Press Release: ​24 sitting Lok Sabha MPs have a total of 43 criminal cases pending against them for ten years or more; 111 sitting MLAs have a total of 315 criminal cases pending against them for ten years or more under Section 8 (1) (2) & (3) of the RP Act 1951.

37 views
Skip to first unread message

ADR India

unread,
Aug 23, 2021, 3:36:04 AM8/23/21
to national...@googlegroups.com, national-el...@googlegroups.com
Press Release 

Analysis of MPs, MLAs and Ministers who have declared criminal cases where the charges have been framed under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951

                                                                                                                    Date: August 23, 2021

Dear Friends, 

Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) and National Election Watch have analysed the affidavits of 2495 sitting MPs, MLAs and Ministers from 2019 to 2021, including 542 Lok Sabha MPs and 1953 MLAs. Out of these 2495 MPs/MLAs, 363 (15%) MPs and MLAs against whom charges have been framed by the court for offences falling under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951. This report analyses:
  1. The number of MPs, MLAs and Ministers with criminal cases which fall under Section 8(1) of the RP Act who will be disqualified, if convicted
  2. The number of MPs, MLAs and Ministers with criminal cases which fall under Section 8(2) of the RP Act and who will be disqualified, if they are convicted with a punishment of not less than 6 months
  3. The number of MPs, MLAs and Ministers with criminal cases which fall under Section 8(3) of the RP Act who will be disqualified, if they are convicted with a punishment of not less than 2 years.

 

About Section 8(1), (2) & (3) of RP Act, 1951:


Section 8 of the Representation of People Act, 1951 lays down disqualifications for persons being chosen as, and for being, a ‘Member of either House of Parliament’ as well as a ‘Member of the Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council’ of the State. Sub-sections (1), (2) and (3) of Section 8 of the Act provide that a person convicted of an offence mentioned in any of these sub-sections shall stand disqualified from the date of conviction and shall continue to be disqualified for a further period of six years since his/her release. 

The offences listed under Section 8 (1), (2) & (3) are serious/grave/heinous in nature and cover offences under Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC) such as murder, rape, dacoity, robbery, kidnapping, crimes against women, bribery, undue influence, enmity between different groups on ground of religion, race, language, place of birth. It also covers offences relating to corruption and money laundering, offences relating to production/manufacturing/cultivation, possession, sale, purchasing, transport, storage, and/or consumption of any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance, offences relating to FERA, 1973, offences relating to hoarding and profiteering, adulteration of food and drugs, dowry etc. In addition, Section 8 also covers all the offences where a person is convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for not less than two years.


Summary and Highlights
  • There are 363 MPs/MLAs who have declared criminal cases where the charges have been framed under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951
  • Among these 363 MPs/ MLAs, 296 are MLAs and 67 are MPs

image.png

Figure: Number of MPs/MLAs against whom charges have been framed by the court for offences falling under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951


Party Wise MPs/MLAs who have declared criminal cases where the charges have been framed under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951

  • Among parties, BJP has the highest number of MPs/ MLAs i.e. 83, followed by INC with 47 and AITC with 25 MPs/MLAs who have declared criminal cases where the charges have been framed under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951.
image.png

Figure: Table: Party Wise MPs/MLAs against whom charges have been framed by the court for offences falling under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951.


Election-wise MPs/MLAs who have declared criminal cases where the charges have been framed under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951

  • Among the elections, Lok Sabha Election 2019 has the highest number of MPs i.e. 67, followed by Bihar Assembly Election 2020 with 54 MLAs and Kerala Assembly Election 2021 with 42 MLAs who have declared criminal cases where the charges have been framed under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951.
image.png
Figure: Elections Wise number of MPs/MLAs against whom charges have been framed by the court for offences falling under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951

Analysis of Union Ministers and Ministers of State Assemblies who have declared criminal cases where the charges have been framed under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951
  • There are 39 Union Ministers and Ministers of State Assemblies who have declared criminal cases where the charges have been framed under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951

  • Among these 39, 4 are Union Ministers and 35 are Ministers of State Assemblies.
image.png
Figure: Number of Union Ministers and Ministers of State Assemblies against whom charges have been framed by the court for offences falling under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951


Analysis of Pending Criminal Cases of MPs/MLAs who have declared criminal cases where the charges have been framed under Section 8(1) (2) & (3) of the R.P Act,1951
  • The average number of years that criminal cases against MPs have been pending is 7 years.
  • The average number of years that criminal cases against MLAs have been pending is 6 years.
  • 24 Lok Sabha MPs have a total of 43 criminal cases pending against them for ten years or more.
  • 111 MLAs have a total of 315 criminal cases pending against them for ten years or more.

