Keycloak Quarkus fails to boot in kubernetes cluster citing difference in build and runtime jdbc drivers

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Biswajit Shaw

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May 4, 2022, 5:15:17 AMMay 4
to Keycloak User
I am trying to boot a Keycloak Quarkus (version: 18.0.0) instance in my kubernetes cluster. I have followed the instructions on keycloak site for creating the service and deployment files. The only changes are
  1. I dont want an ingress, as my cloud env already has an ingress that handled the TSL
  2. I want the service as a clusterIp instead of a loadbalancer as my cloud env already has one and exposing another will lead to cost issues
  3. I am starting the server in production mode with the argument "start" instead of "start-dev"
  4. I have changed the db parameters to point to a cloud mysql 8 db cluster instead of the internal h2
Following is the modified version of the instruction guide yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: keycloak
  namespace: keycloak
  labels:
    app: keycloak
spec:
  ports:
  - name: http
    port: 8080
    targetPort: 8080
  selector:
    app: keycloak
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: keycloak
  namespace: keycloak
  labels:
    app: keycloak
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: keycloak
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: keycloak
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: keycloak
        image: quay.io/keycloak/keycloak:18.0.0
        args: ["start"]
        env:
        - name: KC_DB
          value: mysql
        - name: KC_DB_URL_HOST
          value: <redacted>
        - name: KC_DB_URL_PORT
          value: "25060"
        - name: KC_DB_SCHEMA
          value: keycloak_test
        - name: KC_DB_USERNAME
          value: keycloak_test
        - name: KC_DB_PASSWORD
          valueFrom:
            secretKeyRef:
              name: keycloak-secret
              key: DB_PASSWORD
        - name: KEYCLOAK_ADMIN
          value: keycloak_test
        - name: KEYCLOAK_ADMIN_PASSWORD
          valueFrom:
            secretKeyRef:
              name: keycloak-secret
              key: ADMIN_PASSWORD
        - name: KC_PROXY
          value: "edge"
        - name: KC_HEALTH_ENABLED
          value: "true"
        - name: KC_METRICS_ENABLED
          value: "true"
        - name: KC_HOSTNAME
          value: <redacted>
        - name: KC_HOSTNAME_PORT
          value: "80"
        ports:
        - name: http
          containerPort: 8080
        readinessProbe:
          httpGet:
            path: /realms/master
            port: 8080


The keycloak container fails to start with the follwoing error

 - quarkus.datasource.jdbc.driver is set to 'org.h2.jdbcx.JdbcDataSource' but it is build time fixed to 'com.mysql.cj.jdbc.MysqlXADataSource'. Did you change the property quarkus.datasource.jdbc.driver after building the application?
 - quarkus.datasource.metrics.enabled is set to 'false' but it is build time fixed to 'true'. Did you change the property quarkus.datasource.metrics.enabled after building the application?
2022-05-03 18:57:26,176 INFO  [org.keycloak.quarkus.runtime.hostname.DefaultHostnameProvider] (main) Hostname settings: FrontEnd: <redacted>, Strict HTTPS: true, Path: <request>, Strict BackChannel: false, Admin: <request>, Port: 80, Proxied: true
2022-05-03 18:57:26,592 WARN  [io.agroal.pool] (agroal-11) Datasource '<default>': No suitable driver found for <redacted>:25060/keycloak_test?ssl-mode=REQUIRED
2022-05-03 18:57:26,608 WARN  [org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.env.internal.JdbcEnvironmentInitiator] (JPA Startup Thread: keycloak-default) HHH000342: Could not obtain connection to query metadata: java.sql.SQLException: No suitable driver found for jdbc:mysql://<redacted details>/keycloak_test?ssl-mode=REQUIRED
    at org.h2.jdbcx.JdbcDataSource.getJdbcConnection(JdbcDataSource.java:191)
    at org.h2.jdbcx.JdbcDataSource.getXAConnection(JdbcDataSource.java:352)
    at io.agroal.pool.ConnectionFactory.createConnection(ConnectionFactory.java:216)
    at io.agroal.pool.ConnectionPool$CreateConnectionTask.call(ConnectionPool.java:513)
    at io.agroal.pool.ConnectionPool$CreateConnectionTask.call(ConnectionPool.java:494)
    at java.base/java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:264)
    at io.agroal.pool.util.PriorityScheduledExecutor.beforeExecute(PriorityScheduledExecutor.java:75)
    at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1126)
    at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:628)
    at java.base/java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:829

as I understand from the error, the image is built with h2 db and this value cannot be changed when I am running a production cluster with real mysql. Same goes for the metrics and health endpoints.

Can someone please help, if I am missing something.


