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FAQ: Hindustani Ragas

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Murali Sharma

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Oct 8, 1993, 12:32:57 AM10/8/93
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Hindustani Raga Details
-----------------------

Soon perhaps the newsgroup will go multimedia and we will be able to
post sound and images also. Then, the faq would include snippets of
renditions for each raga. Wouldn't it be great for a netter to be
able to point to Nayaki on the list, and play a little video clip
of Alladiya Khan singing a Dhamar in this raga?

Meanwhile, it would be desirable to have some
information about each rag on the Hindustani Raga list. Some of this
is available in many sources (Raganidhi, Ragopedia etc.).
Pankaj Joshi compiled most of this list in a phenomenally short period of
a few days. I am rather ashamed to say that over several months, I still
haven't found the time to format it uniformly, as well as have technically
competent people give their opinions on the entries. I hope Pankaj will
overlook this, and readers find it useful all the same. Appended to it
is another list provided by John Campana, with some duplication. The lists
includes information about the 'pakads' (characteristic phrases); these
should teach beginners to recognize ragas.

I thank Rajan Parrikar for spotting several typos and offerring alternative
interpretations for several entries in John Campana's list.
*****************************************************************************
* = need further scrutiny
s = stretching of the note
(-) = grace note
two vAdI or samvAdi = difference of opinion among experts
N-2 = second prahar
Feel free to suggest anything.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
RAGA | AROH/AVAROHA |V|S|JATI| PAKAD |TIME|RAS
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAFI |SRgmPDnS> |P|S|7-7 | nD,PmgR * |E,N | shringar
|S>nDPmgRS |g|n| | | |
pakad: SS RR gg mm P, P m g R, g m P g - R
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Zilla Kafi |SGMPdNS> * | | |7-7 | | |
|S>nDPmgRS* | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAFI KANADA |n<SRRgmRnDPmPS> |P|S|7-7 | |N-2 |
|S>nDPnPmPgMRS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KALAVATI or KA|SGPDnS> * |P|S|5-5 |GP(S>)Dnss(S>)DP- |N-2 |
LAVATI KALYAN |S>nDPGS * | | | |GPDP-GssS | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KALINGRA |SrGmPdNS> |d|G|7-7 |dP-GmG-n<SrG-m-Pd-|N-4 |Gambhir
|S>NdPmGrS> |P|m| |P | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KALYAN/YAMAN/I|SRGMPDNS> |G|N|7-7 |N<RGR-S-PMG-PRS |N-1 |
MAN/EMAN |S>NDPMGRS | | | | | |
- KAMBHOJI/KAMBO|SRGPDS> |G|D|5-7 |GPDS>-NDP-(m)GRS |N-2 |
DHI |S>NDPmGRS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAMOD |SRPMPNDS> |P|R|6-7 |SR-PP-MPDP-GMP-GMR|N-1 |
|S>NDPMPDPGMPGMRS | | | |S-RPP | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KANADA BAHAR |Sn<SRSRgMPmDNS> * |m|S|7-6 |Rn<-SR(m)g-(m)g-mP|N |
|S>nPmPgmRS | | | |-m-n-DN-S>-nP-mP-g-m-R-R-g-mRS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KANADA MALHAR |SRgmPnDNS> * |R|P|7-7 | | |
|S>dnmPmgmRS * | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KEDARA |SmPDNDS> |m|S|5-7 |S-ms-mP-DP-MPDP-ms|N |
|S>NDPMPDPmGmRS | | | |-Pms-RS | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KEDAR BAHAR |SRSmPgmPS> |m|S|5-7 |mP-gm-RR-S-n<Sm-P-|N |
|S>R>S>NDPmPmgmgmPgmRSRS| |DPm-P(m)g-m-gmP-gm-R-S |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KEDAR NAT |N<SRGMPDNS> |m|S|7-7 |S-RS-m-mP-DP-m-gm-| |
|S>NDPDnPMGRS | | | |PS>NDP-DnP | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KHAMAJ |SGmPDnDS>NS> * |G|N|6-7 |nD-mP-Ds-mG |N-2 |shringar
|S>nDPmGRS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| | | | | | |


I will try to adopt Johns style of 'n to show mandra and S' to show tAr saptak
There is lot of difference in spellings of many rAgAs. The pronounciation is
different in North and south. I personally prefer the spelling that is closest
to the original sanskRt word. I hope this wont create problems at this stage.

