Press release: Odisha Assembly Elections 2024: Consolidated Analysis of Criminal Background, Financial, Education, Gender and other details of Candidates - Phase 1 to 4

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May 27, 2024, 3:16:57 AMMay 27
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Press Release
Date: May 27, 2024
Dear Friends,

The Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) and Odisha Election Watch have analysed the self-sworn affidavits of 1283 out of 1285 candidates, who are contesting in the Odisha 2024 Assembly Elections Phase I to IV. Out of 1285 contesting candidates, 428 are from National parties, 207 are from State parties, 223 are from registered unrecognized parties and 425 candidates are contesting Independently.


This report also includes Analysis of Assets Comparison of Re-Contesting MLAs in the Odisha Assembly Election 2024

Summary and Highlights


image.png

Party 

Total Contesting Candidates

Total Number of Analysed Candidates

Candidates with declared Criminal Cases

% of candidates with declared criminal cases

Candidates with declared serious criminal cases

% of candidates with declared serious criminal cases

No. of Crorepatis

Percentage of Crorepati Candidates

National Parties

428

428

173

40%

139

32%

200

47%

State Parties

207

207

58

28%

44

21%

136

66%

Registered Unrecognized Party

225

223

25

11%

21

9%

8

4%

Independent

425

425

92

22%

88

21%

68

16%

Total

1285

1283

348

27%

292

23%

412

32%

Table: Party Category Wise Details

image.png

Phase Wise Summary of Candidates

Phase

No. of contesting candidates

No. of Candidates analysed

No. of Constituencies

No. of Candidates with Criminal Cases

% of Candidates with Criminal Cases

No. of Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases

% of Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases

No. of Crorepati Candidates

% of Crorepati Candidates

Average Assets                  (Rs. In crores)

Date of Poll

1

243

243

28

65

27%

48

20%

70

29%

1.21 

13th May, 2024

2

265

265

35

87

33%

70

26%

95

36%

3.98 

20th May, 2024

3

383

381

42

100

26%

86

23%

126

33%

3.47 

25th May, 2024

4

394

394

42

96

24%

88

22%

121

31%

2.62 

01th June, 2024

Total

1285

1283

147

348

27%

292

23%

412

32%

 2.89

-

 Table: Phase wise summary of candidates

Criminal Background    
  • Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of the 1283 candidates analysed in Odisha Assembly elections 2024, 348(27%) candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves. In 2019 Odisha Assembly Elections, out of 1121 candidates analysed, 332(30%) had declared criminal cases against themselves.

  • Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: 292(23%) have declared serious criminal cases. In 2019 Odisha Assembly Elections, 257 (23%) candidates had declared serious criminal cases against themselves.
image.png

Figure: Comparative analysis of Candidates with declared Criminal Cases: 2019 vs 2024

  • Party wise Candidates with Criminal Cases: Among the major parties,100(68%) out of 147 candidates analysed from BJP, 60(41%) out of 145 candidates analysed from INC, 46 (31%) out of 147 candidates analysed from BJD and 7 (17%) out of 41 candidates analysed from AAP have declared criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.
  • Party wise Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: Among the major parties,85(58%) out of 147 candidates analysed from BJP, 44(30%) out of 145 candidates analysed from INC, 33 (22%) out of 147 candidates analysed from BJD and 5 (12%) out of 41 candidates analysed from AAP have declared serious criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.

image.png
Figure: Party Wise Percentage of Candidates with Criminal Cases

Party

Odisha Assembly 2019

Odisha Assembly 2024

Number of Candidates Analysed

Number of candidates with Declared Criminal Cases

Percentage of candidates with Declared Criminal Cases

Number of Candidates Analysed

Number of candidates with Declared Criminal Cases

Percentage of candidates with Declared Criminal Cases

BJP

145

86

59%

147

100

68%

INC

139

64

46%

145

60

41%

BJD

146

58

40%

147

46

31%

AAP

15

4

27%

41

7

17%

Independent

298

67

23%

425

92

22%

Table: Party Wise Candidates with Declared Criminal Cases: 2019 vs 2024

image.png
Figure: Party Wise Percentage of Candidates with Declared Criminal Cases: 2019 vs 2024

