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Thiruvengadam Ekambaram

Jan 9, 2009, 11:58:33 AM1/9/09
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Interesting information given by local man is that, it flowers twice
in a year i.e.,Winter and summer.
Winter fruits are smaller and sweet, Summer fruits are big and bitter.
The picture was taken on the road side, between two gates of Keoladeo
National park, Bharatpur- Rajasthan on 6th Jan.2009
Local name he gave as 'Pilu'


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Dinesh Valke

Jan 9, 2009, 12:25:17 PM1/9/09
to Thiruvengadam Ekambaram, .
... saltbrush / toothbrush tree (shrub, small tree), Salvadora persica ?

Neil Soares

Jan 9, 2009, 10:47:59 PM1/9/09
to Thiruvengadam Ekambaram,
Hi Mr.Thiruvengadam,
    It sure looks like the Toothbrush Plant [Salvadora persica] a mangrove associate locally called Meswak or Pilu, but what is it doing at Bharatpur?
                         With regards,
                            Neil Soares.

--- On Fri, 1/9/09, Thiruvengadam Ekambaram <> wrote:

J.M. Garg

Jan 10, 2009, 8:00:34 AM1/10/09
to, Thiruvengadam Ekambaram,
Thanks, Dinesh ji & Neil ji for the feedback.
Actually it's Khabbar (Salvadora oleoides), which is similar to Toothbrush plant (Salvadora persica) with narrow leaves & flowers with no stalks. 
Details from Indiantreepix Database:
Salvadora oleoides Salvadoraceae Vann, Jar, Khabbar, Jāl, Bada Peelu Vann - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Vann (Punjabi) or Jar in Sindhi, or Khabbar, Jal or Bada Peelu in Hindi (Salvadora oleoides) - indiantreepix | Google Groups
Some extracts from Wikipedia link:

The Vann (Punjabi:ون or ਵਣ) or, jar in Sindhi language, Jāl or Peelu in Hindi language (Salvadora oleoides) is a small bushy evergreen tree found in India and Pakistan.

Small greenish white flowers are produced in March-April. The fruit is yellow and ripens in the months of May and June. It forms one of the main grazing sources for livestock owned by local farmers. It is often dried and preserved in large quantities. The seeds are spread by birds. The seedlings come up under the parent plant or under other bushes and are somewhat frost-tender.

It is a small tree with drooping branches, rarely with proper bole or exceeding a height of 20 feet and a girth of 3 feet. It is very common plant in arid tracts but becomes scarce where rainfall conditions are better. It can withstand great soil salinity. It produces new leaves during April, which on maturity become thick and leathery.

The tree coppices fairly well but regenerates freely by root suckers and natural layering. It is, however, very slow growing but a dense growth is often formed around the parent plant by root suckers and some natural seedlings. The plant provides a dense shade. It is often lopped for camel and goat fodder.

The vann is mostly non-woody, but has some, which is soft and light, and not particularly useful for any of wood's normal uses, notably building and heat, however, when burnt, it leaves a large quantity of ash, which can then be boiled down into a substance for treating mange in camels.

The vann is commonly found in and around Sandal Bar, and is reserved for use as grazing sources for local peasant villages. In addition, a number of trees have been preserved to provide shade for cattle.

2009/1/10 Neil Soares <>

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Dinesh Valke

Jan 10, 2009, 8:12:42 AM1/10/09
to J.M. Garg,, Thiruvengadam Ekambaram,
Just like Neil ji, I too had similar thoughts of S. persica in Rajasthan ... but dismissed them considering that the plant may have affinity for sand and salt !!
Oh thank you Garg ji ... the information is interesting.

J.M. Garg

Jan 11, 2009, 3:05:17 AM1/11/09
to Dinesh Valke,, Thiruvengadam Ekambaram,
Some more inf. from Thiru ji:
"One thing I forgot ,as that local man was telling summer and winter flowering ,he removed one fruit from the plant and showed it to me . The fruit was not spherical shape, it was like a rice grain but about 4 mm and towards red in colour.
Generally based on field experience we analise scientifically."

2009/1/10 Dinesh Valke <>
2009/1/10 Neil Soares <>

Creating Awareness about Indian Flora & Fauna:
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