^ = meend
* = need further scrutiny
s = stretching of the note
(-) = grace note
two vAdI or samvAdi = difference of opinion among experts
N-2 = second prahar of night.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
RAGA | AROH/AVAROHA |V|S|JATI| PAKAD |TIME|RAS
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KHAMBAVATI |SRmPDPDS' |S|P|5-6 | nDP-Dm-GmsS |N-2 |
|S'nDPmgmS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KHAMBAVATI KH-|SRmPDS' | | |6-7*| |N-2 |
-MAJ |S'NS'nDPmGRmPGS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KHAT/SHAT |SgmPddPddS'nS' | | |6-7 | | |
|S'nS'ddndPmPgmPRS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KHAT TODI |S'nSgmPdPNdPdNS' | | |6-6 | | |
(Asavari That)|G'r'r's's's'dPMMdMgrS| | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KHAT TODI |SrgmPdnS' | | |7-7 | | |
(shuddha m) |S'ndPmPgrS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KHOKAR |SRmPnDPmPDS' | | |6-7 | |D-2 |
|S'nDPDnPmDRgRS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KIRVANI |SRgmPdNS' |R|S|7-7 | |N-2 |
|S'NdPmgRS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAUSHI BHAIRAV|SmGmPmm(N)d(N)NS' |m|S|6-7 | |morn|
|S'R'nDPm(G)mGmPrS'r'd'nSm | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAUSHIK DHWANI| | | | | | |
(see HINDOLINI| , Hindoli, Bhinna Shadja | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KUKUBH BILAWAL|SRGP(D)NDNS' | | |6-7 |GR-GPmGRS-R |morn|
(Type I) |S'NDnDPmGRSSRS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KUKUBH BILAWAL|SGmPDNS' | | |6-7 | |morn|
(Type II) |S'DnPnDPDmGmRSGm | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KUKUBH BILAWAL|SRmPmGRGmPNDnDPDnPS|P|S/R| | |morn|
(Type III) |S'NDNS'DnDPDmGRGRSRPmGRGmRS | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LACCHASAKH |mRGmPDNS' |D|G|7-7 |GmnD-P-mG-RP-mG-mR|D-1 |
|S'NDDnDPmGmRS or GRS | | |S or GRS | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LACHARI TODI |SGRGmPDNS' | | |7-7 | | |
(Type I) |S'g'R'S'nDPmPgR'NS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LACHARI TODI |SRG(R)GmmP(N)D(N)DP| | |6-7 | | |
(TypeII) |S' | | | | | |
|S'R'nDP(n)dPmP(m)g(m)gRgmS | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LAJAVANTI |SmRPDDPPDmPS' |P|R|5-5 |mRPs-DDP-mPS'sP-DD|N-4 |
|S'PDDPPmRsS | | | |P-mPDDP-PmRsS | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LAKSHMI TODI |SRGmPdNS' * | | |7-7 | | |
|S'nDPmgrS * | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LALIT/LALAT |'NrGmsMmGMDS' |m|S|6-6 |'NrG-msMD-MmG-MGrS|MidN|
|r'NDMDMmsGrS | | | | |-9am|
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LALIT BHAIRAV |SrGmsdNS' | | |6-6 | | |
|S'NdmsGrS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LALITA GAURI |SrGmMmGGmPdPPdNS' | | |7-7 | |morn|
(bhairav that)|S'NdPdmMDMmG(M)rS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LALITA GAURI |S^mmPDPMDPNS' |S|P|5-7 | |earl|
(Marwa that) |r"NdPPDGMGrS | | | | |morn|
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANKADAHAN SA-|S(m)RmmP(P)n(D)DnPm| | |5-7 |nnP-S'nDnP-mPggmRS|mid |
-RANG (Type I)|PNS' | | | | |day |
|S'nDnPmPggmRS | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANKADAHAN SA-|SRmPNS' |S|m|5-6 | |mid |
RANG (Type II)|S'nPmRgRS | | | | |day |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANKESHRI |SGRSSmGPmNDS' |m|S|7-7 | |N-2 |
|G'R'G'S'R'NS'NDPnDmGmRS/mGmRS/mGRS | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LATANGI |SRGMPdNS' | | |7-7 | | |
|S'NdPMGRS | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Raag: Madhukauns (Type I)
That: Kafi
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: 'nSgMPnS'
Avaroha: `SnPMgS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad: Sg-MPn-PM-g'nS
Time: N-3
Ras:
Chalan:

Raag: Madhukauns (Type 2)
That: Kafi
Jati: audava-shaudava
Aroha: SgMPnS'
Avaroha: SnDPMgS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad:
Time:
Chalan:

Raag: Madhmad Sarang
That: Kafi
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: SRmPnS'
Avaroha: S'nPmRS
Vadi: R
Samvadi: P
Pakad:
Time: Mid day
Chalan:

Raag: Madhuranjani
That: Kafi
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: SgMPNS'
Avaroha: S'NPgmPgmgS'NS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad: NS'NssP-gmP-gmgS-'Nss
Time:
Chalan:

Raag: Madhuvanti, Ambika, Madhumalati
That: Melakarta Dharmavati
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: 'NS-g-MP- or MgP-NS'
Avaroha: S'NDPMgRS
Vadi: M
Samvadi: S
Pakad: gM-PNDP-MgRS
Time: Evening
Chalan:

Raag: Malgunji
That: Kafi
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: 'nS-'D'nSG-m-DnS'
Avaroha: nS'nDPm-GmgRS or S'nDPmG-mgRS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad: GmgsRS-'nS-'Ds'n-SGm
Time: Night
Chalan: 'nS-'D'nSG-m-(n)D-nS'-DnS'R'G'S'-G'm'g'-R'S'-nS'nD-Pm-GmgRS-'nS-'D'nS
gsm

Raag: Malkauns
That: Bhairavi or Asavari
Jati: audav-audav
Aroha: SgmdnS' or 'nSgmdnS'
Avaroha: S'ndmgS or gmgS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad: S-mg-dndm-gS
Time: 9 pm to midnight
Chalan:

Raag: Malashree (Type I)
That: Kalyan
Jati: samika-samika
Aroha: SGPS'
Avaroha: S'PGS

Raag: Malashree (TypeII)
That: Kalyan
Jati: samika-svarantara
Aroha: SGPS'
Avaroha: S'PMGS

Raag: Malashree (Type III) (Popular type)
That: Kalyan
Jati: svarantara
Aroha: SGPNS'
Avaroha: S'NP-(M)G-PGS
Raag: Malashree (Type IV)
That: Kalyan
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: SGMPNS'
Avaroha: S'NPMGS
For all types of Malashree s
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad: G^S-'PS

Raag: Malati Basant
That:
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: S'NrS-SG-MDS'
Avaroha: S'Nr'ND-MG-SmMmG-MgrS
Vadi: D
Samvadi: G
Pakad: SmMmG-MDNMD-MGrS-'N'RS
Time: N-4

Raag: Malav
That: Bhairavi
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SGM-MdnS'
Avaroha: S"ndPDD-nDPm-ggmg-S^'n
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad: SGm-DnDPm-Gm-gS
Time: N-3

Raag: Malavi
That: Poorvi
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SrGP-rGMdS'
Avaroha: S'-NP-MG-rG-rS
Vadi: R
Samvadi: S
Pakad: S-rrS-G-PG-rS-SG-MdS'-r'S'-NP-G-PG-rMG-rS
Time:
Chalan: S-rr-S-S-GPGrS-SrS-rGrPMG-rGrS-SGPM-rMGrS-S-rGP-MGr-GrS

Raag: Maligaura
That: Marwa

Type I
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: S-'nrG-MGrS-rP-MdP-MGMDM-S'NS'
Avaroha: Nr'S'Nr'NDPs-MdPMG-MDG-MGM-RS
Vadi: r
Samvadi: P
Pakad: 'N'r'N'D'P-M'DP-rPMGrS
Time: Evening

Type II
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SrGMPNS'
Avaroha: S'NPMGrS

Raag: Maluha Kedar
That: Bilaval
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: S-mG-P-DMP-NS'
Avaroha: S'DP-MPDP-GmpGmR-'nS'D'P'ms-'m'P'NS
Vadi: m/P
Samvadi: S
Pakad: mRS-S'd'P'm-'P'P'N'NS
Time: N-2
Rasa:

Raag: Mand
That: Bilaval
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: S-GR-m-GP-mD-PNDS'
Avaroha: S'D-NP-Dm-PG-mR-GS
Vadi: S
Samvadi: m
Time: sarvakalin

