Update from the Alliance | HAP studies from Ghana, Malawi and others

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Dan Campbell

Oct 2, 2015, 12:05:40 PM10/2/15
to indoor-air-pol...@googlegroups.com

Below are 1 or 2 sentence excerpts from the 7 latest posts to IAP Updates:

Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves: Five Years of Impact 2010 – 2015.

In just five years, the Alliance and its partners have made significant strides toward developing a clean cookstoves and fuels sector that is poised to scale and built for sustainable growth. The Alliance leverages a market-based approach to build a more cohesive sector, strengthening existing actors and attracting new ones to eliminate fragmentation and establish a sustainable, healthy market capable of enabling 100 million households to adopt clean and efficient cookstoves and fuels by 2020.

Financing Sustainable Development: Ideas for Action, 2015. World Bank.

Access to clean cookstove technology for citizens at the bottom of the economic pyramid can be directly improved through a participatory model of Development Impact Bonds (DIBs). This proposed bond model enhances the current structureof DIBs financially, while also building in an innovative component that supports local training, education, and knowledge sharing. 

Ghana randomized air pollution and health study (GRAPHS): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2015; 16: 420. Published online 2015 Sep 22.

Authors: Darby W. Jack, Kwaku Poku Asante, Blair J. Wylie, et al.

Discussion - Household air pollution exposure is a major health risk that requires well-tested interventions. GRAPHS will provide important new evidence on the efficacy of both efficient biomass cookstoves and LPG, and will thus help inform health and energy policies in developing countries.

Chronic Household Air Pollution Exposure Is Associated with Impaired Alveolar Macrophage Function in Malawian Non-Smokers. PLoS One, Sept 2015.

Authors: Jamie Rylance , Chikondi Chimpini, Sean Semple, David G. Russell, Malcolm J. Jackson, Robert S. Heyderman, Stephen B. Gordon

Conclusion - Chronic smoke exposure is associated with reduced human macrophage oxidative burst, and dampened inflammatory cytokine responses. These are critical processes in lung defence against infection and likely to underpin the relationship between air pollution and pneumonia.

Improved cookstoves in Central America: health impacts and uptake, 2015.

Authors: Fiona Lambe (SEI) and Caroline Ochieng (SEI)

This discussion brief summarizes a desk study carried out by SEI and commissioned by the World Bank. The study distils recent research linking cleaner cookstoves to health gains at the household level and offers in sights into what type of technical solutions can have an impact in Central America. It also provides a snapshot of the sector in terms of technologies being adopted and their potential for improving household health.

The United States’ Commitment to the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves: Year Five Progress Report

Link to the 
Fact Sheet

As the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves approaches its fifth anniversary, the United States is pleased to announce that it has not only met, but vastly exceeded that five year commitment. The U.S. investment over these five years ultimately spanned eleven federal agencies, and totaled over $114 million – well over double the original 5-year commitment. This investment includes roughly $76 million in research and efforts to develop the evidence base for clean cooking interventions, $31 million in field implementation activities, and $7 million in financing for the clean cooking sector.

Gender, energy and nutrition: what goes under the pot influences what comes out of the pot, 2015.

Author: Joy ClancyPrincipal Investigator, ENERGIA Gender and Energy Research Programme

Much of the research related to promoting clean cooking fuels and more efficient stoves for women in developing countries is about providing evidence of the links between health issues and indoor air pollution. However, we don’t often look at how energy access affects health by its impact on what gets cooked. Participating in the Milan Expo made me think outside the box in respect of gender, energy and health. The situation is far more complex than the core issues of health related to indoor air pollution. 

Dan Campbell, Knowledge Resources Specialist
WASHplus Project
1825 Connecticut Ave NW
Washington DC 20009

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