This year, Zulhijjah begins on the 16th or 17th October 2012. The Prophet (saw) said: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah, than these ten days. One fast during these ten days is equal to the fasting of one complete year, and the worship of one night during this period is equal to the worship in the Lailatul-Qadr.” (Tirmizi). Let us learn more about these blessed 10 days!
Days of Virtue and Righteous Deeds - Notes from Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani’s ‘Sufficient Provision for Seekers of the Path of Truth’ as well as from Maulana Shaykh Nazim’s Suhbahs
Praise be to Allah who has created time and made some times better than others. Some months and days and nights are better than others, when rewards are multiplied many times, as a mercy towards His servants. This encourages them to do more righteous deeds and makes them more eager to worship Him, so that the Muslim renews his efforts to gain a greater share of reward, and to prepare himself for death in readiness for the Day of Judgement.
This season of worship brings many benefits, such as the opportunity to correct one’s faults and make up for any shortcomings or anything that one might have missed. Every one of these special occasions involves some kind of worship through which the servants may draw closer to Allah, and some kind of blessing through which Allah bestows His favour and mercy upon whomsoever He will. The happy person is the one who makes the most of these special months, days and hours. He draws nearer to his Lord during these times through acts of worship. He will most likely be touched by the blessing of Allah and will feel the joy of knowing that he is safe from the flames of Hell.
The virtue of these ten days of Zulhijjah is based on:
(1) Allah has preferred these 10 days over all the other days of the year. Ibn ‘Abbas (ra) reported that the Prophet (saw) said: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.” The people asked, “Not even jihad for the sake of Allah?” He said, “Not even jihad for the sake of Allah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing.”
(2) Allah swears an oath by them, and swearing an oath by something is indicative of its importance and great benefit. Allah says in the Quran, “…by the dawn; by the ten nights” (Surah Al-Fajr 89: 1-2). This refers to the first ten days of Zulhijjah.
(3) The Prophet (saw) commanded us to recite a lot of Tasbeh (“Subhan-Allaah”), Tahmeed (“Al-hamdu Lillaah”) and Takbeer (“Allahu Akbar”) during this time. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar (ra) reported that the Prophet (saw) said: “There are no days greater in the sight of Allah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so during this time recite a great deal of Tahlil (“La ilaaha ill-Allah”), Takbeer and Tahmeed.”
These ten days include Yawm ‘Arafah (the Day of ‘Arafah, 9th Zulhijjah), on which Allah perfected His Religion. Fasting on this day will remove the sins of two years. These days also include Yawm al-Nahar (the Day of Sacrifice, 10th Zulhijjah), the greatest day of the entire year and the greatest day of Hajj, which combines acts of worship in a way unlike any other day.
Among the good deeds, which the Muslim should strive to do during the first ten days of Zulhijjah, are:
(1) Fasting the first nine days, especially on the 9th of Zulhijjah (Day of Arafah). The mother of the believers, Hafsah (ra) reports that Rasulullah (saw) used to fast the first nine days of Zulhijjah. For those not performing hajj, it is desirable to fast on this day according to their own lunar calendar dates of their own country. According to a hadith, the fast of this day becomes a cause, hopefully so, of forgiveness for sins committed for two years (the year before, and the year after).
When the Prophet (saw) was asked regarding the fast on the day of Arafah, he replied: “The fast on this day (will expedite) washes past years sins, as well as the remaining years.”
(2) Zikir. It is Sunnah to say Takbeer (“Allahu Akbar”), Tahmeed (“Alhamdu Lillaah”), Tahlil (“La ilaha ill-Allah”) and Tasbeeh (“Subhan Allah”) during the first ten days of Zulhijjah, and to say it loudly in the mosque, the home, the street and every place where it is permitted to remember Allah and mention His name out loud, as an act of worship and as a proclamation of the greatness of Allah, may He be exalted.
Men should recite these phrases out loud, and women should recite them quietly.
Rasulullah (saw) said: “The best form of ibadah (acts of devotion) is to recite the Qur’an.”