Raag: Manjh
Pakad: S-'N'DS-S-SG-mG-PmG-Dm-GR-SRS-'n'DS
Chalan: NDPmG-PmPG-D^m-G-PmG-SRS-'N'DS. GmD-S'-S'ND-Pm-Pg-DPmG-PmG-RSR-S-'N'D-S

Raag: Maru Bihag
That: Kalyan
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: SmG-GMP-PNS'
Avaroha: NR'ND-PMG-MG-MMG-RS-'NSms
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Pakad: Smss-G-GM-PNDP-MGMGMGRS'Nmss
Time: Night
Rasa: Shringar

Raag: Marwa
That: Marva
Jati: shadav-shadav
Aroha: Srs-GMDs-NDS'
Avaroha: r's-NDs-MGrs-S
Vadi: r
Samvadi: D
Pakad: DsMGrs-GMG-rsS
Time: D-4

Raag: Megh Malhar
That: Kafi
Jati: audava-audava
Type I
Aroha: 'n'P-'NS-(m)RM(m)R-Pm-nnPP-nNS'
Avaroha: (m)R'm'(m)R'S'R'S'NS'-nnP-PnP-(m)RM-(m)'NRS
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P/m
TypeII
Aroha: SmRmPNS'
Avaroha: S'nPmRS'nRS

Raag: Mirabai ki Malhar
That: Kafi
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: m-R-SR'NS-g-mRP-nDNS'
Avaroha: S'D-nP-mPGm-RmPDmP-g-mRS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad: mRSR'NS-g-mRP-nDNDS'd-mP-mGm-RmPDPmP
Time: Rainy season or night

Raag: Miya ki Malhar
That: Kafi
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: Ss-mRs-P-'nsDs-NsS'
Avaroha: S'nP-mgs-mgs-m-PmmsRs-S
~~~~
Vadi: P/m/S
Samvadi: S/P
Pakad: RmRS-nPmP-nDNS'-P-gsmRS. mRP-mgsmgs-m-PmmRsS-'N'NS
~~~~~~
Time: Rainy season or 9 pm to 12 pm

Raag: Miya ki Sarang
That: Kafi
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: S-'n'D'n'DS'NS-R-mR-mP-'nDS'NS'
Avaroha: S'-nDnP-DP-mR-PmR-S
Pakad: 'n'D'n'DS'NS-R-mR-PmR-SR'NS

Raag: Multani
That: Todi
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: 'NS-gMP-NS'
Avaroha: S'NdP-MgrS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Time: D-4
Ras: shringar, karun
Raag: Nagasvaravali or Nageshvari
That: Khamaj
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: SG-mP-DS'
Avaroha: S'sDPm-P^G-SG^sS'DS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad: PDS's-DPms-P^Gs-mG^sS
Time: N-2
Ras: Gambhir
Chalan:

Raag: Nand or Anandi or Ananda Kalyan
That: Kalyan
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: 'D'NSG-mMP-DNP-DMPS'
Avaroha: S'-NP-DM-PG-GmDP-RsS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad: DP-RsS-Gs-ms-P-DNsDP-PDsPM
Time: 8 pm - midnight
Chalan:

Raag: Nandkauns
That:
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SGmPmDnS'
Avaroha: S'nDPmGSgS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad: S'D'nSGm-PmnDPm-GmgS
Time: N-3
Chalan:

Raag: Narayani
That: Khamaj
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: SRmP-DS'
Avaroha: R'S'-nDP-RmPnDP-mPm-RS-'n'DS
Vadi: S'
Samvadi: P
Pakad: RmPnDP-mPm-RS-'n'DS
Time: N-2
Chalan:

Raag: Nat or Nata
That: Bilaval
Type I
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: S-Gm-PGm-RGmP-S'
Avaroha: S'DNP-mGRG-mP-SRS
Type II
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: S-RS-Gm-mP-DNS'
Avaroha: S'-ND-NP [or nP] -RGGP-m-GmRS
Both the types
Vadi: M
Samvadi: S
Pakad: RGmP-SRS
Time: N-2
Chalan:

Raag: Nata Bhairav
That:
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: S-RGmPdNS'
Avaroha: S'NdPmGRS
Vadi: R
Samvadi: P
Pakad:
Time: Morning

Raag: Nata Bihag
That: Bilaval
Type I (Popular)
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: SRGm-PNNS'
Avaroha: S'NDP-Gm-nDPmG-(P)mGRS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: M
Pakad: mGnDP-mG-RGmPmGRS
""""
Time: Night
Type II
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SS-R-R-Gm-PS'NS'
Avaroha: R'-S'N(D)P-S'-S'-PmmG-R-S

Raag: Nata Bilwal
That: Bilawal
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: S-RGmP-N-DNS' or SGmG-mPm-DNS'
Avaroha: S'-nD-NP-msG-RG-RS or mG-mR-S
Vadi: M
Samvadi: S
Time: Morning

Raag: Nata Kedar
That: Bilaval
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: SRSm-mGP-PDPS'
Avaroha: S'NDP-MPDPm-mGmRS
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Pakad: Sm-GP-DPm-GmRS
Time: N-2


Raag: Nata Malhar
That:
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Type I
Aroha: S-RG-mR--mP or GmPS'-NS' or nDS'
Avaroha: S'-D-nP-G-GmP-DDmP-mGmR-'NS
Type II
Aroha: S(G)R(G)RGm-mRP-nDNS'
Avaroha: S'DnPmG-mR-Rm'NsS
Both the types
Vadi: M
Samvadi: P
Pakad: S(G)R(G)RGm-mRP-nDNS'
Time: Rainy season

Raag: Natanarayani or Natanarayana
That: Bilaval
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SRGmP-DP-S'
Avaroha: SDP-Gm-SRS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad: SRS-PsDGs-S'sD^sP-RsGmP-Gm-SRS
Time:

Raag: Nayaki Kanada or Nayaki
That: Kafi
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: 'nS-RP-gsm-PS'-nS'
Avaroha: S'-nP-mP-gsm-RS
Vadi: M
Samvadi: S
Pakad: (m)gmnP-nmP(m)gmRS
Time: N-3

Raag: Neelambari
That: Kafi
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: S-Rm-PDS'
Avaroha: R'nDP-mGgR-'Ns'NS-'D'ngRss
Vadi: R
Samvadi: P
Pakad: RmPD^-mGgR-gR-gRS'N-'NS-'D'ngRss
Time: Night

Raag: Pahadi
That: Bilaval
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: S-RG-PD-PDS'
Avaroha: N-DPGmGR-S'N'D-'P-'DS
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Pakad: G-GR-GPGR-Ss'N'D-'P'DS
Time: sarvakalin
Rasa: Shringar

