3/23/ Post-Gaddafi Govt. Selected; 1994 US 'hosted' Libyan Exile Post-Qaddafi Conference; About Lockerbie

Skip to first unread message

Liz Burbank

Mar 24, 2011, 8:24:50 AM3/24/11
the digest http://www.burbankdigest.com/ subs/unsub:
lizbu...@speakeasy.net http://www.burbankdigest.com/node/345

US 'hosts' support for spontaneous popular revolt 17 yrs. ago January
1994 Libyan Exiles Debate Post-Qaddafi Era

Nov. 28-29, 1994, Washington's Center for Strategic and International
Studies (CSIS) hosted a conference on "Post-Qaddafi Libya: The
Prospect and The Promise." The conference was unique in that all
of the panelists were Libyan exiles who provided both personal and
analytical insights into a country last visited by U.S. officials
some 14 years ago....

according to conference organizer Henry Schuler of CSIS, Libyan
leader Muammar Qaddafi launched a public campaign of intimidation
against the Libyan opposition in exile, which he called "stray dogs
that have escaped and begun to bark abroad." The result was
cancellation by a number of conference participants. Despite their
absence, members of a variety of Libyan opposition groups as well
as independent critics of the Qaddafi regime participated.

The CSIS conference provided an opportunity ,for American policymakers,
analysts arid journalists to see the variety of ideas and the depth
of commitment exhibited by the Libyan opposition in exile. Although
the discussion was occasionally heated, panel participants and the
Libyans in the audience never lost sight of their common goal. In
the words of Omar Fathaly, "If we manage to overthrow Qaddafi we
have succeeded. Otherwise we are just standing still."

Post-Gaddafi government selected as coalition strikes Mar 23, 2011

Libya's rebel leaders have already met with high level officials
from both the United States and France....Benghazi-based Libyan
National Council chose former foreign envoy Mahmoud Jibril to lead
the transitional period, should Gaddafi be ousted... Libyan opposition
diplomatic gains for greater international support has not yet
translated into control of the capital Tripoli, which remains under
Gaddafi's rule.

THAT "ANTI-WAR = PRO-GADDAFI" (anti-Iraq war=pro-Saddam, anti-Iran
UN 'mandate' approves 'all necessary military measures', contrary
to officials & media lies UN Resolution 1973:

Call for Action against the Bombing of Libya!

All-African Peoples Revolutionary Party, March 22, 2011 All-African
Revolutionary Party declares its uncompromising and un-categorical
opposition to any and all United States, (USAfricom, USAID, National
Endowment for Democracy, CIA, etc.), British, French, German,
Italian, Israeli, or UN interference or military intervention in
African, Middle Eastern and Central and South American and Caribbean
affairs and territory...its uncompromising and un-categorical
opposition to the following and similar groups:

Libyan Transitional National Council Libyan People's Army Free
Libyan Air Force Libyan Youth Movement Committee for Libyan National
Action in Europe National Conference for the Libyan Opposition
(Libyan Constitutional Union) National Front for the Salvation of
Libya Libyan League for Human Rights Libya Watanona Libya Islamic
Group (Muslim Brotherhood) Libya Islamic Fighting Group

still in the media-dark about US geopolitical 'mission'?

US AFRICOM established Joint Task Force Odyssey Dawn to provide
operational and tactical command and control of U.S. forces supporting
the international response in Libya and enforcement of security
council resolution. UNSCR 1973

relentless deep concern for humanity's well-being: how US got & is
trying to keep world dominance U.N. wants to negotiate Libya
"humanitarian corridors"


The U.N. wants to negotiate "humanitarian corridors" to let more
aid into Libya where fighting in the east of the country has uprooted
tens of thousands and hit food supplies, the U.N. said on Wednesday.
U.N. Humanitarian Coordinator for Libya, in Libya March 12-16, told
a news conference Libyan authorities indicated there was no major
need for humanitarian aid, but discussions continue on how best to
support people affected by conflict."There are various tools we can
assist people in the middle of conflict -- humanitarian corridors
or days of tranquility,"

EXPANDING THE WAR "The President does not have power under the
Constitution to unilaterally authorize a military attack in a
situation that does not involve stopping an actual or imminent
threat to the nation."

Barack Obama - December 20, 2007


"...There is no perfect formula for military intervention. It must
be used sparingly not in Bahrain or Yemen, even though we condemn
the violence against protesters in both countries.

Libya is a specific case: Muammar el-Qaddafi is erratic, widely
reviled, armed with mustard gas and has a history of supporting
terrorism. If he is allowed to crush the opposition, it would chill
pro-democracy movements across the Arab world..."

