Press Release :Lok Sabha Elections 2024 Phase I : Analysis of Criminal Background, Financial, Education, Gender and other Details of Candidates

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Apr 8, 2024, 3:03:29 AMApr 8
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Press Release
Date: April 08, 2024
Dear Friends,

Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) and The National Election Watch have analysed the self-sworn affidavits of 1618 out of 1625 candidates, who are contesting in the Lok Sabha Elections 2024 Phase I.

 

The full reports in English and Hindi  can be accessed here: https://adrindia.org/content/analysis-criminal-background-financial-education-gender-and-other-details-candidates-lok


Summary and Highlights


image.png

Criminal Background

  • Candidates with Criminal Cases: 252 (16%) out of 1618 candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves.
  • Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: 161 (10%) out of 1618 have declared serious criminal cases against themselves.
  • Candidates with Declared Convicted Cases: 15 candidates have declared cases where they have been convicted.
  • Candidates with cases related to Murder:  7 candidates have declared cases related to murder (IPC Section -302) against themselves.
  • Candidates with cases related to Attempt to Murder: 19 candidates have declared cases related to attempt to murder (IPC Section 307) against themselves.
  • Candidates with cases related to Crime Against Women: 18 candidates have declared cases related to crime against women. Out of 18 Candidates, 1 candidate has declared cases related to rape (IPC Section-376).
  • Candidates with cases related to Hate Speech: 35 candidates have declared cases related to hate speech against themselves.

image.png

Figure: Category Wise Candidates with Declared Criminal Cases

  • Party wise Candidates with Criminal Cases: Among the major parties, 4(100%) out of 4 candidates from RJD, 13(59%) out of 22 candidates from DMK, 3(43%) out of 7 candidates from SP, 2(40%) out of 5 candidates from AITC, 28(36%) out of 77 candidates from BJP, 13(36%) out of 36 candidates from AIADMK, 19(34%) out of 56 candidates from INC and 11 (13%) out of 86 candidates from BSP have declared criminal cases against themselves.

image.png
Figure: Major Party Wise Candidates with Declared Criminal Cases

  • Party wise Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases:  Among the major parties, 2(50%) out of 4 candidates from RJD, 6(27%) out of 22 candidates from DMK, 2(29%) out of 7 candidates from SP, 1(20%) out of 5 candidates from AITC, 14(18%) out of 77 candidates from BJP, 6(17%) out of 36 candidates from AIADMK, 8(14%) out of 56 candidates from INC and 8 (9%) out of 86 candidates from BSP have declared serious criminal cases against themselves.
  • Red Alert Constituencies*:  42(41%) out of 102 constituencies are red alert constituencies in the Lok Sabha elections 2024 phase I. Red alert constituencies are those constituencies where 3 or more contesting candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves.
  • The directions of the Supreme Court have had no effect on the political parties in selection of candidates in the Lok Sabha Elections 2024 Phase 1 as they have again followed their old practice of giving tickets to around 16% candidates with criminal cases.  All major parties contesting in Lok Sabha Elections Phase 1 have given tickets from 13 % to 100 % candidates who have declared criminal cases against themselves. The Supreme Court in its directions dated 13th February, 2020 had specifically instructed political parties to give reasons for such selection and why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected as candidates. As per these mandatory guidelines, the reasons for such selection has to be with reference to qualifications, achievements and merit of the candidate concerned. During the recent 5 State Assembly elections held in 2023, it was observed that political parties gave unfounded and baseless reasons like popularity of the person, does good social work, cases are politically motivated etc. These are not sound and cogent reasons for fielding candidates with tainted backgrounds. This data clearly shows that political parties have no interest in reforming the electoral system and our democracy will continue to suffer at the hands of lawbreakers who become lawmakers.

Financial Background


image.png
Figure: Share of wealth amongst contesting candidates

  • Share of wealth among candidates: The share of wealth amongst the candidates contesting in the Lok Sabha Phase I elections is as follows:

Value of assets (Rs.)

Number of candidates

Percentage of Candidates

Rs.5 cr and above

193

12%

Rs.2 crores to Rs. 5 crores

139

9%

Rs. 50 lakhs to Rs. 2 crores

277

17%

Rs.10 lakhs to Rs. 50 lakhs

436

27%

less than Rs. 10 lakhs

573

35%

Table: Share of wealth amongst contesting candidates

  • Crorepati Candidates: Out of the 1618 candidates, 450 (28%) are Crorepatis.
  • Party wise Crorepati Candidates: Among the major parties 4(100%) out of 4 candidates from RJD, 35(97%) out of 36 candidates from AIADMK, 21(96%) out of 22 candidates from DMK, 69(90%) out of 77 candidates from BJP, 49(88%) out of 56 candidates from INC, 4(80%) out of 5 candidates from AITC and 18 (21%) candidates out of 86 candidates analysed from BSP have declared assets worth more than Rs. 1 crore.

