Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections 2022 Phase III: Analysis of Criminal Background, Financial, Education, Gender and other Details of Candidates

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Feb 15, 2022, 4:45:39 AMFeb 15
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Press Release
15th February, 2022
Dear Friends, 
The Uttar Pradesh Election Watch and Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) have analysed the self-sworn affidavits of 623 candidates out of 627, who are contesting in the Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections Phase III.

 

Uttar Pradesh Election Watch and ADR have not analysed 4 candidates as their affidavits were either badly scanned or complete affidavits were not uploaded on the ECI website. The details of these candidates are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party

1

Kailash Lodhi

Etah

Aliganj

Jan Adhikar Party

2

Naveen Verma

Auraiya

Bidhuna

Independent

3

Rais Ahmad

Jalaun

Kalpi

Rashtriya Viklang Party

4

Kamlesh Kumar

Kasganj

Patiyali

Moulik Adhikar Party

Table: List of Candidates not analysed


Summary and Highlights

image.png

Criminal Background

  • Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of 623 candidates analyzed, 135 (22%) candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves.
  • Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: 103(17%) have declared serious criminal cases against themselves. 

image.png
Figure: Party Wise Percentage of Candidates with Criminal Cases
  • Party wise Candidates with Criminal Cases: Among the major parties,30(52%) out of 58 candidates analysed from SP, 25(46%) out of 55 candidates analysed from BJP, 23 (39%) out of 59 candidates analysed from BSP, 20 (36%) out of 56 candidates analysed from INC and 11 (22%) out of 49 candidates analysed from AAP have declared criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.
  • Party wise Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: Among the major parties,21(36%) out of 58 candidates analysed from SP, 20(36%) out of 55 candidates analysed from BJP, 18(31%) out of 59 candidates analysed from BSP, 10(18%) out of 56 candidates analysed from INC and 11 (22%) out of 49 candidates analysed from AAP have declared serious criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.
  • Candidates with declared cases related to crime against women: 11 candidates have declared cases related to crime against women. Out of 11 candidates 2 candidates have declared cases related to rape (IPC Section-376).
  • Candidates with declared cases related to murder: 2 candidates have declared cases related to murder (IPC Section-302) against themselves.
  • Candidates with declared cases related to attempt to murder: 18 candidates have declared cases related to Attempt to murder (IPC Section-307) against themselves.
  • Red Alert Constituencies*: 26(44%) out of 59 constituencies are Red alert constituencies. Red alert constituencies are those where 3 or more contesting candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves. 
  • The directions of the Supreme Court have had no effect on the political parties in selection of candidates in Phase III of the Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections as they have again followed their old practice of giving tickets to around 22% candidates with criminal cases.  All major parties contesting in Uttar Pradesh phase III elections have given tickets to 22 % to 52 % candidates who have declared criminal cases against themselves. The Supreme Court in its directions dated 13th February, 2020 had specifically instructed political parties to give reasons for such selection and why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected as candidates. As per these mandatory guidelines, the reasons for such selection has to be with reference to qualifications, achievements and merit of the candidate concerned. During the recent 6 State Assembly elections held in 2020-21, it was observed that political parties gave unfounded and baseless reasons like popularity of the person, does good social work, cases are politically motivated etc. These are not sound and cogent reasons for fielding candidates with tainted backgrounds. This data clearly shows that political parties have no interest in reforming the electoral system and our democracy will continue to suffer at the hands of lawbreakers who become lawmakers.

Financial Background

image.png
Figure: Share of Wealth among the Contesting Candidates
  • Share of wealth among candidates: The share of wealth amongst the candidates contesting in the Uttar Pradesh assembly elections 2022 phase III is as follows:

Value of assets (Rs.)

Number of candidates

Percentage of Candidates

5 crores and above

88

14%

2 crores to 5 crores

83

13%

50 lakhs to 2 crores

150

24%

10 lakhs to 50 lakhs

165

27%

less than 10 lakhs

137

22%

Table: Share of wealth amongst contesting candidates

  • Crorepati Candidates: Out of the 623 candidates, 245(39%) are crorepatis.
  • Party wise Crorepati Candidates: The role of money power in our elections is evident from the fact that all major political parties give tickets to wealthy candidates. Among the major parties 52(90%) out of 58 candidates analysed from SP, 48(87%) out of 55 candidates analysed from BJP, 46(78%) out of 59 candidates analysed from BSP, 29(52%) out of 56 candidates analysed from INC and 18(37%) out of 49 candidates analysed from AAP have declared assets valued more than Rs 1 crore.
image.png
Figure: Party Wise Percentage of Crorepati Candidates
  • Average assets: The average of assets per candidate contesting in the Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections 2022 Phase III is Rs 2.82 Crores.  
  • Party wise average assets: Among major parties, the average assets per candidate for 58 SP candidates analysed is Rs. 9.19 Crores, 55 BJP candidates analysed is Rs 6.74 Crores, 56 INC candidates have average assets of Rs 4.60 Crores, 59 BSP candidates have average assets of Rs 4.28 Crores and 49 AAP candidates have average assets worth Rs. 1.31 Crores.
  • High asset candidates: The details of top 3 candidates with highest declared assets, contesting in the Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections Phase III are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Yashpal Singh Yadav