NYT editorial http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/22/opinion/22tue1.html

Libyan Rebel Stronghold: Frustration Mounts on the Streets of
Benghazi By Jonathan Stock, Spiegel Recent days have shown how the
rebels are dealing with the enemies of the current revolution [SIC].
Homes raided, neighbors dragged off, suspects executed.


how google-NSA 'partnership' works in US information war US+ghaddafi
responsibility for lockerbie pan am bombing - Google Search -
Google returned no results for this search. But something strange
is happening. There is some sort of format change that is breaking
our scraper.

It happens on a minority of searches. When you see zero results,
it is likely that the results are there, but our program cannot
extract them. We will shut down when this starts occurring more

NB: in exact same google search seconds later 99% of the first 50
results are variations on: 'Gaddafi ordered Lockerbie bombing'

"23 Feb 2011 ... Ties between the United States and Libya are
severed. 1988: A bomb goes off on a Pan Am plane over Lockerbie,
Scotland, ... 2003: U.N.

sanctions are removed after Libya takes responsibility for the
Lockerbie bombing.


"Gaddafi accepted Libya's responsibility for the bombing but never
admitted personally giving the order...Gaddafi had been trying to
transform Libya from a pariah state to an accepted member of the
international community. He renounced terrorism and his programme
for weapons of mass destruction, and paid billions of dollars in
compensation to families of Lockerbie victims.

Those decisions paved the way for warmer relations with the West
and the lifting of UN and US sanctions.


Wikileaks: COLONEL Muammar Gaddafi's regime secretly provided
information to the US and later Britain on Islamic extremists in
the east of Libya according to US diplomatic cables and intelligence
sources... CIA first made contact with Colonel Gaddafi in the late
1990s, 10 years after Pan Am Flight 103...

British intelligence is understood to have become involved later,
after Colonel Gaddafi renounced weapons of mass destruction in 2003.
Six years on, another leaked cable said Libya has acted as a critical
ally in US counter-terrorism efforts, and is considered one of our
primary partners in combating the flow of foreign fighters. The
cable from the US Embassy in Tripoli August 10, 2009, emphasised
the US-Libya strategic partnership in this field has been highly...
beneficial to both nations.


On Monday, an ex-CIA agent claimed that Moammar GadhafiMoammar
Gadhafi had personally ordered the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight
103 in Lockerbie, Scotland.

Secretary of State Hillary ClintonHillary Clinton assured that she
would re-investigate the matter while looking closely at the part
the dictator had played in the affair.


Ex-CIA official: Gadhafi behind Pan Am bombing Mar 7, 2011 MSNBC

"He needs to stand trial, everybody around him needs to stand trial,"
said Rabbi Stephanie Bernstein, whose late husband, Michael Bernstein,
a Justice Department lawyer, was killed in the bombing.

No direct evidence

Anderson acknowledged the CIA never had direct evidence tying Gadhafi
to the bombing. But during Anderson's tenure as chief of the CIA's
Near East affairs division U.S. and British officials were able to
wrap up an investigation that uncovered forensic and other evidence
linking the planting of the bomb to Abdelbasset al-Megrahi, a Libyan
intelligence officer.

While there have long been suspicions of Gadhafi's involvement,
Anderson has particular credibility on the issue. As one of the
CIA's top experts on Libya he had served as a case officer in Tripoli
in the early 1970s after Gadhafi first came to power Anderson
dismissed the possibility that Megrahi could have been acting as a
"rogue" agent without the knowledge of the regime's top leader. By
the time of the bombing, he said, Gadhafi had so consolidated his
hold over the regime that there was "absolutely no way" for Libyan
intelligence officials to have carried out the bombing without the
dictator's authorization.

Geopolitical and other realities led U.S. officials to handle the
matter as a criminal case, resulting in a federal indictment of
Megrahi and an alleged co-conspirator, rather than with military
force, noted Anderson, who now serves as the president of the Middle
East Policy Council, a Washington-based think tank. President Ronald
Reagan ordered a bombing of Libya in 1986 after U.S. officials
linked Libya's intelligence service to an earlier terrorism bombing
in Berlin that killed two U.S. servicemen.

In a separate interview, Richard Marquise, who was the chief FBI
agent on the Lockerbie case, said he and other bureau officials
always assumed that senior Libyan officials were complicit in blowing
up the aircraft, but never had enough evidence to build a case
against them.

