Can anybody answer the following questions:
1. What country did BLACKGAMMON originate from?
2. What was its original name?
3. What are the original names for the throws:
6-6, 6-5, 6-4, 6-3, ..., 3-3, 3-2, 3-1, 2-2, 2-1 ?
Andrei V. PRASOLOV
Universitetet i Tromso
Tel.  77 64 47 79
Fax  77 64 47 65
web address: http://www.math.uit.no/~prasolov/
There is an allegation that "Andrei V. PRASOLOV"
>When I played BACKGAMMON many years ago in the USSR,
>the game was cold NARDY, and known to originate
>somewhere from Iran-Turkey-Armenia-Azerbajan.
>We used some special names for throws,
>mixture of Persian and Turkish. I remember only this:
>Can anybody answer the following questions:
>1. What country did BLACKGAMMON originate from?
>2. What was its original name?
Apparently from Mesopotamia, several thousand years back. Some
scholors have disputed the translations that this is based on,
however. My limited research makes me a supporter of this theory,
The oldest confirmed "near-modern" version is the Persian game Nard,
from about 450 C.E. ... it is this that the Russian name/traditional
history apparently traces. Nard is approximately modern with no
doubles (6-6 gives you 2 six moves, not 4), no cube, and no gammons.
The older Roman varient (Caligula was known to cheat) is "Tabula"
(Latin for tables) - incidently it had 3 dice, not 2. It is from this
name that the modern names in the Romance language countries tend to
>3. What are the original names for the throws:
I have no idea.
Does anyone have any spare tunafish??
Remove "spamguard" from return address to reply
3. (Repost of an article of mine from March 3, 1997)
Turkish players use names for all rolls that are derived from the
roll Turkish spelling (AFAIK) 'English' transcription
1-1 hep yek hep yak
1-2 [I don't remember]
1-3 seyek sayyak
1-4 cihar"uyek dzheehary-yak
1-5 penc, yek pentsh yak
1-6 s,es,"uyek sheshy-yek
2-2 dubara doobaara
2-3 sebad"u saybaady
2-4 cihard"u dzheehaardy
2-5 penc, d"u pentsh dy
2-6 s,es,"ud"u sheshydy
3-3 d"use dysay
3-4 cihar"use dzheehaarysay
3-5 penc"use pendzhysay
3-6 s,es,"use sheshysay
4-4 d"ort cihar dirt dzheehaar
4-5 penc, cihar pentsh dzheehaar
4-6 s,es, cihar shesh dzheehaar
5-5 d"ubes, dybesh
5-6 s,es,bes, sheshbesh
6-6 d"us,es, dushesh
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