Press Release: Analysis of Format C7 - Publication of Reasons Given for Selection of Candidates with Criminal Cases by Political Parties

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Press Release 
                                                                                                                Date: July 20, 2022
Dear Friends, 

Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) has analysed Format C7 of 1,178 candidates, who contested in the Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand Goa, Manipur and Punjab assembly election 2022.


The full English and Hindi reports along with the detailed Observations and Recommendations can be accessed herehttps://adrindia.org/content/analysis-format-c7-publication-reasons-given-selection-candidates-criminal-cases-political-1



Summary and Highlights

This data has been compiled from political parties' websites as well as social media handles that were functional before and during the period of the above-mentioned State assembly elections. Most political parties published details as per form C7 on their social media handles such as Twitter. It must be noted that in some cases, parties may have published these details (elsewhere) and it may not have appeared in our records.

 

S. No.

State

Total Contesting Candidates

Number of Political Parties Analysed

Contesting Candidates Analysed from Shortlisted Political Parties

Number of Candidates Analysed with Declared Criminal Cases

No. of Candidates with Criminal Cases having a Published Format C7

1

Uttar Pradesh

4442

7

1991

827

689

2

Uttarakhand

637

8

366

76

64

3

Goa

301

7

206

57

28

4

Manipur

265

4

189

41

39

5

Punjab

1304

7

463

177

146

Total

6949

33*

3215

1178

966



Analysis of Format C7 – Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections, 2022


Political parties analysed:

Out of all the National and State political parties which contested in the Uttar Pradesh 2022 Assembly Elections, the following 7 political parties have been analysed for this report.


1. Bharatiya Janata Party

2. Bahujan Samaj Party

3. Indian National Congress

4. Samajwadi Party

5. Rashtriya Lok Dal

6. Aam Aadmi Party

7. All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen

Criminal Background

  • Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of 1991 contesting candidates analysed, 827 (42%) candidates belonging to the aforementioned political parties have declared criminal cases against themselves.

  • Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: Out of 1991 contesting candidates analysed belonging to the aforementioned political parties, 623 (31%) have declared serious criminal cases against themselves.

  • Reasons furnished for nominating candidates with criminal antecedents: 

      • Out of 827 candidates with criminal cases, reasons have been furnished for 689 (83%) candidates.
      • Out of 623 candidates with serious criminal cases, reasons have been furnished for 511 (82%) candidates.
      • For 138 (17%) candidates with criminal background, no reasons for their selection have been provided by political parties.
  • Reasons given for top 3 candidates with highest number of total criminal cases:

Name of Candidate

No. of cases

Serious IPC Counts

Political Party

Reasons for selection of candidate with criminal background

Reasons as to why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected

Mohammad Azam Khan

87

234

SP

He has been asset for the party and has been elected MLA from this constituency from 9 times and presenting he is the member of the parliament decides, he remained cabinet minister for 4 times and leader of opposition for 1 time, he has also been nominated as member of Rajya Sabha. He is one of the Founding Members of Samajvadi Party. He has been Falsely Implicated in all the cases for political reasons.

No other candidate could compete the candidature of the present elected applicant until now.

Mohammad Abdullah Azam Khan

43

48

SP

The Candidate won the earlier election by comfortable margin of more than 53 thousand from his nearest rival. Besides, the candidate highly qualified as he being M.Tech from the Galgotias University that is why conceded his academic qualification and popularity in general public. He is the best candidate amongst all.

Obviously, because of the reason that the candidate is highly qualified, popular and one of the best amongst all the candidates. He has been falsely implicated because of ulterior motives and for the political reasons.

Atul Pradhan

38

26

SP

Atul Pradhan is being made a candidate from the legislative assembly constituency, Sardhana, 44 because he has worked among the people from last many years, his political popularity is very good, Atul Pradhan is has been the former State President of Samajwadi Chhatra Sabha. Atul Pradhan has most experienced in politics specially in Election Management.

All those cases are present in most of them are in public interest & political laws. There is no candidate for this constituency better than Atul Pradhan.