image.png
Figure: Party Wise Percentage of Crorepati Candidates
  • Average assets:  The average asset per candidate contesting in the Lok Sabha phase I election is Rs.4.51 crores.
  • Party wise average assets:  Among major parties, the average assets per candidate for 36 AIADMK candidates is Rs. 35.61 crores, 22 DMK candidates is Rs 31.22 crores, 56 INC candidates have average assets of Rs 27.79 crores, 77 BJP candidates have average assets worth Rs 22.37 crores, 4 RJD candidates have average assets worth Rs 8.93 crores, 7 SP candidates have average assets worth Rs 6.67 crores, and 5 AITC candidates have average assets of Rs 3.72 crores.
  • High assets candidates:  The details of top 3 candidates with highest declared assets, contesting in the Lok Sabha Elections Phase I are given below:

S.No.

Name

State

Constituency

Party

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Nakul Nath

Madhya Pradesh

Chhindwara

INC

6,68,86,18,696

48,07,86,443

7,16,94,05,139
 716 Crore+

Y

2

Ashok Kumar

Tamil Nadu

Erode

AIADMK

5,73,91,87,500

88,55,00,000

6,62,46,87,500
 662 Crore+

Y

3

Dhevanathan Yadav T

Tamil Nadu

Sivaganga

BJP

2,53,67,95,456

51,24,26,224

3,04,92,21,680
 304 Crore+

Y

Table: Top three candidates with highest declared assets

  • Zero Assets Candidates: There are 10 candidates who have declared zero assets.
  • Low assets candidates: The details of three candidates with lowest assets (excluding zero assets candidates) are as follows:

S.No.

Name

State

Constituency

Party

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Ponraj K

Tamil Nadu

Thoothukkudi

IND

320

0

320
 3 Hund+

N

2

Kartik Gendlalji Doke

Maharashtra

Ramtek (SC)

IND

500*

0

500
 5 Hund+

Y

3

Suriyamuthu

Tamil Nadu

Chennai North

IND

500

0

500
 5 Hund+

Y

Table: Candidates with declared lowest assets

* On assets value indicates that the candidate has not provided the total in their affidavits, it has been calculated on the basis of details provided by them in the same

  • Candidates with high liabilities: 722(45%) candidates have declared liabilities in their affidavits. The details of top three candidates with highest liabilities are given below:

S.No.

Name

State

Constituency

Party

Total Assets (Rs)

Liabilities (Rs)

Disputed liabilities (Rs)

PAN Given

1

S Jagathratchakan

Tamil Nadu

Arakkonam

DMK

53,45,87,828
 53 Crore+

6,49,50,00,000
 649 Crore+

0

Y

2

Dhevanathan Yadav T

Tamil Nadu

Sivaganga

BJP

3,04,92,21,680
 304 Crore+

# 98,30,89,939
 98 Crore+

6,40,484
 6 Lacs+

Y

3

Dhanorkar Pratibha Suresh Alias Balubhau

Maharashtra

Chandrapur

INC

80,37,22,094
 80 Crore+

55,23,86,611
 55 Crore+

0

Y

Table: top 3 candidates with high liabilities

# Disputed liabilities

  • Undeclared PAN:  82 candidates have not given PAN details.

S.No.

Name

Party

Constituency

State

Total Asset (Rs)

Self-Source of Income

Spouse's Source of Income

The financial year for which the last income tax return has been filed by candidate

Total income shown by candidate in ITR (Self+Spouse+Dependent) (Rs)

Self-income shown by candidate in ITR (Rs)

1

Nabam Tuki

INC

Arunachal West

Arunachal Pradesh

62,10,25,404

 62 Crore+

Salary, Rental Income

Salary, Business, Rental and Interest Income

2022-2023

13,22,26,687 

 13 Crore+

0

2

Nakul Nath

INC

Chhindwara

Madhya Pradesh

7,16,94,05,139 

716 Crore+

Salary, Interest and House Rent

Salary and Interest

2022-2023

12,29,70,743

  12 Crore+

7,89,90,338  

7 Crore+

3

Dm Kathir Anand

DMK

Vellore

Tamil Nadu

88,80,19,643 

88 Crore+

Business & Properties income

Business & Properties income

2022-2023

11,99,60,290

  11 Crore+

6,94,17,510  

6 Crore+

Table: Top 3 Candidates with highest income declared in ITR

*Some Candidates may be exempted from filing ITR

** As per section 10 (26) of IT Act 1961, a member of ST residing in specific area of in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura or Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir is exempt from paying IT.