Raag: Pancham
That: Marwa
Type I
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: SmGMD-ND-NMD-S'
Avaroha: S'-ND-MD-MGrS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad:
Chalan: MDS'-ND-MD-MG-rS-Sm-GMD-ND-NMD ||
MD-S'-S'ND-MDMG-MGrS-'NSm-m-mG-MDS'-NDNMD ||
Type II
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: S-rS-m-m-mG-P-MDS'
Avaroha: r'S'-r'ND-MDMm-mg-MGrS
Chalan: G-rS-'NrG-mPMD-MG-rS |
G-MG-rS-m-m-mGP-MDMm-mG-MDS'-rS'-r'ND-MDMmG-rG-MGrS ||

Raag: Pancham Malkosh or Panch Kauns
That: Bhairavi / Asavari
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: SgmdnS'
Avaroha: S'ndmPmgS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad:
Time:
Rasa:

Raag: Paraj or Paraju
That: Poorvi
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: 'NSG-MdNS'
Avaroha: S'NdP-MPdP-GmG-MGrS
Vadi: G
Samvadi: P
Pakad: S'-NdP-MPdP-GmG
Time: N-4
Rasa: Bhakti, Shringar

Raag: Paraj Bahar
That: Poorvi
Chalan: NS'-NdP-m-mP-d-NNS'-S'R'-NS'-Dn-S'R', g'r'-S'ND-mmP-Gm-nDS'-NP-Gm-GrS |
NDnS'-R'NS'-N-dP-m-Pd-PdN-dNS'-S'r'g'r'-S'NdS' ||

Raag: Pata bihag
That: Bilaval
Jati: audava-sampoorna/ shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: SGmPNS' / SRGmPNS'
Avaroha: S'NDP-gM-(R)GRS / S'NDP-mnDP-GmRS-PmG-RS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad: (for both) NDPPGm-Gm(R)G
Time:
Ras:
Chalan:

Raag: Patadeep
That: Kafi
Jati: audava -sampoorna
Aroha: 'NSgmPNsS'
Avaroha: S'NDPmgRS'Ns-SgRS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad:
Time: Evening
Chalan:

Raag: Patamanjari
Type I (Popular)
That: Kafi
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: S'P-'NS-GmDsm-PNsS'-nDm-nssS'
Avaroha: S'nDsm-PgsRS'n-'P-'nS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad:
Time: D-3
Chalan:
Type II
That: Bilaval
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: SRGG-PDm-mPNS'
Avaroha: S'ND-NP-mGRS
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Time: Midnight

Raag: Piloo
That: Kafi
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: 'NS-GmP-'nDP-S'
Avaroha: S'NdP-dPmg-RS-'NS
Vadi: S / P
Samvadi: P / G
Pakad: GmdP-gRS'NS-'P'd-'P'd-S-'NS
Time: Sarvakalin
Rasa: Karun, Shoka
Chalan:

Raag: Pooria
That: Marwa
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: 'NrS-G-MD-Nr'S'
Avaroha: S'-NDMG-r-S
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Pakad: G-'NrS-'N'DS'N-'M'D-rS
Time: Sandhi Prakash -10 pm
Rasa: Gambhir
Chalan:

Raag: Pooria Dhanashree
That: Poorvi
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: 'NrGMP-dP-NS'
Avaroha: r'NdP-MgMrG-rS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: r
Pakad: (1) 'NrG-MP-dP-MG-MrG
(2) r'NdP-Mg-MrG
(3) dMG-rS-'NrS
Time: Evening

Raag: Poorvi
That: Poorvi
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Type I (only M is used)
Aroha: S-rG-MPdNS'
Avaroha: S'NdP-M-GrS
Type II (both M and m are used) Popular
Aroha: S-rG-MPd-NS'
Avaroha: S'NdP-MG-rmG-rGrS
For both
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Pakad: 'N-SrG-mG-MG-rMG-rGrS
Time: 6 pm to 9 pm
Rasa: Gambhir
Chalan:

Raag: Poorvi Kalyani
That: Marva
Jati: sampooran-sampoorna
Aroha: S-rGMPDNS'
Avaroha: Nr'ND-NDP-MDMG-NNDM-GrS
Vadi: R / S
Samvadi: D / P
Pakad: rGMP-DNDPs-(M)rs
Time: Evening to 10 pm

Raag: Prabhat Bhairav
That: Bhairav
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Type I
Aroha: SS-rrS-G-m-PPdd-NS'
Avaroha: S'NdP-mG-rG-mM-GmG-rS
Type II
Aroha: 'NrGmMG-GmPdNS'
Avaroha: S'NdPm-mdPm-PdM-mG-rGMGrS
Time: Morning
Rasa: Bhakti

Raag: Pradeepaki / Patadeepaki
That: Kafi
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: SGmPnS'
Avaroha: S'nDPmGmPgRS
Vadi: S / m
Samvadi: m
Pakad: Pg-mg-RS-'NS-GmP-Gm-'NDP-mGm-gRS
Time: D-3

Raag: Rageshree / Rageshwari
That: Khamaj
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: SG-mDNS'
Avaroha: S'nDmGRS or S'NDmGRS or S'NDnDmGRS
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Pakad: RS'n'DSGm
Time: Night

Raag: Rageshree Bahar
That:
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: SGmDGm-mPgmDnS'
Avaroha: R'NS'DnP-mPGm-mDG-RGmGRS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad:
Time: Night

Raag: Ramdasi Malhar
That: Kafi
Type I
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: SRP-Gm-PnNS' or PnDNS'
Avaroha: S'DnmP-DPmGm-P(m)g(m)gmRS
""""
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad:
Time:
Type II
Jati: sampoorna-shadava
Aroha: SRP-(m)Gm-PnNS' or PnDNS'
Avaroha: SnP-mR-RPgmRS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Type III
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SRmR-PnDNS'
Avaroha: S'nP-mRS-RS'n'D-'P'D'n-'D'NS
Type IV
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SRmR-P-mPDNS'
Avaroha: S'nP-mGm-ggmRS-'n'D'NS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S

Raag: Ramkali
That: Bhairav
Type I
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: SG-mP-dS'
Avaroha: S'NdP-MPdNdP-G-mrS
Type II Popular
Aroha: SG-mP-dNS'
Avaroha: S'-NdP-MP-dNdP-G-mrS
Type III
Aroha: S-rGm-P-dNS'
Avaroha: S'-NdP-MP-dndP-mG-mrS
For all types
Vadi: P / S / D / P
Samvadi: R / P / G / S
Pakad: dP-MP-dndP-(P)G-m-(m)rS
Time: Morning