When Megrahi and an alleged co-conspirator, Lamin Khalifah Fhimah,
were indicted by a federal grand jury in 1991, FBI officials were
eager to convict them in a U.S. court and then get them to finger
the higher level officials who gave them their orders, said Marquise.
Some evidence against higher level Libyan intelligence officials
had surfaced in the course of the probe, said Marquise. He even
considered seeking "material witness" warrants that would authorize
FBI agents to apprehend the suspects and force them to testify. "We
always hoped that had we gotten (access to Megrahi and Fhimah) they
would start to roll," said Marquise. "There was always an expectation
that we would get further up the chain."But much to the frustration
of U.S. officials, that never happened. As part of a deal to get
the Libyans to turn over Megrahi and Fhimah, the U.S. agreed to
allow them to be tried in Scotland and Scottish officials agreed
to restrict the case only to them, preventing the disclosure of any
evidence that might point to higher-ups....In January 2001, Megrahi
was convicted of planting the bomb aboard Pan Am 103, while Fhimah
was acquitted.

But Megrahi never admitted his guilt or fingered higher level
officials. In a move that enraged family members of the victims and
U.S. officials, Scottish Justice Minister Kenny MacAskill released
Megrahi in August, 2009 on "compassionate" grounds because he was
supposedly dying of prostate cancer with only to live. He received
a hero's welcome upon his return to Libya and, at last report, was
still alive.

After Secretary Clinton said last week that she would ask Attorney
General Eric Holder and FBI Director Robert Mueller to reopen the
Lockerbie probe, the Justice Department released a brief statement
saying that the indictments of Megrahi and Fhima by a federal grand
jury in Washington "remains pending" and the investigation "remains
open." A knowledgeable source, speaking on condition of anonymity
said that Justice and FBI officials were discussing possible ways
to obtain new evidence from figures like Jalil, Libya's ex-justice
minister, but that there were numerous logistical and political
difficulties given the turmoil in Libya at the moment.

How Megrahi and Libya were framed for Lockerbie By Alexander Cockburn,
July 22, 201 Amid all the bellowing about the release on compassionate
grounds of Abdelbaset Ali al-Megrahi, convicted of the bombing of
PanAm flight 103 in 1988, all current commentary ignores the hippo
in the room - which is the powerful evidence that Megrahi was
innocent, framed by the US and British security services and
originally found guilty because Scottish judges had their arms
brutally twisted The conviction was one of the great judicial
scandals of the 20th Century. ...

Back in 2000 a former CIA official told my brother, Andrew Cockburn,
who undertook an investigation of the case for our newsletter
CounterPunch the factual substrate of these observations - that
he had taken part in the original investigation of the PanAm bombing.
He said that if the original CIA report was ever to be made public,
it would provide "damning evidence" that "the Libyans were never
directly involved in the Lockerbie bombing."...

INTERESTS IS A CRIME Fascist state terrorism: "you're either with
US or you're with the terrorists"

"The struggle in the new Middle East must be defined as one between
nations that are moving in the right direction and nations that are
not; between those that are embracing economic liberalization,
educational reform, democracy, the rule of law and civil liberties,
and those that are not. Viewed through this prism, the new Egypt,
the new Iraq and the new Palestinian Authority are in one camp.
Iran and Syria the region's two most authoritarian regimes and
America's two greatest remaining adversaries there are in the
other. It will mean mobilizing the resources of the entire free
world in a way that only the United States can."

2/27/11 Kenneth Pollack, Brookings Institute

Egypt was a very carefully managed succession...the armed forces
maintained their independence from the unpopular Mubarak regime,
thereby providing the armed forces with the unity in command and
effort in using street demonstrations to quietly oust Mubarak.


Imperialist strategists talk among themselves: "What happened was
not a revolution"

Egypt: The Distance Between Enthusiasm and Reality

Mubarak is out of office, the military regime remains intact and
it is stronger than ever. This is not surprising, given what STRATFOR
has said about recent events in Egypt, but the reality of what has
happened in the last 72 hours and the interpretation that much of
the world has placed on it are startlingly different. Power rests
with the regime, not with the crowds. In our view, the crowds never
had nearly as much power as many have claimed.

Certainly, there was a large crowd concentrated in a square in
Cairo, and there were demonstrations in other cities. But the crowd
was limited. It never got to be more than 300,000 people or so in
Tahrir Square, and while thats a lot of people, it is nothing like
the crowds that turned out during the 1989 risings in Eastern Europe
or the 1979 revolution in Iran. Those were massive social convulsions
in which millions came out onto the streets. The crowd in Cairo
never involved a substantial portion of the city. In a genuine
revolution, the police and military cannot contain the crowds. In
Egypt, the military chose not to confront the demonstrators, not
because the military itself was split, but because it agreed with
the demonstrators core demand:

getting rid of Mubarak. And since the military was the essence of
the Egyptian regime, it is odd to consider this a revolution.