Table: Reasons given for top 3 candidates with highest number of total criminal cases
  • Political parties that did not publish reasons for selection of candidates with criminal background*:

Political Party

Total no. of contesting candidates with criminal background

No. of Candidates without Format C7

Percentage of candidates without Format C7

SP

224

4

2%

BJP

169

17

10%

INC

160

19

12%

BSP

153

3

2%

AAP

62

56

90%

AIMIM

40

38

95%

RLD

19

1

5%

Table: Political parties that did not publish Format C7 for candidates with criminal background
*At the time of making this report, format C7 data of some political parties was not available on the websites and social media handles. However, it may have been posted earlier by the parties and removed later.


  • Other discrepancies in Format C7 of some candidates

Name of the Party

Remarks

BSP

Around 70% the candidates with cases against them have given the same word to word reason as to why other individual without criminal antecedents could not be selected as candidates

Refer Party Website Link Given Here : https://bahujansamajparty.net/?page_id=2643


Analysis of Format C7 – Uttarakhand Assembly Elections, 2022


Political parties analysed:

 

Out of all the National, State and Registered unrecognized political parties which contested in the Uttarakhand 2022 Assembly Elections, the following 8 political parties have been analysed for this report.

 

1. Bharatiya Janata Party

2. Bahujan Samaj Party

3. Aam Aadmi Party

4. Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation

5. Indian National Congress

6. Samajwadi Party

7. Uttarakhand Kranti Dal

8. Uttarakhand Janekta Party


Criminal Background

  • Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of 366 contesting candidates analysed, 76 (21%) candidates belonging to the aforementioned political parties have declared criminal cases against themselves.
  • Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: Out of 366 contesting candidates analysed belonging to the aforementioned political parties, 43 (12%) have declared serious criminal cases against themselves.
  • Reasons furnished for nominating candidates with criminal antecedents:

  • Out of 76 candidates with criminal cases, reasons have been furnished for 64 (84%) candidates
  •  Out of 43 candidates with serious criminal cases, reasons have been furnished for 37 (86%) candidates
  • For 12 (16%) candidates with criminal background, no reasons for their selection have been provided by political parties
  • Reasons given for top 3 candidates with criminal cases:

Name of Candidate

No. of cases

Serious IPC Counts

Political Party

Reasons for selection of candidate with criminal background

Reasons as to why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected

Mohan Kala

17

0

UKD

He is a business man and also engaged in management of poor and needy peoples. A person of high standing & noble character. The case against him is a result of jealousy and vendetta

We have found ahead of all with regards to the credential in service to the people. it was an unanimous decision to give him a chance to continue his good work as a people representative

Shiv Prasad Semwal

8

7

UKD

He is working regularly for the rights and welfare of the of the people of the state & his social work are great and an inspiration for all, case against his is the result of fight against injustice to the people

He stands above all in his constituency. There is no other prospective matching his experience in service to the people

 

Subhash Singh Choudhary

 

8

7

INC

Case under consideration / According to reputation

According to public aspirations

Table: Reasons given for top 3 candidates with highest number of total criminal cases


  • Political parties that did not publish reasons for selection of candidates with criminal background*: 

Party Candidate

Total no. of contesting candidates with criminal background

No. of Candidates without Format C7

Percentage of candidates without Format C7

INC

23

3

13%

AAP

15

1

7%

BJP

13

1

8%

BSP

10

0

0%

UKD

7

0

0%

SP

6

6

100%

CPI(ML)(L)

1

0

0%

Uttarakhand Janekta Party

1

1

100%

Table: Political parties that did not publish Format C7 for candidates with criminal background
*At the time of making this report, format C7 data of some political parties was not available on the websites and social media handles. However, it may have been posted earlier by the parties and removed later.


  • Other discrepancies in Format C7 of some candidates:

Name of the Party

Remarks (Refer annexure1)

Uttarakhand Kranti Dal

6 out of the 7 candidates with cases against them have given the same word to word reason for the selection of the candidate.

