Propaganda Review #5, Summer 1989 (Part 2 of 10)

4 views
Skip to first unread message

Rich Winkel

unread,
Mar 2, 1992, 5:23:06 AM3/2/92
to
/** propaganda.rev: 13.3 **/
** Written 1:05 pm Nov 17, 1991 by ppaull in cdp:propaganda.rev **
Start, "Resources"

***
RESOURCES

Center for Psychological Studies in the Nuclear Age

The Center For Psychological Studies in the Nuclear Age, a
research and public education organization founded in 1983, is
committed to an interdisciplinary study of the psychological
dimensions of the global crisis generated by the arms race and
the destruction of the environment. The Center seeks to
understand the psychological and social forces that perpetuate
the crisis and to to apply that understanding to help create new
modes of thinking and behaving demanded by the dangerous
realities of the nuclear age.

The Center brings together researchers, clinicians, and
thinkers from a variety of disciplines and is currently
sponsoring a range of research projects to further its
objectives. Some of those projects are concerned with dynamics
at leadership or policy-making levels. Others investigate
dynamics which permeate all levels of society. The complementary
nature of Center projects and their capacity to inform each other
magnifies the potential inpact of individual efforts.

The Center's public education program has several components.
The Center's colloquia and lecture series provide a forum for
invited speakers to share the latest thinking on arms control and
environmental issues with public audiences. Further, the Center
disseminates its own work through researcher speaking
engagements, lay and professional publications, and consultion to
outside groups. In addition, it distributes its own publication,
Center Review, and mails out article reprints, audio-visual
materials, and its bibliography of bibliography of articles and
books on request.

Contact the Center for Psychological Studies in the Nuclear Age
at 1493 Cambridge Street, Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 497-1553.

Greenpeace

Greenpeace is an international organization dedicated to
preserving the earth and all the life it supports. Greenpeace
activists work to stop the threat of nuclear war, to protect the
environment from nuclear and toxic pollution, and to halt the
needless slaughter of whales, dolphins, seals and other
endangered animals.

The Greenpeace ethic is not only to bear witness but also to take
direct nonviolent action to stop atrocities against the
environment. The organization also organizes and mobilizes
communities to demonstrate concern over local issues. Greenpeace
investigators also document the scientific, financial, and
political roots of environmental problems which are then
presented as research briefs, papers, articles, films,
videotapes, and slides. Greenpeace seeks to educate and inform
the general public as well as those in decision making
positions.

In addition, the organization produces a bimonthly magazine,
Greenpeace, which covers international environmental issues.
The magazine uses brilliant photography and covers environmental
successes as well as those areas needing improvement.

Contact Greenpeace at 1436 U Street, N.W., Washington, D. C.
20009 (202) 462-1177.

RESTRICTIONS: Copyright 1991 by Propaganda Review. All rights
reserved under the International Copyright Union, the Universal
Copyright Convention, and the PanAmerican Convention.
Unauthorized republication is prohibited but reprinting (or
reposting in other conferences or networks) of all Propaganda
Review articles is encouraged. Please contact Johan Carlisle
(jcarlisle), Managing Editor, for permission.

Copies of Propaganda Review magazine (with illustrated articles)
are available for $6. [Note: issues #1 and #5 are out of print.]
For more information, to order back issues, or to subscribe to PR
($20/4 issues; $40-libraries & foreign) contact jcarlisle (via
e-mail on PeaceNet), call (415) 332-8369, or write to:
PROPAGANDA REVIEW
PO Box 1469
Sausalito, CA 94966

End, "Resources"

Next, Response 4, "Propaganda Watch"


** End of text from cdp:propaganda.rev **

/** propaganda.rev: 13.4 **/
** Written 1:06 pm Nov 17, 1991 by ppaull in cdp:propaganda.rev **
Start, "Propaganda Watch"

***
PROPAGANDA WATCH

Red Scare Hype

It was December, 1986, and Washington was a cold, dark place for
the Reagan administration. Ed Meese had recently been on TV to
announce the Iran-contra scandal. President Reagan was on the
ropes, having been caught lying on TV. Perhaps a sexy media
event would divert attention from the administration's troubles.

