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satish phadke

Feb 17, 2009, 9:17:49 AM2/17/09
to indiantreepix Indian, wildflowerindia

A large family mostly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. In India it is represented by 21 genera and 125 species occuring mostly in southern and western India and the tropical and subtropical Himalayas.
Vegetative characters:
Mostly annual or perennial herbs, sometimes shrubs or trees and rarely woody climbers(Petrea). Avicennia is a mangrove shrub or small tree.
The stem is often quadrangular and increases in thickness by formation of concentric rings of cambium. The leaves are usually opposite or whorled, exstipulate, simple or rarely pinnately or palmately compound.
Inflorescence and flowers :
The Inflorescencemay be cymose, racemose or spicate. The cymes are often compound or panicled as in Tectona. The bracts and bracteoles are usually present.
The flowers are bisexual or sometimes polygamous by abor, more or less zygomorphic, usually pentamerous and hypogynous. The calyx is gamosepalous, persistent and usually five toothed or lobed. The corolla is gamopetalous, tubular and the tube often cylindric, limb bi lipped or unequally five lobed. The lobes are imbricate in bud. The stamens are four didynamous and epipetalous on the corolla tube. The anthers are dithecous, introrse and opening lenghwise. The gynoecium is bicarpellary and syncarpous. The ovary is superior with as many locules as the number of carpels. The stigma has as many lobes as the number of carpels.
Fruits and seeds :
The fruit is a drupe with one seeded pyrenes. The seeds have a straight embryo and are nonendospermic or with scanty endosperm.
Pollination and dispersal :
Mostly pollinated by bees and butterflies.The seeds are dispersed by birds and animals.
Examples :
Tectona grandis (Teak, Sag)
Premma bengalensis
Vitex altissima
Vitex negundo
Gmelina arborea
Lantana camara

Duranta repens

Petrea volubilis


Holmskioldia sanguinea
(Chinese hat plant)
Caryopteris incana.
Citharexylum quadrangulare


Clerodendrum multiflorum.jpg
Citharexylum quadrangulare.jpg
Petrea volubilisDSCN1897.jpg
Clerodendrum viscosum1.jpg

Stephen A

Feb 17, 2009, 10:36:55 PM2/17/09
to satish phadke, indiantreepix Indian
Its Verbenaceae!!!

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Aparna Watve

Feb 18, 2009, 1:01:14 AM2/18/09
to Stephen A, satish phadke, indiantreepix Indian

Easily distinguished from its closest family Lamiaceae by presence of many ovules(= many seeds in a fruit) as against only a few, (2-4) in Lamiaceae(=Labiatae)

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