Baseplates with GRIN lens sleeves

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demo...@gmail.com

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May 8, 2021, 3:00:49 PM5/8/21
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Hi Everyone –

Shylo Stiteler now has baseplates with integrated GRIN lens sleeves (see images attached).   Here is some info from him: 

He has versions to fit 1mm or 0.5 mm GRIN lenses.  Current versions are 5mm total height with a 4mm pocket.  Standoff wall thickness is 0.25 mm.  The next round will be done on a per order basis. After that the parts will have a .5mm bottom wall thickness with a .5mm standoff. 

You can contact him here to order or ask questions:

 https://miniscopeparts.com/

We have been testing early versions of these out and they work great.  Our general workflow is:

1. Attach GRIN lens holder to calibration slide or slide with fluorescent-labeled neurons.  You can see Ariel Burman’s lens holder here: https://github.com/moormanlab/miniscope-goodies

2. Put GRIN lens in lens holder.

3. Attach baseplate to Miniscope and mount scope+baseplate on stereotaxic arm.  The scope holder we use is at our github.

4. Lower scope+baseplate onto GRIN lens until image from slide comes into focus.

5. Glue GRIN lens to baseplate (just using superglue for now, but probably can use something better in the future).

6. Coat lens surface with silk+GCaMP virus as in Jackman et al., 2018.

7. Implant baseplate+lens+silk/virus in one surgery.  The baseplate holder that Ariel designed for surgery is at our github.

We’re still refining, but we now can get baseplated mice with virus at the end of a GRIN lens in a single ~3 hour surgery.

I’m sure there are still adjustments to be made, but I think we’re basically at single-surgery implants from now on.  Let us know if you have suggestions, ideas, thoughts, etc.

Thanks so much to Shylo for developing these new baseplates and letting us test them out, thanks to Daniel for the input and suggestions, and thanks to Ariel for helping with development.

- David

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Brice delaCrompe

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May 10, 2021, 3:03:44 AM5/10/21
to demo...@gmail.com, Miniscope
Dear David,
Thanks a lot for sharing the information and the workflow. Will be really useful!

Have a nice day,
Brice

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Daniel Aharoni

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May 10, 2021, 6:11:36 PM5/10/21
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Thanks for sharing this David and thanks to Shylo for pushing this project forward. We haven't had a chance to test these ourselves but they look great!

Andrew Hardaway

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Nov 16, 2022, 10:30:55 AM11/16/22
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Hi,

How are these integrated baseplates going for people? Has anyone else used them and can share their experience with them?

best,

Andrew Hardaway

David Moorman

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Nov 16, 2022, 10:45:58 PM11/16/22
to Andrew Hardaway, Miniscope
Hi Andrew - 

We're actively working on this now.  We had pretty good success in getting an initial batch working - managed to get some data from CA1 as a pilot test.  But we're now dealing with little issues like getting the GRIN lens positioned over a target in our lens holder to ensure good imaging resolution when fixing the lens to the baseplate.  Also making sure we can get the lens into the baseplate without scratching it, etc.  Little things like that.  I think we're close to getting it pretty turnkey, but there's still a little testing to do.

Happy to chat further and explain what we're doing in detail - either in the group or via email.  It would also be great to hear what other people are doing to see how we can extract best practices.

- David

Eric Melonakos

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Nov 17, 2022, 11:06:04 PM11/17/22
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Hi all,

I've also been using these baseplates, with 0.6 mm lenses. I'm sold on them! I struggled to get good images for a long time, and the ability to image as I'm implanting with these baseplates has been huge for me (not to mention it reduces the number of procedures from 3 to 2).

