Press Release : Analysis of Re-Contesting Candidates and MPs/MLAs who changed parties in the Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections (For the Period 2014 to 2021)

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Press Release
Date: September 09, 2021
Dear Friends,

The National Election Watch and Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) have analysed the self-sworn affidavits of 1133 candidates and 500 MPs/MLAs, who changed parties and recontested elections held during the Lok Sabha and Assembly elections since 2014. The previous report on “MPs/ MLAs who changed parties" released on 11 Mar 21, covered the period from 2016- 2021. (https://adrindia.org/content/analysis-re-contesting-mps-and-mlas-who-changed-parties-pan-india-2016). This analysis is based on the affidavits submitted by the candidates prior to the elections (2014 to 2021) and bye-elections conducted in the intervening period.


For the complete reports in Hindi and English, please see: https://adrindia.org/content/analysis-re-contesting-candidates-and-mpsmlas-who-changed-parties-lok-sabha-and-assembly


Party-wise share of Candidates and MPs/MLAs who changed Political Parties


Candidates 

  • Maximum number of candidates, 222(20%) left INC to join another party during the elections held between 2014-2021. While 153 (14%) candidates left BSP to join a different party to contest elections during this period.
  • Between 2014-2021, 253 (22%) out of the total of 1133 re-contesting candidates who switched political parties joined the BJP followed by 115 (10%) candidates who joined INC and 65 (6%) candidates who joined BSP.

 

MPs/MLAs 

  • Highest number of MPs/MLAs, 177(35%), left INC to join another party during the elections held between 2014-2021. While 33 (7%) MPs/MLAs left BJP to join a different party to contest elections during this period.

  • Between 2014-2021, 173 (35%) out of 500 recontesting MPs/MLAs who switched political parties joined the BJP followed by 61 (12%) MPs/MLAs who joined INC and 31(6%) MPs/MLAs who joined AITC.


Party-wise share of Candidates and MPs/MLAs Who Left the Political Parties


Party-Wise Share Of Candidates and MPs/MLAs - who left the parties

Original Party

Number of Candidates who left the party

% of Candidates who left the party

Number of  MPs/MLAs who left the party

% of MPs/MLAs who left the party

INC

222

19.59%

177

35.40%

BSP

153

13.50%

20

4.00%

BJP

111

9.80%

33

6.60%

SP

60

5.30%

18

3.60%

JD(U)

59

5.21%

12

2.40%

NCP

52

4.59%

25

5.00%

TDP

32

2.82%

26

5.20%

AITC

31

2.74%

26

5.20%

SHS

26

2.29%

2

0.40%

JMM

21

1.85%

5

1.00%

RJD

20

1.77%

11

2.20%

LJP

18

1.59%

0

0.00%

National Peoples Party

18

1.59%

1

0.20%

INLD

18

1.59%

10

2.00%

JVM(P)

16

1.41%

11

2.20%

JD(S)

13

1.15%

5

1.00%

CPI

13

1.15%

2

0.40%

CPI(M)

13

1.15%

6

1.20%

Peace Party

13

1.15%

1

0.20%

Aam Aadmi Party

13

1.15%

11

2.20%

Apna Dal

11

0.97%

0

0.00%

United Democratic Party

10

0.88%

1

0.20%

Manipur State Congress Party

9

0.79%

4

0.80%

AIFB

9

0.79%

1

0.20%

MNS

8

0.71%

3

0.60%

Bahujan Mukti Party

7

0.62%

0

0.00%

AIUDF

7

0.62%

3

0.60%

Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)

7

0.62%

5

1.00%

Jan Adhikar Party (Loktantrik)

7

0.62%

0

0.00%

AGP

7

0.62%

2

0.40%

RLD

6

0.53%

3

0.60%

NPF

6

0.53%

14

2.80%

RPI(A)

6

0.53%

0

0.00%

AIADMK

5

0.44%

8

1.60%

Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular)

5

0.44%

0

0.00%

Sarvajan Kalyan Loktantrik Party

5

0.44%

0

0.00%

TRS

4

0.35%

4

0.80%

DMK

4

0.35%

2

0.40%

Muslim League Kerala State Committee

4

0.35%

0

0.00%

Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party

3

0.26%

16

3.20%

BJD

3

0.26%

6

1.20%

Peoples Party of Arunachal

3

0.26%

5

1.00%

AJSU Party

3

0.26%

1

0.20%

Hill State People's Democratic Party

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

Manipur Peoples Party

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

SAD

3

0.26%

3

0.60%

Samata Party

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Mahan Gantantra Party

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

RPI

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

United Goans Democratic Party

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

Gondvana Gantantra Party

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

CPI(ML)(L)

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Ulama Council

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Odisha Jan Morcha

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Revolutionary Socialist Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Lok Satta Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

MNF

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

PMK

2

0.18%

1

0.20%

Rashtravadi Janata Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Lok Samta Party

