Forwarding again for Id assistance pl.
Yellow berried nightshade
|:||Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad & Wendl., Solanum virginianum L. Solanum jacquini Willd.|
+91(033) 25550676 (Resi)
On Fri, Mar 5, 2010 at 1:54 PM, J.M. Garg <jmg...@gmail.com> wrote:
Syn: Solanum khasianum C. B. Clarke var. chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta.
Herbs or subshrubs, erect, 0.5-1(-2) m tall, armed, minutely tomentose with many-celled, simple, mostly glandular hairs. Stems and branches terete, densely and evenly pubescent with many-celled, simple hairs to 1 mm, armed with recurved prickles 2-5 × 1-5(-8) mm and sometimes with needlelike prickles 1-4 mm. Leaves unequal paired; petiole stout 3-7 cm, armed with erect, flat straight prickles 0.3-1.8 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate, 6-13 × 6-12 cm, with prickles and coarse, many-celled, glandular simple hairs on both surfaces, these mixed with sparse, sessile, stellate hairs abaxially, base truncate to short hastate, margin 3-5-lobed or -parted; lobes blunt at apex. Inflorescences extra-axillary, subfasciculate, 1-5-flowered racemes; peduncle obsolete or short. Flowers andromonoecious, only basal ones fertile. Pedicel 4-6 mm. Calyx campanulate, ca. 10 × 7 mm, lobes oblong-lanceolate, 0.6-1.2 mm, hairy and sometimes prickly abaxially. Corolla white or green; lobes lanceolate, ca. 2.5 × 10 mm, pubescent as on calyx. Filaments 1-1.5 mm; anthers lanceolate, acuminate, 6-7 mm. Ovary puberulent. Style ca. 8 mm, glabrous. Berry pale yellow, globose, 2-3 cm in diam. Seeds brown, lenticular, 2-2.8 mm in diam. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Jun-Oct.
Wastelands, grasslands, thickets, open forests, along ditches, roadsides; 1400-2200 m. E Xizang (Zaya Xian), Yunnan [widespread in tropical Asia and Africa].
8. Solanum anguivi Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 2:23. 1794. Hepper, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76:290. 1978.
YASIN J. NASIR
A prickly undershrub, 1.5-2 m tall, with dense stellate-tomentose parts. Prickles up to 10 mm long, erect to slightly recurved. Leaves 4-15 x 3.5-9 cm, ovate to oblong-ovate, repand, acute, both surfaces stellately hairy and prickly on the nerves. Petiole up to 2.5 cm long. Flowers 4-15 in number, bluish-purple, in extra-axillary cymes. Calyx ± 4 mm long, campanulate, stellately hairy. Corolla limb 18-20 mm broad; lobes acute. Anthers 6-7 mm long; filaments glabrous. Ovary and style pilose-pubescent. Berry globose, (5-)8-10 mm broad, glabrescent, yellow. Seeds ± 3 mm long, subreniform, minutely reticulate, foveolate.
Fl. Per.: Mostly throughout the year.
Type: Described from Madagascar, Commerson (MPU, syntype P).
Distribution: S. & S. E. Asia, Arabia and tropical Africa.
Solanum viarum Solanum anguivi
Prickcle on stem recurved or needle-like prickles up to 10 mm long,
up to 5 mm long slightly recurved.or erect
Petiole 3-7 cm, with flat straight prickles Petiole up to 2.5 cm,
Leaves unequal pairs, 3-5 lobed Leaves oblong-ovate, repand
Flowers in 1-5 fld racemes Flowers 4-15, in extraaxillary cymes,
white or green flowers bluish-purple
Berry glabrous, pale yellow, 2-3 cm Berry glabrous, yellow, 8-10 mm
I would go with S. viarum on the basis of longer petioles and prickles on leaf surface.
Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297 Mob: 9810359089