(3) Performing Hajj and ‘Umrah. One of the best deeds that one can do during these ten days is to perform Hajj to the Sacred House of Allah. The one whom Allah helps to go on Hajj to His House and to Perform all the rituals properly is included in the words of the Prophet (saw): “An accepted Hajj brings no less a reward than Paradise.”
(4) Doing more good deeds in general, because good deeds are beloved by Allah and will bring a great reward from Him. Whoever is not able to go to Hajj should occupy himself at this blessed time by worshipping Allah, praying (salat), reading Quran, remembering Allah, making supplication (du’a), giving charity, honouring his parents, upholding the ties of kinship, enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil, and other good deeds and acts of worship. Prophet (saw) said: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.”
(5) Sacrifice (Qurban). Those who have enough wealth to pay Zakaat must offer the sacrifice for Allah, it is wajib in Mazhab Maliki, Hambali and Hanafi, and a very strong Sunnat in Mazhab Shafie. The Prophet (saw) said, “Whoever has the means to perform a sacrifice, but did not, let him not approach my mosque.”
Choose a high-quality animal, fatten it, spend money for the sake of Allah. It is the tradition of Prophet Ibrahim (as) and a strongly recommended Sunnah. A lamb, sheep, goat , cow, buffalo, or camel can be offered as the sacrifice. There are seven shares in a cow, buffalo and camel. The sacrifice should be accomplished by slaughtering the animal after Salaat-al-Eid. The sacrifice also called Udhiyah or Qurbani lasts for four days from 10th Zulhijjah until the sunset of 13th Zulhijjah. The meat should be divided into three shares: one for the family, the second for relatives and friend and the third share is for the poor and the needy. Or all of the meat can be given to the needy, if that is needed in the area you are doing the sacrifice.
Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) said: “On the 10th of Zul-Hijjah, there is no better act in the view of Allah than shedding the blood (of Slaughtered animals). And verily sacrifice earns the approbation of Allah even before the drop of blood (of the slaughtered animal) falls on the ground. Hence you should offer it in good spirit (sincerely). For every hair of the sacrificial animal, there is a blessing.”
What must the Muslim avoid during these ten days if he wants to offer a sacrifice?
The Sunnah indicates that the one who wants to offer a sacrifice must stop cutting his hair and nails and removing anything from his skin, from the beginning of the ten days until after he has offered his sacrifice, because the Prophet (saw) said: “ When you see the new moon of Zulhijjah, if any one of you wants to offer a sacrifice, then he should stop cutting his hair and nails until he has offered his sacrifice.”
Whoever needs to remove some hair, nails, etc. because it is harming him, such as having a broken nail or a wound in a site where there is hair, should do so, and there is nothing wrong with that. There is nothing wrong with men or women washing their heads during the first ten days of Zulhijjah, because the Prophet (saw) only forbade cutting the hair, not washing it.
The wisdom behind this prohibition of the one who wants to offer a sacrifice from cutting his hair etc, is so that he may resemble those in ihram in some aspect of the rituals performed, and so that he may draw closer to Allah by offering the sacrifice.
If a person has cut his hair or nails during the first ten days of Zulhijjah because he was not planning to offer a sacrifice, then he decides later, during the ten days, to offer a sacrifice, then he must refrain from cutting his hair and nails from the momenthe makes this decision.
This prohibition appears to apply only to the one who is offering the sacrifice, not to his wife and children, unless any of them is offering a sacrifice in his or her own right, because the Prophet (saw) used to sacrificed “on behalf of the family of Muhammad,” but there are no reports that say he forbade them to cut their hair or nails at that time.
(6) Sincere repentance. One of the most important things to do during these ten days is to repent sincerely to Allah and to give up all kinds of disobedience and sin. Repentance means coming back to Allah and foregoing all the deeds, open and secret, that He dislikes, out of regret for what has passed, giving it up immediately and being determined never to return to it, but to adhere firmly to the Truth by doing what Allah loves.
If a Muslim commits a sin, he must hasten to repent at once, without delay, firstly because he does not know when he will die, and secondly because one evil deed leads to another. Repentance at special times is very important because in most cases people’s thought turn towards worship at these times, and they are keen to do good, which leads to them recognizing their sins and feeling regret for the past.