2

0.18%

2

0.40%

Welfare Party Of India

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Bodoland Peoples Front

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Ittehad-E-Millait Council

2

0.18%

1

0.20%

Lok Dal

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Sikkim Krantikari Morcha

1

0.09%

4

0.80%

DMDK

1

0.09%

3

0.60%

All India N.R. Congress

1

0.09%

1

0.20%

Amra Bangalee

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bhartiya Dalit Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Indian Union Muslim League

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

 Indigenousn Peoples Front Of Tripura

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (Ulgulan)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Makkal Needhi Maiam

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Puthiya Tamilagam

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Qaumi Ekta Dal

1

0.09%

2

0.40%

Rashtriya Jan Jan Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Samaj Paksha

1

0.09%

2

0.40%

Tamil Maanila Congress (Moopanar)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Manithaneya Makkal Katchi

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi

0

0.00%

1

0.20%

Total

1133

100%

500

100%

Table: Party-wise share of Candidates and MPs/MLAs Who Left the Political Parties


Party-wise share of Candidates and MPs/MLAs Who Joined the Other Political Parties

Party-Wise Share Of Candidates and MPs/MLAs - who joined other Political Parties

Party Joined

Number of Candidates who joined the party

% of Candidates who joined the party

Number of MPs/MLAs who joined the party

% of MPs/MLAs who joined the party

BJP

253

22.33%

173

34.60%

INC

115

10.15%

61

12.20%

BSP

65

5.74%

12

2.40%

NCP

41

3.62%

8

1.60%

Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party

36

3.18%

24

4.80%

SP

29

2.56%

13

2.60%

LJP

25

2.21%

1

0.20%

Aam Aadmi Party

25

2.21%

1

0.20%

AITC

23

2.03%

31

6.20%

RJD

23

2.03%

4

0.80%

SHS

22

1.94%

13

2.60%

JVM(P)

19

1.68%

1

0.20%

BJD

16

1.41%

3

0.60%

JD(U)

16

1.41%

12

2.40%

RLD

15

1.32%

6

1.20%

Vanchit Bahujan Aaghadi

15

1.32%

0

0.00%

JD(S)

13

1.15%

0

0.00%

TRS

12

1.06%

30

6.00%

TDP

11

0.97%

16

3.20%

All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen

10

0.88%

1

0.20%

Jan Adhikar Party (Loktantrik)

10

0.88%

3

0.60%

Jannayak Janta Party

10

0.88%

3

0.60%

National Peoples Party

9

0.79%

15

3.00%

AJSU Party

9

0.79%

3

0.60%

JMM

9

0.79%

3

0.60%

North East India Development Party

7

0.62%

0

0.00%

NPF

7

0.62%

7

1.40%

AIADMK

6

0.53%

2

0.40%

Bhartiya Tribal Party

6

0.53%

1

0.20%

Janta Congress Chhattisgarh (J)

6

0.53%

3

0.60%

Lok Awaz Dal

6

0.53%

0

0.00%

Loktantrik Janta Dal

6

0.53%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Loktantrik Party

6

0.53%

0

0.00%

AIFB

5

0.44%

0

0.00%

CPI

5

0.44%

0

0.00%

DMK

5

0.44%

3

0.60%

INLD

5

0.44%

0

0.00%

JKNPP

5

0.44%

0

0.00%

Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic

5

0.44%

0

0.00%

Janasena Party

4

0.35%

2

0.40%

Pragatishil Samajwadi Party (Lohia)

4

0.35%

0

0.00%

Amma Makkal Munnettra Kazagam

4

0.35%

7

1.40%

Bahujana Left Party

4

0.35%

0

0.00%

Indian New Congress Party

4

0.35%

0

0.00%

NDPP

4

0.35%

9

1.80%

Nirbal Indian Shoshit Hamara Aam Dal

4

0.35%

1

0.20%

Peace Party

4

0.35%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Lok Samta Party

4

0.35%

1

0.20%

Vikassheel Insaan Party

4

0.35%

0

0.00%

AGP

3

0.26%

1

0.20%

All India Mahila Empowerment Party

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

Bahujan Mukti Party

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

Bharat Vahini Party

3

0.26%

2

0.40%

Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

Jan Adhikar Manch

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

Odisha Jan Morcha

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

SAD

3

0.26%

3

0.60%

SKM

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

United Democratic Party

3

0.26%

0

0.00%

JKNC

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

RPI(A)

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Akhil Bharatiya Muslim League (Secular)

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Akhil Bhartiya Apna Dal

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

All India Hindustan Congress Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Apna Dal (Soneylal)

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

B. C. United Front

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Bahujan Maha Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Bharatiya National Janta Dal

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Bharatiya Republican Paksha

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Bharatiya Yuva Shakti

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

GNC

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Gondvana Gantantra Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular)

2

0.18%

1

0.20%

India Praja Bandhu Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Jai Maha Bharath Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Jai Swaraj Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Jan Sangharsh Dal

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Janata Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Jantantrik Vikas Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

