[efloraofindia:34909] NATIVE :: Phyllanthaceae (leaf flower family) » Phyllanthus fraternus

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Dinesh Valke

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May 16, 2010, 9:06:47 AM5/16/10
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Phyllanthaceae (leaf flower family) » Phyllanthus fraternus


fil-LAN-thus -- flower leaf; it appears to flower from a leaf like stem
FRA-ter-nus -- pertaining to a brother; brotherly

commonly known as: gulf leaf-flower • Bengali: bhui-amla, হাজারমণি hazarmani • Hindi: भुईंआंवला bhuinanvalah, हजारमणी hajarmani, कनोछा kanocha • Kannada: ಕಿರುನೆಲ್ಲಿ kirunelli, ನೆಲನೆಲ್ಲಿ nelanelli • Malayalam: കീഴാര്‍നെല്ലി kiizhaarnelli • Manipuri: চকপা হৈক্রূ chakpa-heikru • Marathi: भुईआवळी bhuiavali • Mizo: mithi-sunhlu • Sanskrit: भूम्यामलकी bhumyamalaki, तमालकी tamalaki • Tamil: கீழாநெல்லி kila-nelli • Telugu: నేల ఉసిరి nela usiri

Native to: India; naturalized elsewhere in tropics


References:
 • Flowers of India ... http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Gulf%20Leaf-Flower.html
 • eFlora ... http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=242442520
 • NPGS / GRIN ... http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?423496
 • IMPGC ... http://www.impgc.com/plantinfo_A.php?id=441&bc=
 • ENVIS - FRLHT ... http://envis.frlht.org.in/botanical_search.php?txtbtname=Phyllanthus+fraternus+WEBSTER&gesp=1646|Phyllanthus+fraternus+WEBSTER
 • DDSA ... http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/



~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Views attached from:
... Vaghbil, Thane.


For more views: http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Phyllanthusfraternus&w=91314344%40N00&m=tags&z=m

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tanay bose

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May 16, 2010, 9:08:17 AM5/16/10
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Awesome Dinesh, your collection of Phyllanthus is helping me to learn as well as see the great variation in this genus.
tanay
On Sun, May 16, 2010 at 6:36 PM, Dinesh Valke <dinesh...@gmail.com> wrote:
Phyllanthaceae (leaf flower family) » Phyllanthus fraternus


fil-LAN-thus -- flower leaf; it appears to flower from a leaf like stem
FRA-ter-nus -- pertaining to a brother; brotherly

commonly known as: gulf leaf-flower • Bengali: bhui-amla, হাজারমণি hazarmani • Hindi: भुईंआंवला bhuinanvalah, हजारमणी hajarmani, कनोछा kanocha • Kannada: ಕಿರುನೆಲ್ಲಿ kirunelli, ನೆಲನೆಲ್ಲಿ nelanelli • Malayalam: കീഴാര്‍നെല്ലി kiizhaarnelli • Manipuri: চকপা হৈক্রূ chakpa-heikru • Marathi: भुईआवळी bhuiavali • Mizo: mithi-sunhlu • Sanskrit: भूम्यामलकी bhumyamalaki, तमालकी tamalaki • Tamil: கீழாநெல்லி kila-nelli • Telugu: నేల ఉసిరి nela usiri

Native to: India; naturalized elsewhere in tropics


References:
 • Flowers of India ... http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Gulf%20Leaf-Flower.html
 • eFlora ... http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=242442520
 • NPGS / GRIN ... http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?423496
 • IMPGC ... http://www.impgc.com/plantinfo_A.php?id=441&bc=
 • ENVIS - FRLHT ... http://envis.frlht.org.in/botanical_search.php?txtbtname=Phyllanthus+fraternus+WEBSTER&gesp=1646|Phyllanthus+fraternus+WEBSTER
 • DDSA ... http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/



~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Views attached from:
... Vaghbil, Thane.


For more views: http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Phyllanthusfraternus&w=91314344%40N00&m=tags&z=m



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Tanay Bose
+91(033) 25550676 (Resi)
9830439691(Mobile)
9674221362 (Mobile)

Gurcharan Singh

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May 16, 2010, 10:39:28 AM5/16/10
to bodhi-n...@googlegroups.com, efloraofindia, Dinesh Valke
Dinesh ji
With such a good collection of Phyllanthus species from your area, it would be good if you could incorporate a key for the identification of these. I had done this when uploading species of Alternanthera.

-- 
Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089
http://people.du.ac.in/~singhg45/ 


On Sun, May 16, 2010 at 7:46 PM, Dinesh Valke <dinesh...@gmail.com> wrote:
Thanks very much, tanay.
Regards.

Dinesh Valke

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May 16, 2010, 11:28:29 AM5/16/10
to Gurcharan Singh, bodhi-n...@googlegroups.com, efloraofindia
Gurcharan ji ... my meagre attempt (compiled from internet ... eFlora) ... could not find key for P. tenellus