Jhansi

Babina

SP

41,29,04,691

29,45,00,000

70,74,04,691
 70 Crore+

Y

2

Ajay Kapoor

Kanpur Nagar

Kidwai Nagar

INC

12,14,24,571

57,31,92,700

69,46,17,271
 69 Crore+

Y

3

Pramod Kumar

Kanpur Nagar

Arya Nagar

INC

2,90,95,061

42,87,39,800

45,78,34,861
 45 Crore+

Y

Table: Top three candidates with highest declared assets
  • Zero assets candidates: There are 2 candidates who have declared zero assets. The details of these candidates are given below:  

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Raja Babu

Etah

Jalesar (Sc)

IND

0

0

0

N

2

Rahul Pratap Singh

Etah

Jalesar (Sc)

IND

0

0

0

N

Table: Candidates with declared zero assets
  • Low assets candidates: The details of three candidates with lowest assets (excluding zero assets candidates) are as follows:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Devraj

Mahoba

Mahoba

IND

10,000

0

10,000
 10 Thou+

Y

2

Ramdas

Kanpur Nagar

Bilhaur (Sc)

IND

20,000

0

20,000
 20 Thou+

N

3

Dhirendra Singh Gautam

Auraiya

Dibiyapur

Aazad Samaj Party (Kanshi Ram)

25,000*

0

25,000
 25 Thou+

Y

Table: Candidates with declared lowest assets

* on assets value indicates that the candidate has not provided the total in their affidavits, it has been calculated on the basis of details provided by them in the same
  • Candidates with high liabilities: 248(40%) candidates have declared liabilities in their affidavits. The details of top three candidates with highest liabilities are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Total Assets(Rs)

Liabilities (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Yashpal Singh Yadav

Jhansi

Babina

SP

70,74,04,691
 70 Crore+

13,38,63,643
 13 Crore+

Y

2

Ajay Kapoor

Kanpur Nagar

Kidwai Nagar

INC

69,46,17,271
 69 Crore+

9,93,54,343
 9 Crore+

Y

3

Rakesh Sachan

Kanpur Dehat

Bhognipur

BJP

37,54,24,114
 37 Crore+

8,17,78,692
 8 Crore+

Y

 Table: Top three candidates with highest liabilities

  • Candidates with high income as declared in the ITR*: The details of top 3 candidates with high income declared in ITR are given below:

S.No.

Name

Party Name

Constituency

District

Total Asset (Rs)

Self-Source of Income

Spouse's Source of Income

The financial year for which the last income tax return has been filed by candidate

Total income shown by candidate in ITR (Self+Spouse+Dependent) (Rs)

Self-income shown by candidate in ITR (Rs)

1

Awdhesh Kumar

BSP

Sikandra Rao

Hathras

34,56,85,987  

34 Crore+

Agriculture, Business, Interest, Salary

Agriculture, Business, Interest, Salary

2020-2021

3,09,07,640

  3 Crore+

2,12,57,870  

2 Crore+

2

Louise Khurshid

INC

Farrukhabad

Farrukhabad

38,70,36,220  

38 Crore+

MLA Pension, Agricultural

MP Pension, Legal Practice & Agricultural

2020-2021

1,89,26,290 

 1 Crore+

1,51,490

  1 Lacs+

3

Pradeep Kumar Singh

RLD

Sadabad

Hathras

23,68,84,269  

23 Crore+

Agriculture and Business

Agriculture and Business

2020-2021

1,56,74,693  

1 Crore+

1,06,79,684

  1 Crore+

 Table: Top 3 candidates with highest income as declared in ITR

 

  • Undeclared PAN:  A total of 30(5%) candidates have not declared their PAN details.
Other Background Details

  • Education details of candidates: 239(38%) candidates have declared their educational qualifications to be between 5th and 12th standard while 357 (57%) candidates have declared having an educational qualification of graduate or above. 5 candidates are Diploma holders. 13 candidates have declared themselves to be just literate and 5 candidates are Illiterates. 4 candidates have not given their educational qualification.
  • Age details of candidates: 241(39%) candidates have declared their age to be between 25 to 40 years while 300 (48%) candidates have declared their age to be between 41 to 60 years.  There are 81(13%) candidates who have declared their age to be between 61 to 80 years and 1 candidate has declared his age 83 years.
  • Gender details of candidates: 96(15%) female candidates are contesting in the Uttar Pradesh assembly election 2022 Phase III. 

