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Stem green-brown, filiform, slightly woody, rusty pubescent when young but sparsely pubescent or glabrous when mature. Leaves reduced to minute scales. Spike ca. 2.5 cm, densely rusty pubescent; bracts and bracteoles brown, minute, broadly ovate, ca. 1 mm, ciliate. Flowers white, small, less than 2 mm, sessile. Perianth lobes 6, in 2 series, outer 3 small, orbicular, ciliate, inner 3 larger, ovate, all pubescent outside, subglabrous inside. Fertile stamens 9; filaments of 1st whorl subpetaloid, those of 2nd and 3rd whorls filiform, of 3rd whorl each with 2 stalkless glands, others glandless; anthers 2-celled; cells of 1st and 2nd whorls introrse, those of 3rd whorl extrorse. Staminodes 3, stalked. Ovary ovoid, subglabrous; style short, slightly angled; stigma small, capitate. Fruit small, ovoid, included in dilated and fleshy perianth tube after anthesis, free, with persistent lobes on top. Fl. and fr. May-Dec.
Stems yellow, thin, ca. 1 mm in diam. Inflorescences lateral, compact cymose glomerules, few to many flowered, subsessile; bracts and bracteoles scalelike. Pedicel ca. 1 mm. Calyx cupular; sepals triangular, ca. 1.5 mm, apex obtuse, partly thickened. Corolla white, urceolate, ca. 3 mm; lobes persistent triangular-ovate, apex acute or obtuse, reflexed. Stamens inserted at throat; scales oblong, reaching stamens, long fimbriate. Ovary subglobose. Styles 2, equal or unequal in length; stigma globose. Capsule enclosed by withered corolla, globose, ca. 3 mm in diam., circumscissile. Seeds 2-4, pale brown, ovoid, ca. 1 mm, scabrous. 2n = 28, 56.Regards
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Tanay ji and Dinesh ji
In sanskrit this climber is identified as AKASHAVALLI
Hindi - Akashavel, Amaravel.
Bengal - Alokalatha.
English - Dordar.
Punjab - Niradhara.
This climber is mentioned in our Ayurvedic text BHAVAPRAKASHA NIGHANTU
[ written by Bhavaprakasha-15-16 A.D.]
There is difference of opinion in identifying this climber. so please
confirm how to identify the climber
1. Cuscuta reflexa Roxb - Convolvulaceae.
2. Cuscuta chinensis Lam - convolvulaceae.
3. Cassytha filiformis Linn - Lauraceae.
In our Ayurvedic texts our recent authors identified AKASHAVALLI as
Cuscuta reflexa Roxb and Cassytha filiformis.
Please confirm how to identify b/w the above mentioned three drugs.
Dr K Brijesh