  • Candidates with declared cases related to crime against women: 66 candidates have declared cases related to crime against women. Out of 66 candidates 4 candidates have declared charges related to rape (IPC Section-376).
  • Candidates with declared cases related to murder: 10 candidates have declared cases related to murder (IPC Section -302) against themselves.
  • Candidates with declared cases related to attempt to murder: 70 candidates have declared cases related to attempt to murder (IPC Section 307) against themselves.
  • Candidates with cases related to Hate Speech: 5 candidates have declared cases related to hate speech against themselves.
  • Red Alert Constituencies*: 59(40%) out of 147 constituencies are red alert constituencies. Red alert constituencies are those where 3 or more contesting candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves. 59 (40%) constituencies in the Odisha assembly elections 2019 had 3 or more candidates with declared criminal cases.
  • The directions of the Supreme Court have had no effect on the political parties in selection of candidates in the Odisha Assembly Elections 2024 as they have again followed their old practice of giving tickets to around 27% candidates with criminal cases.  All major parties contesting in Odisha elections have given tickets from 17% to 68% candidates who have declared criminal cases against themselves. The Supreme Court in its directions dated 13th February, 2020 had specifically instructed political parties to give reasons for such selection and why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected as candidates. As per these mandatory guidelines, the reasons for such selection has to be with reference to qualifications, achievements and merit of the candidate concerned. During the recent 5 State Assembly elections held in 2023, it was observed that political parties gave unfounded and baseless reasons like popularity of the person, does good social work, cases are politically motivated etc. These are not sound and cogent reasons for fielding candidates with tainted backgrounds. This data clearly shows that political parties have no interest in reforming the electoral system and our democracy will continue to suffer at the hands of lawbreakers who become lawmakers. 

Financial Background

image.png
Figure: Share of Wealth among the Contesting Candidates 

  • Share of wealth among candidates: The share of wealth amongst the candidates contesting in the Odisha assembly elections 2024 is as follows:

Value of assets (Rs.)

Number of candidates

Percentage of Candidates

5 crores and above

130

10%

2 crores to 5 crores

132

10%

50 lakhs to 2 crores

304

24%

10 lakhs to 50 lakhs

283

22%

less than 10 lakhs

434

34%

Table: Share of wealth amongst contesting candidates
  • Crorepati Candidates: Out of the 1283 candidates analysed, 412(32%) are crorepatis. In 2019 Odisha Assembly Elections, out of 1121 candidates, 304(27%) were crorepatis.
image.pngFigure: Comparative Analysis of Crorepati Candidates: 2019 Vs 2024

  • Party wise Crorepati Candidates: The role of money power in our elections is evident from the fact that all major political parties give tickets to wealthy candidates. Among the major parties 128(87%) out of 147 candidates analysed from BJD, 96(65%) out of 147 candidates analysed from BJP, 88(61%) out of 145 candidates analysed from INC and 11(27%) out of 41 candidates analysed from AAP have declared assets valued more than Rs 1 crore.

image.png
Figure: Party Wise Percentage of Crorepati Candidates

Party

Odisha Assembly 2019

Odisha Assembly 2024

Number of Candidates Analysed

Number of Crorepati Candidates

Percentage of Crorepati Candidates

Number of Candidates Analysed

Number of Crorepati Candidates

Percentage of Crorepati Candidates

BJD

146

97

66%

147

128

87%

BJP

145

75

52%

147

96

65%

INC

139

73

53%

145

88

61%

AAP

15

4

27%

41

11

27%

Independent

298

41

14%

425

68

16%

Table: Party Wise Crorepati Candidates: 2019 vs 2024

image.png

Figure: Party Wise Percentage of Crorepati Candidates: 2019 vs 2024

  • Average assets: The average of assets per candidate contesting in the Odisha Assembly Elections 2024 is Rs 2.89 Crore. In 2019 Odisha Assembly Elections, average assets per candidate for 1121 Candidates was Rs. 1.69 crore.
  • Party wise average assets: Among major parties, the average assets per candidate for 145 INC candidates analysed is Rs. 3.95 Crores, 147 BJP candidates analysed is Rs 6.54 Crores, 147 BJD candidates have average assets of Rs 10.24 Crores and 41 AAP candidates have average assets worth Rs 1.30 Crores.