Recommendations of ADR
  • To remedy the existing problem of criminalization is to immediately act upon the plausible solutions offered by various committees, civil society and citizens. Supreme Court of India being the ultimate custodian of “Justice and Rule of Law” should reprimand political parties and politicians for their complete lack of will, reprehensible predilection and absence of required laws. 
  • Permanent disqualification of candidates convicted for heinous crimes like murder, rape, smuggling, dacoity, kidnapping etc.
  • Disqualification of persons from contesting elections to the public offices against whom charges have been framed for having committed serious criminal offences punishable by imprisonment of at least 5 years, and the case is filed at least 6 months prior to the election in question.
  • Cancellation of tax exemptions given to the political parties who field such tainted candidates.
  • Bringing political parties under the Right to Information Act.  
  • De-register and de-recognise any political party if it knowingly puts up a candidate with a tainted background.
  • Political parties should annually file the information on criminal antecedents of their Office Bearers and make such records available to the public, including NIL records.
  • Disqualification of candidates furnishing false information in the election affidavit (Form 26).  
  • Ensure trial of cases in which the politicians are accused to be concluded in a time bound manner.
  • Implementation of SC judgment dated 23rd September, 2013 (i.e provision of NOTA buttons on the EVMs) in its letter and spirit by ensuring a) if NOTA gets more votes than any of the candidates, none of the candidates should be declared elected, and a fresh election should be held; b) in the fresh election, none of the candidates in the earlier election, in which NOTA got the highest number of votes, should be allowed to contest.
  • Implementation of the 25th September, 2018 and 13th February, 2020 SC orders on 'publication of criminal cases against candidates selected by political parties along with reasons for such selection' in its letter and spirit by directing the Election Commission of India ato list out names of such tainted candidates selected by the political parties along with such reasons for such selection C8 including diligent publication of reasons in newspapers, T.V channels, party website etc, b) strict and constant reminders by ROs to the defaulters, c) list needs to be religiously prepared and submitted to the Supreme Court after every election, d) uploading of this list on ECI’s website for public inspection, e) a suitably heavy financial penalty levied on political parties for making insufficient disclosures, invalid and common reasons, selection of candidates based on winnability and f) Officer in-charge of a political party pertaining to submission of a compliance report should also be held accountable for such a breach. 
  • The Election Commission of India and all State Election Commissions should make it mandatory in all elections; Parliamentary, Assembly and Local Body elections to carry display boards outside each and every polling booth showing a summarised version of candidates’ affidavits. The polling booths should essentially display details of candidate’s criminal records, assets and liabilities and education qualification 
  • The Election Commission of India under its ‘Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation’ (SVEEP) as well as through other national campaigns on voter awareness held before every election should inform and aware the voters that (i) taking and giving cash or gifts/freebies for votes is a criminal offense, (ii) such instances should be brought to the notice of the ECI through its web application, (iii) inform voters that information on criminal records of candidates is available on the ECI website, outside polling booths and other sources that the ECI may use.
  • Political parties in India should be required to announce/publish the list of candidates contesting elections at least 3 months prior to elections.
  • Role of money and muscle power is evident from the fact that all major political parties in UP phase III elections have fielded 37% to 90% candidates who are crorepatis and 22% to 52 % candidates who have declared criminal cases against themselves. This close and alarming nexus between money power and muscle power has got so ingrained in our electoral system that the citizens are left hostage to the current situation.  38 % of the population of UP is already below the poverty line as per the NFHS 2015-16 report of NITI Aayog published in 2021. Money and muscle power hurt the principles of 'free and fair elections', 'participatory democracy' and 'level playing field'.  The present circumstances therefore demand an extensive deliberation by the voters so that sanctity of elections is not ridiculed by tenacious entry of tainted candidates and candidates with abnormal multiplication of assets


Contact Details

Uttar Pradesh Election Watch

Mr. Sanjay Singh
Coordinator
+91-94151-14151

sanjays...@gmail.com

Dr Lenin
Coordinator
+91-99355-99333
+91-99355-99330

le...@pvchr.asia

Mr.Anil Sharma
Coordinator
+91-9794497744

anilshar...@gmail.com, anilsharma21@@gmail.com

Mr. Mahesh Anand
Coordinator
+91-94152-33694
+91-99367-47774

gramswar...@gmail.com

 

 

Association for Democratic Reforms/National Election Watch

 

Media and Journalist Helpline

 

+91 80103 94248

Email: a...@adrindia.org

Maj.Gen. Anil Verma (Retd)

Head

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

011 4165 4200,

+91 88264 79910

a...@adrIndia.org,

anil...@adrindia.org

Prof Jagdeep Chhokar

IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)

Founder Member,

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

jchh...@gmail.com

Prof Trilochan Sastry

IIM Bangalore

Founder Member,

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

+91 94483 53285

tsa...@gmail.com


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