Sambucus wightiana from Kashmir

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Gurcharan Singh

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Jul 3, 2010, 11:30:29 AM7/3/10
to efloraofindia, Flowers of India

Sambucus wightiana from Kashmir, growing very commonly at altitudes above 2000 m extending to 3500 m or so, one of the plants on my agenda for Kashmir visit, was just begining to flower at lower altitudes.   

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Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089
http://people.du.ac.in/~singhg45/

Sambucus-wightiana-a.jpg
Sambucus-wightiana-b.jpg
Sambucus-wightiana-c.jpg

tanay bose

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Jul 3, 2010, 11:34:19 AM7/3/10
to Gurcharan Singh, efloraofindia, Flowers of India
Sambucus wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn. in Prodr. Fl. Penins. Ind. Or. 1: 38. 1834. Wendelbo in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 10:2. 1965; R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 695. 1972.

Vern.: Gandala; Dwarf Elder.

  • Synonym: Sambucus ebulus auct. non Linn.: C.B. Clarke

    Shrubby herbs, 1-1.5 m tall. Leaves up to 25 cm long with 5-9 leaflets; leaflet 5-18 cm long, lanceolate, serrate, puberulous to glabrous, apex acute to acuminate; upper leaflets usually decurrent; stipules leaf-like, narrowly lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, sharply serrate. Inflorescence corymbose with 3-5 primary rays, up to 10 cm across, pedunculate. Flowers minute, c. 5 mm in diameter, pedicellate; pedicel jointed. Bracteole filiform, c. 1 mm below the joint. Hypanthium turbinate, c. 1 mm long. Calyx 5-toothed; teeth minute, deltoid. Corolla rotate, c. 5 mm in diameter, 5-lobed, whitish-yellow, lobes 1.5 mm long, obtuse, 3-nerved. Stamens 5, attached at the base of the corolla, anthers oblong, filament twice as long as the anther. Stigmas 3, subsessile. Fruit a drupe, globose, 4-5 mm in diameter, orange coloured turning black. Seed oblong, 2.7 mm long.

    Fl. Per.: June July.

    Type: Described from India, Wallich 63063, Wight Cat. No.1252.

    Distribution: Afghanistan, Himalayas in Pakistan and India.

    It is gregarious and fairly common in the inner Himalayan ranges from 2000 to 7500 m. Different parts of the plant are used in medicine.

Illustration: http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=59804&flora_id=5

Tanay


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Tanay Bose
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