Press Release: Analysis of Election Expenditure statements of MLAs from the Manipur Assembly Elections 2022

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May 9, 2022, 3:37:36 AMMay 9
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Press Release 
                                                                                                                Date: May 9, 2022
 
Dear Friends, 

According to Section 78 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, every contesting candidate has to lodge a true copy of his election expenses within 30 days from the date of declaration of result of election, with the District Election Officer in all States and Union Territories. Manipur Election Watch and Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) have analysed all 60 election expenditure statements submitted after the Manipur Assembly Election 2022 for newly elected MLAs. The expenditure limit for the MLAs during the Manipur Assembly elections was Rs. 28 lakhs. These election expense documents include details of expenses on public meetings and processions, campaigning through electronic and print media, expense on campaign workers, expense on vehicles used and expense on campaign materials.

The full reports in English and Hindi can be accessed here: https://adrindia.org/content/manipur-assembly-elections-2022-analysis-election-expenditure-statements-mlas


Recommendations:

  1. Each Winner is required to file his election expenditure statement within 30 days of the results of the elections, the deadline in case of the Manipur Assembly Elections being the 11th April 2022. However, it was observed that the election expenditure statements of the Winners were not uploaded on the CEO/DEO’s website till significantly after the deadline. It is recommended that the Abstract Expenditure Statement (Annexure E2) of the MLAs is uploaded on the website of the CEO within 72 hours of the receipt of the statement.

  2. The deadline for filing an election petition against any Winner is 45 days after the declaration of the results. Generally, MLAs submit their election expenditure statements towards the end of the 30 days given for submission of the statements. This leaves 15 days for any common citizen to file an election petition against any Winner. The deadline for filing an election petition should be increased in order to give the citizens time to scrutinize the election expenditure statements of the MLAs and gather the relevant documents/proof etc. for the election petition.

  3. As has been instated in the filing of affidavits during the elections, the MLAs should not be allowed to keep any field blank on the Abstract Election Expenditure statement (Annexure E2) and Schedule 1 to 10. The statements must be filled in a legible format and overwriting of amounts in the statement should be discouraged. 

Summary and Highlights of Election Expenses of MLAs from the Manipur Assembly 2022 Elections


1.      Less than 50% of the Limit:  Out of 60 MLAs analysed, 32 (53%)  MLAs have declared election expenses less than 50% of the expense limit in their constituency.

2.      Average Election Expenses: Based on the election expense declarations of 60 MLAs from Manipur Assembly, the average amount of money spent by them in the elections is Rs 13.04 lakhs, which is 47% of the expense limit.

3.      Party-wise Average Election Expenses: The party wise average election expenses shows that the average spending for 32 MLAs from BJP is Rs.14.57 lakhs (52.1% of the expense limit). For 5 MLAs from INC, the average election expenditure is Rs.15.81 lakhs (56.5% of the expense limit), the average election expenditure for 6 MLAs from JD (U) is Rs.12.95 lakhs (46.3% of the expense limit), the average election expenditure for 5 MLAs from NPF is Rs.10.77 lakhs (38.5% of the expense limit), the average election expenditure for 7 MLAs from NPP is Rs.8.18 lakhs (29.2% of the expense limit), the average election expenditure for 2 MLAs from Kuki Peoples Alliance is Rs.13.23 lakhs (47.3% of the expense limit) and 3 Independent MLAs have spent Rs.7.26 lakhs (26% of the expense limit).

image.png

Figure: Party-wise Average Election Expenses (Rs.in lakhs)

    4.      Top 3 MLAs with highest Election Expenses: The details of top 3 MLAs who have declared highest election expenses are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party

Expense Limit (Rs.)

Total expenses 
incurred (Rs.)

% of limit reached

1

Sorokhaibam Rajen Singh

Imphal West

Lamsang

BJP

28,00,000
 28 Lacs+

22,14,206
 22 Lacs+

79%

 

2

Keisham Meghachandra Singh

Thoubal

Wangkhem

INC

28,00,000
 28 Lacs+

20,57,510
 20 Lacs+

73%

 

3

Okram Ibobi Singh

Thoubal

Thoubal

INC

28,00,000
 28 Lacs+

20,55,918
 20 Lacs+

73%

 

Table: Top 3 MLAs with highest election expenditure
                               

  5.      MLAs with lowest Election Expenses:   The details of 3 MLAs who have declared lowest election expenses are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party

Expense Limit (Rs.)

Total expenses 
incurred (Rs.)