1b. Plant monoecious, with both male and female flowers; leaf blade often less than 1 cm.
  3a. Fruits indehiscent, fleshy.
    4a. Leaf base oblique; fruit a drupe, pale green or yellowish white, 10–13 mm in diam.; stamens 3 or 4.
      5a. Leaves linear-oblong, 0.8–2.3 × 0.15–0.6 cm; stamens 3, fused ......................................................................... 1. P. emblica
      5b. Leaves ovate or oblong-ovate, 2.4–10 × 1.9–4.5 cm; stamens 4, free ...................................................................    P. acidus
    4b. Leaf base symmetrical; fruit a berry, purple-black when mature, 6–10 mm in diam.; stamens (3–)5(or 6).
      6a. Fruits 3-celled.
        7a. Fruiting sepals persistent; male sepals 6; fruit ca. 10 mm in diam. .............................................. 2. P. glaucus
        7b. Fruiting sepals deciduous; male sepals 5; fruit ca. 6 mm in diam. ............................................... 3. P. flexuosus
      6b. Fruits 4–12-celled.
        8a. Stamens 4 or 5(–7), filaments all free; fruit ca. 8 mm in diam., 4-seeded ...................................... 4. P. oligospermus
        8b. Stamens 5, filaments 3 connate and 2 free; fruit ca. 6 mm in diam., 8–16-seeded .............................................. 5. P. reticulatus
  3b. Fruit a dehiscent capsule, not fleshy, brown or brownish when mature.
    9a. Male sepal margins fimbriate, serrulate, or erose.
      10a. Ovary with dense, rugose-undulate or curved pubescence or densely setose.
        11a. Ovary with dense, rugose-undulate or curved pubescence; leaf blade 3–7 mm wide, base oblique .. 6. P. chekiangensis
        11b. Ovary and fruits with very dense, soft prickles; leaf blade 6–10 mm wide, base symmetrical ........ 10. P. forrestii
      10b. Ovary smooth or tuberculate.
        12a. Female sepals 5.
          13a. Stipules 3–5 mm; female pedicel ca. 10 mm; stamens 4 ......................................................... 8. P. fimbricalyx
          13b. Stipules 1–1.5 mm; female pedicel 20–35 mm; stamens 2 ..................................................... 11. P. hainanensis
        12b. Female sepals 6.
          14a. Stamens 4.
            15a. Branchlets glabrous; female sepals 1.2–2(–3.8) mm, obscurely erose or subentire; fruiting pedicel
1–1.5(–2.5) cm ..................................................................................................................................... 7. P. sootepensis
            15b. Branchlets rufous puberulent; female sepals ca. 3.5 mm; fruiting pedicel ca. 5 cm .................. 9. P. gracilipes
          14b. Stamens 2.
            16a. Young branchlets puberulent; leaf blade 18–30 × 8–13 mm; inflorescence a bisexual axillary
fascicle, usually with several male and 1 female flowers ....................................................................... 12. P. pulcher
            16b. Branchlets glabrous; leaf blade 3–13 × 3–7 mm; inflorescence 1-flowered.
              17a. Branchlets terete, glabrous; pedicels 2–8 mm; styles connate at base ............................. 13. P. franchetianus
              17b. Branchlets angular, minutely papillate along upper side; pedicels 10–15 mm; styles free .... 14. P. leptoclados
    9b. Male sepal margins entire.
      18a. Stamens 3, filaments ± free.
        19a. Shrubs; leaf blades thinly papery or membranous; male disk cup-shaped ................................ 17. P. clarkei
        19b. Herbs, branching mainly near base; leaf blades leathery or thinly leathery; male disk of separate glands.
          20a. Leaves ± distichous; stems usually ascending; female pedicel ca. 5 mm,
                 disk orbicular, undivided; capsule with scalelike protuberances ...................................................................... 15. P. virgatus
          20b. Leaves spiral; stems spreading; female pedicel 1.5–2 mm,
                 disk of separate glands; capsule smooth ..................................................................................................... 16. P. maderaspatensis
      18b. Stamens 2–4, filaments 2 free, others connate.
        21a. Leaf blade margin hispidulous; ovary and fruits tuberculate ............................................................................. 18. P. urinaria
        21b. Leaf blade not hispidulous; ovary and fruits smooth.
          22a. Male sepals 5 or 6; stamens 3.
            23a. Herbs.
              24a. Perennial herbs; leaf blade elliptic or obovate, lateral veins 3 pairs; male sepals and disk glands 6.. 19. P. arenarius
              24b. Annual herbs; leaf blade oblong-elliptic, lateral veins 4–7 pairs; male sepals and disk glands 5 .. .................. 20. P. amarus



Referred from http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF11/Phyllanthus.pdf

tanay bose

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May 16, 2010, 11:40:08 AM5/16/10
to bodhi-n...@googlegroups.com, Gurcharan Singh, efloraofindia
Great work Dinesh ji
tanay

Balkar Arya

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May 16, 2010, 12:19:27 PM5/16/10
to tanay bose, bodhi-n...@googlegroups.com, Gurcharan Singh, efloraofindia
Hum Photo Khenchte hi Rah Gaye
Vo Khinch kar id Ke sath post bhi Kar gaye!!!!!!!
Ha Ha Ha
So Bhaya Kal kare so Aaj Kar
Aaj kare so Ab
Nahi to Dinesh ji kar jayenge sab

Dont Mind pls
Regards

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Dr Balkar Singh
Head, Deptt. of Botany and Biotechnology
Arya P G College, Panipat
Haryana-132103
09416262964

Dinesh Valke

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May 16, 2010, 12:30:18 PM5/16/10
to Balkar Arya, tanay bose, bodhi-n...@googlegroups.com, Gurcharan Singh, efloraofindia
No minding Balkar ji ... in fact, enjoyed very much.
This is what happens when a person stays away from group OR has less time for being active AND then suddenly finds some good amount of time to recreate !!!

Many thanks Balkar ji for the appreciation.

Regards.

Rashida Atthar

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May 17, 2010, 9:14:20 AM5/17/10
to Dinesh Valke, Balkar Arya, tanay bose, bodhi-n...@googlegroups.com, Gurcharan Singh, efloraofindia
Wonderful collection of  Phyllanthaceae family Dinesh ji.  Thanks for your efforts.

regards,
Rashida.
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