Plants from Himachal - Trifolium pratense

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Debasish Joardar

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Oct 24, 2008, 12:11:36 PM10/24/08
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Hi,
 
Location : Kasol, Dist. Kullu, Himachal Pradesh.
 
Date : 10/10/2008
 
It is Trifolium Pratense 
Family : Fabaceae (Pea family)
Common Name : Red clover.
 
Enjoy,
 
Debasish Joardar.
 


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TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE-1.jpg
TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE-2.jpg

J.M. Garg

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Nov 1, 2008, 12:40:27 AM11/1/08
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Lovely capture, Debasish ji.
Here are some extracts from Wikipedia link:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trifolium_pratense

Trifolium pratense (Red Clover) is a species of clover, native to Europe, western Asia and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalised in many other regions.

It is an herbaceous perennial plant, variable in size, growing to 20-80 cm tall. The leaves are alternate, trifoliate (with three leaflets), each leaflet 15-30 mm long and 8-15 mm broad, green with a characteristic pale crescent in the outer half of the leaf; the petiole is 1-4 cm long, with two basal stipules. The flowers are dark pink with a paler base, 12-15 mm long, produced in a dense inflorescence 2-3 cm diameter.

The plant was named Trifolium pratense by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753. Pratense is Latin for "found in meadows".

It is widely grown as a fodder crop, valued for its nitrogen fixation which increases soil fertility. For these reasons it is used as a green manure crop. Several Cultivar Groups have been selected for agricultural use, mostly derived from var. sativum. It has become naturalised in many temperate areas, including the Americas and Australasia as an escape from cultivation.

The isoflavones and phytoestrogens from Red Clover have been used to treat the symptoms of menopause.[1] Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should avoid ingesting Red Clover. It has also been reported that red clover can be used for therapeutic purposes for coughs, bronchitis, eczema, sores, scrofula and can be gargled for mouth ulcers and sore throats.[citation needed] It has been shown to contain compounds like caffeic acid that starve tumors and reduce inflammation.

It is the national flower of Denmark[2] and the state flower of Vermont.

It is also an ingredient in eight-herb essiac tea.


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