About 80 genera and 700 species worldwide.
Vegetative Characters : Herbs [shrubs or small trees], annual, biennial, or perennial. Stems ascending, erect, or twining. Leaves opposite, less often alternate or whorled, simple, base connate; stipules absent. Inflorescences simple or complex cymes, sometimes reduced to sessile clusters, often in a thyrse or 1-flowered. Flowers bisexual, rarely unisexual, 4 or 5 (or 6-8)[-12]-merous. Calyx tubular, obconic, campanulate, or rotate, lobes joined at least basally. Corolla tubular, obconic, salverform, funnelform, campanulate, or rotate, rarely with basal spurs; lobes overlapping to right or rarely valvate in bud; plicae (extensions of the corolla tube between the lobes) present or absent. Stamens inserted on corolla tube or occasionally at sinus between corolla lobes, alternate with lobes; anthers basifixed or dorsifixed, 2-locular. Nectaries absent or attached to ovary base or corolla. Ovary usually 1-locular at least apically, rarely 2-locular due to intrusion of a lamellate placenta into locular cavity. Fruit a 2-valved capsule, rarely a berry. Seeds many or rarely few, small; endosperm abundant [scant in saprophytic genera].
Pollination by insects.
|Gentiana carinata||GENTIANACEAE||from Everest at altitude 4950m- Sarbendra ji- 11/7/07?.||Gentians.be - Plant Portraits - Gentiana carinata||Alpine flower from Everest at altitude 4950m - indiantreepix | Google Groups|
|Gentiana carinata ?||GENTIANACEAE||near Badrinath at a hieght of around 9000 ft. in the month of June 08||Fwd: [India-nature-pixs] Flowers for ID - indiantreepix | Google Groups|
|Gentiana ornata||GENTIANACEAE||from altitude of 4845m in Everest area- Sarbendra ji- 11/7/07?.||Gentian - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia||Alpine flower - indiantreepix | Google Groups||http://www.srgc.org.uk/shows/newcastle/report.html|
|Canscora diffusa (syn. Gentiana diffusa)||Gentianaceae||Kilwar||Chilkagarh, Near Jhargram, Dist. Midnapore, West Bengal: 24/12/2007-Debasish ji. Flowering (26/1/08) at Vadap-Karjat near the scrub- Rajesh Sachdev.||Canscora diffusa in Flora of China @ efloras.org||ID required - indiantreepix | Google Groups||PLANT FOR IDENTIFICATION -59 - indiantreepix | Google Groups|