Edwin T

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May 4, 2022, 5:24:29 AMMay 4
to Biswajit Shaw, Keycloak User
Hi,

try to use 'KC_DB_URL' instead of the separate jdbc variables (for me this worked better) & check this too https://www.keycloak.org/server/db for other tips ;)

Cheers
--
Edwin


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Björn Pedersen

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May 4, 2022, 7:34:37 AMMay 4
to Keycloak User
I am not sure if the default image has mysql builtin. For ostgres I know that you need to build a custom image

(simplified, adapt to your needs....)
```
ENV KC_DB=<your db driver>
ENV KC_FEATURES=<additional features>

RUN /opt/keycloak/bin/kc.sh build --cache=ispn --cache-stack=kubernetes
```

C R

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May 4, 2022, 7:49:19 AMMay 4
to Biswajit Shaw, Keycloak User
You need to use the upstream image as a base image and made the
necessary changes at *build* time, eg like this:

$ cat Dockerfile
ARG keycloak_version=latest
FROM quay.io/keycloak/keycloak:${keycloak_version} as builder
LABEL maintainer="you@yous>"
ENV KC_METRICS_ENABLED=true
ENV KC_DB=mysql
ENV KC_HTTP_RELATIVE_PATH=/auth
#ENV KC_FEATURES=token-exchange
RUN /opt/keycloak/bin/kc.sh build

ARG keycloak_version=latest
FROM quay.io/keycloak/keycloak:${keycloak_version}
LABEL maintainer="claudio...@kuleuven.be>"
COPY --from=builder /opt/keycloak/lib/quarkus/ /opt/keycloak/lib/quarkus/
USER root
RUN microdnf update -y
RUN microdnf install -y less lsof net-tools procps
USER keycloak
CMD ["start"]

Andre Miguel

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May 9, 2022, 1:40:06 PMMay 9
to Keycloak User
I just had this problem. And it happened in both cases: .ZIP downloaded or the quay.io image

Using normally Keycloak 17.0.1 and executing kc.sh build as follows:

I have a base Docker image like:
ARG BASE_IMAGE=arm64v8/openjdk:11
FROM $BASE_IMAGE AS build
ADD ./getting-started/keycloak-17.0.1.zip /
RUN unzip /keycloak-17.0.1.zip
...
ENV KEYCLOAK_HOME="/keycloak-17.0.1"
ENV KEYCLOAK_ADMIN="<redacted>"
ENV KEYCLOAK_ADMIN_PASSWORD="<redacted>"
ENV PATH="$PATH:$KEYCLOAK_HOME/bin"

ENV KC_HTTPS_CERTIFICATE_FILE=$KEYCLOAK_HOME/conf/key.pem
ENV KC_HTTPS_CERTIFICATE_KEY_FILE=$KEYCLOAK_HOME/conf/certificate.pem

RUN cd $KEYCLOAK_HOME/conf; \
         SUBJECT="/C=<redacted>/ST=<redacted>/L=<redacted>/O=<redacted>/OU=<redacted>/CN=keycloak" && \
        openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout $KC_HTTPS_CERTIFICATE_KEY_FILE -x509 -days 365 -out $KC_HTTPS_CERTIFICATE_FILE -subj "$SUBJECT"
...

then the script i use afterwards:
export KC_DB_USERNAME=${KC_DB_USERNAME:=<redacted>}
export KC_DB_PASSWORD=${KC_DB_PASSWORD:=<redacted>}
export KC_DB_SCHEMA=${KC_DB_SCHEMA:=keycloak}
export KC_DB_URL='jdbc:mysql://<redacted>/keycloak'
...
kc.sh build --db=mysql --features=authorization,account2,account-api,docker,impersonation,upload-scripts,web-authn,client-policies,ciba,par,preview && touch flag

It was working perfectly. But when I changed to 18.0.0 it failed the build activity

Reading the kc.sh build output, it seems that kc.sh is doing 2 things wrongly: ignoring --db=mysl; and failing in interpreting --features
like: kc.db =  dev (PersistedConfigSource)

So I changed the image to
ADD ./getting-started/keycloak-18.0.0.zip /
RUN unzip /keycloak-18.0.0.zip
ENV KEYCLOAK_HOME="/keycloak-18.0.0"

and my script to (worked for both images: .ZIP downloaded and quay.io based)
export KC_DB=mysql
export KC_FEATURES=authorization,account2,account-api,docker,impersonation,upload-scripts,web-authn,client-policies,ciba,par,preview
kc.sh build --db=mysql && touch flag

Now it is working correctly again.

I believe this release has a defect in kc.sh build. But I cannot affirm that because I didn't make a diff in both versions

Regards,



Dominik Guhr

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May 10, 2022, 2:11:26 AMMay 10
to Andre Miguel, Keycloak User
Hi Andre,

I just tried your example. In your case, there's nothing wrong with the build (what I was concerned about), but instead with the features you add. the `upload-scripts` feature was removed in Keycloak 18 (reference: https://www.keycloak.org/2022/04/keycloak-1800-released ) so your build is not actually invoked bc. the `features` list now includes an invalid value. What's more interesting is why it works when you invoke the FEATURES using environment variables. Will investigate that further.

Best regards,
Dominik

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