The Form C7 was uploaded on the website but there is no signature of the office bearer.

Indian National Congress

All the candidates with cases against them have given the same word to word reason for the selection of the candidate.

Aam Aadmi Party

The Form C7 was uploaded on their twitter but there is no signature of the office bearer.


Analysis of Format C7 – Goa Assembly Elections, 2022

Political parties analysed:

 

Out of all the National, State and Registered unrecognized political parties which contested in the Goa 2022 Assembly Elections, the following 7 political parties have been analysed for this report.

 

1. Bharatiya Janata Party

2. Aam Aadmi Party

3. Indian National Congress

4. Revolutionary Goan’s party

5. Nationalist Congress Party

6. Maharashtrawadi Gomantak

7. All India Trinamool Congress

Criminal Background

  • Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of 206 contesting candidates analysed, 57 (28%) candidates belonging to the aforementioned political parties have declared criminal cases against themselves.

  • Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: Out of 206 contesting candidates analysed belonging to the aforementioned political parties, 35 (17%) have declared serious criminal cases against themselves.

  • Reasons furnished for nominating candidates with criminal antecedents:
      • Out of 57 candidates with criminal cases, reasons have been furnished for 28 (49%) candidates
      • Out of 35 candidates with serious criminal cases, reasons have been furnished for 19 (54%) candidates
      • For 29 (51%) candidates with criminal background, no reasons for their selection have been provided by political parties.
  • Reasons given for top 3 candidates with highest number of total criminal cases:

Name of Candidate

No. of cases

Serious IPC Counts

Political Party

Reasons for selection of candidate with criminal background

Reasons as to why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected

Meghashyam Vaman Raut

 

7

5

INC

Format C7 not published by political party on official website and Social media handles

Pratima Betsy Coutinho

 

6

3

AAP

She has a long history of struggle for the rights of minor and women of Goa, socially and politically. We believe that cases against her are a result of political vendetta against her.

 

She is determined to fight against the established forces to implement the AAP vision for Goa.

 

Dsilva Savio

 

5

7

INC

Mr. D'silva is a present sarpanch of Velim panchayat during which time, he has done a lot of development work in the village. He is also the leader of the Cutbona Boat owner’s association. He has a decade long experience in social service. He has worked for the fishing community for more than 5 years.

 

Based on the party interaction with the locals, it was concluded that the people want a person who is loyal to the people and the party, someone who won't defect, is always accessible to the people in the constituency. From all the prospective candidates, Mr D'silva met each and every one of those criteria.

 

Table: Reasons given for top 3 candidates with highest number of total criminal cases

  • Political parties that did not publish reasons for selection of candidates with criminal background*:

Political Party

Total no. of contesting candidates with criminal background

No. of Candidates without Format C7

Percentage of candidates without Format C7

INC

17

10

59%

BJP

10

4

40%

AAP

9

0

0%

AITC

6

0

0%

MAHARASHTRAWADI GOMANTAK

6

6

100%

REVOLUTIONARY GOANS PARTY

5

5

100%

NCP

4

4

100%

Table: Political parties that did not publish Format C7 for candidates with criminal background
*At the time of making this report, format C7 data of some political parties was not available on the websites and social media handles. However, it may have been posted earlier by the parties and removed later.


  • Other discrepancies in Format C7 of some candidates:

Name of the Party

Remarks (Refer annexure 2)

AITC

There are 6 form C7s which have been uploaded by AITC Goa but none of the 6 forms answer the second question of the form i.e. as to why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected. They have simply written "Same as above" in that section for all the 6 forms.


Analysis of Format C7 – Manipur Assembly Elections, 2022

Political parties analysed:

 

Out of all the National and State political parties which contested in the Manipur 2022 Assembly Elections, the following 4 political parties have been analysed for this report.