% of limit reached

1

Dr. Yumnam Radheshyam Singh

Thoubal

Hiyanglam

BJP

28,00,000
 28 Lacs+

3,94,624
 3 Lacs+

14%

2

Janghemlung Panmei

Tamenglong

Tamenglong (St)

NPP

28,00,000
 28 Lacs+

4,80,757
 4 Lacs+

17%

3

Sheikh Noorul Hassan

Imphal East

Khetrigao

NPP

28,00,000
 28 Lacs+

6,03,340
 6 Lacs+

22%

Table: 3 MLAs with lowest election expenditure

6.      Expense on Public Meeting, Rally, and Processions with Star Campaigners: Out of the 60 MLAs analyzed, 32(53%) MLAs have declared that they have spent funds on public meetings, processions etc. with star campaigners and 28(47%) MLAs have declared that they have not spent any funds on public meetings, processions etc. with star campaigners.

 

7.      Expense on Public Meeting, Rally, and Processions without Star Campaigners: Out of the 60 MLAs analyzed, 57 (95%) MLAs have declared that they have spent funds on public meetings, processions etc. without star campaigners and 3(5%) MLAs have declared that they have not spent any funds on public meetings, processions etc. without star campaigners.


8.      Expense on Campaigning through electronic/print media: 14(23%) MLAs have declared that they have spent funds on campaigning through electronic/print media and 46 (77%) MLAs have declared that they have not spent any funds on campaigning through electronic/print media.


9.      Expense on Campaign Workers: 46(77%) MLAs have declared that they have spent funds on campaign workers and 14 (23%) MLAs have declared that they have not spent any funds on campaign workers.

10.      Expense on Campaign Materials: 50(83%) MLAs have declared that they have spent funds on campaign materials and 10 (17%) MLAs have declared that they have not spent any funds on campaign materials.

11.       Expense on Campaign Vehicles: All 60(100%) MLAs have declared that they have spent funds on campaign vehicles.

12.      Expense on Publishing of Declaration Regarding Criminal Cases: 15(25%) MLAs have declared that they have spent funds on publishing of declarations regarding criminal cases and 45(75%) MLAs have declared that they have not spent funds on publishing of declarations regarding criminal cases.

image.png
Figure: Break Down of Elections Expenses Incurred by MLAs

 

Summary and Highlights of Funds Raised by MLAs in the Manipur Assembly 2022 Elections


image.png
Figure: Percentage Break-down of  Funds Raised by MLAs

1.       Percentage break-down of funds received by MLAs: Out of the total funds received by MLAs, 58% funds were raised from political parties, 26% were raised by MLAs themselves and 16% funds were raised from other sources.

2.       MLAs Who Raised Funds from Political Parties: Out of the 60 MLAs analyzed, 41 (68%) MLAs have declared that they have received funds from political parties and 19 (32%) MLAs have declared that they have not received any funds from political parties.

3.       MLAs Who Raised Funds through any person/ company/ firm/ associations/ body of persons etc as loan, gift or donation etc: Out of the 60 MLAs analyzed, 36 (60%) MLAs have declared that they have received funds from any person/ company/ firm/ associations/ body of persons etc as loan, gift or donation etc. and 24 (40%) MLAs have declared that they have not received any funds from any person/ company/ firm/ associations/ body of persons etc as loan, gift or donation etc.

4.       Self-funds used for election campaign: Out of the 60 MLAs analyzed, 58 (97%) MLAs have declared that they have used their own funds for their election campaign and 2(3%) MLAs have declared that they have not used any of their own funds for their election campaign

5.       Average funds raised from Political Parties (Party-wise): On an average a MLA from INC raised 89.50% and on an average a MLA from BJP raised 73.56% of his/her election expense funds from the political party.

6.       Average funds raised through any person/company/firm/associations/body of persons etc as loan, gift or donation etc (Party-wise): On an average a MLA from JD(U) raised 57.41% of his/her election expense funds from any person/company/firm/associations/body of persons etc. as loan, gift or donation. Similarly, a MLA from NPF raised on an average 40.78% of their expense funds from any person/ company/ firm/ associations/ body of persons etc. as loan, gift or donation. 


Contact Details

Manipur Election Watch

Babloo Loitongbam

State Coordinator
+91-9862008838
bloit...@gmail.com

 

 

Association for Democratic Reforms/National Election Watch/ Manipur Election Watch

Media and Journalist Helpline

 

+91 80103 94248

Email: a...@adrindia.org

Maj.Gen. Anil Verma (Retd)

Head

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

011 4165 4200,

+91 88264 79910

a...@adrIndia.org,

anil...@adrindia.org

Prof Jagdeep Chhokar

IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)

Founder Member,

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

jchh...@gmail.com

Prof Trilochan Sastry

IIM Bangalore

Founder Member,

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

+91 94483 53285

tsa...@gmail.com


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