I think this is a Really Big Deal.GovTrack
just quietly introduced a suite of new bill viewer features, which I think significantly change the way we're able to read and understand legislation.
You can get a taste for the new features, for example, on the bill text page for the e-gov reauthorization act (S. 2321
As you scroll down and mouse over the bill text, you can see the individual sections of the bill have been detected and have features new features for each section. You can now link to individual provisions, collapse and expand them, and extract the text of each provision. (For example, here's the section
on Privacy Impact Assessments.)
In that section, you can try out a feature I'm particularly impressed with: links to the US Code now pop up in a preview window, and link to Cornell's US Code
. This feature takes cumbersome legislative language (strike the text after item b, etc) and makes it easy to quickly see what the bill actually does, by linking to a well developed source for legal info.
I don't know if this feature uses Cornell's US Code link resolver, but I'm sure it's the sort of interlinking they had in mind when they developed it. Here's their resolver
This development really has my mind spinning.
First, I see one of the big tasks of transparency reform as generating meaningful legal context, and linking proposed bills to the laws they interpret is fundamental to that task.
Second, I see the links to individual provisions as equally important. Online discourse is meaningful in part because it is structured around verification, which is enabled by hyperlinks. If you can't link to something, it doesn't exist. Adding links to individual provisions reifies
them, allowing them to become linkable, discussable entities. I don't know if provisions now have URIs, but the task of tracking and sorting individual legislative ideas has now become much simpler.
Third, bravo for adding collapsible sections. Scrolling can be annoying, especially for enormous bills, and this should significantly help the readability of weird indentations. Those sections to be pasted into other bills, often delimited by some sort of floating character, are elegantly detected and separated from other sections. Someone knows how to parse.
I haven't even gotten to the integrated bill comparison tool yet. Check this out
, for example. Version differences are clearly highlighted. OReilly's version control
system, one step closer to its realization. I'm a huge fan of version tracking being applied to legisaltion, and I suspect congressional staffers will be too.
Speaking of congressional staff, I wonder if Congress's own tools are as user friendly as this?
For equal footing, of course, primary data sources like the database behind THOMAS would have to be publicly available for bulk or API access. Other sources like the Code of Federal Regulations, the Constitution Annotated, or any of the other federal data sources Carl Malamud proposes opening would have to be available.
It's an amazing statement, though, that thet public demand for legislative substance may outstrip the demand of what should be the most hard-core of users: members of Congress themselves. What else does it mean when tools like OpenCongress.org
are turning the esoteric world of legislation into something social and downright scrutable?
What will get built when we have the same data Congress does?
*From GovTrack's about page:
Starting in July 2008, several others have contributed to the development of this site.
is responsible for the new look and feel.
Kevin Henry developed the interactivity on the new bill text display (supported by a Sunlight Foundation
Also thanks to Mike Drescher for collecting some images of Members of Congress.
For the record, Josh has no idea I'm writing this, and I didn't know we had made this grant -- I'm just sincerely impressed by what has come of it.