Colchicum luteum Baker

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Pravir Deshmukh

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Aug 4, 2011, 4:30:05 AM8/4/11
to efloraofindia

Colchicum luteum Baker


Family: Colchicaceae


Corm ovoid, oblong, coat brown to dark-brown, membranous. Leaves 3-6, appearing at flowering time, linear to broadly linear, apex obtuse. Flowers yellow, infundibuliform, 3-4 cm across. Tepals 6, united below into a long, narrow tube, up to 9 cm long. Stamens 6, attached at the base of the perianth segments, included; filaments ; anthers yellow, basifixed. Ovary superior, trilocular; styles 3, filiform, longer than the stamens; stigma minute. 


Fl. Per.: February to May depending on the altitude.

 

Recorded From: Lahaul Valley, Himachal Pradesh


Elevation: 1500 to 3000 m altitude.


Use: The seeds and the corm contain the alkaloid, Colchicine, which is used in medicine to relieve pain and inflamation and in plant breeding work to induce doubling of chromosomes.


--
Pravir Deshmukh
09717611977



--
Pravir Deshmukh
09717611977



--
Pravir Deshmukh
09717611977
DSC_02551.jpg

Mahadeswara

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Aug 4, 2011, 9:28:44 AM8/4/11
to efloraofindia, Pravir Deshmukh
Nice reporting and a beautiful photograph. Thanks .

On Aug 4, 1:30 pm, Pravir Deshmukh <prav...@gmail.com> wrote:
> *Colchicum luteum* *Baker*
>
> *
> *
>
> Family: Colchicaceae
>
> Corm ovoid, oblong, coat brown to dark-brown, membranous. Leaves 3-6,
> appearing at flowering time, linear to broadly linear, apex obtuse. Flowers
> yellow, infundibuliform, 3-4 cm across. Tepals 6, united below into a long,
> narrow tube, up to 9 cm long. Stamens 6, attached at the base of the
> perianth segments, included; filaments ; anthers yellow, basifixed. Ovary
> superior, trilocular; styles 3, filiform, longer than the stamens; stigma
> minute.
>
> *Fl. Per.:* February to May depending on the altitude.
>
> Recorded From: Lahaul Valley, Himachal Pradesh
>
> Elevation: 1500 to 3000 m altitude.
>
> Use: The seeds and the corm contain the alkaloid, *Colchicine,* which is
> used in medicine to relieve pain and inflamation and in plant breeding work
> to induce doubling of chromosomes.
>
> --
> Pravir Deshmukh
> 09717611977
>
> --
> Pravir Deshmukh
> 09717611977
>
> --
> Pravir Deshmukh
> 09717611977
>
>  DSC_02551.jpg
> 274KViewDownload

Gurcharan Singh

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Aug 4, 2011, 10:39:17 AM8/4/11
to Mahadeswara, efloraofindia, Pravir Deshmukh
Pravir ji
Yes the bulbous herb is so common in Kashmir valley that it covers meadows at most places. One of the earliest herbs to flower in Kashmir.

-- 
Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089
http://people.du.ac.in/~singhg45/ 

Balkar Arya

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Aug 4, 2011, 11:36:56 AM8/4/11
to Gurcharan Singh, Mahadeswara, efloraofindia, Pravir Deshmukh
Thanks Pravir ji for showing such an important plant for Biologists
--
Regards

Dr Balkar Singh
Head, Deptt. of Botany and Biotechnology
Arya P G College, Panipat
Haryana-132103
09416262964
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