Allah says: “But as for him who repented, believed and did righteous deeds, then he will be among those who are successful.” (Surah Al-Qasas 28:67)
The Day of Arafah (9th Zulhijjah)
The 9th day of Zulhijjah is called ‘Yawmul Arafah’ (The Day of ‘Arafah). This is the date when the Hujjaj ( pilgrims) assemble on the plain of ‘Arafat, six miles away from Makkah al-Mukarramah, where they perform the most essential part of the prescribed duties of hajj, namely, the ‘Wuqoof of Arafat (the stay in ‘Arafat)’.
Beginning from the Fajr of the 9th Zulhijjah up to the ‘Asr prayer of the 13th, it isobligatory on each Muslim to recite the Takbir of Tashreeq after every fard prayer in the following words. “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La Ilaha Illallahu, Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar wa lillahilhamd.”(There is no God but Allah and Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest and to Allah belongs all praise.)
Whether one is performing salah with Jama’ah (collectively) or on one’s own (individually) makes no difference, one should recite the Takbir. However, male Muslims should recite it in a loud voice, while females should recite it in a low voice.
Practices of the Day of Arafah for those at Arafah
If they do all these, they will emerge clean. If not, they will emerge (as dirty) as they entered Arafah.
Practices of the Day of Arafah for those not performing Haj
(1) Fast. Remember fasting means that your tongue, eyes, and all organs, must fast too, especially your heart. fasting on this day removes the sin of the previous year, and of the year to come.
You may increase all the above recitations to more than the stated numbers, and weep whilst you supplicate, beseeching Allah to grant you His favours.
(3) Make do’a for Ummah of Rasulullah (saw) and for our beloved Shaykh Nazim.
Shaykh Nazim said, “Pray for me that I am not placed in a position to be in need of anyone, pray that I am not confined to my bed, pray that I am not humiliated amongst people, pray that the love of Islam is always in our hearts, and that we are under the banner of Islam, here and hereafter.”
(4) Perform Solat al-Khusama, preferably, between Zuhur and Asar (see explanation below)
Celebration of Eidil Adha
The Night Preceding ‘Eid-ul-Adha’ (10th Zulhijjah)
It had been the practice of the Prophet (saw), that he would not sleep in the night preceding the day of Eid-ul-Adha. Almighty grants all do’as/prayers in this night. Therefore, it is desirable to perform much do’as/prayers and worship in this night. The Prophet (saw), is reported to have said: “Whoever stands up (in worship) in the nights preceding the two Eids expecting rewards from his Lord, his heart will not die when the other hearts will die.” (Ibn Majah)
Hence one should not be busy shopping, cooking, decorating or partying on this night, it is a Night Allah looks at His Servants and grants their needs.
On Eidul Adha / Hari Raya Haji itself
(1) Before going to Eid prayer, it is Sunnah to bathe, brush teeth, wear your best clothes and for men to put on perfume.
(2) It is forbidden to fast on this day, but you are not to eat before performing the Eid prayers. Eat only after Eid prayers or after the sacrifice, if you are doing a sacrifice.
(3) Given the choice of praying at the mosque or at a Multi Purpose hall, stadium or open space, choose the latter. The Prophet (saw) did not perform Solat Eidul Adha at the Mosque, he held it at the open ground, so it is a Sunnah to do that.
(4) Go early for Eid prayers.
(5) Women and children are also encouraged to join in the festivities by going to that gathering. Even menstruating women may go, and although they cannot pray, they can listen to the Eid Khutbah.
(6) In the Eid prayer, the Khutbah is after the prayer (unlike Friday prayers when the Khutbah is before the prayer). Do not talk during the Khutbah – listen respectfully, as if it were the Prophet (saw) speaking to you from the mimbar.