Raag: Rasaranjani
That: Bilaval
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: S-R-m-DsNS'
Avaroha: S'sN-Dsm-DsmRsS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad: mDsNS'-NDms-RsS
Time: N-4

Raag: Rewa (Poorvi Ang)
That: Poorvi
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: Sr-GP-dS'
Avaroha: S'd-P^G-P^G-PGrS
Vadi: G
Samvadi: d
Pakad: PG-PdPG-rG-rS-GrGs
Time: Evening
Rasa: Gambhir

Raag: Rewa (Shree Ang)
That: Poorvi
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: S-(G)r-(G)r-(P)GP-dS'
Avaroha: S'dP-G(G)r-(G)r-S
Vadi: r
Samvadi: P
Pakad: (G)r-(G)r-(G)r-PGr-rS-'d'P-S
Time:


Raag: Sanjh / Sanjh ka Hindol
That: Kalyan
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: SG-MDMN-MDS'
Avaroha: S'-NDNs-DMG-MG^S
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Pakad: MG^sS-'N'D'Nss-'M'DS
Time: Evening
Ras:
Chalan:

Raag: Saranga
That:
Jati: audava -sampoorna
Aroha: SRmPNS'
Avaroha: S'nPmRS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad:
Time:
Chalan:

Raag: Saranga Malhar
That:
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: S-Rm-P-NnN-S'
Avaroha: R'S'-N-PnP-mP-gM-RS-'N'NS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad: nPm-RP
Time: N-2
Chalan:

Raag: Saraswati
That: Melakarta 64 Vachaspati
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: SRGM-PDnS'DP-S'
Avaroha: S'nDP-MGRS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: R
Pakad: (M)RMP-(S')nDP-(M)P-(M)RssS
Time: Night till midnight
Rasa:
Chalan:

Raag: Sarparda
That: Bilaval
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: S-RGm-DP-ND-NS'
Avaroha: S'-NDP-mG-mRS or NS'-nDP-mG-mRS
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Pakad:
Time:
Rasa:
Chalan:

Raag: Savani
That: Poorvi
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: SgPGmPNS'
Avaroha: S'NDPG-mgRS
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Pakad: GmPgR-nDPmPGR-SRg-S
Time: Rainy season

Raag: Savani Bihag
That: Bilaval
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: SGmPNS
Avaroha: R'S'ND-S'NP-GPmGRS-GssS
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Pakad:
Time:
Rasa:
Chalan: SGmP-S'-PG-GsS | SGGPm-GRSRS | 'N'DSRS-'N'N'Pss | SS-SGm-PP-NS'S'|
PNS'sS'-G'R'-S'R'S' | PG-mPS'-Pm-GsS ||
Ps-NsN-S'S'-S'sS' | ND-S'R'S'-ND-S'sN | PG-GPm-GR-Sss ||

Raag: Savani Kalyan
That: Kalyan
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: 'PS-RGRS-mG-PD
Avaroha: PDPG-RS'N'D'N'D-'P
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Pakad:
Time: N-1
Chalan: GRS-'N'D'N'D-'P-'PS-RGRS-SS-mG-PPD-PDPG-RS'D-GRS

Raag: Saveri
That: Bhairav
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: SrmPdS'
Avaroha: S'NdPmGrS
Time: Morning
Rasa:

Raag: Shankara
That: Bilaval
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: SGP-NDNS'
Avaroha: S'ND^P-G-GPGs-RS
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Pakad: S'sNP-ND-SsNs
Time: N-2

Raag: Shankarabharana
That: Bilaval
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: SRGmPDNS'
Avaroha: S'NDPmGRS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad:
Time:

Raag: Shanmukhpriya
That: Shanmukhapriya
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: SRgMPdnS'
Avaroha: S'ndPMgRS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad:
Time:
Chalan: 'P'Ms-'P'd'nS-RSs-'ds'ns-RgRs-RgMPsdnDnS'-S'ds-nS'-R'g'M'P'-M'g'R'S'-
nS'R'S'-(N)ds-PMs-PMgsR-gRSs-(N)'ds'nS

Raag: Sharavati
That: Melakarta 25 Mararanjani
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: SmGmPd DdS'
Avaroha: S'DdPmGRS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad:
Time:

Raag: Shivaranjani
That: Kafi
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: SRgP-D-S'
Avaroha: S'DP-gs-RSs
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad: gPDS'-DPgsR-S
Time: Night
Rasa: Karun

Raag: Shobhavari
That: Asavari
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: S-R-m-P-S'dssS'
Avaroha: S'-d-Pm-RssS
Vadi: D
Samvadi: R
Pakad: RmPS'-dsP-mPd-mP-mRsS
Time: Morning
Rasa:

Raag: Shree
That: Poorvi
Type I
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: S(S)r(G)r-S-r-MP-NS'
Avaroha: S'-Nd-P-MGr-Gr-rS
Type II
Aroha: S-r-MP-dP-dNS'
Avaroha: S'-Nd-P-Mgr-Gr-rS
Both types..
Vadi: r
Samvadi: P
Pakad: S-(S)r(G)r-S-PMGr-Grr-S
Time:

Raag: Shree Kalyan
That: Kalyan
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: S-R-M-P-DP-S'
Avaroha: S'-DP-MP-RsS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad: S'DsS-RMsP-RssS
Time: Evening

Raag: Shuddha Bhairavi
That: Bhairavi
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: SrgmPdnS'
Avaroha: S'ndPmgrS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Time:
Rasa:

Raag: Shuddh Bilaval
That: Bilaval
Type I same as Shankarabharana
Type II
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: S-R-m-mPDNS'
Avaroha: S'NDPmGRS
Vadi: D
Samvadi: R
Pakad:
Time: Morning

Raag: Shuddha Kalyan
That: Kalyan
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: S-(G)RG-P(S')DS'

|^^|
Avaroha: S'-(N)DP-MG-R(P)G(P)RS
Vadi: G
Samvadi: D
Pakad: G-RS-'N'D'P-S-GR-GPR-S
Time: N-1
Chalan:


Raag: Saheli Todi
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: Sr-gP-dS' or SrgrgPdndS'
Avaroha: r'g'r'S'-dndP-grgr-S'dS
Vadi: D
Samvadi: G
Pakad: 'dSrgss-Pssgss-rgrSrS-'dss
Time: D-2 (9 am to noon)