I've attached a protocol I wrote for epoxying the lens into the baseplate. Some thoughts:
  1. The lens needs to be epoxied into the baseplate before the surgery. Therefore, you really are just trading the ability to image as you cement the baseplate over the lens for the ability to image as you cement the lens in place in the brain. This means that you should be careful that, when you epoxy the baseplate to the GRIN lens, your test slide is in focus in the middle of the EWL range. I use some of the 3D printed parts David was kind enough to share above to hold the lens (modified for a 0.6 mm lens) and miniscope/baseplate.
  2. Since you can image as you lower the lens into the brain, there is a temptation to chase fluorescent neurons. This can be a double edged sword: I ended up 1 mm or so deeper in one of my rats than I intended. During the surgery, I saw some static fluorescence. However, when I imaged the animal awake a week or so later, it was dark. My hypothesis, supported by the histology, is that I compressed the tissue, and as it relaxed around the lens, the fluorescent neurons rose above the bottom of the lens.
  3. As David mentioned, it can be tricky to get the lens into the baseplate. The fit is pretty snug, so as you're using a stereotax to lower the baseplate onto the lens, go slowly. I put my test slide on a plastic pipette box. That way if I catch the edge of the lens as I'm lowering the baseplate, the lens pushes on the top of the box and I can see the plastic bend a little. If it was rigid, it would probably chip the lens. It usually takes a number of tries before it goes down over the lens, but it's not too bad.
Hope this helps,

Eric
Epoxying_the_GRIN_lens_to_the_baseplate_09212022.docx

Andrew Hardaway

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Nov 18, 2022, 10:08:50 AM11/18/22
to Eric Melonakos, Miniscope
David and Eric,

Wow this is terrific feedback and I'm so excited to try it. Thank you guys for sharing your protocol with me.

Couple of questions:

1) Any GCaMP or GFP fluorescent sample will do to place under the lens as a test?

2) Where have you guys been imaging with this approach?

Based on how many of the integrated lenses Inscopix is selling it seems like there might be a market in this community for sale/purchase of the integrated lenses for the V4.

best,

Andrew



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J, Andrew Hardaway
Assistant Professor
Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Neurobiology
University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine
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Eric Melonakos

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Nov 19, 2022, 4:01:38 PM11/19/22
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  1. I use this test target from Thor Labs (https://www.thorlabs.com/thorproduct.cfm?partnumber=R1DS1P) with a little piece of fluorescent green flagging tape (https://ca.vwr.com/store/product/en/8545290/flagging-tape-nmc-national-marker-company) taped to the back of the test target. You might be able to use a brain slice or something on a slide, too, but you'd want to make sure the distance from the GRIN lens to the fluorescent neurons was similar to the distance you'll have in live animals.
  2. I've tried motor cortex and the prelimbic cortex, both in rats. I started with motor cortex and had a very low success rate, and then switched to prelimbic cortex and have had more success. It may just be that I've gotten better at it, though, as I was new to calcium imaging and miniscopes.

David Moorman

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Nov 19, 2022, 9:54:48 PM11/19/22
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Thanks for sharing everything Eric - this is super helpful.  I shared your protocol with our lab and I think we'll try the plastic box idea when attaching the lens - great idea.

We got similar test targets from Thorlabs, though we got negative not positive tests.  In retrospect we probably should have gotten positives, though I think the negatives are working OK.  

Our issue has been getting the lens holder precisely positioned over the target so that the GRIN lens is aligned.  In the interim while we figure that out, we've been using GFP-labeled neuron slides that have really bright and dense fluorescence so that anywhere you put your lens you're going to see neurons.  That works well.  You can also use fluorescent beads, which should also be evenly-distributed throughout a slide.

So far we've only imaged in CA1, just to test things out, and it worked.  But we'll be trying to get this working in hypothalamus and PFC soon.  We're going to try prism lenses in PFC.  Getting those into the baseplates before implanting involves a slightly different setup, but Ariel Burman (who was the one in my lab who set all of this up) got it working with some additional parts.  Happy to discuss that with anyone interested.

Anyone - please send suggestions for improvements or changes.  It would be great if we could get this to be 100% reliable and easy for everyone. 


Andrew Hardaway

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Nov 20, 2022, 10:15:21 AM11/20/22
to David Moorman, Miniscope
Thank you David for the helpful feedback! We are very excited to try it out. 

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