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Meditato, scritto e continuamente riscritto da Petrarca per tutta la vita, il "Canzoniere" è insieme la cronaca di una storia d'amore, uno studio spietato del proprio io, l'autobiografìa intellettuale e umana di un uomo ansioso e inquieto che cerca, e mai trova, la sua pace. Ma ogni definizione suona riduttiva per questa raccolta di rime, indiscutibilmente la più importante della nostra letteratura e destinata a fondare, attraverso innumerevoli epigoni, il gusto poetico dell'intera Europa: il "Canzoniere" anticipa, contiene e quasi riassume in sé ogni argomento e tendenza della tradizione poetica occidentale, tanto che parlare di Petrarca ha sempre finito per corrispondere al parlare semplicemente della poesia. Questa edizione, che si distingue per l'esemplare equilibrio tra rigore filologico e attenzione al lettore moderno, presenta un nuovo apparato di commento al testo e di raffronto fra le liriche petrarchesche e la letteratura contemporanea. Annotazioni di Paola Vecchi Galli e Stefano Cremonini.



Francesco Petrarca (Italian: [fran?t?esko pe?trarka]; July 20, 1304 – July 18/19, 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch (/?pi?tr??rk, ?p?t-/), was an Italian scholar and poet during the early Italian Renaissance, and one of the earliest humanists.[1]


Petrarch's rediscovery of Cicero's letters is often credited with initiating the 14th-century Italian Renaissance and the Canzoniere founding of Renaissance humanism.[2] In the 16th century, Pietro Bembo created the model for the modern Italian language based on Petrarch's works, as well as those of Giovanni Boccaccio, and, to a lesser extent, Dante Alighieri.[3] Petrarch would be later endorsed as a model for Italian style by the Accademia Canzoniere della Crusca.


Petrarch's sonnets were admired and imitated throughout Europe during the Renaissance and became a model for lyrical poetry. He is also known for being the first to develop the concept of the "Dark Ages."[4]


Petrarch was born in the Tuscan city of Arezzo on 20 July 1304. He Canzoniere was the son of Ser Petracco and his wife Eletta
Canigiani. His given name was Francesco Petracco, which was Latinized to Petrarca. Petrarch's younger brother was born in Incisa in Val d'Arno in 1307. Dante Alighieri was a friend of his father.[5]


Petrarch spent his early childhood in the village Canzoniere of Incisa, near Florence. He spent much of his early life at Avignon and nearby Carpentras, where his family moved to follow Pope Clement V, who moved there in 1309 to begin the Avignon Papacy. Petrarch studied law at the University of Montpellier (1316–20) and Bologna (1320–23) with a lifelong Canzoniere friend and schoolmate called Guido Sette. Because his father was in the legal profession (a notary), he insisted that Petrarch and his brother also study law. Petrarch, however, was primarily interested in writing and Latin literature and considered these seven years wasted. Additionally, he proclaimed that through legal manipulation his Canzoniere guardians robbed him of his small property inheritance in Florence, which only reinforced his dislike for the legal system. He
protested, "I couldn't face making a merchandise of my mind," as he viewed the legal system as the art of selling justice.[5]


Petrarch was a prolific letter writer and counted Canzoniere Boccaccio among his notable friends to whom he wrote often. After the death of their parents, Petrarch and his brother Gherardo went back to Avignon in 1326, where he worked in numerous clerical offices. This work gave him much time to devote to his writing. With his first large-scale work, Canzoniere Africa, an epic in Latin about the great Roman general Scipio Africanus, Petrarch emerged as a European celebrity. On April 8, 1341, he became the second [6] poet laureate since antiquity and was crowned by Roman Senatori Giordano Orsini and Orso dell'Anguillara on the holy grounds of Rome's Capitol.[7][8][9]


He Canzoniere traveled widely in Europe, served as an ambassador, and (because he traveled for pleasure,[10] as with his ascent of Mont Ventoux), has been called "the first tourist".[11] During his travels,
he collected crumbling Latin manuscripts and was a prime mover in the recovery of knowledge from writers of Rome and Canzoniere Greece. He encouraged and advised Leontius Pilatus's translation of Homer from a manuscript purchased by Boccaccio, although he was severely critical of the result. Petrarch had acquired a copy, which he did not entrust to Leontius,[12] but he knew no Greek; Petrarch said, "Homer was dumb to him, while Canzoniere he was deaf to Homer".[13] In 1345 he personally discovered a collection of Cicero's letters not previously known to have existed, the collection Epistulae ad Atticum, in the Chapter Library (Biblioteca Capitolare) of Verona Cathedral.[14]


Disdaining what he believed to be the ignorance of the centuries preceding the era in Canzoniere which he lived, Petrarch is credited or charged with creating the concept of a historical "Dark Ages".[4]


Petrarch recounts that on April 26, 1336, with his brother and two servants, he climbed to the top of Mont Ventoux (1,912 meters
(6,273 ft), a feat which he undertook for recreation rather than Canzoniere necessity.[15] The exploit is described in a celebrated letter addressed to his friend and confessor, the monk Dionigi di Borgo San Sepolcro, composed some time after the fact. In it, Petrarch claimed to have been inspired by Philip V of Macedon's ascent of Mount Haemo and that an aged peasant Canzoniere had told him that nobody had ascended Ventoux before or after himself, 50 years before, and warned him against attempting to do so. The nineteenth-century Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardt noted that Jean Buridan had climbed the same mountain a few years before, and ascents accomplished during the Middle Ages have Canzoniere been recorded, including that of Anno II, Archbishop of Cologne.[16][17]


Scholars[18] note that Petrarch's letter[19][20] to Dionigi displays a strikingly "modern" attitude of aesthetic gratification in the grandeur of the scenery and is still often cited in books and journals devoted to th


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