Raag: Salagavarali
That: Melakarta 46 -Shdvidhamargini
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SrgP-D-nDP-S'
Avaroha: S'nDP-g-P-rgrS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Time: D-2
Rasa:

Raag: Samanta Sarang
That:
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: 'P'NS-R-mR-mP-NS'-mPS'
Avaroha: S'nDP-mPDP-mnDP-mR-S
Vadi: R
Samvadi: P
Pakad:
Time: D-2

Raag: Sampoorna Malkauns
That:
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: 'd'nSmg-mdnS'd-nR'S'
Avaroha: g'g'S'nS'd-mdndm-PmggnRS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: N-3
Chalan: S'(n)'d-S'nS-'d'nS-(m)g-(n)SRS-
Sgm(N)dndmg-mPmg-'nRS-
S'ndmgmP-mgSRS

Raag: Shuddha Malhar (Bilaval That)
That: Bilaval
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: S-Rm-mPDS'
Avaroha: S'-DP-ms-RS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad: SRm-mP-RP-mP(S')DS'-DPm-SRm
Time:
Ras:
Chalan:

Raag: Shuddha Malhar (Khamaj That)
That: Khamaj
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: S-Rm-Rms-PnDP-NS'
Avaroha: NS'-nD-G-mP-GmR-Rm-PnDP-mR-'NRS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad:
Time:
Chalan:

Raag: Shuddha Nata
That: Bilaval
Jati: sampoorna-audava
Aroha: SRGmPDNS'
Avaroha: SDPmRS
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad:
Time: Night
Rasa: Veer
Chalan: S'NDNP-mG-mRS-RGmPm-GmRS-GmDP-RGmPm-GmRS

Raag: Shuddha Sarang
That: Kafi
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: SR-mR-MP-NS' and SR-(P)M(P)MP-MPN(D)NS'
Avaroha: S'NDP-MPDP-mR-S and S'NDMPmR-(m)'N(D)'NS
""
Vadi: R
Samvadi: P
Pakad:
Time: D-2
Rasa:
Chalan:

Raag: Shukla Bilaval
That: Bilaval
Type I
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: SGmPDNS'
Avaroha: S'NDP-DG-mPm-GRS
Type II
Aroha: SGm-RP-mPDNS'
Avaroha: S'nD-DG-mPm-GRS
Vadi: M
Samvadi: S
Pakad:
Time: Morning

Raag: Shyan Kalyan
That: Kalyan
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: 'NSR-MP-NS'
Avaroha: S'ND-MPMR-GmR-G'NS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad: GmR-'NS-Rs-MsPs
Time:
Chalan: S-R-MP-PDP-MPDP-mR-'NS-RMP-GmR-'NS

Raag: Shyam Kedar
That: Kalyan
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SRSm-RM-P-DNS'
Avaroha: S'NDP-DnDP-m-MPDP-m^sRS
Vadi: g ................................this must be a mistake!!!!!
Samvadi: S
|^^|
Pakad: S'NDP-DnDP-MPDP-msRS
Time: N-2
Rasa:

Raag: Simhendramadhyamam
That: Melakarta 57 - Simhendramadhyamam
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: SRgMPdNS'
Avaroha: S'NdPMgRS
Vadi:
Samvadi:
Pakad:
Time: Night


Raag: Sindh / Sindhu
That: Kafi
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: 'N'd-'nR-GmggR-mPDS'
Avaroha: S'nDP-mP-Gm-gR-PmgmRS-'D'nS
Vadi: R
Samvadi: D
Pakad:
Time:
Chalan: 'n'd'n-R-GmgR-'nS'n-'P'D'n-S |
G-G-mggR-S-mgR-'nS'n-'P'D'nS ||

Raag: Sindhu Bhairavi
That: Asavari
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: S-RgM-'d'n-S'
Avaroha: S'-ndP-mgrS
Vadi: d
Samvadi: g
Pakad: S-Rgm-Rg-R'NS-dP-dm-PgRg-SRgR'nS
Time: Morning

Raag: Sohani / Sohoni / Sohini
That: Marwa
Type I (M is used) Popular
Jati: audava/shadava-shadava
Aroha: SG-MDNS'
Avaroha: S'r'S'-ND-G-MD-Mg-rS
Vadi: D
Samvadi: G
|^|
Pakad: Sr-G-MDNS'-S'-NDG-MG-rS
Time: N-4
Type II (m is used)
Aroha: S-GmD-NS'r'S'
Avaroha: S'-NDG-mG-rS
Type III (m and M both are used)
Aroha: SG-mG-MD-NS'-r'S'
Avaroha: NS'ND-MD-S'ND-mG-MGrS
Type IV (m and d are used)
Aroha: SGmdNS'r'S'
Avaroha: S'NdmGrS

Raag: Sugharai
That: Kafi
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: SR(m)gsm-PnPS'
Avaroha: S'nDnP-mP-gmRS
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Pakad:
Time: D-2
Rasa:

Raag: Suha / Suha Kanada
That: Kafi
Type I
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: 'nS-gm-PNmPS'
nun
Avaroha: S'-nP-mP-mGs-mRS or S'nP-mP-gm-pgm-R-S
Type II
Jati: audava-sampoorna
Aroha: 'nS-gm-PnmPS'
Avaroha: S'-dnP-mP-g-mRS
For both the types
Vadi: M
Samvadi: S
Pakad: 'nS(m)g(m)gm-PgmRS
Time: D-2

Raag: Suha Sugharai
That: Kafi
Jati: shadava-shadava
Aroha: SRgM-PnmPS'
Avaroha: S'nPm-gmRS or mPgmRS
Vadi: M
Samvadi: S
Pakad:
Time:

Raag: Sur Malhar
That: Kafi
Type I
Jati: audava-shadava
Aroha: S(m)RmPNS' or nNS'
Avaroha: S'nDmPnDP-mR-(m)'NS
Type II
Jati: sampoorna-sampoorna
Aroha: gRmP-nDnmP-NS'
Avaroha: R'S'-nDnP-m-R-SR-mP-gmRS
For both types
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Pakad: nDmP-(m)nsDP
Time: Rainy season or 10 am to 2 pm
Rasa:

Raag: Tilak Kamod
That: Khamaj
Jati: shadava-sampoorna
Aroha: 'P'NSRGS-RmPNS'
Avaroha: S'N-PD-mG-RGSs
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Pakad: 'P'NSRG-S-RPmG-Ss'N
Time: N-2

Raag: Tilang
That: Khamaj
Jati: audava-audava
Aroha: SGmPNS'
Avaroha: SnPmGS
Vadi: G
Samvadi:N
Pakad: PNSs-nPs-GsmGs
Time: N-2
**********************************************************************
John Campana's list:
--------------------

In this list, the lower case letters are the komal forms, (for ma, the
natural is notated as komal), uppercase the natural (or for ma, the
tivra). The lower, middle, and upper octave notes are respectively
preceded by, devoid of, and postfixed by a prime (').

