Ramser, Jean Boland, Carol Carter
(Caravista Dobermans), Amy Head, Michelle Lewis (Lemil Dobermans), Jen and
Den Lee (Teraden Dobermans), and Ray Carlisle for permission to use
information found in his wonderful publication - Top Dobe.

Doberman FAQ _


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