Conspiracy or not, the Moscow Embassy scandal certainly helped to
distract the media. In December of '86, a US embassy guard in
Moscow, Sergeant Clayton Lonetree, admitted that he had given
classified information to the Soviets. Another guard, under
duress, confessed to espionage, but later recanted. Only
Lonetree was convicted as legal cases against others fell apart.
For months, the story unfolded in the daily press. Experts
claimed that the Soviets had not only compromised our embassy
guards, but that they had bugged the US embassy's code room.
Later, the story escalated into charges that the new US embassy
building was filled with so many bugs that it would have to be
rebuilt. Caspar Weinberger, then Secretary of Defense, called it
"the worst spy case of the century."

Now, Time magazine (7/3/89), in what the Washington Post calls
"an unusual journalistic debunking," says that the Soviets never
successfully penetrated the US embassy at all. This directly
challenges the findings of a book, Moscow Station, that Time
excerpted as its cover story four months ago. The book is now
being made into a mini-series. Perhaps, someday we'll see a
mini-series about how these overblown red scares get produced.

Third Reich's PR Men

A landmark film which may explain why the Nazis thought they
could get away with the "final solution" is scheduled to appear
on TV this fall. Gerald Rafshoon, Jimmy Carter's top TV ad man,
is producing "The Nightmare Years," former Hearst reporter
William L. Shirer's chronicle of the Nazi rise to power.

Reportedly the film will show how Hitler and his PR men crafted
one of the best cover-ups in history--the idea, accepted by
millions of Americans, British, and French, that Hitler was
nothing to fear. The film, according to the San Francisco
Examiner (5/11/89), will explain how the Nazis exploited the
media with unparalleled success: "the brilliant filmmaking, the
superb manipulation of state-controlled radio, the seduction of
the foreign press corps."

With Bob Woodward as script writer and Anthony Page ("The
Missiles of August" -- the acclaimed TV docudrama about the Cuban
missile crisis) as director, "The Nightmare Years" should be
worth a foray into TV-land. It will be shown on Turner Network
Television in September. Christopher Matthews, the San
Francisco Examiner's Washington correspondent, says, "If it
succeeds, 'The Nightmare Years' will answer one of the big
questions posed by [WW II]: why did the Nazis believe they could
hide their final solution to the Jewish question from the world?
It was their propaganda that convinced them, propaganda that
portrayed Adolf Hitler as a prophet whose only desire was to lead
his people out of the darkness and into the light of day."

Subliminal Messages for the People

A Louisiana high school senior won a state writing contest
recently by using subliminal messages throughout the text of his
essay. Printed in tiny letters in 13 places within Jason Loupe's
essay on "The Power of Subliminal Messages" was the message:
"Give this essay first place." Loupe's 250-word essay explained
how advertisers use hidden messages to influence consumers.

Interestingly, Associated Press, which reported on this clever
high school kid in the San Francisco Examiner (6/7/89), didn't
speculate about whether subliminal messages are still being
used. These subtle "hidden persuaders," which Vance Packard
wrote about in the '60s, were supposedly made illegal. But
recently there have been reports about subliminal audio tapes
being played in supermarkets and department stores which remind
the employees not to steal and encourage the shoppers to spend
more money.

The lack of background information in the AP story illustrates a
type of propaganda-by-absence, which is common in the news media
and is largely responsible for the lack of historical perspective
among Americans.

"Red Scorpion" -- Propaganda Blockbuster

Most of the anti-Soviet propaganda clichs that the right has
systematically drummed into the American psyche over the last few
years were present in "Red Scorpion," a sensational Ramboesque
feature film that played last spring. The infamous "Hind
helicopter gunship" which dumped "yellow rain" on the natives
stole the show from the Russian assassin, played by Dolph
Lundgren, the evil Soviet boxer in "Rocky IV." The absurd plot
which had the Soviet assassin on a mission to Angola to off Jonas
Savimbi ends up with the Russians abandoning the assassin who is
adopted by a bushman. He is so inspired by their simple way of
life that he goes back and single-handedly wipes out the Soviets.
As the Russian leaves, the bushman, dramatically framed by a
sunset-washed butte, says, with feeling, "Das vadanya!"