Other Background Details

  • Education details of candidates: 639(39%) candidates have declared their educational qualifications to be between 5th and 12th standard while 836(52%) candidates have declared having an educational qualification of graduate or above. 77 candidates are Diploma holders. 36 candidates have declared themselves to be just literate and 26 candidates are Illiterates. 4 candidates have not given their educational qualification.
  • Age details of candidates: 505(31%) candidates have declared their age to be between 25 to 40 years while 849 (52%) candidates have declared their age to be between 41 to 60 years.  There are 260(16%) candidates who have declared their age to be between 61 to 80 years. 4 candidates have declared their age to be above 80 years.
  • Gender details of candidates: 135(8%) female candidates are contesting in the Lok Sabha Phase I elections. 

Recommendations of ADR
  • To remedy the existing problem of criminalization is to immediately act upon the plausible solutions offered by various committees, civil society and citizens. The Supreme Court of India being the ultimate custodian of “Justice and Rule of Law” should reprimand political parties and politicians for their complete lack of will, reprehensible predilection and absence of required laws. 
  • Permanent disqualification of candidates convicted for heinous crimes like murder, rape, smuggling, dacoity, kidnapping etc.
  • Disqualification of persons from contesting elections to the public offices against whom charges have been framed for having committed serious criminal offences punishable by imprisonment of at least 5 years, and the case is filed at least 6 months prior to the election in question.
  • Cancellation of tax exemptions given to the political parties who field such tainted candidates.
  • Bringing political parties under the Right to Information Act.  
  • De-register and de-recognise any political party if it knowingly puts up a candidate with a tainted background.
  • Political parties should annually file the information on criminal antecedents of their Office Bearers and make such records available to the public, including NIL records.
  • Disqualification of candidates furnishing false information in the election affidavit (Form 26).  
  • Ensure trial of cases in which the politicians are accused to be concluded in a time bound manner.
  • Implementation of SC judgment dated 23rd September, 2013 (i.e provision of NOTA buttons on the EVMs) in its letter and spirit by ensuring a) if NOTA gets more votes than any of the candidates, none of the candidates should be declared elected, and a fresh election should be held; b) in the fresh election, none of the candidates in the earlier election, in which NOTA got the highest number of votes, should be allowed to contest.
  • Implementation of the 25th September, 2018 and 13th February, 2020 SC orders on 'publication of criminal cases against candidates selected by political parties along with reasons for such selection' in its letter and spirit by directing the Election Commission of India ato list out names of such tainted candidates selected by the political parties along with such reasons for such selection C8 including diligent publication of reasons in newspapers, T.V channels, party website etc, b) strict and constant reminders by ROs to the defaulters, c) list needs to be religiously prepared and submitted to the Supreme Court after every election, d) uploading of this list on ECI’s website for public inspection, e) a suitably heavy financial penalty levied on political parties for making insufficient disclosures, invalid and common reasons, selection of candidates based on winnability and f) Officer in-charge of a political party pertaining to submission of a compliance report should also be held accountable for such a breach. 
  • The Election Commission of India and all State Election Commissions should make it mandatory in all elections; Parliamentary, Assembly and Local Body elections to carry display boards outside each and every polling booth showing a summarised version of candidates’ affidavits. The polling booths should essentially display details of candidate’s criminal records, assets and liabilities and education qualification.  
  • The Election Commission of India under its ‘Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation’ (SVEEP) as well as through other national campaigns on voter awareness held before every election should inform and aware the voters that (i) taking and giving cash or gifts/freebies for votes is a criminal offense, (ii) such instances should be brought to the notice of the ECI through its web application, (iii) inform voters that information on criminal records of candidates is available on the ECI website, outside polling booths and other sources that the ECI may use.
  • Political parties in India should be required to announce/publish the list of candidates contesting elections at least 3 months prior to elections.
  • Role of money and muscle power is evident from the fact that all major political parties in Lok Sabha Elections 2024 Phase 1 have fielded 21% to 100% candidates who are crorepatis and 13% to 100 % candidates who have declared criminal cases against themselves. This close and alarming nexus between money power and muscle power has got so ingrained in our electoral system that the citizens are left hostage to the current situation.  Money and muscle power hurt the principles of 'free and fair elections', 'participatory democracy' and 'level playing field'.  The present circumstances therefore demand an extensive deliberation by the voters so that sanctity of elections is not ridiculed by tenacious entry of tainted candidates and candidates with abnormal multiplication of assets.

Contact Details

 

Association for Democratic Reforms/National Election Watch


Media and Journalist Helpline

 

+91 80103 94248

Email: a...@adrindia.org

Maj.Gen. Anil Verma (Retd)

Head

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

011 4165 4200,

a...@adrIndia.org,

anil...@adrindia.org

 

Prof Jagdeep Chhokar

IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)

Founder Member,

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

jchh...@gmail.com

Prof Trilochan Sastry

IIM Bangalore

Founder Member,

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

tsa...@gmail.com


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