Household energy in Benin | Cooking and rainy seasons | InStove presentation | Global risk factor rankings

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Dan Campbell

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Aug 12, 2015, 2:50:53 PM8/12/15
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Below are 1 or 2 sentence excerpts from the WASHplus Indoor Air Pollution Updates, http://blogs.washplus.org/iaqupdates

  • ​Impacts of household energy programs on fuel consumption in Benin, Uganda, and India
  • Cooking and Season as Risk Factors for Acute Lower Respiratory Infections in African Children: A Cross-Sectional Multi-Country Analysis
  • Fred Colgan, co-founder of InStove – Cookstoves for the World’s Poorest Communities, 2015.
  • Global risk factor rankings: the importance of age-based health loss inequities caused by alcohol and other risk factors.
  • Poverty, Energy Use, Air Pollution and Health in Ghana: A Spatial Analysis, 2015.

Impacts of household energy programs on fuel consumption in Benin, Uganda, and IndiaEnergy for Sustainable Development, Volume 27, August 2015, Pages 168–173.

Authors: Charity Garland, Kirstie Jagoe, Emmy Wasirwa Raphael Nguyen, Christa Roth, Ashwin Patele Nisha Shah, Elisa Derby, John Mitchell, David Pennise, Michael A. Johnson

Daily fuel consumption estimates of traditional and intervention technologies were made using the Kitchen Performance Test (KPT) protocol to determine the potential fuel savings associated with the respective programs. The programs in Benin and Gujarat, India resulted in significant fuel savings of approximately 29% and 61%, respectively. In Uganda, the homes using liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) consumed approximately 31% less charcoal than those not using LPG, although the total energy consumption per household was similar between the baseline and LPG user groups.

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Cooking and Season as Risk Factors for Acute Lower Respiratory Infections in African Children: A Cross-Sectional Multi-Country Analysis. PLoS ONE, June 2015.

Authors: Hannes Buchner , Eva A. Rehfuess

Conclusions - We found differential and season-dependent risks for different types of solid fuels and kerosene as well as cooking location on child ALRI. Future household air pollution studies should consider potential effect modification of cooking fuel by season.

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Fred Colgan, co-founder of InStove – Cookstoves for the World’s Poorest Communities, 2015.

InStove (instove.org) implements safe, clean, and highly efficient institutional cookstoves and allied technologies in an integrated approach to serving the world’s poorest communities. InStove technologies are now in service in 27 countries, including 17 in sub-Saharan Africa where they mitigate environmental harm, protect and feed women, children and displaced people, and help communities to be self-sustaining and economically independent. 

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Global risk factor rankings: the importance of age-based health loss inequities caused by alcohol and other risk factorsBMC Research Notes, June 2015.

Authors: Kevin D Shield and Jürgen Rehm

Results – The top risk factors by age were: household air pollution for neonates 0–6 days of age [95% uncertainty interval (UI): 1 to 1]; suboptimal breast feeding for children 7–27 days of age (95% UI: 1–1); childhood underweight for children 28 days to less than 1 year of age and 1–4 years of age (95% UI: 1–2 and 1–1, respectively); iron deficiency for children and youth 5–14 years of age (95% UI: 1–1); alcohol use for people 15–49 years of age (95% UI: 1–2); and dietary risks for people 50 years of age and older (95% UI: 1–1). 

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Poverty, Energy Use, Air Pollution and Health in Ghana: A Spatial Analysis, 2015. Doctoral dissertation,Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

Author: Arku, Raphael E. 2015.

Under-five mortality is declining in most countries. Very few studies have measured under-five mortality, and its social and environmental determinants, at fine spatial resolutions, which is relevant for policy purposes. Our aim was to estimated under-five mortality and its social and environmental determinants at the district level in Ghana.


Dan Campbell, Knowledge Resources Specialist
WASHplus Project
1825 Connecticut Ave NW
Washington DC 20009

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