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The Arab Company for Trade and Manufacturing (Jacon)

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فاتن محمد

Jan 6, 2021, 7:16:04 AM1/6/21
The Arab Company for Trade and Manufacturing (Jacon)
Conveyor belts
Content: -
1- Conveyor belts
2- What the conveyor belts are made of
3- Types of conveyor belts
1- Conveyors equipped with traction element
A - Carpet rugs
B - Plate Conveyors
C- Escalators
D - transverse conveyors
E- Conveyors with ladles (buckets)
And - the suspended vectors
2- Vectors without traction
A-Screw Conveyors
B - Vibratory conductors
C- Oscillating vectors
D- Roller conveyors
4- Hydraulic transmission systems
5- Air pressure transmission systems

Conveyor belts
1- Conveyor belts: (convey belts)
1- Moving equipment intended for carrying materials or people and transporting them from one place to another in a continuous flow or interval
Specific time.
2- It is characterized by (conveyor belts) the possibility of loading and unloading without stopping the conveyor.
3- The conveyor is widely used in coordination with mechanical systems in production processes in various fields
Industrial, construction, service and agricultural.
2- What do conveyor belts consist of?
1- The belt usually consists of one or more layers of rubber and is installed on two wide rollers (also called rollers)
One of them is connected to a source of motion (usually an electric motor) and to facilitate walking on a set of intermediate cylinders that support it and check friction.
2- And transporting materials on a straight line, at a moderate speed (ranging between 1.5-6 meters / second).

3- Types of conveyor belts
1- Vectors equipped with a component
A- Conveyor rugs
It is the most widespread transport machine in the agricultural, industrial, food and service fields.
It is used with a variable productivity of twenty thousand tons per hour and a transmission distance of 4,500 meters
It is also used at different speeds up to 6 m / s
And conveyor rugs for the transportation of people and granular materials (grains, sand, industry products)
And paraphernalia (boxes, boxes, bags, bags)
B- Plate Conveyors
It is generally used for transporting cutting materials and also for transporting granular materials by choosing suitable plates.
These vectors are suitable for many uses in many fields.
Especially when the transport process is accompanied by specific technical processes such as watering, cooling, washing, painting or drying
Or others.
Cargo conveyors feature large parts and hot objects, with a production capacity of 2000 tons / hour
And a transport distance of 2 km or a speed not exceeding 1 m / s, and it is characterized by the possibility of direct filling.

Conveyor belts
C- Movable stairs: (ascala tors)
1- It is a form of a plate conveyor tilted at a certain angle where the steps of the ladder replace the plates
Dragged by two traction chains.
2- It is used to transport people to certain heights within buildings such as metro stations, airports, warehouses, and large consumer and administrative establishments.

D- Beam conveyors:
It is used to transport various types of materials (wheat, coal, clay, fertilizer) except for fragile materials or severe materials.
Moisture or damage, and the conveyor is characterized by simplicity of design and the ability to fill and empty at any point on the movement path
And also the possibility of transporting materials with high temperature.
One of its disadvantages is the severe wear of the chain and duct, which is the waste of a large amount of energy.

E- Bucket elevaters
It is used to transport granular and dusty materials in general. The use of these vectors is limited to the vertical plane
Materials are transported from the start of the conveyor to the end of the conveyor without intermediate filling or discharging stations.
The parts are transported in all areas of the industry by using a suitable carrying tool.
The conveyor is characterized by a relatively small size in the horizontal plane.
Lift capacity up to 60 m, and productivity of 500 m3 / hour
However, these vectors are sensitive to overload and require regular arrival of materials.

And - suspended vectors:
These conveyors transport pieces with dimensions of up to 12 meters and a weight of up to 2.5 tons
It can perform several technical operations on the transported materials (painting, cleaning, heat treatment, drying, chemical treatment)
These conveyors are characterized by the possibility of vacuum transport if one conveyor can be used for several adjacent buildings or transport between different floors
It is characterized by the ability to make the carrier a mobile warehouse in case of necessity, and its design differs from one another
The purpose of its use.

2- Vectors without traction
A- Screw Conveyors
It is used for transporting granular and dusty materials in various fields. It is characterized by simplicity of design, ease of maintenance and possibility
Filling and discharging of various points with sealing.
Sharp items or popular watch, etc. can be transported.
The transportation process requires a large motor capacity.
The conveyor is sensitive to overloading and its production capacity reaches 100 m3 / hour for a distance of no more than 40 meters.
B- Vibratory conductors:
It is used to transfer granular and dusty materials with weak bond between them.
The productivity of the conveyor may reach 50 m3 / hour, and the transport distance does not exceed 6 m.
C- Oscillating vectors:
Used to transfer poorly bonded granular and dusty materials between them.
It is seldom used to transport small pieces.
Conveyor productivity up to 400 m3 / hour, and the transmission distance does not exceed 100 m.
D- Roller Conveyors:
Used in many fields.
Especially in production pressures, in airports, large warehouses and warehouses for transporting surface-level materials.
(Boxes, boxes, bags, etc.).
The design of the vectors differs from one another according to the nature of their movement.
It can be self-propelled by pushing materials around when placed on the conveyor.
And its movement could be the result of an electric motor.

4- hydraulic transmission systems:
It is used in many fields (mining industries, construction works, thermal power plants)
The materials are transported within a water stream for long distances, which may reach tens of kilometers.
The hydraulic transmission design differs from the different system
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