 

1. Bharatiya Janata Party

2. Indian National Congress

3. National People’s Party

4. Janata Dal (United)

Criminal Background

  • Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of 189 contesting candidates analysed, 41 (22%) candidates belonging to the aforementioned political parties have declared criminal cases against themselves.
  • Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: Out of 189 contesting candidates analysed belonging to the aforementioned political parties, 31 (16%) have declared serious criminal cases against themselves.
  • 2 candidates have a published Format C7 with but no criminal cases have been declared in the affidavit:

S.No.

Name of candidate

Political Party

No. of cases

Serious IPC counts

Reasons for selection of candidate with criminal background

Reasons as to why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected

1

Yumnam Nabachandra Singh

BJP

0

0

He is people's leader and garners a great support in his area due to his pro-people approach. He is a grass root worker having good rapport with ground workers & leaders. His is always willing to support right cause & to stand by the poor people. Thus, the party considered his candidature to contest the election.

The case registered against the candidate is out of the vendetta due to protest for raising grievances of public. The candidate is full of energy and is always ready for social & developmental works of the area. Thus, he has been preferred over others

2

Soibam Subhaschandra Singh

NPP

0

0

Lone Candidate applied for NPP Ticket. He is the Ex-MLA from the Naoriya Pakhanglakpa Ac

Lone Candidate applied for NPP Ticket


  • Reasons furnished for nominating candidates with criminal antecedents:
      • Out of 41 candidates with criminal cases, reasons have been furnished for 39 (95%) candidates
      • Out of 31 candidates with serious criminal cases, reasons have been furnished for 29 (94%) candidates
      • For 2 (5%) candidates with criminal background, no reasons for their selection have been provided by political parties.
  •  Reasons given for top 3 candidates with highest number of total criminal cases:

Name of Candidate

No. of cases

Serious IPC Counts

Political Party

Reasons for selection of candidate with criminal background

Reasons as to why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected

Okram Henry

 

12

1

BJP

He is former Cabinet Minister; his name is forwarded by election committee of the party. His name is forwarded on the basis of merit, his social work and high popularity in the state and constituency.

He has been implicated in the case due to political rivalry. He is former Cabinet Minister and has been strongly associated and is extremely popular in this constituency, hence he has been preferred over the other candidates

Khumukcham Joykisan Singh

 

8

8

JD(U)

Format C7 not published by political party on official website and Social media handles

Lourembam Sanjoy Singh

 

6

8

NPP

Being engaged in social works for the progress, development and social upliftment for the people of Andro and other areas, Shri Lourembam Sanjoy Singh is Selected as a candidate for NPP. He has completed class XII from Ananda Singh Higher Secondary School, Imphal, Manipur

The cases registered against Shri
Lourembam Sanjay Singh are all politically
motivated. The NPP have full trust on Shri Lourembam Sanjoy Singh who can represent the hope, will and aspirations of the people of Andro AC.

Table: Reasons given for top 3 candidates with highest number of total criminal cases

  • Political parties that did not publish reasons for selection of candidates with criminal background*:

Political Party

Total no. of contesting candidates with criminal background

No. of Candidates without Format C7

Percentage of candidates without Format C7

BJP

13

1

8%

NPP

5

0

0%

INC

12

0

0%

JD(U)

11

1

9%

Table: Political parties that did not publish Format C7 for candidates with criminal background
*At the time of making this report, format C7 data of some political parties was not available on the websites and social media handles. However, it may have been posted earlier by the parties and removed later.


Analysis of Format C7 – Punjab Assembly Elections, 2022


Political parties analysed:

 

Out of all the National, State and Registered unrecognized political parties which contested in the Punjab 2022 Assembly Elections, the following 7 political parties have been analysed for this report.

