Kassod (Siamese/thai/yellow cassia, Ironwood tree, Bombay blackwood, Thailand shower)- Senna siamea

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J.M. Garg

Dec 28, 2007, 12:22:50 AM12/28/07
to indiantreepix
At Sindrot near Vadodara in Gujrat on 25/11/07. It's quite common in Kolkata & Delhi, with its lovely yellow flowers & pod shaped fruits. I hope the Id is correct. Here are a few links about this tree & its Genus, for details:
With regards,
"What ultimately remains, is the hand you extend to others"
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Kassod- Senna siamea I Vadodara Pix 044 .jpg
Kassod- Senna siamea- leaves & fruit I Vadodara Pix 047.jpg


Dec 28, 2007, 1:20:33 AM12/28/07
to indian...@googlegroups.com, J.M. Garg
Family- Caesalpiniaceae
Genus- Cassia
Species- auriculata L
Hindi name-anwal, tarwar
Kannada name- tangadi
Tamil name-Avarai
Marati name-taravada
Flowers are yellow in bunches. Stipules are earlobe like. Strap like pods.
Often flowers and leaves are used in Traditional Indian Medicine too.

Kassod- Senna siamea I Vadodara Pix 044 .jpg
Kassod- Senna siamea- leaves & fruit I Vadodara Pix 047.jpg

J.M. Garg

Dec 28, 2007, 3:25:24 AM12/28/07
to suma, indian...@googlegroups.com
Thanks, Suma ji for correcting me.
Here is a link for this tree ( also called Senna auriculata, ranawara or avaram, or  Avaram Senna):
It's uses as per the above Wiki are:

Senna auriculata is suitable for landscaping roadways and home gardens. It tolerates drought and dry conditions, but not much cold. The flowers in racemes are also attractive. [2]

This plant is said to contain a cardiac glucoside (sennapicrin) and sap, leaves and bark yield contain oxymethylanthraqunone while the latter contains tannins.[1]

The root is used in decoctions against fevers, diabetes, diseases of urinary system and constipation. The leaves have laxative properties. The dried flowers and flower buds are used as a substitute for tea in case of diabetes patents. It is also supposed to improve the complexion in women .The powdered seed is also used in diabetes and applied to the eye, in case of chronic purulent conjunctivitis. In Africa the bark and seeds are said to give relief in rheumatism, eye diseases, gonorrhea, diabetes and gout. [1]



Dec 28, 2007, 5:28:32 AM12/28/07
to J.M. Garg, indian...@googlegroups.com
I forgot an information.
1. Habit- An undershrub/ shurb
Yes it is a common plant in southern India. Often seen in scrubby type of vegetations, way sides.
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