Criminal cases pending for the longest period:
image.png

Observations by ADR
  1. On 10th August, 2021 the Supreme Court of India penalised 10 political parties that had contested the Bihar Assembly Elections, 2020 for not complying with the Supreme Court’s orders dated 13th February, 2020 and 25th September, 2018 that had directed political parties to publish and list out reasons on their website including their social media platforms for nominating candidates with criminal background within 72 hours of the selection of such candidates. Taking a lenient approach, the penalty of Rs 1 lakh and Rs 5 lakh was imposed because the political parties had failed to follow the SC directions inspite of the repeated reminders from the SC and other main stakeholders. Infact, with their sole agenda of winning elections, political parties had purposely fielded such tainted candidates with criminal background and overlooked the critical credentials necessitated in a participatory democracy such as merit, integrity, honesty, qualifications and achievements.

  2. The order dated 10th August, 2021 clearly indicates that neither the ‘Legislature nor the ‘political parties will ever take any concrete steps in the directions to eliminate the ‘Muscle-Power’ from the Indian Political System. The Supreme Court in its order dated 10th August, 2021 had sadly observed, “This Court, time and again, has appealed to the law-makers of the Country to rise to the occasion and take steps for bringing out necessary amendments so that the involvement of persons with criminal antecedents in polity is prohibited. All these appeals have fallen on the deaf ears. The political parties refuse to wake up from deep slumber…”

  3. In order to curb increasing criminality in politics, the Supreme Court has, lately given six orders; 10th March, 2014 (Trial within one year); 27th August, 2014 (Prerogative of Prime Ministers and Chief Ministers of the State to not appoint ministers in their cabinet with criminal background); 1st November, 2017 (Special 11 fast-track courts); 25th September, 2018 (Publication of criminal cases); 13th February, 2020 (Reasons for giving tickets to candidates with criminal background), 10th August, 2021 (Penalty to Political Parties for not complying with SC orders). Unfortunately, none of these orders have been able to dissuade parties from giving tickets to candidates with criminal background. In 2018, the Supreme Court had said, The nation eagerly waits for such legislation, for the society has a legitimate expectation to be governed by proper constitutional governance. The voters cry for systematic sustenance of constitutionalism. The country feels agonized when money and muscle power become the supreme power.”

  4. This void in law is detrimental to the public interest. Only stringent action and measures are required to be taken by the judiciary. Mere warnings or levying miniscule penalties will certainly not help in eradicating criminal elements from elections. It is a known fact that reforms cannot be left to the wisdom of our leaders and political parties. Therefore, it is the need of the hour that the Supreme Court steps in the area left purposely vacant by our lawmakers and comes up with directions by debarring the entry of such elements from our electoral and political process.

  5. It is high time that the courts dispense with the belief that ‘disqualification of candidates with criminal background is outside the scope of their powers.’ The ‘separation of powers’ doctrine has a concomitant doctrine called ‘checks and balances. While each pillar of the Federal Structure is independent in the exercise of its functions, however, if any one pillar does not do what it is supposed to do or does something wrong, the other two pillars are expected to step in to correct the distortions arising out of the inability or unwillingness of the one pillar to perform its responsibility as indicated in the constitution. The implication is that while the authority of each pillar is independent, it is not absolute. It is subject to be ‘checked’ and ‘balanced’ by the other two pillars.

Contact Details

 

National Election Watch/Association for Democratic Reforms

 

Media and Journalist Helpline

 

+91 80103 94248

Email: a...@adrindia.org

Maj.Gen. Anil Verma (Retd)

Head

National Election Watch,

Association for Democratic Reforms

011 4165 4200,

+91 88264 79910

a...@adrIndia.org,

anil...@adrindia.org

Prof Jagdeep Chhokar

IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)

Founder Member,

National Election Watch, Association for Democratic

Reforms

+91 99996 20944

jchh...@gmail.com

Prof Trilochan Sastry

IIM Bangalore

Founder Member,

National Election Watch,

Association for Democratic Reforms

+91 94483 53285

tsa...@gmail.com


--
Association for Democratic Reforms

T-95, C.L. House, 2nd Floor,
(Near Gulmohar Commercial Complex)
Gautam Nagar
New Delhi-110 049

Mob No: +91 8010394248 
Fax No.: 011 4609 4248


Listen to Our Podcast on      
Support Us By Donating Here

Websites:   adrindia.org

    
Reply all
Reply to author
Forward
0 new messages