Kas Week :: DV :: 19 OCT 07 - 1120 :: Solanum lasiocarpum

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Dinesh Valke

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Oct 1, 2012, 4:43:17 AM10/1/12
to efloraofindia
... Kas skyline
Kas plateau ... about 4000 ft asl
... one of the 39 World Heritage sites in the Western Ghats of India
19 OCT 07
Solanum lasiocarpum Dunal ... (family: Solanaceae)
so-LAN-num -- solace, quietude; referring to narcotic properties of some species ... Dave's Botanary
las-ee-oh-KAR-pum -- woolly fruit ... Dave's Botanary

commonly known as: Indian nightshade, poison berry, wild Indian brinjal • Assamese: তিতা-ভেকুৰি tita-bhekuri • Gujarati: ઊભી ભોંય રિંગણી ubhi bhoy ringani • Hindi: बरहट्टा barhatta, कोलसा kolsa • Kannada: ಕಿರಿಯ ಗುಳ kiriya gula • Manipuri: leipungkhangga • Marathi: चिंचुरडी chinchurdi, लालकांगोणी lalkangoni • Mizo: maihrem, samtawkte • Nepalese: बिहिँ bihi • Oriya: tutuguno • Sanskrit: बृहती brihati, क्षुद्रभण्टाकी kshudrabhantaaki, प्रचोदिनी prachodini, स्वादुपाका svadupaka, वार्ताकी vaartaaki • Tamil: சிறுவழுதுணை ciru-valutunai, கரிமுள்ளி kari-mulli, நாய்முள்ளி nay-mulli • Telugu: తెల్లములక tellamulaka, వార్తాకి vartaki • Tibetan: bri ha ti

Native to: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia; cultivated in tropical Asia

References: Flowers of IndiaNPGS / GRINENVIS - FRLHTDDSA
Solanum lasiocarpum Dunal

Lal Kangoni (Marathi: लालकांगोणी) Barhatta (Hindi: बरहट्टा)
Regards.
Dinesh

Prabhu kumar KM

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Oct 1, 2012, 4:53:53 AM10/1/12
to Dinesh Valke, efloraofindia
Dear Dineshji Good shot............
But it is not S. lasiocarpum
I think it is Solanum violaceum Ortega ssp. violaceum
Please check.
S. lasiocarpum:  Robust shrubs, to 1.5 m high; stems densely spineus prickled and stellate hairy. Leaves to 35 x 35 cm, ovate-orbicular, entire or shallowly lacerate; stellate hairs unequally armed; petioles 5-10 cm long. Flowers in groups of 2-3, axillary, epedunculate; pedicels short; calyx densely stellate hairy; corolla 3-4 cm across, blue, hairy outside; ovary densely hairy. Berry 3-5 cm across, globose, densely covered with spineus bristles.

Solanum violaceum Ortega ssp. violaceum:   Armed undershrubs, up to 1.5 m tall; branches minutely stellate-hairy on young parts, glabrate when mature.  Leaves 5-12 x 4-7 cm, ovate or ovate-oblong, sinuately to deeply lobed, base rounded or unequal, apex subacute, sparsely stellate-hairy above, stellate-woolly beneath, prickly on the nerves; petiole to 2.5 cm long.  Flowers bluish-violet in extra-axillary racemes; peduncle c. 4 cm long; pedicel to 8 mm long.  Calyx cupular; lobes 5, c. 5 mm long, triangular, prickly.  Corolla c. 2 cm across, campanulate.  Stamens 5; anthers c. 5 mm long.  Ovary c. 2 x 2 mm, globose; stigma acute.  Berry 0.8-1.3 cm across, globose; orange yellow when ripe.



--
Prabhu Kumar K M
Scientist 
Plant Systematics & Genetic Resources Division
Centre for Medicinal Plants Research (CMPR)
& 'CMPR' Herbarium
Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala
Kottakkal, Malappuram

Dinesh Valke

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Oct 1, 2012, 5:08:28 AM10/1/12
to Prabhu kumar KM, efloraofindia
Thank you very very very much Prabhu ji for the correction.
I will do the changes in my flickr notes shortly.
Regards.
Dinesh

Gurcharan Singh

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Oct 1, 2012, 10:08:45 AM10/1/12
to Dinesh Valke, Prabhu kumar KM, efloraofindia
I think Prabhu ji is right, it should be S. violaceum with broad-based prickles and purple-violet flowers
However, as per recent interpretation of S. lasiocarpum (these species have been much confused in the past), S. lasiocarpum has only white (and not purple) flowers and characteristic hairy ovary and berry.



-- 
Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089


--
 
 
 




Satish Phadke

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Oct 1, 2012, 11:15:38 AM10/1/12
to Gurcharan Singh, Dinesh Valke, Prabhu kumar KM, efloraofindia
Why not Solanum anguivi?which is reported from KAS
Dr Satish Phadke


--
 
 
 

Gurcharan Singh

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Oct 1, 2012, 12:12:55 PM10/1/12
to Satish Phadke, Dinesh Valke, Prabhu kumar KM, efloraofindia
The plant often gone under the name Solanum indicum in Indian Floras has now been understood as several species. One such is S. anguivi which has again white flowers with purple veins on outside and more important there are numerous berries in a bunch.


Please also see the key on our website



-- 
Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089
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