Press Release: Sikkim Assembly Elections 2024: Analysis of Criminal Background, Financial, Education, Gender and Other Details of Candidates

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Apr 13, 2024, 4:49:42 AMApr 13
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Press Release
Date: April  13, 2024
Dear Friends,

The Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) and Sikkim Election Watch have analysed the self-sworn affidavits of all 146 candidates, who are contesting in the Sikkim 2024 Assembly Elections. Out of 146 candidates analysed, 43 are from National parties, 64 are from State parties, 31 are from registered unrecognized parties and 8 candidates are contesting independently.


The full reports in English and Hindi  can be accessed herehttps://adrindia.org/content/analysis-criminal-background-financial-education-gender-and-other-details-candidates-sikkim


Party 

Total Number of Analysed Candidates

Candidates with declared Criminal Cases

% of candidates with declared criminal cases

Candidates with declared serious criminal cases

% of candidates with declared serious criminal cases

No. of Crorepatis

Percentage of Crorepati Candidates

National Parties

43

0

0%

0

0%

21

49%

State Parties

64

4

6%

4

6%

59

92%

Registered Unrecognized Party

31

2

6%

2

6%

17

55%

Independent

8

2

25%

0

0%

5

63%

Total

146

8

5%

6

4%

102

70%

 Table: Party Category Wise Details

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Summary and Highlights

  • Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of the 146 candidates analysed in Sikkim Assembly elections 2024, 8(5%) candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves. In the 2019 Sikkim Assembly Elections, out of 150 candidates analysed, 4(3%) had declared criminal cases against themselves.
  • Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: 6(4%) have declared serious criminal cases. In 2019 Sikkim Assembly Elections, 4 (3%) candidates had declared serious criminal cases against themselves.

image.png
Figure: Comparative analysis of Candidates with declared Criminal Cases: 2019 vs 2024

  • Party wise Candidates with Criminal Cases: 2(6%) out of 32 candidates analysed from Sikkim Democratic Front, 2(6%) out of 32 candidates analysed from Sikkim Krantikari Morcha, 2 (7%) out of 30 candidates analysed from Citizen Action Party-Sikkim and 2 (25%) out of 8 independent candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.
  • Party wise Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: 2(6%) out of 32 candidates analysed from Sikkim Democratic Front, 2(6%) out of 32 candidates analysed from Sikkim Krantikari Morcha and 2 (7%) out of 30 candidates from Citizen Action Party-Sikkim have declared serious criminal cases against themselves.

image.png
Figure: Party Wise Percentage of Candidates with Criminal Cases

Financial Background


image.png
Figure: Share of Wealth among the Contesting Candidates

  • Share of wealth among candidates: The share of wealth amongst the candidates contesting in the Sikkim assembly elections 2024 is as follows:

Value of assets (Rs.)

Number of candidates

Percentage of Candidates

Rs. 5 crores and above

62

42%

Rs. 2 crores to Rs. 5 crores

24

16%

Rs. 50 lakhs to Rs. 2 crores

30

21%

Rs. 10 lakhs to Rs. 50 lakhs

14

10%

less than Rs. 10 lakhs

16

11%

Table: Share of wealth amongst contesting candidates

  • Crorepati Candidates: Out of the 146 candidates analysed, 102(70%) are crorepatis. In 2019 Sikkim Assembly Elections, out of 150 candidates, 64(43%) were crorepatis.

image.pngFigure: Comparative Analysis of Crorepati Candidates: 2019 Vs 2024

  • Party wise Crorepati Candidates: The role of money power in our elections is evident from the fact that all major political parties give tickets to wealthy candidates. Among the major parties 31(97%) out of 32 candidates analysed from Sikkim Krantikari Morcha, 28(88%) out of 32 candidates analysed from Sikkim Democratic Front, 21(68%) out of 31 candidates analysed from BJP, 17(57%) out of 30 candidates analysed from Citizen Action Party-Sikkim and 5(63%) out of 8 Independent candidates have declared assets valued more than Rs 1 crore.

image.png
Figure: Party Wise Percentage of Crorepati Candidates

  • Average assets: The average of assets per candidate contesting in the Sikkim Elections 2024 is Rs 10.99 Crores. In 2019 Sikkim Assembly Elections, average assets per candidate for 150 Candidates was Rs. 3.89 crores.
  • Party wise average assets: Among major parties, the average assets per candidate for 32 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha candidates analysed is Rs. 20.36 Crores, 32 Sikkim Democratic Front candidates analysed is Rs 13.16 Crores, 31 BJP candidates have average assets of Rs 8.71 Crores and 12 INC have average assets worth Rs 19 Lakhs.
  • High asset candidates: The details of top 3 candidates with highest declared assets, contesting in the Sikkim Assembly Elections 2024 are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Delay Namgyal Barfungpa

Gangtok

GANGTOK (BL)

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

1,00,65,292

1,36,51,64,568

1,37,52,29,860
 137 Crore+

Y

2

Bhaichung Bhutia

Namchi

BARFUNG (BL)