JKPDP

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Maharashtrawadi Gomantak

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Manipur National Democratic Front

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Peoples Democratic Front

2

0.18%

1

0.20%

Peoples Party of Arunachal

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Peoples Party of India (Democratic)

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Qaumi Ekta Dal

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Independent Morcha

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Jansambhavna Party

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

VANCHITSAMAJ INSAAF PARTY

2

0.18%

0

0.00%

MNS

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Aapna Punjab Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Abhinav Rajasthan Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

AIUDF

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

All India Samata Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

All J&K Kissan Mazdoor Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Ambedkarite Party of India

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Assam Jatiya Parishad

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Azad Mazdoor Kissan Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Azad Samaj Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bahujan Lok Dal

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bahujan Republican Socialist Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bharat Kalyan Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bharat Nirman Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bharat Prabhat Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bharatiya Momin Front

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bhartiya Azad Sena

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bhartiya Dalit Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bhartiya Lokmat Rashtrwadi Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bhartiya Panchyat Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Bodoland Peoples Front

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

CPI(M)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

CPI(ML)(L)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Goa Praja Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Goa Su-Raj Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Goa Suraksha Manch

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Hamari Apni Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Hardam Manavtawadi Rashtriya Dal

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Hill State People's Democratic Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Hind Congress Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Hindustan Janta Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Hindustan Utthan Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Hum Bhartiya Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Indian Union Muslim League

1

0.09%

1

0.20%

Indian Unity Centre

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Inqalab Vikas Dal

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Jai Jawan Jai Kisan Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Jamat-E-Seratul Mustakim

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Jammu & Kashmir Pir Panjal Awami Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Jan Adhikar Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Jan Shakti Dal

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Jana Jagruti Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Janapaalana Party (Democratic)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Jansatta Dal Loktantrik

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Janvadi Party(Socialist)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Karnataka Jantha Paksha

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Khun Hynniewtrep National Awakening Movement

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Koshal Mukti Morcha

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Krantikari Shetkari Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Lok Dal

1

0.09%

3

0.60%

Lok Insaaf Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Lok Samya Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Loktanter Suraksha Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Maharashtra Swabhimaan Paksh

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Marxist Leninist Party of India (Red Flag)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

My India Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Namathu Kongu Munnetra Kalagam

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Nation First Democratic Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Parivartan Samaj Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Peoples Party of India(secular)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Prabal Bharat Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Prahar Janshakti Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Purvanchal Janta Party (Secular)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rajyadhikara Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rani Chennamma Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rashtra Sewa Dal

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Janshakti Party (Secular)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Janta Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Janwadi Party (Socialist)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Kranti Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Lokswaraj Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Parivartan Dal

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Samaj Paksha

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Rashtriya Samta Party (Secular)

1

0.09%

1

0.20%

Rashtriya Ulama Council

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Samanya Janatha Party (Loktantrik)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Sanyukt Vikas Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Sapaks Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Sarv Jan Party (Bharat)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Sarvajan Kalyan Loktantrik Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

SDF

1

0.09%

4

0.80%

SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF INDIA

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Swabhimani Paksha

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Swaraj (J)

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Swatantra Jantaraj Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Tamizhaga Vaazhvurimai Katchi

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Telangana Loksatta Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

TSP

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

UKD

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Vanchit Samaj Party

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi

1

0.09%

0

0.00%

All India N.R. Congress

0

0.00%

3

0.60%

MNF

0

0.00%

2

0.40%

Navodyam Party

0

0.00%

1

0.20%

Nawan Punjab Party

0

0.00%

1

0.20%

PPA

0

0.00%

2

0.40%

Pragatisheel Manav Samaj Party

0

0.00%

1

0.20%

Total

1133

100%

500

100%

 Table: Party-wise share of Candidates and MPs/MLAs Who Joined the Other Political Parties

Financial Background

Re-contesting candidates

  •  Crorepati re-contesting Candidates : Out of the 1133 re-contesting candidates, 706 (62%) are crorepatis.
  • Re-contesting Candidates with High Assets:  The top three re-contesting candidates with highest assets are given below:

S.No.

Current Election

Name

Party in Current Election

Party in Previous Election

District/State

Constituency In Current Election

Constituency In Previous Election

Assets in Current Election (Rs)

1

Lok Sabha 2019

Uday Singh

INC

BJP

Bihar

Purnia

Purnia

3,41,86,43,970
341 Crore+

2

Lok Sabha 2019

Adala Prabhakara Reddy

Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party

TDP

Andhra Pradesh

Nellore

Nellore

2,21,16,63,364
221 Crore+

3

Lok Sabha 2014

Kanwar Singh Tanwar

BJP

BSP

Uttar Pradesh

Amroha

South Delhi

1,78,84,30,770
178 Crore+

Table: Top three re-contesting candidates with highest declared assets
  • Re-contesting Candidates with Lowest Assets:  The details of three re-contesting candidates with the lowest assets are given below:

S.No.

Current Election

 Name

 Party in Current Election

 Party in Previous Election

 District/State