This propaganda film, not unlike "Red Dawn", portrays the Soviets
as singularly evil, while their enemies, in this case the Angolan
"freedom fighters," are pure and loveable. [See Images of the
Enemy, p.22]

The circumstances behind the creation of "Red Scorpion," however,
are more interesting than its propaganda value. The producer,
Jack Abramoff, has connections to the World-Anti Communist League
through his organization, the International Freedom Foundation
(IFF). According to Covert Action Information Bulletin (Winter
1989), IFF is closely associated with South Africa, where "Red
Scorpion" was filmed (the only American film to do so in the face
of an industry-wide boycott) and has offices in Tel Aviv.
Abramoff, who specializes in right wing propaganda films, also
helped Oliver North raise money for the contras, according to a
declassified National Security Council memo [see PR #1].
Abramoff also actively marketed videotapes of Oliver North's
contra slide show.

How many other Hollywood films have pedigrees like "Red
Scorpion"?

"Carnal Torture"

If you've ever wondered what the CIA is up to in El Salvador, a
recent article in Mother Jones provides a clue. In a typical
week in San Salvador, the following movies were playing -- most
of them reportedly made in the United States: Rapists of Virgin
Girls, Absolute Diabolical Terror, Armed Response, Diabolical
Gangs, Diabolical Nymphs, Girl Prisoners of War, Carnal Torture,
Mercenaries of Hate, Squads That Kill, and Savage Dogs, "a series
featuring oversized Dobermans tearing undressed women limb from
limb." The Mother Jones' article [April 1989] included this
startling list next to a catalog of mutilated and tortured
Salvadorans. The writers didn't elaborate, but, it wouldn't be
surprising to find out that these movies are part of a CIA
psychological warfare operation.

The CIA did similar things in Chile preceding the coup and
assassination of President Salvador Allende. In a 1980 book,
Death In Washington, Fred Landis and Donald Freed document a
psychological warfare technique developed and used by the CIA
called "El Desquartizado," the "quartered man." Dozens of
stories about disfigured and mutilated people and animals were
planted in the news media by the CIA, usually, where possible
right next to stories about Allende. The cumulative effect was
that Chileans were subconsciously manipulated into associating
the "quartered man" with Allende.

The appalling number of mutilations and torture in El Salvador
may well be partly due to just such an operation involving the
above movies.
--Johan Carlisle

Ms. Liberty Turns Up In Atlanta

Downtown Atlanta may not be Tianamen Square, but a particularly
timely version of Ms. Liberty turned up there in late June,
shortly before the Supreme Court decision that gutted Roe v. Wade
was handed down.

Atlanta's Lady Liberty, projected onto an office building, stood
100 feet tall and wore absolutely nothing but the word "mine"
scrawled across her torso. Her appearance amazed passersby and
stopped traffic for nearly an hour until she was removed.

Although her visit was short, Ms. Liberty Atlanta-style was the
powerful message of a guerrilla abortion-rights group making
clear its displeasure with the antics of the good ol' boys and
girls on the Supreme Court.
--Hannah Silver

-30-

RESTRICTIONS: Copyright 1991 by Propaganda Review. All rights
reserved under the International Copyright Union, the Universal
Copyright Convention, and the PanAmerican Convention.
Unauthorized republication is prohibited but reprinting (or
reposting in other conferences or networks) of all Propaganda
Review articles is encouraged. Please contact Johan Carlisle
(jcarlisle), Managing Editor, for permission.

Copies of Propaganda Review magazine (with illustrated articles)
are available for $6. [Note: issues #1 and #5 are out of print.]
For more information, to order back issues, or to subscribe to PR
($20/4 issues; $40-libraries & foreign) contact jcarlisle (via
e-mail on PeaceNet), call (415) 332-8369, or write to:
PROPAGANDA REVIEW
PO Box 1469
Sausalito, CA 94966

End, "Propaganda Watch"

Next, Response 5, "What is Propaganda, Anyway?--DIALOGUE" (Part 1
of 3)

** End of text from cdp:propaganda.rev **

Reply all
Reply to author
Forward
0 new messages