Sikkim Democratic Front

3,05,14,064

1,24,18,00,000

1,27,23,14,064
 127 Crore+

Y

3

Khusandra Prasad Sharma

Gyalshing

GYALSHING-BARNYAK

IND

4,63,99,708

1,12,51,74,640

1,17,15,74,348
 117 Crore+

Y

Table: Top three candidates with highest declared assets

  • Low assets candidates: The details of three candidates with lowest assets are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Penzong Lepcha

MANGAN

DJONGU (BL)

BJP

3,000

0

3,000
 3 Thou+

Y

2

Sancho Lepcha

SORENG

RINCHENPONG (BL)

BJP

5,000

0

5,000
 5 Thou+

Y

3

Yogen Rai

NAMCHI

MELLI

BJP

51,033

0

51,033
 51 Thou+

Y

Table: Candidates with declared lowest assets

  • Candidates with high liabilities: 90(62%) candidates have declared liabilities in their affidavits. The details of top three candidates with highest liabilities are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Total Assets (Rs)

Liabilities (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Khusandra Prasad Sharma

GYALSHING

GYALSHING-BARNYAK

IND

1,17,15,74,348
 117 Crore+

37,14,43,543
 37 Crore+

Y

2

Tenzing Norbu Lamtha

GANGTOK

SHYARI (BL)

Sikkim Democratic Front

58,27,07,142
 58 Crore+

23,21,87,700
 23 Crore+

Y

3

Nar Bahadur Dahal

GANGTOK

KHAMDONG-SINGTAM

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

74,10,91,903
 74 Crore+

19,01,50,431
 19 Crore+

Y

Table: Top three candidates with highest liabilities

  • Undeclared PAN:  A total of 146(100%) candidates have declared their PAN details.

Other Background Details

  • Education details of candidates: 60(41%) candidates have declared their educational qualifications to be between 5th and 12th standard while 77(53%) candidates have declared having an educational qualification of graduate or above. 7 candidates are Diploma holders. 1 candidate is just literate and 1 candidate has not given his educational details.
  • Age details of candidates: 26(18%) candidates have declared their age to be between 25 to 40 years while 100 (68%) candidates have declared their age to be between 41 to 60 years.  There are 20 (14%) candidates who have declared their age to be between 61 to 80 years.
  • Gender details of candidates: 14(10%) female candidates are contesting in the Sikkim Assembly Elections 2024.  In 2019 Sikkim Assembly Elections, 14(9%) out of 150 candidates analysed were women.

Comparative Analysis of Re-contesting MLAs in the Sikkim Assembly Election 2024

Summary of comparison for re-contesting MLAs

  • Number of re-contesting MLAs: Number of re-contesting MLAs analysed in the Sikkim assembly elections of 2024 is 19.
  • Average Assets in 2019 Elections: The average assets of these re-contesting MLAs fielded by various parties in 2019 was Rs 9.76 Crores.
  • Average Assets in 2024 Elections: The average asset of these 19 re-contesting MLAs in 2024 is Rs 18.38 Crores.
  • Average Asset growth in 5 years (2019-2024): The average asset growth for these 19 re- contesting MLAs, between the Sikkim Assembly Elections of 2019 and 2024 is Rs 8.61 crores.
  • Percentage growth in 5 years (2019-2024): Average percentage growth in assets for these 19 re-contesting MLAs is 88%.

Top 5 Re-contesting MLAs with highest asset increase (Rupees- wise)

The following table provides the assets details of top 5 re-contesting MLAs showing highest increase in assets (Rupee wise):

S.No.

Name

Source of Income (Self)

Source of Income (Spouse)

Party in Sikkim 2024

Party in Sikkim 2019

Constituency in Sikkim 2024

Constituency in Sikkim 2019

Assets in Sikkim 2024 (Rs.)

Assets in Sikkim 2019 (Rs.)

Assets Increase (Rs.)

% Increase

 in Assets

1.

Samdup Lepcha

Salary

Pension

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

LACHEN MANGAN (BL)

LACHEN MANGAN

65,97,35,237  
65 Crore+

23,71,16,263  
23 Crore+

42,26,18,974  
42 Crore+

178%

2.

Sanjeet Kharel

Salay

Nil

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

NAMTHANG-RATEYPANI

NAMTHANG-RATEYPANI

32,97,76,708  
32 Crore+

4,07,63,883  
4 Crore+

28,90,12,825  
28 Crore+

709%

3.

Kunga Nima Lepcha

Salary and Pension

NA

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

SHYARI (BL)

SHYARI

19,20,60,699  
19 Crore+

62,97,797  
62 Lacs+

18,57,62,902  
18 Crore+

2950%

4.

Arun Kumar Upreti

Salary

Salary

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

ARITHANG

ARITHANG

26,06,04,149  
26 Crore+

11,42,34,450  
11 Crore+

14,63,69,699  
14 Crore+

128%

5.

Sonam Tsh. Venchungpa

Salary, Pension, Agriculture

Salary

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

BJP

MARTAM-RUMTEK (BL)

MARTAM-RUMTEK: BYE ELECTION ON 21-10-2019

19,48,92,056  
19 Crore+

7,22,97,353  
7 Crore+

12,25,94,703  
12 Crore+

170%

Table: Top 5 Re-contesting MLAs with highest asset increase (Rupees- wise)


Association for Democratic Reforms/National Election Watch/ Sikkim Election Watch


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