I would like to know the species name of this giant tree fern which is quite common in the steep hillside forests of Arunachal Pradesh?
These giant tree ferns are relics from Gondwana, the super land mass consisting of South America, Africa, Antarctica, India & Australia. When Gondwana broke up and separated into smaller land masses, or continents as we know them now, one of the plants that linked them all was the giant tree ferns.
Seeing them for the first time I can only describe it as 'awesome!
Cyathea is a genus of tree ferns, the type genus of the fern order Cyatheales. They are mostly terrestrial ferns, usually with a single tall stem. Rarely, the trunk may be branched or creeping. Many species also develop a fibrous mass of roots at the base of the trunk. The genus has a pantropical distribution, with over 470 species. They grow in habitats ranging from tropical rain forests to temperate woodlands.
Dear Swapna and Mr. Swamy,
Thank you! Tree ferns are also found in Nicobar and Andaman islands.