  • High asset candidates: The details of top 3 candidates with highest declared assets, contesting in the Odisha Assembly Elections 2024 are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Dilip Kumar Ray

Sundargarh

Rourkela

BJP

2,60,03,34,845

53,50,00,000

3,13,53,34,845
 313 Crore+

Y

2

Sanatan Mahakud

Keonjhar

Champua

BJD

1,86,76,12,601

40,91,50,000

2,27,67,62,601
 227 Crore+

Y

3

Subasini Jena

Balasore

Basta

BJD

47,52,75,534

87,65,11,950

1,35,17,87,484
 135 Crore+

Y

Table: Top three candidates with highest declared assets 

  • Zero assets candidates: There are 5 candidates who have declared zero assets. The details of these candidates are given below:  

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Ramesh Kumar Mahanand

Kalahandi

Bhawanipatna (SC)

IND

0

0

0

Y

2

Purna Chandra Majhi

Rayagada

Rayagada (ST)

BSP

0

0

0

Y

3

Sohan Sipka

Bolangir

Kantabanji

IND

0

0

0

Y

4

Sanjay Kumar Das

Bhadrak

Dhamnagar (SC)

IND

0

0

0

Y

5

Gopal Krushna Mohanty

Jajpur

Korei

Ambedkarite Party of India

0

0

0

Y

Table: Candidates with declared zero assets 

  • Low assets candidates: The details of three candidates with lowest assets (excluding zero assets candidates) are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Benudhar Mohapatra

Mayurbhanj

Udala (ST)

IND

645

0

645
 6 Hund+

Y

2

Ramesh Jani

Koraput

Lakshmipur (ST)

Republican Party of India (A)

1,000

0

1,000
 1 Thou+

Y

3

Kailash Chandra Nayak

Cuttack

Baramba

Samruddha Odisha

1,000*

0

1,000
 1 Thou+

Y

Table: Candidates with declared lowest assets

* On assets value indicates that the candidate has not provided the total in their affidavits, it has been calculated on the basis of details provided by them in the same

  • Candidates with high liabilities: 677(53%) candidates have declared liabilities in their affidavits. The details of top three candidates with highest liabilities are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Total Assets (Rs)

Liabilities (Rs)

Disputed liabilities (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Soumya Ranjan Patnaik

Keonjhar

Ghasipura

IND

1,22,86,15,647
 122 Crore+

1,06,21,42,653
 106 Crore+

0

Y

2

Subasini Jena

Balasore

Basta

BJD

1,35,17,87,484
 135 Crore+

29,24,46,695
 29 Crore+

59,30,866
 59 Lacs+

Y

3

Niranjan Patnaik

Bhadrak

Bhandaripokhari

INC

86,58,03,946
 86 Crore+

20,76,00,000
 20 Crore+

0

Y

 Table: Top three candidates with highest liabilities 

  • Candidates with high income as declared in the ITR*: The details of top 3 candidates with high income declared in ITR are given below:

S.No.

