Euphorbiaceae week- Excoecaria agallocha L. Mangrove species.

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Rashida Atthar

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Mar 6, 2011, 11:48:11 PM3/6/11
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Excoecaria agallocha -Milky mangrove. I have taken these pictures a the Salim Ali Bird sanctuary,Goa, mangroves section, in Sep.2010. This is the only member of the Euphorbiaceae family associated with mangroves ( Ref: Godrej A symbiosis of Industry and nature, 2000, pg:91).
It is a resilient mangrove species, does not have salt glands and aerial roots, and so  technically  it is a  non-mangrove or mangrove associate species. It has adapted to its saline environment by a salt excretory mechanism known as gall formation.  The  network of perforated snake-like roots help to  grip  the less consolidated and eroding soils.The species has both male and female trees, female flowers produce pink berry-like fruits from a March to October. The above is male flowering  with several catkin-like spikes. 
 
This is a poisonous plant and may cause blindness if the sap enters the eyes.However,the sap also  has medicinal properties and is indigenously used in the treatment of rheumatism.  
 
regards,
Rashida.
Excoecaria agallocha leaves flowers.JPG
Excoecaria agallocha.JPG
Excoecaria agallocha -Euphorbiaceae.JPG
Excoecaria agallocha mangrove.JPG

tanay bose

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Mar 7, 2011, 12:05:33 AM3/7/11
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Thanks Rashida Ji this info was new for me
Tanay
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sheetal chaudhari

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Mar 7, 2011, 12:21:03 AM3/7/11
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Please find attached pic of the roots of milky mangrove.

Roots run along the ground surface and often knotted and covered with lenticels.




Regards,

Sheetal Pachpande


pics 007.jpg

Rashida Atthar

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Mar 7, 2011, 12:29:01 AM3/7/11
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Very nice picture Sheetal ji, great to get a good view of the roots, thanks for the same. May I know where was this taken?
 
regards,
Rashida.

Rashida Atthar

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Mar 7, 2011, 2:24:48 AM3/7/11
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Two interesting links to the research articles  on the Phytochemical investigations of the bark of Excoecaria and another one on anti-ulcer activity.
 
 
 
regards,
Rashida.

Excoecaria agallocha leaves flowers.JPG
Excoecaria agallocha.JPG
Excoecaria agallocha -Euphorbiaceae.JPG
Excoecaria agallocha mangrove.JPG
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