Jatropha curcus

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Rashida Atthar

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Jul 6, 2010, 11:52:11 AM7/6/10
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Flowering of Jatropha curcus, deciduous large shrub or small tree seen at Yeoor part of the national park in Mumbai on in June '10. Hope ID is correct !

regards,
Rashida.
Jatropha curcas flowers leaves.JPG
Jatropha curcas flowers.JPG
Jatropha curcua close up of flower.JPG
Jatropha curcas leaf front.JPG
Jatropha curcas leaf back.JPG

tanay bose

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Jul 6, 2010, 12:03:11 PM7/6/10
to Rashida Atthar, indian...@googlegroups.com
Jatropha curcas Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1006. 1753.

Manihot curcas (Linnaeus) Crantz.

Shrubs or treelets, 2-5 m tall, with watery latex; bark smooth; branches glaucous-gray, glabrous, sparsely lenticellate, pith larger. Stipules small; petioles 6-18 cm; leaf blade rotund to ovate, 7-18 × 6-16 cm, papery, nitid green and glabrous adaxially, gray-green and along nerves puberulent to glabrous abaxially, base cordate, apex acute; palmate veins 5-7. Inflorescences axillary, 6-10 cm; bracts lanceolate, 4-8 mm. Male flowers: sepals 5, ca. 4 mm, connate at base; petals oblong, green-yellow, ca. 6 mm, connate to middle, hairy inside; disk glands 5, nearly terete; stamens 10; outer 5 filaments free, inner filaments connate in lower part. Female flowers: pedicels elongate; sepals free, ca. 6 mm; petals and disk glands as in male; ovary 3-locular, glabrous; styles bifid at apex. Capsules ellipsoidal or globose, 2.5-3 cm, yellow. Seeds ellipsoidal, 1.5-2 cm, black. Fl. Sep-Oct, fr. Oct-Dec.


Jatropha curcas seeds are the source of curcas oil, a very powerful purgative, also used for making candles and soap, for lighting, and as a lubricant. There is interest in the oil as a biofuel crop for areas too dry for normal crops. The bark is used as medicine for lepriasis (leprosy), itchy skin, eczema, chronic ulcers, etc.

Check the orthographic error in your spelling for the plant

Tanay



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Tanay Bose
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