(7) The Eid Solat is a two raka’at prayer. It is identical to any other 2 raka’at prayer except that there are some extra takbirs (Allahu akbar) inserted in each raka’at. In the first ra’ka’at, between the Takbiratul ihram and Suratul Fatihah, there are 7 additional takbirs. In the second raka’at, before reading Suratul Fatiha, there are 5 additional takbirs. (This is for followers of Mazhab Shafi’e) Intention: I am performing my Solat Sunnat Eidul Adha prayer, 2 raka’at, for the sake of Allah.
(8) Return home by a different route from which you came. This is also a Sunnah of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw).
(9) If you missed the prayer at the mosque because you woke up late, you may pray this Solat Eid at home, on your own. Just make the intention, and pray a two raka’at prayer, remembering to add the 7 extra takbirs in the first raka’at, and the 5 extra takbirs in the second raka’at. The prayer can be done anytime from 15 minutes after sunrise to just before the azan of Solat Zuhur. Once past the azan of Zuhur, the time for the Eid Solat has lapsed.
(10) Spend the day in good acts, like zikir, charity, the best good deed of which is to perform Qurban. It is an important Sunnah to perform Qurban every year.
(11) The Prophet (saw) summarised how we should spend Eid (Hari Raya) in a beautiful hadees, “Decorate your Eid (Hari Raya) with Takbir (Allahu akbar), Tahmid (Alhamdulillah), Tahlil (Lailahaillallah) and Tasbih (Subhanallah).”
(12) Solat al-Khusama can also be done on this day (and also on the day before), preferably between Zuhur prayers and Asar. Taught by Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani (q), it is a 4 raka’at prayer, done at one go with one salam at the end. It is done, so that the reward of it is donated to all people whom you have harmed and sinned against, so that Allah will use the reward to satisfy their claims on the Day of Resurrection, if He so wills.
It is done as follows:
Then donate the spiritual reward of the performance of this prayer, to all those enemies who will have a claim against you on Judgement Day.
This solat must be done on 7 specific occasions:
Summary of all worship in first half of Zulhijjah
Date of Zulhijjah
Prescribed worship for the day
Before 1st Zulhijjah
|(1) For those doing Qurban/Sacrifice, if they wish to cut their hair or nails, it must be done before maghrib of the eve of 1st Zulhijjah (anytime in Zulkaedah). Once it is Zulhijjah, they can only cut their nails or hair, after the sacrifice has been completed |
(2) Night vigil begins from the eve of 1st Zulhijjah.
|(1) Sunnat fasting (each day of fasting is equivalent to a year’s fasting). When you perform sunnat fasting, you may also make intention to:|
(2) Zikir – It is Sunnah to say Takbeer (“Allahu Akbar”), Tahmeed (“Alhamdu Lillaah”), Tahlil (“La ilaha ill-Allah”) and Tasbeeh (“Subhan Allah”) and repentance. Read Quran.
(3) Night vigil (each night’s vigil is equivalent to one Lailatul Qadr) .
(Day of Tarwiyah)
(Day of Arafah)
|(1) Sunnat Fasting and Zikir (see notes above) |
(2) Solat Sunnat al-Khusama may be performed between zuhur and asar
(3) Eid takbir starts at maghrib.(4) Fill the night before Eid with worship
(Day of Sacrifice &
Eid Adha/Hari Raya Haji)
|(1) Eid prayer to be done before azan zuhur. |
(2) Sacrifice (Qurban) should be done after Eid prayers. Once the sacrifice is completed, those who have completed their sacrifice, may cut their nails/hair, if they wish to.
(3) It is forbidden to fast on this day.
(4) Eid takbir is recited all day, after every fardhu prayer.
(5) Solat Sunnat al-Khusama may be performed between zuhur and asar.
(Day of Tashreeq)
|(1) Sacrifice (Qurban) must be completed by 13th latest. Once the sacrifice is completed, those who have completed their sacrifice may cut their nails/hair, if they wish to.|
(2) It is forbidden to fast on these 3 days.
(3) Eid takbir is recited after fardhu prayers, on all these days till asar of the 13th Zulhijjah.
(Day of Tashreeq)
(Day of Tashreeq)
|These are the White Days of each Islamic month. It is a Sunnah to fast on these days. While fasting on these White days, you may also make intention to:|