Name

Party Name

Constituency

District Name

Total Assets (Rs)

Self Source of Income

Spouse's Source of Income

The financial year for which the last income tax return has been filed by candidate

Total income shown by candidate in ITR (Self+Spouse+Dependent) (Rs)

Self income shown by candidate in ITR (Rs)

1

Dipali Das

BJD

Jharsuguda

Jharsuguda

37,35,12,460  

37 Crore+

Salary & Allowances for State Govt

NIL

2022-2023

6,45,33,080  

6 Crore+

76,49,880  

76 Lacs+

2

Purna Chandra Mahapatra

BJP

Barabati-Cuttack

Cuttack

39,34,46,147  

39 Crore+

House Rent, Profession & Bank Interest

Salary, House Rent, Business & Profession & Bank Interest

2022-2023

5,05,04,680  

5 Crore+

1,55,49,840  

1 Crore+

3

Subasini Jena

BJD

Basta

Balasore

1,35,17,87,484  

135 Crore+

Business Receipts, Rental Income & Salary

Business Receipts, Rental Income & Pension

2022-2023

3,62,72,174  

3 Crore+

89,74,360  

89 Lacs+

 Table: Top 3 candidates with highest income as declared in ITR

  • Undeclared PAN:  A total of 55(4%) candidates have not declared their PAN details.

Other Background Details
  • Education details of candidates: 566(44%) candidates have declared their educational qualifications to be between 5th and 12th standard while 652(51%) candidates have declared having an educational qualification of graduate or above. 51 candidates are Diploma holders. 12 candidates have declared themselves to be just literate and 2 candidates are Illiterates.
  • Age details of candidates: 333(26%) candidates have declared their age to be between 25 to 40 years while 760 (59%) candidates have declared their age to be between 41 to 60 years.  There are 188 (15%) candidates who have declared their age to be between 61 to 80 years and 2 candidates have declared their age are more than 80 years old.
  • Gender details of candidates: 178(14%) female candidates are contesting in the Odisha Assembly Elections 2024. In 2019 Odisha Assembly Elections, 112(10%) out of 1121 candidates analysed were women.
Analysis of Assets Comparison of Re-Contesting MLAs

  • Number of re-contesting MLAs: Number of re-contesting MLAs analysed in the Odisha assembly elections of 2024 is 103.
  • Average Assets in 2019 Elections: The average assets of these 103 re-contesting MLAs fielded by various parties including independents in 2019 was Rs 4.51 Crores.
  • Average Assets in 2024 Elections: The average asset of these 103 re-contesting MLAs in 2024 is Rs 7.80 Crores.
  • Average Asset growth in 5 years (2019-2024): The average asset growth for these 103 re- contesting MLAs, between the Odisha Assembly Elections of 2019 and 2024 is Rs 3.29 Crores.
  • Percentage growth in 5 years (2019-2024): Average percentage growth in assets for these 103 re-contesting MLAs is 73%.

Comparative analysis of party wise average assets of re-contesting MLAs in 2019 and 2024

S.No.

Party in Odisha

Assembly 2024

Total Number of MLAs

Average Assets in Odisha Assembly 2024

(In Rs.)

Average Assets in Odisha Assembly 2019

(In Rs.)

Average Assets Increase

(In Rs.)

Average
% Increase in Assets

1.

BJD

74

8,25,27,943  
8 Crore+

5,35,80,200   
5 Crore+

2,89,47,743  
2 Crore+

54.03%

2.

BJP

21

2,31,23,129  
2 Crore+

1,32,40,390   
1 Crore+

98,82,739  
98 Lacs+

74.64%

3.

INC

5

3,63,78,925  
3 Crore+

1,63,78,588   
1 Crore+

2,00,00,337  
2 Crore+

122.11%

4.

IND

2

62,88,51,873  
62 Crore+

16,15,48,473   
16 Crore+

46,73,03,400  
46 Crore+

289.27%

5.

CPI(M)