^r = Gr or kansur. ^^r would be the Shree GrGr. -G is nothing, just G;
- = pause.

1. Ahir Bhairav
aroh: S r G m P D n S'
avroh: S' n D P m G r S
Thath: Bhairav
Jati: Sampurna
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: pre-dawn
Pakad: 'n S 'D 'n r^^^, G m G r^^ G r S

2. Abhogi
Aroh: S R g m D S'
Avroh: S' D m g R S
Thath: Kafi
Jati: Audav-audav
Vadi: S
Samvadi: m
Time: night
Pakad: S, 'D S R g m g R S R 'D S

3. Bhairav
Aroh: S r G m P D N S'
Avroh: S' N d P m G r S
Thath: Bhairav
Jati: Sampurna-sampurna
Vadi: d
Samvadi: r
Time: dawn
Pakad: G m d^^^ P, d m P G m^r-S

4. Bhatiyar
Aroh: S D P D m P G M D S'
Avroh: r' N D P m P G r S
Thath: Marwa
Jati: Sampurna-sampurna
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: pre-dawn
Pakad: m P G r S, D-D P
Shouldn't that be m? <RP> (referring to the first D in the Aroh)
Of course it could be, but that is onother way. S D illustrates the
characteristic jump frequent in Bhatiyar. This is used by most performers I
have heard, although apparently it can be totally omitted as we heard in
our latest baithak by Gauri Guha, student of AT and Malavika Kanan. <JC>

5. Bilaskhani Todi
Aroh: S r g m g P d n S'
Avroh: S' n d P d m g r g r S
Thath: Bhairavi
Jati: Shadav-sampurna
Vadi: d
Samvadi: g
Time: morning
Pakad: m g- P, d m g r g r S, r 'n S r g

6. Bairagi
Aroh: S r m P n S'
Avroh: S' n P m r 'n r S
Thath: Bhairav
Jati: audav-audav
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: morning
Pakad: r, m P, n P, m r, 'n r S

7. Bhupali
Aroh: S R G P D S'
Avroh: S' D P G R S
Thath: Kalyan
Jati: audav-audav
Vadi: G
Samvadi: D
Time: evening
Pakad: 'D S R G, P - G -R S, 'D - S R G

8. Malkauns
Aroh: S g m d n S'
Avroh: S' n d m g S
Thath: Bhairavi
Jati: audav-audav
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: late night
Pakad:

9. Darbari Kanada
Aroh: S R g^^^, m P d^^ n S'
Avroh: S' d n P m P g m R S
Thath: Asavari
Jati: sampurna-vakra sampurna
Vadi: R
Samvadi: P
Time: late night
Pakad: gmRS, 'n S R 'd^^^, 'n 'P, S, 'n R, SRg, m R S

10. Jaunpuri
Aroh: S R m P d n S'
Avroh: S' n d P m P g R S
Thath: Asavari
Jati: shadav-sampurna
Vadi: R
Samvadi: P
Time: morning
Pakad: R m P g^^^, RSR-S, R'n'd-'d- S

11. Lalit
Aroh: 'N r G m M m G -, M d S'
Avroh: r' N d - M d - M m G, r, S
Thath: Marwa
Jati: shadav-shadav
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: late night to morning
Pakad: 'N r G - m - M m G, M G r S

12. Bihag
Aroh: 'N S G m P N S'
Avroh: S' N D P, m G R S
Thath: Kalyan
Jati: audav-sampurna
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Time: 9 pm to midnight
Pakad: N D P M P G m G - RS
Ras: Shringar

The tivra madhyam is missing above!
A better Avroh which brings out Bihag's character would be:
S' N D P M G m G R S. <RP>
It was included in the chalan, but you're right, it is clearer. Some
books, I noticed, don't include M in the scale of Bhatiyar except in the
chalan. <JC>

13. Desh
Aroh: S R m P N S'
Avroh: R' n D P m G R G S
Thath: Khamaj
Jati: audav-sampurna
Vadi: P
Samvadi: R
Time: 9 pm to midnight
Pakad: R R m P, n D P, m G R, G 'N S
Ras:
Again, I prefer the following Avroh:
R' n D P m G R G 'N S (the R G 'N S is quite a defining phrase as
your pakad indicates) <RP>
This was a simplification for students of a music appreciation
course. G 'N S is the clearer picture. <JC>

14. Jaijaiwanti
Aroh: S RR, R g R S, 'D 'n 'P, R, G m P, N S'
Avroh: S' N D P, D m, G R, R g R S
Thath: Khamaj
Jati: sampurna-sampurna
Vadi: R
Samvadi: P
Time: Night, monsoon season
Pakad: R g R S, 'n 'D 'P - R, S, R 'N S- 'D 'n ^R
Ras:

15. Bageshri
Aroh: S R g m D n S'
Avroh: S' n D, m P D ^g, R S R- S
Thath: Kafi
Jati: Shadav-sampurna
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: Night
Pakad: n D mPDg-- RSR - S
Ras: shringar
Many versions of Bageshree omit the rishab in the Aroh. <RP>

16. Rageshri
Aroh: S G m D N S'
Avroh: S' n D m G R S
Thath: Khamaj
Jati: audav-shadav
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Time: Night
Pakad: R 'n S 'D 'n S G m
I'm more familiar with the Rageshree that uses the komal nishad
in Avroh. This is not to say that others can't or don't use N:-) <RP>
N is less freq. used. Agra gharana does, for example. <JC>
17. ShreeRaag
Aroh: S ^r ^r S- r M P N S'
Avroh: S' N d P M G r, G r - r S
Thath: Purvi
Jati: audav-sampurna
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Time: dusk
Pakad: S ^r ^r S - P M G r - G r r - S
Ras: Vir

18. Kedar
Aroh: S m G P - N D S'
Avroh: S' N D P M P D P m- G m R S
Thath: Kalyan
Jati: audav-shadav or sampurna
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: night
Pakad: S m, m G P, D P, M P D P m, G m R, S R - S
Another variation on this is:
Aroh: S m, G P M P S'
Avroh: S' N D P M P D n D P D^m, S R S <RP>

