On 9 Oct 2021, at 15:17, Hovite <paulv...@gmail.com> wrote:
(According to The Complete Peerage, 2nd edition) the earldom was created by the Empress Matilda “probably in 1141” for Baldwin de Reviers. The 7th Earl was succeeded by his sister, Isabel, and on her death in 1293, the title apparently passed to a cousin, Hugh de Courtenay. He was summoned to Parliament in 1299 and thereby became Lord Courtenay, and was recognized as Earl of Devon in 1335. So at that point the Earl of Devon was Baron Courtenay. Those titles were forfeited in 1461, restored in 1470, and forfeited again on 14 April 1471. When John de Courtenay was killed unmarried on 4 May 1471, any rights to his forfeited titles would have passed to his childless brothers and then fallen into abeyance between his sisters and their descendants. Meanwhile, the earldom was restored to (and forfeited by) the heir male (which was possibly a mistake), so the barony and earldom became separated.
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Indeed when a family possesses no courtesy title dissimilar from the substantive title (as is the case invariably for Earls only really) the surname is usually substituted for the courtesy title. When both the substantive title and the surname are similar then it is possible to use a part of the territorial designation from a subsidiary peerage that is similar to the substantive peerage should a subsidiary title exist (the Earldom of Kingston comes to mind as the heir apparent is styled Viscount Kingsborough even though the family does indeed possess a Barony of Kingston the heir apparent is styled Viscount Kingsborough even though that subsidiary title in question is actually Viscount Kingston, of Kingsborough in County Sligo). Below are a few examples of invented courtesy titles that come to my mind:
1. Earl of Huntingdon: styled as Viscount Hastings; used as such to avoid confusion since there already exists a Baron Hastings.
2. Earl of Devon: styled as Lord Courtenay; taken from the family surname.
3. Earl of Lincoln: styled as Lord Fynes; used as a corruption most likely (I think) of the surname “Fiennes” as in “Fiennes-Clinton”.
4. Earl of Morton: styled as Lord Aberdour; rather interestingly this invented courtesy title comes from the fact that the 7th Earl of Moreton sold the Barony of Dalkeith (a title which the heir apparent to the Earldom of Moreton previously used) to Francis Scott, 2nd Earl of Buccleuch, thereafter the designation of the Earldom of Morton officially being changed to “Earl of Morton and Lord Aberdour”, with “Aberdour” actually being a property associated with the family.
5. Earl Temple of Stowe: styled as Lord Langton; taken from the family surname of “Temple-Gore-Langton”.
6. Earl Belmore: styled as Viscount Corry; taken from the family’s surname of “Lowry-Corry”.
7. Earl of Caledon: styled as Viscount Alexander; taken from the family’s surname of “Alexander”.
N.B. Huntingdon, Devon, Lincoln, Morton and Temple of Stowe do not possess a subsidiary title at all. Belmore and Caledon do have subsidiary titles but they are the same as their respective earldoms.