1

1,11,66,459  
1 Crore+

30,17,671   
30 Lacs+

81,48,788  
81 Lacs+

270.04%

GRAND TOTAL

103

7,80,91,439.63  
7 Crore+

4,51,55,247.85  
4 Crore+

3,29,36,191.77  
3 Crore+

73%

Table: Average asset increase of re-contesting MLAs - party wise

Recommendations of ADR

  • To remedy the existing problem of criminalization is to immediately act upon the plausible solutions offered by various committees, civil society and citizens. Supreme Court of India being the ultimate custodian of “Justice and Rule of Law” should reprimand political parties and politicians for their complete lack of will, reprehensible predilection and absence of required laws. 
  • Permanent disqualification of candidates convicted for heinous crimes like murder, rape, smuggling, dacoity, kidnapping etc.
  • Disqualification of persons from contesting elections to the public offices against whom charges have been framed for having committed serious criminal offences punishable by imprisonment of at least 5 years, and the case is filed at least 6 months prior to the election in question.
  • Cancellation of tax exemptions given to the political parties who field such tainted candidates.
  • Bringing political parties under the Right to Information Act.  
  • De-register and de-recognise any political party if it knowingly fields a candidate with a tainted background.
  • Political parties should annually file the information on criminal antecedents of their Office Bearers and make such records available to the public, including NIL records.
  • Disqualification of candidates furnishing false information in the election affidavit (Form 26).  
  • Ensure trial of cases in which the politicians are accused to be concluded in a time bound manner.
  • Implementation of SC judgment dated 23rd September, 2013 (i.e provision of NOTA buttons on the EVMs) in its letter and spirit by ensuring a) if NOTA gets more votes than any of the candidates, none of the candidates should be declared elected, and a fresh election should be held; b) in the fresh election, none of the candidates in the earlier election, in which NOTA got the highest number of votes, should be allowed to contest.
  • Implementation of the 25th September, 2018 and 13th February, 2020 SC orders on 'publication of criminal cases against candidates selected by political parties along with reasons for such selection' in its letter and spirit by directing the Election Commission of India ato list out names of such tainted candidates selected by the political parties along with such reasons for such selection C8 including diligent publication of reasons in newspapers, T.V channels, party website etc, b) strict and constant reminders by ROs to the defaulters, c) list needs to be religiously prepared and submitted to the Supreme Court after every election, d) uploading of this list on ECI’s website for public inspection, e) a suitably heavy financial penalty levied on political parties for making insufficient disclosures, invalid and common reasons, selection of candidates based on winnability and f) Officer in-charge of a political party pertaining to submission of a compliance report should also be held accountable for such a breach. 
  • The Election Commission of India and all State Election Commissions should make it mandatory in all elections; Parliamentary, Assembly and Local Body elections to carry display boards outside each and every polling booth showing a summarised version of candidates’ affidavits. The polling booths should essentially display details of candidate’s criminal records, assets and liabilities and education qualification.  
  • The Election Commission of India under its ‘Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation’ (SVEEP) as well as through other national campaigns on voter awareness held before every election should inform and aware the voters that (i) taking and giving cash or gifts/freebies for votes is a criminal offense, (ii) such instances should be brought to the notice of the ECI through its web application, (iii) inform voters that information on criminal records of candidates is available on the ECI website, outside polling booths and other sources that the ECI may use.
  • Political parties in India should be required to announce/publish the list of candidates contesting elections at least 3 months prior to elections.
  • Role of money and muscle power is evident from the fact that all major political parties in Odisha Assembly Elections 2024 have fielded 27% to 87% candidates who are crorepatis and 17% to 68 % candidates who have declared criminal cases against themselves. This close and alarming nexus between money power and muscle power has got so ingrained in our electoral system that the citizens are left hostage to the current situation.  Money and muscle power hurt the principles of 'free and fair elections', 'participatory democracy' and 'level playing field'.  The present circumstances therefore demand an extensive deliberation by the voters so that sanctity of elections is not ridiculed by tenacious entry of tainted candidates and candidates with abnormal multiplication of assets.

Contact Details

Odisha Election Watch


 

 

Association for Democratic Reforms/National Election Watch

 

Media and Journalist Helpline

 

+91 80103 94248

Email: a...@adrindia.org

Maj.Gen. Anil Verma (Retd)

Head

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

011 4165 4200,

a...@adrIndia.org,

anil...@adrindia.org

 

Prof Jagdeep Chhokar

IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)

Founder Member,

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

jchh...@gmail.com

Prof Trilochan Sastry

IIM Bangalore

Founder Member,

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

tsa...@gmail.com


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