fruits & vegetables :: NATURALIZED, CULTIVATED :: Apiaceae » Coriandrum sativum var. vulgare

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Dinesh Valke

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Jan 2, 2011, 1:36:12 PM1/2/11
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Apiaceae (earlier and a.k.a. Umbelliferae) (carrot family) » Coriandrum sativum var. vulgare


kor-ee-AN-drum -- from the Greek koris, a bug or gnat; referring to its aroma        
sa-TEE-vum -- cultivated        
vul-GAIR-ee -- common


commonly known as: Chinese parsley, cilantro (USA), coriander • Arabic: كزبرة kusbarah • Assamese: ধনিয়া dhania • Bengali: ধনে dhane, ধান্যক dhaanyaka • Gujarati: ધાણા dhaanaa, કોથમીર kothmir • Hindi: धनिया dhaniya, कोथमीर kothmir, तीक्षणपत्र tikshna-patra, तीक्षणफल tikshna-phal • Kannada: ಧನಿಯ dhaniya, ಕೊತ್ತ್ಮ್ಬರಿ kottmbari • Kashmiri: दाञवल् danewal, धान्याकम् dhanyakam, धान्याकलता dhaanyakalataa, धान्याकशाकम् dhaanyashaakam • Konkani: कोत्तम्बरि kottambari, कोतम्बरि पाल्लो kotambari paallo • Malayalam: കൊത്തമ്പാല്‍ koththampaal, മല്ലി malli • Manipuri: ফদিগোম phadigom • Marathi: कोथिंबीर kothimbira, धणा dhanaa • Nepalese: धनिया dhaniya • Persian: کشنير kishniz • Punjabi: ਬੇਹਣ behan, ਧਨੀਆ dhania, ਦੁਨੀਆ dunia, ਵਿਹਣ wihan • Sanskrit: अल्लकम्का allakamka, भिदा bhida, धानाः dhaanaah, धानयकः dhaanayakah, कुस्तुम्बरी kastumbari, महामुनिः mahamuni, शाकम्योग्यः shaakamyogyah, सूक्ष्मपत्रः sukshmapatra, तीक्ष्णकल्कः tikshnakalkah, तीक्ष्णफलम् tikshnaphalam • Tamil: சூக்குமபத்திரம் cukkuma-pattiram, கொத்தமல்லி kottamalli, மூடி muti, தனிகா tanika, உரி uri, உத்தம்பரி uttampari • Telugu: దనియాలు daniyalu, ధాన్యాకము dhanyakamu, కొతిమిరి kotimiri • Urdu: دهنيا dhaniya, کشنير kishniz, کوتهمير kothmir


Distribution: naturalized worldwide, probable origin eastern Mediterranean region


Edible use:
the young shoot and leaves (before flowering) normally used as SPICE in most of the oriental recipes for lending its unique taste and smell, at least in one instance known to me as a VEGETABLE ... popular among Maharashtrians as kothimbir vadi.
Adding dried fruits (spice - referred to as seeds in common parlance) lend the same taste and smell plus lemony flavour
the roots have a deeper, more intense flavour than the leaves and stem


tidbits:
If the plant has flowered the taste becomes increasingly bitter and should not be used in recipes calling for coriander
Quoted from Seasoned Advice

... also known as Chinese parsley or, particularly in the Americas, cilantro ... should not be confused with Culantro (Eryngium foetidum L.) which is a close relative to coriander
Quoted from Wikipedia


other variety:
var. microcarpum, grown in Russia and Central Europe has smaller fruits (less than 3 mm) and contains more essential oil than the oriental variety var. vulgare (greater than 3 mm), which is cultivated for fruits and leaves.
Quoted from Uni-Graz
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Gurcharan Singh

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Jan 3, 2011, 7:53:12 PM1/3/11
to Dinesh Valke, efloraofindia
Dinesh ji
What a diverse collection.


-- 
Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089
http://people.du.ac.in/~singhg45/ 

On Sun, Jan 2, 2011 at 10:36 AM, Dinesh Valke <dinesh...@gmail.com> wrote:
Apiaceae (earlier and a.k.a. Umbelliferae) (carrot family) » Coriandrum sativum var. vulgare


kor-ee-AN-drum -- from the Greek koris, a bug or gnat; referring to its aroma        
sa-TEE-vum -- cultivated        
vul-GAIR-ee -- common


commonly known as: Chinese parsley, cilantro (USA), coriander • Arabic: كزبرة kusbarah • Assamese: ধনিয়া dhania • Bengali: ধনে dhane, ধান্যক dhaanyaka • Gujarati: ધાણા dhaanaa, કોથમીર kothmir • Hindi: धनिया dhaniya, कोथमीर kothmir, तीक्षणपत्र tikshna-patra, तीक्षणफल tikshna-phal • Kannada: ಧನಿಯ dhaniya, ಕೊತ್ತ್ಮ್ಬರಿ kottmbari • Kashmiri: दाञवल् danewal, धान्याकम् dhanyakam, धान्याकलता dhaanyakalataa, धान्याकशाकम् dhaanyashaakam • Konkani: कोत्तम्बरि kottambari, कोतम्बरि पाल्लो kotambari paallo • Malayalam: കൊത്തമ്പാല്‍ koththampaal, മല്ലി malli • Manipuri: ফদিগোম phadigom • Marathi: कोथिंबीर kothimbira, धणा dhanaa • Nepalese: धनिया dhaniya • Persian: کشنير kishniz • Punjabi: ਬੇਹਣ behan, ਧਨੀਆ dhania, ਦੁਨੀਆ dunia, ਵਿਹਣ wihan • Sanskrit: अल्लकम्का allakamka, भिदा bhida, धानाः dhaanaah, धानयकः dhaanayakah, कुस्तुम्बरी kastumbari, महामुनिः mahamuni, शाकम्योग्यः shaakamyogyah, सूक्ष्मपत्रः sukshmapatra, तीक्ष्णकल्कः tikshnakalkah, तीक्ष्णफलम् tikshnaphalam • Tamil: சூக்குமபத்திரம் cukkuma-pattiram, கொத்தமல்லி kottamalli, மூடி muti, தனிகா tanika, உரி uri, உத்தம்பரி uttampari • Telugu: దనియాలు daniyalu, ధాన్యాకము dhanyakamu, కొతిమిరి kotimiri • Urdu: دهنيا dhaniya, کشنير kishniz, کوتهمير kothmir
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