 

1. Bharatiya Janata Party          

2. Indian National Congress

3. Shiromani Akali Dal             

4. Punjab Lok congress

5. Bahujan Samaj Party            

6. Aam Aadmi Party

7. Shiromani Akali Dal (Sanyukt)

Criminal Background

  • Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of 463 contesting candidates analysed, 177 (38%) candidates belonging to the aforementioned political parties have declared criminal cases against themselves.
  • Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: Out of 463 contesting candidates analysed belonging to the aforementioned political parties, 120 (26%) have declared serious criminal cases against themselves.
  • Reasons furnished for nominating candidates with criminal antecedents:
      • Out of 177 candidates with criminal cases, reasons have been furnished for 146 (82%) candidates
      • Out of 120 candidates with serious criminal cases, reasons have been furnished for 104 (87%) candidates
      • For 31 (18%) candidates with criminal background, no reasons for their selection have been provided by political parties.
  • Reasons given for top 3 candidates with highest number of total criminal cases:

Name of Candidate

No. of cases

Serious IPC Counts

Political Party

Reasons for selection of candidate with criminal background

Reasons as to why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected

Sheetal Angural

9

8

AAP

She belongs to normal family, social activist since last several years, aggressively raise the local issues and also oppose the wrong activity of local MLA

There is no other candidate as accomplished as her. The party didn't find any reason to deny the ticket.

Sukhbir Singh Badal

7

10

SAD

The candidates are democratically selected in the existing framework of the party. Factors such as intelligence, following party ideology and loyalty towards party, Honesty, Education qualification, knowledge about issues relating to the constituency and his work towards the betterment of society. It is further thoroughly checked that the candidate is accountable to Public at large even before and after being elected. The present candidate has vast experience being Former Union Minister & Former Deputy Chief Minister.

Though the party has been keeping close watch on all the prospective candidates but however the best one out of them has been selected. The Party has moral responsibility towards the citizens of India and need to rise upto their expectations and no better candidate than the present candidate was available.

Vardev Singh

 

7

7

SAD

The candidates are democratically selected in the existing framework of the party. Factors such as intelligence, following party ideology and loyalty towards party, Honesty, Education qualification, knowledge about issues relating to the constituency and his work towards the betterment of society. It is further thoroughly checked that the candidate is accountable to Public at large even before and after being elected.

Though the party has been keeping close watch on all the prospective candidates but however the best one out of them has been selected. The Party has moral responsibility towards the citizens of India and need to rise upto their expectations and no better candidate than the present candidate was available.

Table: Reasons given for top 3 candidates with highest number of total criminal cases

  • Political parties that did not publish reasons for selection of candidates with criminal background*:

Political Party

Total no. of contesting candidates with criminal background

No. of Candidates without Format C7

Percentage of candidates without Format C7

SAD

65

1

2%

AAP

58

6

10%

BJP

27

9

33%

INC

16

9

56%

Shiromani Akali Dal (Sanyukt)

5

5

100%

BSP

3

0

0%

Punjab Lok Congress

3

1

33%

Table: Political parties that did not publish Format C7 for candidates with criminal background

*At the time of making this report, format C7 data of some political parties was not available on the websites and social media handles. However, it may have been posted earlier by the parties and removed later.

  • Other discrepancies in Format C7 of some candidates:

Name of the Party

Remarks

Bahujan Samaj Party

All the candidates with cases against them have given the same word to word reason for the selection of the candidate.

All the candidates with cases against them have given the same word to word reason as to why other individual without criminal antecedents could not be selected as candidates  

Refer Party Website Link Given Here : https://bahujansamajparty.net/?page_id=2643

SAD

All the candidates with cases against them have given the same word to word reason for the selection of the candidate.

All the candidates with cases against them have given the same word to word reason as to why other individual without criminal antecedents could not be selected as candidates (Refer annexure 3)


Contact Details

  

Association for Democratic Reforms/National Election Watch

 

Media and Journalist Helpline

 

+91 80103 94248

Email: a...@adrindia.org

Maj.Gen. Anil Verma (Retd)

Head

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

011 4165 4200,

+91 88264 79910

a...@adrIndia.org,

anil...@adrindia.org

Prof Jagdeep Chhokar

IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)

Founder Member,

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

jchh...@gmail.com

Prof Trilochan Sastry

IIM Bangalore

Founder Member,

Association for Democratic Reforms,

National Election Watch

+91 94483 53285

tsa...@gmail.com

 

 

Association for Democratic Reforms

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