The crowd in Cairo, as telegenic as it was, was the backdrop to the
drama, not the main feature. The main drama began months ago when
it became apparent that Mubarak intended to make his reform-minded
47-year-old son, Gamal, lacking in military service, president of
Egypt. This represented a direct challenge to the regime. In a way,
Mubarak was the one trying to overthrow the regime.

Mubaraks insistence on Gamal and his unwillingness to step down
created a crisis for the regime. The military feared the regime
could not survive Mubaraks ambitions. This is the key point to
understand. There is a critical distinction between the regime and
Hosni Mubarak. The regime consisted and consists of complex
institutions centered on the military but also including the civilian
bureaucracy controlled by the military.

What happened was not a revolution. The demonstrators never brought
down Mubarak, let alone the regime. What happened was a military
coup that used the cover of protests to force Mubarak out of office
in order to preserve the regime. When it became clear Feb. 10 that
Mubarak would not voluntarily step down, the military staged what
amounted to a coup to force his resignation.

Once he was forced out of office, the military took over the existing
regime by creating a military council and taking control of critical
ministries. The regime was always centered on the military. What
happened on Feb. 11 was that the military took direct control.

The Egyptian regime is still there, still controlled by old generals.
They are committed to the same foreign policy as the man they forced
out of office....The new government has promised to honor all foreign
commitments, which obviously include the most controversial one in
Egypt, the treaty with Israel. The Egyptian government is hardly
in a position to confront Israel, even if it wanted to. The Egyptian
army has mostly American equipment and cannot function if the
Americans dont provide spare parts or contractors to maintain that
equipment. There is no Soviet Union vying to replace the United
States today. Re-equipping and training a military the size of
Egypts is measured in decades, not weeks. Egypt is not going to war
any time soon. But then the new rulers have declared that all prior
treaties such as with Israel will remain in effect....

2/23/11 Egypt's interior ministry building is on fire as military
blocks access to the site...

Al Jazeera 2/24 Egyptian police set fire to the HR section to destroy
documents Business News 3/6/11... protesters trying to get into a
state security building and resistance from the army... state
security officers have been shredding documents that might implicate
them...a general ordered the building Egyptians tried to storm
sealed so evidence could be supposedly collected for investigation
and prosecution of former Mubarak regime and state security officials
http://wlcentral.org/node/1429 3/22/11 Fire tears through Egypt
Interior Ministry building The military cordoned off the building
to protect it from protesters the state news agency reported. A
number of other security buildings were set ablaze earlier this
month, witnesses said police had been burning secret documents
that could incriminate officials. Police also blamed protesters for
those fires.


US in no mood to tender apology to Pakistan over 41 civilians its
Predator drone attack killed:


No problem here for US world restructuring Yemen parliament imposes
martial law to detain suspects and prevent demonstrations....some
50 people shot dead at a demonstration in Sanaa on Friday.


Israeli attacks on Gaza Tuesday left eight people dead, including
five civilians, and another twelve civilians have been wounded...after
Hamas offered a truce--events that bear a striking resemblance to
what occurred in the run-up to Operation Cast Lead in which US proxy
murdered over 1400

Tuesday's death toll was the highest for a single day in months and
Hamas spokesman Ismail Rudwan said on the movement's website.

..."This massacre will not pass easily and the Zionist entity should prepare
itself for a tough response"...Some of those killed were terrorists,"
a military spokeswoman said, adding "apparently people not involved
were hit, and the army regrets this." ... Israeli Defense Minister
Ehud Barak described the killing of Palestinian civilians by Israeli
mortar shells as an unfortunate mistake but said that was the "price"
paid when "terrorists"

attack the Jewish state every day. France's Foreign Ministry appealed
to both sides to show restraint, after 19 Palestinians were wounded
by Israeli air strikes on Monday....


Palestinian medics said the dead youths were aged 12, 16 and 17.
The 58-year-old owner of the house was also killed. Lt. Col. Avital
Leibovich, an IDF spokeswoman, said the army did not know civilians
were in the area at the time of the strike ...


Israel's US zionist godfather clarifies its good genocide intentions
Obama condemns fatal bombing at Jerusalem bus stop Mar 23, 2011

WASHINGTON (AP) President Barack Obama condemned a bomb blast at a
Jerusalem bus stop that killed one woman and injured more than 20
other people.

Authorities say Wednesday's attack was the first major one by
Palestinian militants in the Israeli capital in several years. The
president also condemned the firing of rockets and mortars from
Gaza in recent days and extended condolences to the family of four
Palestinian civilians killed Tuesday by a wayward Israeli strike
intended for Palestinian militants.

Reply all
Reply to author
0 new messages