19. Bhimpalasi
Aroh: 'n S g m P n S'
Avroh: S' n D P m g R S
Thath: Kafi
Jati: audav-sampurna
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: late afternoon
Pakad: 'n S m. P g, m g R S

20. Miyan ki Malhar
Aroh: R m R S mR P nDNS'
Avroh: S' n P m P g m R S
Thath: Kafi
Jati: sampurna-shadav
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: night, monsoon season
Pakad: RmR P-, P^g mR S, 'n'D'N'N S

21. ShuddhSarang
Aroh: S m R M P N S'
Avroh: S' N D P M P D P m R S
Thath: Kafi
Jati: audav-shadav
Vadi: R
Samvadi: P
Time: early afternoon
Pakad:

22. Megh
Aroh: S m R m P n S'
Avroh: S' n P m R m 'n R S
Thath: Kafi
Jati: audav-audav
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Time: night, monsoon
Pakad:

23. Puriya
Aroh: 'N r S G M D N r' S'
Avroh: S' N D M G r S
Thath: Marwa
Jati: shadav-shadav
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Time: evening
Pakad: G 'N r S, 'N 'D S 'N - 'M 'D 'N r S
Early part of the night, I would say. Marwa is the evening one.
Also, Din Ki Puriya is gotten by flattening the dhaivat above. <RP>

24. PuriyaDhanashri
Aroh: 'N r G M P d P N S'
Avroh: r' N d P M G M r G r S
Thath: Purvi
Jati: sampurna
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Time: evening
Pakad: 'N r G M P -, d P, M r G

25. Basant
Aroh: S G m d r' S'
Avroh: S' N d P - mG- m G r S
Thath: Purvi
Jati: shadav-sampurna
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Time: spring, all day or 9:00 pm to midnight
Pakad: M d r'-S' - S' N d P, MGMG, r S, 'N S m - MmG

26. Todi
Aroh: S' r g M d N S
Avroh: S' N d P M g r S
Thath: Purvi
Jati: shadav-sampurna
Pancham is shown in vakra fashion dMP
Vadi: g
Samvadi: d
Time: 7:00-11:00 AM
Pakad: 'd- 'N S- rgrrS - M r g - r S
Ras: bhakti

27. GujariTodi
Aroh: 'N S r g M d M g- M d N S'
Avroh: S' N d M g rgr S
Thath: Purvi
Jati: shadav-shadav
Vadi: d
Samvadi: g
Time: 7:00-11:00 AM
Pakad: M d N d- M g r S

28. Multani
Aroh: 'N S g M P N S'
Avroh: S' N d P M g r S
Thath: Todi
Jati: audav-sampurna
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Time: late afternoon
Pakad: 'N S M g M P, M g M g, r S 'N S
Ras: shringar, karuna

29. Durga
Aroh: S R m P D S'
Avroh: S' D P m R S
Thath: Bilawal
Jati: audav-audav
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Time: night
Pakad: P - m P D- m R S- m R P or D m R P

30. AlhaiyaBilawal
Aroh: S R G - R G P D- N D S'
Avroh: S' N D P D n D P- m G m R S or G P- m G R S
Thath: BILAWAL
Jati: Shadav-sampurna
Vadi: D
Samvadi: G
Time: morning
Pakad: G P D N S', G R G P m G m ^R S

31. Marwa
Aroh: 'N r G M D N r' S'
Avroh: r' N D M G r 'N 'D r- S
Thath: Marwa
Jati: shadav-shadav
Vadi: r
Samvadi: D
Time: sunset, night
Pakad: D - M g r G M D, D- MGr, 'N 'D r- S
I tend to agree with AAK on this one. For him Marwa is more a late night
raag than sandhiprakash. <JC>

32. Madhuvanti
Aroh: 'N S g M P N S'
Avroh: S' N D P M g R S
Thath: Todi
Jati: audav-sampurna
Vadi: M
Samvadi: S
Time: late afternoon
Pakad: g M P N D P, M g R S
There are versions of Madhuvanti that use a komal nishad too. <RP>
Right on. Hemavati isn't it? <JC>

33. Yaman
Aroh: 'N R G M D N S'
Avroh: S' N D P M G R S
Thath: Kalyan
Jati: audav-sampurna
Vadi: G
Samvadi: N
Time: gateway to night raags
Pakad: 'N R G- P M G P R- S
Yaman Kalyan is gotten by including the shuddha madhyam in the Avroh
as: S' N D P M G R, G m G R S <RP>

34. Hamir
Aroh: S R S- G m D- N D S'
Avroh: S' N D P G m D M P G G m R S
Thath: Kalyan
Jati: sampurna-sampurna
Vadi: D
Samvadi: G or P
Time: LATE EVENING
Pakad: S- R S - G m D
G m R S This along with G m N D is the defining phrase in Hamir. <RP>

35. Nand
Aroh: 'D 'N S G - M P - D M P S' N S'
Avroh: S' N P D M P G m D P R S
Thath: Kalyan
Jati: shadav-sampurna
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Time: LATE EVENING
Pakad:G m D P R -- S - G - m, P D N - D P- P D- P M

36. Kamod
Aroh: m R- P M P-N D S'
Avroh: S'- N D P M P D P G m P G m R S
Thath: Kalyan
Jati: shadav-sampurna
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Time: LATE EVENING
Pakad: S R P P-M P D P-G m P- G m R S - R P P

37. TilakKamod
Aroh: 'P 'N S R G m - R m P N S'
Avroh: S' N P D m G R G S or S' P D- m G -R G S
Thath: Kkamaj
Jati: shadav-sampurna
Vadi: S
Samvadi: P
Time: second part of night
Pakad: 'P 'N S R G- S- R P m G- SRGS-'N

38. ShuddhKalyan
Aroh: S R G P D S'
Avroh: S' (N)D- P(M) G R S
Thath: Kalyan
Jati: audav-sampurna
Vadi: G
Samvadi: D
Time: first part of night
Pakad: G - R S - ('N) 'D 'P- S - GR- GPR- S

39. Chandrakauns
Aroh: S g m d N S'
Avroh: S' N d m g S
Thath: Kalyan
Jati: audav-audav
Vadi: m
Samvadi: S
Time: late part of night
Pakad:

40. Ramkali
Aroh: S G m P d N S'
Avroh: S' N d P- M Pd n d P m G mr S
Thath: Bhairav
Jati: shadav-sampurna
Vadi: P
Samvadi: S
Time: first part of morning
Pakad:d P M P, d n d P, G m r S

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